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rúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rúad or dil.ie/35614

Forms: ruadh

adj o,ā.

(a) lit. red, of a brownish or dark red (opp. to derg = bright red), oft. of blood-stains (opp. to fland, the colour of freshly shed blood). atchiu forderg forro, atchiu ruad , TBC 224 . crú rúad , SC 37 ( LU 3815 ). rinni ruada (a p.), SC 15 ( LU 3363 ). dobo ruadh colc don coinne, Ir. Texts ii 21 § 38 . tulcha ruada (in Hell), IT i 190.25 ( FA 30 LB). ro ba lis ballach breic-derg in lis-so . . . cid rāith ruad aniu, Acall. 2739 (of russet hue of faded vegetation). folt dond ┐ ulcha fota ruad , PH 3093 . tlacht ní thig cen rúad `polish comes not without a dye', Met. Dinds. iii 54 (quoted by O'Cl. s.v. ruadh with gl. .i. rúamann). linn ruad red humour, choler , Rosa Ang. 306.11 . dragún . . . ruadh (= draco rufus), TSh. 7854 . In phr. rúad rosach (name of an ailment in horses) see rosach (rasach). aran ruadh brown bread , (RIA) 23 P 10 ³, 19a9 . (Equative) cethrar . . . ruadaigthir druímnín derg-oir, ZCP xiii 256.25 .

Freq. as sobriquet = red-haired , and in place-names. Muir Ruad the Red Sea (later Mid.Ir. = O.I. muir robur); cf. Muir Romuir ruad , SR 4021 . tria Muir Ruad , PH 1712 . go nuige an Mhuir Rúaidh, Joshua xxiv 6 ; Exod. xiii 18 .

(b) fig. in poetry and rhetorical style, strong, mighty, formid- able : ruadh .i. trēn no lāidir, O'Cl. do mac Mugair, don rúad ro gab in ríge, LL 44a28 . Nabcodon rúad roglach, Fél. Prol. 94 . in rúad ruirech `the fierce captain', Met. Dinds. iv 74 . cen rurig ruag, AU 918 = ruadh, FM ii 594.25 . ro gab ríge rúad , SR 5545 . is mór do muir is do thír | . . . don ruide rúaid adventurous (difficult, dangerous) journey (?), Met. Dinds. iii 120 (glossed: ro-uidhe laechda no laidir). railge rúada ro- móra `sturdy oaks', CRR 34 . sruth ruadh robarta, ZCP vi 94.22 . gusan sáile searbh-ruadh, Content. xxviii 20 . ré gaoith ruaidh, TSh. 9133 : cf. ruadh-ghaoith, Keat. Poems 380 . sileadh deór rúadh bitter tears , IGT Dec. ex. 1081 . Prob. in the alleg. npr. m.: maic Ruaid Ro-fesa, Anecd. ii 48.10 .

Freq. in unstable compds. in sensesadj

(a) of colour: fer ruad- brec, BB 427b22 , cf. breac-ruadh, ib. 9 . ¤chend: tri ruadchind Laigen, Rawl. 136a31 . na tri ruadchind, LL 166b41 . ¤derg, TBC 5410 . ¤fuil: buinne ruadh-fhola, CCath. 2032 . ¤mael: bachlaich . . . ruadmáela, Acall. 3796 (`foxy and bald', O'Gr.). In sense bloody: co rruadchathaib, LL 23a14 . ¤rind: bás obunn do ruaidh-rinne, Acall. 1851 . ruaidhrinn .i. reanna dearga no fáobhair dhearga, O'Cl. ¤rinnech, TBC 3987 (epithet of a warrior). LU 10405 . Magh R. ruadrindach of the red spears , BCC 372.24 . ¤rucce `red shame', TBC 4538 ; for explanation of word which implies sense (b) also, see 4536 .

(b) strong, mighty : ruadhbuinne robhurta, CCath. 308 , cf. 1217 , 2839 , TSh. 2078 . ruadhchath ro-mór a great and strong bat- talion , RC xviii 301.16 . rúad-daire ro-mór, CRR 34 . rúad- gním, LL 183b31 ( Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 8 ).