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naiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. naiscid or dil.ie/32953

Forms: naisc, nascat, nais, na, nenais, nenais, nenasc, nenasc, nenaisc, ninasc, nenaisg, nenscais, nascair, fora-nascar, nasair, nasar, nastar, nasatar, nasaiter, naisidar, nensitir, nas, nass, nais, nassa, ronnassa, nassa, naidm, naiscea, nasciub, nascestar

v i. Early forms: pres. 3 s. ni naisc , Laws i 86 n. 1 . 3 pl. ni nascat , 186.14 . s-subj. 2 s. pres. ni nais , Laws iv 36.1 . O'Dav. 1505 , cf. 1256 . 3 s. ro na , O'Dav. 1378. fut. (redupl.) 2 s. ro nenais , O'Dav. 1594. 3 s. *nenais, cf. neanais .i. ceanglais, O'Cl. (taken as pret.). pret. 1 s. ro nenasc-sa, LU 9373. 2 s. ro nenaisc, LU 5662 = TBC² 1185 (rectius nenasc). 3 s. nenaisc, Laws iv 346.5 . ninasc, TBC 604 = nenaisg, St. neanaisc no ro neanaisc .i. do cheangail, O'Cl. (with pron. suff.) nenscais, Rawl. 116c29 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 11 (where Meyer emends: nenscus). Pass. pres. s. nascair, Laws i 210.25 . fora-nascar, 194.23 . subj. s. nasair, ii 126 z . ro nasar , ii 122.13 , iv 100.10 . coro nastar , LU 4898 = TBC² 411 , cf. Laws v 370.7 , 378.2 . pl. ro nasatar , i 50 z . ro nasaiter , v 254.2 . ro naisidar , 430.2 . fut. pl. nensitir, ZCP xiii 378.7 ( Baile in Scáil § 18 ). pret. s. ro nas , Laws i 216.24 ; ii 14.28 . Corm. Y 645. ro nass , LU 4894 = ro nais , TBC² 407. ? nassa , ZCP xv 365 § 50. viii 118 § 25 . (pl. ?) ronnassa , Arch. iii 1.10 . part. nassa, TBC 4567. vn. naidm (see also nascad).

Already fairly early in Mid.Ir. commonly treated as a weak vb., stem naisc- or less commonly nasc-: 1 s. pres. subj. ara naiscea , LU 5870 ( TBC² 1401 ). fut. 1 s. rat nasciub , TBC 6054. pret. 3 s. rat nascestar , 3791 .

In general sense binds, makes fast. nas .i. ceangal; ro nasa .i. do ceangladh, O'Cl.

(a) in lit. sense: rat-nascestar mar nasces feith fidu he has clasped thee as woodbine clasps trees, TBC 3791 ; cf. 6054 , RC xiv 408 § 19 (rot-naisc). ro nascadh [in sín] ima bragait, ZCP xi 65.4 . in cruit ara nenaisc [in Dagdae] na ceola had bound (i.e. silenced) the melodies, RC xii 108 § 163 . In sense makes captive: nenaisc iathu fer Fēne `er legte in Bande', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 28 (< Laws iv 346 ). nenaisc niathu Alinde, Met. Dinds. ii 82.36 (see note): the sense in both exx. may possibly be secured, made firm or safe .

(b) more often as fig. & legal term binds, exacts a pledge (promise, obligation, payment), with acc. of thing and FOR of pers.; in Laws often glossed by fonaisc, cf. O'Dav. 1256 , 1378 . See Bürgschaft 83. ni nais uma nā hairgead nā hōr acht for māl, Laws iv 36.1 (only a chief is to be bound to pay in copper, silver or gold). ni nais etach for nach nocht thou shalt not bind a naked person to pay in clothes, ib. 3 , cf. O'Dav. 1505. do fiur adbaill de na-ro nastar tasicc fair `upon whom repayment cannot be imposed,' Laws v 370.7 . ro nenasc-sa foraib . . . .vii. cét talland argait I bound them to pay, LU 9373. ced nāro nais [ro nass, LU, sic leg.] do ḟoesam-su forsna maccu? why were the lads not bound (made promise) to protect thee? TBC² 407. nenaisc dag- eraic a mucc foraibh, Ir. Texts i 3 § 9 = coros-naisc eraicc, LB 62b52 . naiscset a coma fair they made him promise to grant their boon, PH 896. ro naisced orm airfided dom thigerna anocht, RC xxiv 60 § 19. naiscis inti Ruadhan forna demhnu triall rempu, BNnÉ 319.7 . tugsad dó an uile umhlacht dar naisg orra san chonnradh all the obedience he had exacted from them, Content. xvi 161. do naiscius air . . . techtairi do chur chugam, ITS xix 104.5 . ro naisgetar ar inchuibh in Coimdhe fair cen anadh a nEirinn (sic leg.), RC xlvi 232.4 . Cf. do naiscetar sin a briathar fair . . . im chomall dōib na brethi bound him under a promise, ZCP xiv 149.8 . With acc. only: ro nasctis giallu cáich, LL 146a43 = fonensaitis, ZCP xii 379.16 . ro naisc Tuathal in bórama, LL 23b40 . nenaisc a dín he bound [Senán] to protect him, ZCP iii 222.7 . Secures (by pledge, etc.), makes sure (a bond, contract, promise) : atait secht nadmand nascar la Feine, Laws v 364.12 . ni nascar dilsi for mac ┐ a raith a thing the ownership of which is secured by `mac' and `raith' sureties, 314.19 ; cf. 292.16 , 430.2 . in cor amra ro nenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC² 1185. fiadnaisi .i. fiadae ro nass in cor, O'Mulc. 499 , cf. Corm. Y 645. da naisc ar mummi . . . ar cró cotaig bound our blood-covenant, TBC 4134. imon ccodach . . . ro nenaisg Nel fri macaibh Israel the covenant which N. made with . . ., Leb. Gab. i 200.12 . With acc. of guarantees: tar sárugad . . . na ndūl ro naisc-sium forro, MR 4.2 = FDG 1.9 (i.e. violation of an oath taken on the elements). Cf. nassa fīr na ndūla de the `fir' of the elements was pledged thereto (?), ZCP viii 118 § 25 = násad, LU 9814 ( RC vi 165.31 ). With obj. omitted: naisc-siu . . . for deiss rig is ruirech (= take the right hand of kings . . . as security), TBC 3069. Rarely with acc. of pers. who becomes surety: ollam ard . . . naisci[d], ni nascar `he binds, he is not bound', Laws iv 358.14 . naisc Carpre mín Manand take C. as your security, TBC 3090. a Dail Cais . . . rob-nais Banba co mblaid may B. bind you (to defend her), Cog. 56.2 (poem).

(c) betroths; unites in wedlock: ro chendaig [Míliuc] cumail corus-naisc do Patraic hi (= voluit ancillam illi adiungere), Lat. Lives 59.15 = LB 25b36 . ni hí ro naiscedh dō acht a siur, Todd Nenn. 178.4 . sochaidhe diár naisged Fionnabhoir, ZCP x 290.5 . ros-naisg i llanumnus do A., BB 424b22 . part. ba nassa dam-sa ind ingen, TBC 4567. See also ? nassaid Celtica xi 169 .