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fiach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fiach or dil.ie/21873

Forms: fiuc[h], fíach, fíaigh, ḟiaich, fiach, fiaich, fiäig, fíach

n (dissyll. in O. Ir.; d s. fiuc[h], SR 2558 . Sc. G. fitheach. But fíach , g s. fíaigh, IGT, Decl. § 64 ex. 1486 ) o, m. A raven: gl. corvus Sg. 29b4 . corvinus 35b14 . bran .i. f.¤ , O'Mulc. 122 . Corm. Y 103 . foídid Noe ... in f.¤ fechtaide fonnluath, SR 2550 . dond ḟiuc[h] dub delaidi, 2558 . in fiach dia fagba sāsad congair a cēle cuige, unde dicitur: is fēlithir dubēn, O'Mulc. 310 . g s. teachtaireacht an ḟiaich ōn āirc, Ériu i 97.8 . súil a nfíaich, Job xxviii 7 . nead an ḟéich, TSh. 7196 . n du. in da fiach , LU 3784 ( SCC 35 ). n p. ind fiaich , LU 3785 . ībait fīaich lúgbairt lacht, 4669 . fiäig ZCP xii 233.18 . féich an ghleanna, Proverbs xxx 17 . g p. sāsad fíach , LU 6808 ( BDD 35 ). With adj. or defining gen.: f.¤ dubh raven TSh. 2334 . Deuteronomy xiv 4 . fíach mara cormorant Isaiah xxxiv 11 . f.¤ fairge id. Deuteronomy xiv 17 . fíach garbh vulture , synon. of badb ( Levit. xi 14 ), préachan ingneach, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 59 ). Compd. brandub .i. fiachdub raven-black Corm. Y 105 .

1 fíach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíach or dil.ie/21871

Forms: feich, fiach, dfēch, féich, fíachu, feich

n o, m. g s. ind feich , Ml. 55a7 . d s. fiach , Wb. 2b25 . (for dfēch, Ardm. 17b1 > Thes. ii 239.20 , see dég). n p. féich, Wb. 4a10 . a p. fíachu, LU 7053 .

(a) an obligation, a payment due debt, also legal due, fine, penalty: iar fíach (gl. secundum debitum) Wb. 2b25 . nipa deoladacht acht bid fíach , 2b26 . ind feich (gl. debiti) Ml. 55a7 . dlegtir féich dúib `debts are owed by you' Wb. 4a10 . meni dlessad ḟiachu do neoch unless someone owed him debts TBC-LL¹ 2988 . is me dliges fíachu `'tis I that am entitled to dues' BDD 70 . intí dia ndligi ḟiachu dosfothlaig fair he who owes thee debts, demand them from him LL 122a45 ( RC iii 184 ). intí dia ndligi ḟiachu saig fair, LL 116 b 37 . deich meic Conaill Cloen ... a cōic dīb frislontis a fēich a cōic aile ronascitis a fēich, Rawl. 155a16 . gebait im fiachu I will accept it in satisfaction of my dues BDD 73 . ni f.¤ opaid, LU 5668 (see opad). ni gébed Joseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad, SR 3389 . ní gata Adomnan fiachu ar flaith ┐ eclais ┐ fine dia mbi dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . oiret bé [in maer] ic tabach fhiach while the steward is levying the dues MacCongl. 57.13 . In Law-tracts: fiach ní ro dlomthar do flaithib (.i. is fiachach aní aisnéither ... do gelladh dona gradaib flatha), O'D. 717 (< H 3.17, c. 523 ). Cf. is fiach ní dlomthar, Ériu xii 176.5 ( TE 3 ). do saire ar fiachaib sin i n-urradhus, ┐ nochon uil saeire ar biadh i n-urradhus amhail ata i cain, O'D. 2351 (< Rawl. B 506, f. 40 ). fíach dleghar dimse sunn indiu the debt which is due from me here to-day (`die Schuld die ich hier heute schulde') Bürgschaft § 53 . gaib fort laim fiach damsa huaīt undertake to pay me the debt § 51a0 . ni beir fothuth fiachu feeding (of the creditor by the debtor) does not absolve debts § 63 . fiadnaisi con-oi ... fiachu witness safeguards debts ib. duine atā ag tobach fiach, cidh ēric fogla, cidh feich cuir no cunnartha `fine for injury or debts of bargain or contract' (i.e. payment due by reason of bargain, etc.) Laws v 352.12 Comm. atá in rāith aca atmāil co ndechaidh risna fiachaib the surety admits that he guaranteed the dues Bürgschaft 43 . icuidh in rāith féin na fiacha ib. Dist. from `díre': atait secht tobaig ... nacon dlegat dire na fiacha ... for nech a n-elo `seven levyings which are not entitled to `dire' nor debts from a person for deserting' 178.2 . digaib di diriu fiach a nothrusa, BCrólige § 10 (but: fiacha .i. corpdiri § 19 ). secht fuile ... nacon tuillit fiachu na othrus seven blood[shed]s that do not incur fines or sick maintenance Laws v 142.2 . an tí dofeith biodhbadha i ttuaith ... doslí fiacha amhail gach mbiodhbaidh, Ériu xiii 35.16 . secht n-athgabala ... is inti nodo gaib asren fiach ina ngabail `pays fine for taking them' Laws v 254.3 . cach oín tobó fiachu inna cānae `everyone who shall levy the dues of the Law' [sc. of Adomnán; the fines due from violators of it] Cáin Ad. 48 . in tan dombongatar feich ib. folongat comnaidm fiach `sustain a joint contract of debts' ib. dia ngontar maic [e]annaic ... is dia n-uamaib adnacail tiaguit a feich, ┐ a feich erradais dia flaithib a finib, 40 . it cobfiachaigh tra fir ┐ mna hi cacha fiachaib beccaib ┐ móraib ..., 45 . sellach lánfeich ┐ sellach lethfeich a looker-on who incurs full fine ... half-fine Laws i 240.25 . an baile a ndlegar bas o tuaith gabar feich o eclais, iv 236.13 . Somet. used for éric, see BCrólige p. 120 n. 2 . With gen. of offence: fiach indlighidh athgabala fine for illegal distress Laws i 86.17 Comm. co ro ica in flaith fiach na gubreithe, v 178.16 Comm . is fiach dítin in gach ní dibh sin on eclais, iv 234z . it é féich thairmthechta in domnaig .i. unga ... for fer imthéit ..., Ériu ii 204.14 . mas do marbad indilsigh docuaidh ┐ dilsech dorala do marbad, fiach maigne ┐ imraid uaid don indilsech risi ndechaid (`fine in respect of place and of intention') Laws iii 136.14 . ar ḟiach n-iomraidhte, Ériu xiii 50.19 .

Rarely with gen. of creditor: ó nach féadann ... dul ó fhiachaibh an Airdríogh escape his debt to the Lord Dán Dé iv 5 .

Theol.: log dún ar ḟiachu debita nostra PH 7937 ( Matthew vi 12 ). maith dhuinn ar bhfiacha, Ó Héodhusa 84 . gurab iomdha fiacha luighes oraind ag Dia ar son ar bpecaidh ib.

Hence in general, a penalty, punishment: f.¤ a mescai, Ériu vii 148.6 . Of religious penance: iar tabirt feich after giving dues, i.e. doing penance Mon. Tall. § 43 . f.¤ n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind sathurn to perform Sunday night's penance on Saturday § 26 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na hoidche luain, LB 11b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 78 ). ni ta bar f.¤ aibne flagellation is not inflicted [is not paid] Mon. Tall. § 30 . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne flagellation equivalent to fasting RC xv 490.22 .

(b) a duty, obligation (esp. in pl.): meabhair donti dian fiacha (.i. dona senchadhaibh) whose duty it is (to remember) Leb. Gab.(i) i 112.4 . fiacha orthaibh a furtacht they were bound to help it Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.20 . ós d'ḟiachaibh airdríogh Mumhan | do rígh Éireann umhlughadh, Content. ix 3 . (atá) d'fiachaib for (ar) is incumbent on, is a duty, obligation of: gonadh aire sin bhíos fiacha aige oraind is na deghoibrighthibh léigmíd thorainn, Ó Héodhusa 110 . ata ... coimétt an tire sin d'fiachaibh oruinn, BNnÉ 87.34 . an biathachas do bhí d'f.¤ orra do thabhairt, Keat. iii 2628 . i n-aghaidh gach laoi dá raibhe d'fhiachaibh orra bheith ar an bhfásach, TSh. 4898 . do bhí d'ḟ.¤ air gan a rún do nochtadh he was bound not to reveal his secret Keat. ii 2684 . an tan do bhiadh d'ḟ.¤ orra aifreann do rádh, TSh. 4515 . a ndlighthear dhíom ... ní coir dhamh a iarraidh a chur dhíom acht a dhiol do bhrigh go bhfuil sē d'fhiachaibh orm, Rule of Tallaght 12.19 . comhaill do gheallamhuin amail dobeth si [d]fiach aib (sic leg.] ort, Ériu v 140.16 . d'fiachaibh ar lucht inotachta na cathrach almsa do denomh those who enter the city are obliged to give alms Fl. Earls 100.5 . d'ḟ.¤ ar an Iustis Donn Iohn do leiccen iomlán, AFM vi 2302.3 . cuirim d'ḟiachaib ar ... I compel ... to: cuirid orm d'ḟiachaibh ... dol, TD 3.16 . cuiris d'f.¤ air ascnámh, Fl. Earls 118.17 . without ar and pers.: I cause: cuirfidh mé dfíachaibh a náthrughadh I will cause them to be removed Jerem. xv 4 . gaibim d'fiachaib orm I take on me as a duty: díon a threabh ... do ghabh d'fh.¤ air, Rel. Celt. ii 222.32 . téit i fiachaib ar is laid to the charge of, serves as a claim on: air féin ar túis téid i bhfiachaibh it is he that first incurs the obligation (i.e. his deed rebounds on himself) TD 29.28 . nár dhligh sí dul i bhf.¤ ar Éireannchaibh it ought not to be brought as a charge against Keat. i 10.13 . na leig cathaighthe an dhiabhail do dhol a bhf.¤ oirne, Ó Héodhusa 86.13 (a paraphr. of Matthew vi 13 ).

(c) a fee, guerdon, payment: ar a hícc ba hé in f.¤ in chluain this was the payment, the meadow Metr. Dinds. iii 156y . dorad Finn fiach a leanna do C., Acall. 1607 . do berim adám ech ... duit, ... fiach indsma na sleigi, 4909 . feich baistedha baptismal fees BNnÉ 45.32 . Cf. f.¤ féile, in a list of wild fruits, BS p. 116 (prob. merely a cheville, but given by P. O'C. , s.v. f.¤ f.¤ `a fowl or other novelty, procured for a festival or holiday'). Price equivalent: as eadh bá dior dhó seacht fichit damh, acht asé f.¤ ro toibhgheadh ann, fiche uinge ar ceithri céd d'airgeat ghil, AFM ii 1142.17 (= as e a fiach ..., AU 1161 ). uingi d'ór no a fiach , Fen. 140.19 . Cf. use in chevilles in SR: Percoba cainiu cach f.¤ (fairest of guerdons ?) SR 2485 . mó cach f.¤ 2635 .

? 2 fíach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 fíach or dil.ie/21872

Forms: fíach, fíoch

n anger (?): fíach , synon. díberg, cuthach, Kirk (= Eg. Gl. 330 prob. mispr. for fíoch, Psalms lxxviii 49 ).