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1 formna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 formna or dil.ie/23781

Forms: formnu, formnu, formnae, formnai, form- nada, formnai, formnaib

n io,m. originally n. (formna ndagduíne Ériu xlv 11 § 4 ). d s. formnu LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). LU 9762 . LL 282b33 . a p. formnu SR 3992 . formnae LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). formnai, Gild. Lor. 161 . Acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 92 from formuin `upper back'. In texts the distinction between sing. and pl. is often obscured by later spelling. n p. form- nada is found in late texts (BB, MR).

(a) in lit. sense shoulder, shoulders: na formnai , gl. humeros Gild. Lor. 161 . gen scieth ... for a formnai RC xii 96 § 127 . samalta ┐ orsnáth cach finna ... dara formna síar LU 6546 . claideb ... iarna formnu a ... sword hanging from his shoulder TBC² 3203 = c. iarna formna; formnai 3276 ; 3287 (= c. bara chliu; iarna thaebdruimm TBC 5340 , 5389 ). seissiur ingen ... ┐ tuignech futairli forro go f.¤ a ngualann, Acall. 5028 . da gilla ... ┐ tuighnech ... forro co formnaib a ngualann 3745 . ar righthibh a[r] formnaibh fer ronruccadh isin righthegh ZCP viii 219z . togaibh G., ... ┐ cunnaibh re t'ucht ... ┐ re t'[ḟ]ormna vi 27.21 . snigis tromṡnechta ... cor ránic co formnu fer MU² 307 ( LL 264a33 ). co roiched fuil formnada fer BB 420a50 . go n-éirghe fuil ósna formnaibh TD 16.67 . ic brudh a form- nadh ┐ a cloiccend, CCath. 5758 . atchuala C. fúaim ind usci fri formnaib in miled RC xiv 422 § 41 ( LL 110b36 ). Of animals: toccbais bleidhmíl ... a fh.¤ a n-airde uas trethan na ttonn back BNnÉ 61 § 83 (of the `fish-island' cf. b). da natraigh ... ┐ a formnada ┐ a cind a n-airde, Aen. 487 .

(b) transf. back, surface, of land, etc. and esp. of the open sea: Arand ... tadall fairge re a f.¤ , Acall. 340 . f.¤ cacha fuinn MR 100.16 . formna fērtlachtmara ... cacha bruighe 100 z . anmanda ... for a f.¤ (of an island), Anecd. i 53 § 23 . ráncatár formnae na fairgge LU 6863 ( BDD 44 ). co mbátár for formnu na fairrce LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). o ro siachtatar f.¤ na farge LL 283a18 . co ra leth ... dar f.¤ na fairggi (of a mist) LL 235b35 ( TTr. 1394 ). sochtsat for f.¤ na fírfairge, Met. Dinds. ii 26.16 . Cf. ... a dondúathróic ndondlethair ndegsúata do f.¤ cethri ndamseched LU 6422 = TBC 2561 (`Schulter' Wind.).

(c) top, highest part, extremity (possibly: ... formni gil, Thes. ii 292.11 comes here, but cf. LU 3036 , under d below); co féice ┐ co f.¤ na bruidne SG 178.4 (om. Laud, Acall. 3799 ). o ṡiothbaca a ṡāl co f.¤ a chean[n]mhullaig MR 260.5 . ro thormaighetar na toirthe co nach fuilngitis formnada forghablanna fiodhbaidh fothaib so that the branching tree-tops could no longer support their weight (?) 100.17 . Laignig ... i costad in catha sin | na formnaib na iarculaib in van and rear 188.13 .

(d) fig. apex, climax, perfection: cléthe .i. f.¤ nó int art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine ut est ... co clethi fine ... .i. co f.¤ na fine, O'Dav. 486 . Aed mac Fidaig f.¤ nert ZCP iii 262.15 . is rí Fiachna f.¤ gil LU 3036 = SG 235 (perhaps in lit. sense, cf. Thes. ii 292 cited at beginning of c above). f.¤ síne samraidh, Snedgus u. Mac R. 11 § 39 . diamad ḟer i f.¤ [fornna MS.] a aíse the prime of life TTr.² 1500 . luid dar f.¤ lái acht súail `it has almost passed the shoulder of the day' (i.e. mid-day ?) RC xiv 414.10 ( LL 109b19 ). iar ndul ... i f.¤ a feasa ... ┐ i muinighin a dea ┐ a eolusa RC xliii 48 § 46 , cf. condighsedh i formnai a dhána `apex (?) of his art', Lism.L. 2303 (see Keat. ii 5446 ff ).

(e) Folld. by part. gen. the choice, the best part, occas. passing into sense the greater part (cf. forglu, sect. c): slech- tais L. ... co formnu fer nErend do P., LU 9762 . boí ... día farsingi in tige i tallastár f.¤ lāth ngaile in chōicid 8739 ( FB 55 ). f.¤ flathi fer nErend LU 9741 ( RC vi 164 ). .xxx. láech de formnu sluaíg na cathrach LL 282b33 . f.¤ bó fer ┐ ech TBC 4194 . co ffargaibhset f.¤ a ngregha FM ii 738.4 . In pl.: Conaire ... co formnaib fer nErend n-imbi LU 6915 ( BDD 52 ). So in chevilles: nir línaib fer, formnaib snas SR 5633 . batar ḟlaithi formnaib sell | for .u. coicedaib Herenn, Rawl. 156b36 . formnaib dāl ib. 43 . f.¤ .i. imat ut est f.¤ taircetail, H 3. 18. 653 (cf. ... dicetul faidhe f.¤ tairceta, O'Dav. 817 ). f.¤ .i. imad no forgla ut est ... form- naib ech n-allmuire, O'Dav. 927 . ? slog find forderg formnib ech LU 3866 ( SC 38 , `for multitudes of horses', Leahy i 182 ).

in muir mor ... ro dáil rí grene ... for formnu féne Forainn SR 3992 may belong to this but sense (a) would suit both passages.

(f) f.¤ casbairdne name of a metre IT iii 89 § 118 .