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1 úachtar n(earlieróchtar q.v.)o,n., laterm. íochdar
úachdar, IGT,Decl. § 11 .
(a)the upper part orsurfaceof anything, thetop: is coīle
70'sa coīle corice a ū. ¤ , Corm. Y 262 (of a cowl).nathir
doilbth[e], ..., | derbaid for a firuachtur(of Moses' rod),
SR 4332 .lassar ..., dub a íchtur, derg a medón ┐ a uachtor,
LU 2147 .cechair .i. cec[h]air a huachtar ┐ uisce a hichtar
... laith .i. feith ┐ uisce for a hu. ¤ , O'Dav. 514 .focheird
75im ú. ¤ in corthe, LU 4698 .ciṅgid C. ..., co mbái for u. ¤
cobraidi scéith N., TBC 1996 ( LL 73a29 ).ar (for) ú. ¤ over
(ofclothes): do gabh uime ar u. ¤ a éideadh í put it on over
his armour
(viz. an léine), ML 42.20 .leinte geala ar u. ¤
earradh a marcsluaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 200.14 .ar u. ¤ cacha
80daibche, MR 130.2 .atchiu trí neollu, nél glan, ... néll
glas, ... néll derg ... | atciu ann ar a n-u. ¤ , Acall. 7591 .upper
part (of ahouse): u. ¤ tighe fan chléir chuire, | fine Néill
ag suidhe síos, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 198.71 .Of agrave: ro
adnacusa he i n-uachtur m'adnocuil fén, PH 1533 .i
85n-uachtur in ādnocuil, 1558 .nit ic na diablaib i n-a u. ¤
(comparing the avaricious man to a decaying tree), 7746 .
Of theair: saighnen ... tísadh a hu. ¤ aeoir docum talman
`from the upper region of the air,' CCath. 362 .Fig.:Césair
do toidecht a féic[i] ┐ a huachtur in domain .i. asin Roim,
372 .i n-u. ¤ an chláir at the top of the table , Corp. Astron.
5 106 § 40 .
Contrasted withíchtar:ni accatarsom cinnas boí thís a
híchturnóa huachtur túas fora hairde, LU 1927 .dichetal
for ochtraig co rathochra a mbí ina íchtur for a ú. ¤ do choṅgna
...`so that all ... that are below come to the top,' Triads 117 .
10 is cuma leis cia dhíobh bhíos i n-u. ¤ no i n-íochtar an mhála,
TSh. 868 .an té do bhíodh a n-u. ¤ ar ball do bhíodh a
n-íochtar(descr. of a scuffle), PCT 1641 .buailios a chum-
pánach ..., gur chuir uachtar tre íochtar a inchinne
1065 .
15Attrib.gen. upper,uppermost;foremost: in cloch uachtair
`the upper stone,' Laws i 140.17 Comm. gég úachtair na
tíre thall`the top-most branch' (fig.of King Arthur), Studies
1919, 73 .dá éan uachtair chuaine Chuinn`the two noblest
birds
' (fig.), Ir. Monthly 1926, 471.2 .i mbarr uachtair
20na fidhbuidhe, CCath. 668 . In phr.:ó íochtar go húachtar
from top to bottom: léine ní líontar dá dhul | d'fhéile ó
íochtar go hu. ¤ , Studies 1928, 68.11 .ro-dluiged iarum fial
in tempuil a ṅdib lethib, o ta a u. ¤ co a híchtar, PH 3365 . adv
i n-ú. ¤ above(denoting rest): a nem hitat aingil i n-u. ¤
25(MSiinuachtar)`above,' Ml. 42b10 . of something written
in a MS.:túas i n-ōchtur(gl.ex titulo), Bcr 32a3 . Hence:
beíth i n-ú. ¤ to be on top,supreme,victorious: iarruim
Cromuil do bheith i n-u. ¤ , PCT 1252 .an tí budh treise do
bheith i n-u. ¤ , 1845 .
30 lám i n-ú. ¤ :rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ ropo
lám i n-uachtur leo Conall(proverb), CRR 36 ( LL 176a32 ).
go dtug Dia an lámh i n-u. ¤ ag Scotaibh ... orra God gave
the Scots the upper hand of them
, (i.e.the victory over them),
Keat. ii 6144 . adv
35 i n-ú. ¤ up,upward (after vb. of motion):ré buinne nó
ré heas abhann ... éirgheas go héasgaidh obann i n-u. ¤ arís,
TSh. 7610 .
In phr.:i n-u. ¤ a chind at the top of his voice :atbert ...
Mac C. in guth a n-ūachtar a chind, Aisl. MC 85 y ( LB
40 218a45 ).
(b)The upper part of a country: lá ro boí Condla ... for
láim a athar i n-uachtor Usnig, LU 9994 .i n-ūachtur Fer
Tulach, B. Colm. 56.26 .ro ionnarb Donnachadh a flaithius
Uladh iar nuachtar, `from the chieftainship of the upper
45part of U.
', FM ii 1088.11 .ro airccset Uladh iar nu. ¤ uile
`all the upper part of Ulidia', ib. 17 . Sometimes corres-
ponds to southern: Ú. ¤ Connacht Upper C. (i.e.Galway,
O'Flaherty, Iar gConnaught 99 ):sloigeadh do dhenomh
do Mac Uilliam ... in U. ¤ Connacht go Cloinn Riocaird,
50 FM iii 634y . AU 1366 .
Common in place-names: see Onom., FM index,etc.
(c)the upper part of milk,cream: ochtar ocus lemlacht,
Laws iv 302.23(C. G.).lan ueine tri nol do u. ¤ taiscida tri
la ┐ teora n-aidchi, SM Facs. 31a = Laws ii 254.4 ( ZCP xiv
55356 ).fuaramuir mil, u. ¤ ┐ onoir, PCT 1243 .
(d)u. ¤ go tóin name of a plant(lit.cream to the bottom)
supposed to turn milk into cream, ifmilk-pailis scoured
with it, Ir. Gl. p. 56 .Cf. uachdar`sanicula montana' ?;
O'R, Armstrong, Gael. Dict.
60(e)theupperof ashoe: a n-u. ¤ ní chaithid, ní chaillid a
ndeallramh`they wear not their uppers out,' E. O'Rahilly
xviii 51 .
Compds.: ¤ erraid`upper [outer ?] garments':bádar ...
gan ḟorbhruta iar ffágbháil a nuachtairearraidh isin ffiailtig,
65 FM vi 1916.11 . ¤ ḟairsing wide above: do chlarscíathaibh
... uachtarfairsingaibh moraib ina timchioll, CCath. 4984 .
With subst. prefix:co barr-úachtar a dond-fúathroci,
LU 6558 .sech barr-uachtar in sceith, TBC 1997 ( LL
73a30 ).
70Here perh.:in sdablaing ... doberthea do L. do lāruachtar
eanbruithi choiri C., BB 257b42 .

2 úachtar ? uachtar(gl.impedica), Ir. Gl. 192 .

úachtarach adj(earlieróchtarach,q.v.)o-ā(úachtar,óchtar)
(a) upper,higher: in pars ochtarach, Thes. ii 255.1 ( Stowe
75Miss. 65b ).[co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig, LU
1476 .is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig the preceding
verse
, Ml. 107c16 .coica cubat, ... | isin taibled ichtarach,
| ... | is in tricha 'sind uachtaruch(of dimensions of Ark),
SR 2452 .are .i. rē ū. ¤ in duine, Corm. Y 44 .in cend n-u. ¤
80 the upper end (of a pillar-stone), Aisl. MC 47.20 .tair dond
áth u. ¤ , LU 6192 .ciṅgis C. co mbái for ind u. ¤ in bera,
TBC 1948 ( LL 72b33 ).benais béim ... don charput u. ¤
fora forcli, LU 6460 .sé ar sgáth an sgéith úachdaraigh,
IGT,Decl. ex. 472 .seomra uáchdarach, Acts i 13 .annsa
85chleibhín u. ¤ , Gen. xl 17 .lottar ... P. ┐ C. iar conair thís,
Ó. ... iarsiṅ chonair uachtaraig, Trip. 134.16 .tres na
rannuibh uachdarach`through the upper coasts,' Acts.
xix 1 .a mullach na craóibhe úachdaruigh, Isa. xvii 6 .
Of thebody: in leth uachtarach (uactair,v.l.), CCath.
2092 .pl. tri leca ... ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib,
5 LU 2055 ( FA 13 ).go sráid Shión uachtaraigh,ad plateam
supernae Sion TSh. 7997 .smúainedh ... ar ... glōir ... in
flaithemnuiss uachtaraigh`of Heaven above,' Fl. Earls
156.6 .gusin ffaithemnus uachtarach, 210.17 .ic a srained
a n-ifernd as na sostaib uachtarachaib(of St. Michael
10driving out the wicked angels), PH 6271 .Cf.:do thiom-
chuil, ..., | ciorcla na gcorp n-uachtarach, | an dá pholas
tuaidh is teas, | ... |`he traversed ... the circles of the heavenly
bodies
,' Studies 1918, 282.13 .etach u. ¤ `upper garment,'
Thes. ii 336.37 ( Hy. v Comm. ). Assubst.:girru cach n-u. ¤
15lais`upper garment,' Aisl. MC 43.23 .
(b) superior(in rank)oppd. toíchtarach:co roige in
fer ú. ¤ `uppermost,' Laws iv 258.22 Comm.
(c) final,decisive: tug Conghal an chreacht uachtarach
uirrisi .i. do bhen a ceann d'a coluinn, ITS v 142.24 .
20 Compar.andsuperl.:as uachtarchu(gl. [caelum] superius),
Ml. 130b4 .huachtarchu, ib. 42b19 .as ailliu cach gesca
as uachtarachu, the higher a branch, the more beautiful it is ,
ZCP xiv 16.17 .is uaisli cach grad anas (leg.as) uacht-
a[ra]chu dib, 17.1 .tri graid his uachtarchom dib(of the
25angels), SR 669 .an dís sin dob uachtaraighe no fa sine,
`senior in standing,' Rule of Tall. § 94 .