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úathmar adj o-ā(úath) dreadful;terrifying;`terrible,horrible,
awful,direful,' P. O'C. : huathmar (gl.terribile), Ml. 45a6 .
70 laech ... is e cicharda uathmar, TBC 5258 .úathmar cech
ecal (v.l.eaglach), Tec. Corm. § 15.13 .fear ainmín húath-
mar, BDD 44 .triar úathmar, 93 .dublind úathmar, 128 .
fri sluag n-uathmar nAmaliach, SR 4078 .cona fein húath-
mair, 6283 .go bhfoirinn ḟiallaigh uathmhair(of inhabi-
75tants of hell), DDána 35.1 .cethrar eclonnach úathmar,
Met. Dinds. iii 446.78 .Medb uathmar, oirderc, MR 212.12 .
i n-Iffurn huathmar imgann, SR 934 .i gcathraigh uath-
mhair Ifeirn, DDána 29.30 .goibhéal uathmhar il-phiastach
(i.e.hell), TSh. 6183 .is iomdha gleann ... ┐ beann ḟoir-
80bhthe uathmhar, DDána 20.5 .atchiat anmanna mór
núathmar bíastaide hi crund, LU 1890 .peist uiscide
uathmar, Laws i 72.16 .do chuireadar amach a bpiasda
uathmhara(fig.of ships), ML 44.23 .in leó uathmar andsa,
Ingcél Cáech, BDD 58(U). mon ndraig n-uathmhair(fig.
85of Hercules), TD 13.32 .budh é an treas uathmhar ath-
gharbh, DDána 29.23 .ro lebling ... léim n-úathmar, LU
8933 ( FB 70 ).din sceól úathmar, LL 238a41 ( TTr. 1589 ).
uathmar ail(chev.) SR 4773 . With copula :intaislinge
lúagmar, ..., | ba huathmar la sluagh nEgept, SR 3374 .
ba úathmar laiss in scáith, LU 9060 ( FB 81 ).Adv.:oen-
5charptech sund, for L., ┐ is uathmar thic, TBC 1349 .
Cf. fúathmar.

úathmélta xseeúaithbélta.

úathróc xseefúathróc.

úathugud n u,m.(vn.ofúathaigid)act of making few,
10 reducingin number,diminishing;diminution,decrease:
ni taínic dithugud daine no uathugudh aicme mar sin a
nEirinn riamh`diminution,' CF 703 .dóigh as sgur ratha
d'airdrig a uathúghadh`it is a forfeiture of his attributes
for a [high]-king to be left alone
,' ML 104.2 .ag uathadhadh
15gacha h-aicmeadh, ┐ ag diothughadh gacha deigh-cheineoil
`thinning every sept,' MR 286.27 .ód chonnairc E. ... a
óig agá n-uathughadh`his men diminished,' ML 134.10 .
ba holc lais clann Eogain d'oirleach ┐ d'uathugad`to be
reduced in numbers
' Caithr. CC 14.18 .

20 úatigidir v g becomes few ; huatigitir (gl.rarescunt tenebrae),
Ml. 33a15 .

úatigud n u,m.(vn.ofúatigidir) :act ofmaking few: ar
huatigud sillab for dropping syllables , Sg. 38b1 .im húatigud
na ndoine, Thes. ii 298a16 ( Hy. i Pref. ).

25 úatúasailcthae adj io-iā absolved(artificial rendering of Lat.
absolutus,from4 úad-(q.v.) andpp.ofdo-fúasailci) :húat-
uasailcthae hua anmmaim ailiu ... do aestóasc a cheille
(gl.absolutum est, quod per se intellegitur) Sg. 30b4 .

úatúasailcthech adj o-ā absolved (cf.prec.) :neut. pl. huat-
30uasailcthecha (gl.absoluta) Sg. 208b5 .
Cf.next.

úatúaslaictech ` analytic,explanatory,demonstrative'
Auraic. Gl.A coined word (4 úad+adj.formation fr.do-
fúasailci
) :uindsie cetomus : sloindedh persainde sain-
35dredaige indsin .i. uatuaslaictech,ut dixit:dicituruindse
uait in fer saindredach cona anmaim ..., Auraic. 3460 - 1 .
Cf.prec.

? úatúaslaicthe ` released,recovered' Laws Gl.Coined word
(4 úad+pp.ofdo-fúasailci) :fuaslaice .i. is fo, is maith,
40is uatuaslaicthi in ni bis re nech amuich re comat rudartha,
Laws v 496.5 Comm. is huatuaslaicthi flaith nime re cach
nduine ...` accessible ' (gl. ursloice=airsloicthe) Laws iii
30.11 Comm. is uatuaslaicti hi (i.e.the Church) ar cind
cach duine ...`open' 14 .
45 Cf. úatúasailcthae.

úatúaslucad n u,m. absolving; `act ofloosing,opening;setting
aside (a contract)' Laws Gl.A coined word (4 úad+vn.of
do-fúasailci) :fuaslucad cor mbel, .i. uatuaslucadh in neich
risi tucadh trebuiri co coir o belaibh`going back of the
50thing
,' Laws i 50.24 Comm. uatuaslucadh in toich ar tus,
sequestration , Laws v 264.6 Comm.

1 ub n egg:see1 og.

2 ub n thepointof asword: ubh.i. días chloidhimh, O'Cl.
Cf. 2 og.

55 ? ub n the hull of a ship(?); `prow'O'Grady, Phil. Soc. 1884,
639 :ni raibhi ... long gan labugud, na rugaire gan rang-
briseadh na ub gan odugud na clar gan crithnugud, CF 47 .
Marstrander, Bidrag 13 , compares O.N.húfr`hull of a
ship
.'

60 ubach n name of some kind of cattledisease:see2 odbach.

ubachtar ? v an béal so ag friotal leat, | nár ubhachtar
é re sagart ; | go m'fheárr liom brusgar tíghe Fhinn, | ná
mo chuid do'n chomhroinn, Oss. iv 34.2 .

uball,ubull n o,n., laterm.(n s. in t-ubull SR 1263 , butn p.
65 ubaillis markedlochdach IGT,Decl. § 94 . ex. 1646 ).n s.
ubulln-óir, TBFr. § 3 .u. ¤ oir, LU 3673 ( SC 33 ),a s. ubull,
LU 10019 .in n-ubull , SR 1326 .d s. ubull, LU 10021 .
g s. ubuild, Mon. Tall. § 49 .indubuill , SR 1294 .n p. ubla,
LU 7556 . IGT,Decl. ex. 528 (see above). With art. :
70 naubla , LU 1698 .a p. ubaill, PH 518 .ubla, IGT,Decl.
ex. 309 .nahubla , LU 1692 .g p. ubúll, Ml. 100c21 .ubull,
LU 1694 .ubald, Mon. Tall. § 49 .d p. ublaib, LU 1689 ,
1696 .
I (a)thefruitof the apple-tree, anapple: uballquasiaball
75..., Corm. Y 1272 . LL 179b38 .o[c] comét ubúll(gl.in
pomorum custodiam), Ml. 100c21 .gluasacht oen ubuild
díob de lar ní fogni leusom`lifting a single apple from the
ground
,' Mon. Tall. § 49 .teclaim ubald dano dia domnaich
... ní fogni leusom`gathering of apples,'ib. cranda imda
80... itē tortoirthech ; ubla mora orda foraib RC ix 472y .
nolomraitis ... na hubla ┐ nos ithitís 474.9 ( LU 1685 ).
mionn súl áille gach ubhaill, Ir. Monthly 1919, 226.20 .
ubla ag fecadh na gcleth gcorr, IGT,Decl. ex. 528 .dob
ubhla óir na hubhaill(uncountenanced form), ex. 1646 .
85 tucsad ubla ... | croinn cumra na gcethramhnaibh, ex. 309 .
ubhla bhruaigh Bhóroimhe, TD 17.36 .críoch Éile na
n-abhall gcorcra | is ceart ubhla`whose fruit is good,' 34.35 .
ro gab shíothal ubhall, Hy Fiachr. 202.17 .sugh ubhall,
Rosa Angl. 312.8 .
u. ¤ fiadhan acrab-apple: ba commor re huball fiadhan
5gach cloch dib(of hailstones), RC xviii 297 (Tig.).ithedh
toirthi mar atait ubla goirti no fiadhan, Ir. Texts v 28.6 .
Cf. míach fíadubull, LU 7177 .m. di fíadublaib, 6821 .
crim, feam, fiadubull` wild-apple ,' Laws v 474.1 .ubla
grethi, Corm. Y 690 .
10In similes and comparisons :a bharr mar ubhla ar
n-abghughadh, DDána 114.17 .buidhe th'urla ioná an
t-ubhall, Studies 1924, 572.19 .
(b) the fruit of other trees, viz.fig and palm trees, etc. :
... amhuil theilgeas an crann fíge a úbhla anabuidh, an tan
15bhogthar é ré gáoith thréin figs , Rev. vi 13 .uball gráinnech
apomegranate: ibedh fin ina mberbter uball grainech,
Ir. Texts v 22.9 .croicinn ubaill grainnigh, 28.1 ubla
grainighe ┐ na hubla re nabar sitonia, 34.22 .ubla grain-
necha, Ériu x 146 § 3 .uball puinecda apomegranate: co
20nublaibh puinecdaib with pomegranates (of the high priest's
garments), BB 489b4 .uball palmi adate: tuc secht
n-ubaill palmi ... dam, PH 518 .
(c)thefruitof theforbiddentree : acht co tora in t-ubull
dam | rannfat etrom is Adam, SR 1263 .dofuc Eua in n-ubull
25n-úag | dond abaill, 1285 .ni manḟacamar th'uboll, 1346 .
o shunn dua[i]d Eua ... | leth ind ubuill aurchotig, 1294 .
an t-ubhall far fhás rinn-ne | lasair fheirge th'inntinne,
DDána 5.23 .atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 .
gur trothluigheadh d'urchor d'ubhall í i bparrthas(sc.
30Adam's body) ; TSh. 2549 . Here perh. :ó áladhaib in
ubaill IGT,Decl. ex. 325 .
(d) appleofdiscord, etc. (of classical mythology):issé
an t-ubhall ceasta é, O'Gr. Cat. p. 128 .u. ¤ na scéimhe`the
palm for beauty
':... ar son gur breathnuigheadh u. ¤ na
35scéimhe léithe(sc.Venus), E. O'Cl. 2686 .Cf. in lubhgort
co n-ubluibh oir fair, Stair Ercuil 248(ITS xxxviii).
(e) Freq. as complimentary epithet ; alsofig.and
metaph. :a uball ōir ar n-abla-ni(of Christ), Arch. iii
235 § 28 .a ubhall óir(of Mary), PBocht 2.9 .ba hedh
40uball abhla óir, TFrag. 92.4 (of a chief).a ubhall abhla
cumhra | as uaisle náid órubhla, DDána 67.41 .mogall
géag nach cumhang gcabhra, | dá ubhall déag abhla óir
(of the 12 Apostles), 34.7 .trí sgealláin ubhaill óirchnis
`three pips of a gold-skinned apple' (of friends of the poet),
45 Studies 1925, 253.10 .d'ḟeoigh an t-ubhall cumhra grádh-
mhar(in elegy on a priest), E. O'Rahilly xxvii 5 .trí
príomhubhall de chraoibh úir, ib. xii 26 .ubhall cumhra
lúbach é sin, xiv 21 .Abhall oile ón ubhall Éabha | do
orduigh Críosd, a chroch naomh ; | anmanna cáich uile
50th'ubhla, | a mhuine bhláith chumhra chaomh, DDána 2.10 .
buime ar ríogh an chraobh chumhra ... ubhla grás uirre
as iomdha(of Mary), Studies 1932, 243.6 .
(f) In proverbs and proverbial phrases :is uball a nairear
fastadgin cundradh , proverbial for useless labour ,RIA23
55Q 6 p. 6a ( O'C. 1613 ).is mé an abhall (leg. an t-ubhall)
ó thoinn go toinn, 23 B 19,p. 42 .Cf. reac a ttrice mar tá
mé | ón chomharsain go céile | mar ubhall ó thuinn go
tuinn, | ag fulang luim is leattruim, Ir. Review 1913,
623 § 8 .ro iadsat lucht in tíre uimme, ┐ dorigned ubhall im
60rendaib de, ┐ ro marbad hé(a kenning for a corpse pierced
by many spears), Acall. 2050 .co ndinganta guin galand ┐
uball im rennaib ┐ aighedha foghailti feolsgaeilti de, D iv 2,
45vb23 .gabais Eochaidh ē, ┐ beris leis ..., ┐ as ī comhairle
do rōine guin ghalān ┐ uball imreandach[leg.-aib] do
65denamh de ina tigh fēin, ZCP xiv 266.13 .
(g)theappleof theeye: (fig.) do coimhéd sé é mar ubhall
a shúl, Deut. xxxii 10 .coimhéd m'aitheanta, ┐ bí béo, ┐
mo dhligheadh mar ubhall do shúl, Prov. vii 2 .
(h)the apple of the throat,Adam'sapple : ubhall (na
70brághat), IGT,Decl. § 11 .don uball bragat(gl.gurgulioni),
Lor. Gild. 131 .an céduidhe go ling mbruinne, an tanaisde
go hubhall mbraghad(of the passage of the voice), Ériu
xiii 36.26 .dobeir indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon,
LU 5013 .im ubull braghad in leoghain, Stair Ercuil 416
75(ITS xxxviii).Ra ghabh a hubhall shlughatan`held her
by the apple of the throat
,' TFrag. 30.12 .rug M. dubhghreim
... ar ubhall brághad ar Sheaán, PCT 1644 . Seems to be
regarded as the seat of wisdom, one of the 12 doors of the
soul, Laws v 363 fn. d .Cf. in mōreōlus mōr for uball
80a brāgat ┐ for rind a tengad, Aisl. MC 125.4 .
II (a)any globular object, aball: asedh do gníodhsomh
an tan do cluinedh ceol saoghalla idir, no cuiredh da ubhall
ciara ... ina cluasaibh(of St. Brendan), Mart. Don. May 16 .
Cf. Lism. L. Preface xiii .┐ ubull dond ór gle | eter cech
85dá cluicíne, SR 4507 . sechtmílchoin i slabradaib argait,
┐ ubull n-óir eter cech n-áe, TBFr. § 3 .
In similes :Ri ro chruthaig ... | hi cuairt na firmiminte,
| domun ... | mar ubull febda fircruind, SR 36 .Cf. Laws
i 26.24 .Cf. mar ubull i fabull, TBC 4386 .
(b)as anornamentto confine the hair(See Mann. and
5Cust. iii 189 seq. ) :mong buide fair, alli dath, | ubull oir
oc á íadad, LU 2673 ( SC 33 ).da uball oir for degabal
a moṅgi med ferdornn ceachtar n-ai, YBL 118a40 .
(c) musicalballs : craebh airgid co tri hublaib oir fria
ais. ba leor ... arpeatad ... eistecht risin ceol dognid in
10craebh, IT iii 193 § 25 =is amla do bhi an t-oclach ┐ craebh
sidhamhail ana laim, co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre ; ... ┐
an tan rocraitheadh hí ba binne anat ceoil an beatha úile a
candais na hubla, Mann. and Cust. iii 317 n. ( Book of
Fermoy 62ab ).Cf. Oss. iii 212 .
15(d)jugglers' balls : noín-ubla óir focheird cech ai díb
i n-ardae, LU 7556 ( BDD 109 ).anais ... Cu Culaind ... oc
airfitiud ban nUlad, .i.nóin-ubla clis ┐nóicletíne clis ┐
nóiscena clis, ┐ ní thairmescad nach ai alaile, LU 8565
( FB 42 ).slan don ti eamnas na go clis i nnairdi, no na
20hubla clis i nnairdi, Laws iii 284.20 Comm. ro ir dom .x.
n-ubla oir (.i. clis)` feat-apples ,' Ériu ii 5.1 .imbeir cóic
deich ubull óir, | ós clesit for a anoil, LU 3810 ( SC
37 ).
(e)aweaponof warfare, amissile,cannon-ball: dobér-sa
25mo láim fon deil cliss dó, .i. fon n-ubull n-athlegtha n-
íarnaide,... ┐ béraid comthrom inn ubaill da inchind tria
chuladaig, TBC 1265 .tarlaic na hocht n-ubla i n-airddi
root n-urchair uad do Ch., 2129 .co tarla an t-ubhall
luaidhi i fossadh a édain, CCath. 2178 .ceithre puill déag
30ina éadach d'áireamh | ó ubhlaibh luatha luaidhe ráinig,
Hackett xl 148 .ubhall mar lingeas tré loch`as a bullet
through a lake
,' Arch. Hib. i 86 § xiii .
(f)theballof a (ball-and-socket)joint(Anat.):ubhall na
leise the hip joint , O'Don. Suppl. s.v. leis.lingis amach ...
35co ndeachaid a uball as a les don lem sin, YBL 208a4 .ubhall
a leisi do dhol as a ionad cavitate sua excidit coxa, 23 K 42,
102.20 .
(g)thepommelof asword: a claidhimh ... gu n-ubhull
ro mhaiseach don cloich re n-abar berillus(=pomo,
40Lat. text), ITS xix 84.25 (Roland's address to his
sword).
(h)theknobat the butt-end of aspear(?): crimall .i. cro
oir im a huboll no uboll oir im a cro, O'C. 894 ( H 3.18 p.
399 ).
45(i)thebossof ashield: boim .i. sgiath,ut estboim bil
co n-uball airgit .i. sgiath maith co nae bil fair do airget,
O'Dav. 221 (see Ériu xiii 20.25 ).
Compds. (IandII) :uball-chles(s) theball-feat: tri
chless dognítís ind errid .i. cless cleténech ┐ ubullchless ┐
50fáeborchless, LU 10140 . ubul(l)chless (LL), uballcles (St.),
in t-ubullchless (LU), TBC 2096 .eter ... ubull-chles ┐
siabur-cles ..., LU 8442 ( FB 30 ).in corthi cloichisea ...
ra gat a talmain ┐ dariṅgni ubull-chless án méor co a cheli
de, MU 32 x , ( LL 266bz ).do gab a rothchles ... ┐ a uball-
55chles ... ┐ a ilchlesa uili, Comp. Con. C. 93.2 . ¤ chairche
`apple-strain' (i.e.`some kind of delicious music,' Stokes) :
co mba binnither teta mendcrot binnḟoghroghudh na
n-ubullcairc[h]i-sin(in description of a diadem), CCath.
4711 (cf. II (c)above). ¤ chnapach having a round knob :
60 tógbhus Cathal an tshúist ubhallchnapach os a chionn,
PCT 559 . ¤ mell(a)a globularmass,missile;bullet,cannon-
ball: dobert ubhall-mell luaidhi ina thabhull ┐ srethais
uadh for T. é, CCath. 2177 .saighti foibrighthi ... ┐ liacca
lamh ┐ uvillmill iarnaidhe, 5657 .comtuaircnech na liacc
65lamh ┐ na cloch nglaice, ... ┐ na n-uballmell iarnaidhe, 5860 .
gabhait for diúbhraccadh a nubhaillmheall luaidhe[sic leg.]
`leaden-bullets,' FM vi 1982.5 .Cf. 2130.5 ; Hugh Roe
64.21 . (b) other uses :of ahelmet: ... co cethra uvull-
mellaibh cruinni cruaidh-iarainn, CCath. 5268 .ubhall-
70mheall mor ... iarnaidhe, Ériu v 174.201 .ubhallmheall
iarainn ar gach slabhradh dhíobh, ITS i 66.18 .Of thesun:
atract fo deoidh in grian ina hubullmhioll cró, CCath. 4431 .
Of amountain: co raibhe in sliabh ina ubhall-mheall
teindtidhe uile, BNnÉ 66 § 99 . ¤ remar:do thóguibh
75Tomás an tshúist ubhall-ramhar chnapach ós a chionn,
PCT 552 . ¤ rosc abulging eye(?), g s.as adj. :fer ... is é
srónmar ómar ubullruisc, `apfeläugig,' TBC 5385 (ubhall-
rosgachH, St.).dam ... co n-ubullrosc ercce, LL 247a29
( IT iii 247 : `mit dem Apfelauge einer Kuh' 259 ).