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1 úaithne n(olderúatne; acc. to O'Rahilly, Sc. Gael. St. iii 67
a singulative ofúat`wood,' laterfúat,q.v. Cf. fúatne)
(a)apost, aprop, asupport, apillar: úaithne úaidhne
úaidne m. IGT,Decl. § 2 . uatne.i. uait (v.l.uaid) suigdigter
30(v.l.suidigtar) in deilb, Corm. Y 1279 .gabhal fulaing,
posd, úaitne, más`a base, pillar, undersetter' Kirk ( Eg. Gl.
365 ).Of thesupportsof a house : grianan in enuaitne
(v.l.enuaine) the name of one of the houses at Temair , FDG
27 ( MR 6 ).ro ḟorchongair an caislén do chor ar uaith-
35nedhaibh iar sin, ┐ ro leccadh go lár(a ref. to props used
while undermining the walls, foot-note) FM v 1316.10 .
foraim [viz.cenn Duinn Bó] ar an fhuaithne úd thall`place
it on yonder post
,' TFrag. 46.13 .nicon facatár nech and
acht catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu forsna cetheóraib
40úaitnib lecdaib bátar and. no linged di cech úaitniu for
araili, LU 1705 - 6 .luid arísi co rrabi fora úaitni, 1723 .
Of thesupport,postof abedorcouch: benaid a cló n-argit
ro boí ina láim frisin n-úaitni créduma inna imda, LU 8273 .
iss and bátar for uaitne cerna in cholbai, LL 306b1 .uaithne
45don iobhar āluinn | fám iomdhaigh KMMisc. 366 § 7 .tarla
mh'ucht fan uaithne ccorr,ib. atconncadair tri huathnedha
... aga himfulang .i. uaitne i ndath snechta ..., RC x 185.24 .
comhard re húathnibh na leaptha, Feis Tighe Chonáin
1567 .cetra huaithne um gach leabaid | d'ór is d'airced
50coimecair, SG 112.5 .thefoundationsof the earth : an
té noch chroitheas an talamh as a áit, agus go ccrioth-
nuighid a úaithnighe, Job ix 6 .Of the supports of the
discus: mias adbulmor iaraind no umaidi ar uaitnedaib
iaraind 'na lamaib, TTebe 2470 .Cf. gur ab iad [viz.na
55subháilcidhe bunadhasacha `cardinal virtues'] is Toi-
breacha, bun, ┐ ... Uaithnighe do mhórán Subháilceadh
oile, Donlevy 198 .
(b)fig.or metaph. (of people) :da uaithne agha ┐
iorghaile fer nE.(of Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), TBC 471
60n. 6 .úaidne Moighe cáoim Chédne (: cúairdne), IGT,
Decl. ex. 1172 .uaitne na sgol lé bhfuil gach fáidh-ḟile,
Ir. Monthly 1920, 482.5 .aoidhe sgeoil uaignigh anduibh
| d'uaitnibh an eoil ḟuaramair, 1919, 456.14 .tú an treas
uaithne don oineach, 1928, 609.20 .dá uaithne oinigh
65Eireann, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 111.16 .dá uaitne teanna an
talmhan, Ir. Monthly 1923, 587.15 .lán ... | an teach
d'uaithnibh iorghoile`pillars of valour,' 1919, 105.37 .
le huaithnibh catha Cláir Laighean, 1920, 209.15 .na
n-uaithnedhaib imresna`pillars in the fight,' O'Gr. Cat.
70 502.17 .uaithne oir na nÉilech, AU iii 582.23 .Cf. ML²
1579 .uaithne briste berne baoghail, FM v 1636.10 .in
dara huatni airechais ... Erend, Cog. 52.23 .ceithre uaithne
... oirechais Alban, MR 248.9 .in t-uaithne airechais,
Acall. 64 (of Patrick).da uatni congbala ... flathamnais
75Erend, Cog. 70.9 .uaithneda fíchdha F., ML² 1362 .Cf.
ML 100.27 .uaithne ót inis d'imthigh ..., Hackett xiv 13 .
giodh truagh liom fuainne na faire`the prop of vigilance,'
Ó Bruad. i 176.18 .fuainne ós fearaibh, ii 60.9 .d'éag
mo nuair an fuainne d'ḟuiling | anntrom cháich ..., 180.13 .
80As a legal term :huaitne(in a list of 26 grades of
dignity), Laws iv 344.5 (sequel to Críth Gabhlach).huaitne ;
fonluing ocus frisellaghar in fer .i. friseillget troigh ocus
aidheilgen ; fer foloing einechgresa chin imluad fine, Laws
iv 350.24 . see Mann. and Cust. iii 519 where tr. `a pillar
85of endurance and attendance
' (i.e.`a term applied to a man
appointed to attend to and supply the wants of the wretched
and homeless poor ; the relieving officer of the ancient Irish
,'
ib. Gl. Index p. 604 ).
(Of the legs of a boar):ro éirigh in muc ar a
huathneduib dímóra derid, Fianaig. 66.17 .

5 2 úaithne,úaitne n(perh. same word as prec.) in phr.fri
hú. ¤ in travail,labour: ata ... mo bean fri huaitni ┐ idhnu
isin chuilidh, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hs. u. Lit. 43.5 .in tan iarum
luid do crunn ┐ do uaitni, benaidh a brú fria druim, 34 .
ben do mnai bis fri huaidni (v.l.huaitni) a woman (is allowed
10to go) to a woman who is near childbirth , Anecd. iii 22.9 .
Cf. LB 204b49 .teora mná fri huaitne ann cech dia, LB
130b43 .cuinge mna do mnai bis fri uaithne (.i. dul do iarra
mna do frithalum na mna bis uaithne fri idhna) Laws i
300.5 .amal no beth fri huatni, LB 114b15 (=fri idnú SR
15 3024 ).athgabail fir bis ben fri huaitne (is i a turbaid coir),
Laws i 194.24 ( 198.22 ).sar urrach mban fri uatne, Laws i
176.1 .trí nóill doná dlegar frithnóill : nóill mná fri húaitni,
nóill fir mairb, nóill díthir, Triads 165 .fiadnaisi ... mna
fri huaitne, O'D. 1630 (< H 5.15 p. 16b ).Cf. : fiadnaisi
20... mna fri huaithne .i. in tan is cetfechtach .i. luige fo tri
uaithe itir breith in leinib ┐ a lan-assait ; no in tan bis ┐
uaithne cinn in leinib uaithi, O'C. 2147 (< Eg. 88 f. 3(4)a ).
fiadnaisi mna fri huaithnibh i cocrunn báis, O'C. 2079
(< H 4.22,68 ). In this usage the word may have acquired
25the transferred meaning pang .

3 úaithne n asuture: adharca do cur ar ua[i]thnedhaib
iarthuracha in chinn`cupping should be used over the pos-
terior sutures of the head
,' O'Gr. Cat. 180.36 .Cf.next.

4 úaithne n junction,union , Laws Gl. ;concordant, O'Don.
30Suppl. :co herinur aon fear gadus di each dec, dia mut
ili sealbu, bet uaithni comardu, Laws v 242.10 (`let there
be a balancing of accounts
,' Pl. MS Notes) =beit uaithne
comarda, O'C. 36 ( H 3. 18,14b ).gell is uaithne sund`a
concordant pledge
' Laws v 244.25 .

35 5 úaithne n m. union:in Irish prosody, correspondence
between words of which the vowels agree in quantity only,
the consonants in class, and the final consonants also in
quality. O'Molloy c. xvii renders the word `unio.' Thur-
neysen applied the term consonance to this correspondence,
40 RC xiii 267 . See also his Zu. Ir. Hs. u. Lit. i 89 - 90 .
dlighidh aithne reanna ┐ ú. ¤ ┐ úama ┐ chomhardaidh, IGT,
Introd. § 2 .raon uaithne(a metrical fault)ib.see also
IT iii 135 .
Cf. uaithne(gl.ffodium, emended by Stokes todipodium),
45 Ir. Gl. 768 .

6 úaithne n concordin music : uaithne iuil ḟrithir gach
fuinn(of a harper), Keat. Poems 267 , tr. `the intelligent
concordance of all difficult tunes
,' Mann. and Cust. iii 215 .
Cf. 1 úaithne (b).

50 7 úaithne asnpr. (a)m.:Uaithne(gl. Orpheus), Ir. Gl. 547 .
The name of the Dagda's harp :din cheol sephainn Úaithne
cruitt in Dagdai, TBFr. § 10 .g s. caíniÚaitni (i.e.the three
modes,Goltraiges,GentraigesandSuantraiges)ib.( LL
249a27 ).v s. aÚathni ,ib.See further Mann. and Cust.
55 iii 220 seq. Uaithnemac Conaill Chearnaigh, Danta Gr.²
p. 9 . UaithneÓ Cobhthaigh, RIA MS. Cat. p. 4 . (b)f.
Eile ┐Uaithnedi ingin Echach m. Luchta, Rawl. 155b45 ;
henceTirnUaithne ib. 46 (= LL 190b31 ; 34 ).

8 úaithne: xseeúaine.

60 úaithnech adj o-ā(úaithne)having pillars (?) : an brugh uaith-
neach uasal aorach, 23 G 24 p. 400(c. 1720).

úaitigid v g makes single, makes rare : formolad, diabul, cen
on, | telgudh noe, ocus lugugud | uaitighit cach rogair
rib | lorga dialta, deichnid, Auraic. 2153 .vn. úatigud;
65 co rothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine`for the thinning
of the people
,' Thes. ii 298.16 (Colman's Hymn).

úaitiugud n u,m. act of making few,lessening: ag uaitiugad
aicmedh ┐ ag dīthugad deigcenēl, ML² 1814 .

úala n f. ashoulder: gúala úala [ó éinchéill], IGT,Decl.
70§ 131 .ní beanfa ar (v.l.ag) snámh a chráobh Chúalann
| do lámh re táobh úalann t'eich, ex. 1912 .sreabh
re húalainn (v.l.uainn) eich Maghnais, ex. 1914 . In
place-names :Túaim daUalann ,gen. Túama daÚalann ,
Gorm. June 10 n. Tommae daolann AU 780 = FM 776
75(var.ofT. da gualann, according to the editors).Telach
Ualann :dat. ó TholaighUalann , Gorm. Mart. Don.
Jan. 23 .gen. TelchahUaland AU 730 (cf. TelcaeOlaind 710 .
o Thulaighholaind , Mart. Don. Aug. 7 ).

ualabard, n ualuard walwort: ualabard(gl.cameactis ebulus),
80 Arch. i 332.50 .inualabort `walwort,' RC ix 228.8 .in
uolubhart , H 3.15 p. 36b .gab sugh in ualabaird, Irish
Texts v 8.15 . ebulus cameactisadhon da ainm in ualuaird,
RC ix 231.6 .Cf. ualuárd,balbhárd,malbhárd, P. O'C.
cameactus ebulus.i. an ualuard, 23 K 42,381.10 .gabh
85fremh ruisc ualuaird ┐ a urdail do frem ruisc truim, 334.15 .
Seeuolubard.