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tús n uoroO. Ir.a d s. tuus(disyll., Met Dinds. iv 330.18 .
45 Arch. iii 318 § 65 . TBC² 233 =túsmonosyll., LU 4710 ).
?g s. tūis, Bruchst. 6.4 . Alsoā,f.in phr.airetúise ,etc.
(seeII (c) infra). Noteartúis , TD 29.28 .a s. túis, Ó Bruad.
i 14.4 . Also spoken Ir.ardtúis .oandu,m., IGT Decl. § 38
(87.13) . In Mod. Ir. also frequ.tós. See Ped. i 308 , Hessen
50 ZCP ix 28.
I Act of leading: roorddnestar Duid cethrur ... do thus
inna clas`to lead the choirs,' Hib. Min. 166 .comairle Dé
dom thuus`for my guidance,' Met. Dinds. iv 330.18 .dall
ic tu[u]s daill the blind leading the blind, Arch. iii 318 § 65 .
55 la cēt im cēt druad diar tuus leading us(?), TBC² 3076 =
dar tus, TBC 4963.
II (a) forefront,front position: dobreth ... tuus na
conaire do F. ríasin slúag, LU 4699 =tuus na dīrma, TBC²
226 .rogab P. t. ¤ rempu dochum na cathrach, TTr.² 1827 .
60 t'eichsi ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil getting the start of(?), IGT
Decl. ex. 996 .t. ¤ sligheadh, Aithd.D. 38.29 .Frequ.van,
battlefrontof anarmy: trēnfher cach tūis`ein Kämpe
jeder Fronte
,' Bruchst. 6.4 =duís,tuís, IT iii 40 § 36 .
t. ¤ t'féine, IGT Decl. ex. 282 .deireadh i gclódh t. ¤ ag tocht
65`the van in an onslaught,' TD 27.17 .dorinnadar ... ceand
slúaigh túis tochair do R.`army chief of the vanguard,'
Expugn. Hib. 21 .tós gach tochair, 41 .t. ¤ a' tslúaigh, Cín
Lae Ó Meall. 42.29 .a tus in cablaigh, St. Ercuil 715 .a
tūs an gābaidh, ML² 2099 . Note also:mo rí i mmarthus
70os int slóg(sic leg.:sanctus)asleader , SR 581.
(b) precedence,pre-eminence,rank: t. ¤ dia mnaí ría mnaib
Ulad, LU 8917 ( FB 68 ).`apair róm,' ol Brigit. `tós dligius
ferscal' a man has the right to speak first, Ir. Texts i 18 § 54 .
intí tet á tuis[i]ghacht na flathusa gelfine .i. in cumal tsenor-
75ba, tus n-aibsena`der Vortritt bei der `Anzeige'(?),' Cóic Con.
Fug. 16 § 3 .tus n-urlabra`den Vortritt der Rede (das erste
Wort)
,' 45 § 72 . See p. 70 .t. ¤ do far claind co bráth for an
clainn sea precedence ... over, Ériu iii 137.46 .t. ¤ dighe, t. ¤
leabtha agus ionnalta ar mhaithibh Éirionn i dTigh Miodh-
80chuarta aca, L.Cl.A.Buidhe 50.28 .do ghabh t. ¤ gach óil
aco, TD 34.25 .t. ¤ as cóir d'fhior fhurfhógra`a herald must
go first
,' Aithd.D. 46.13 .muna bheith t. ¤ aice ón éag(of
Christ's hand), DDána 21a.24 .t. ¤ comuirle`the initiative
in counsel
,' O'Gr. Cat. 475.15. bí t. ¤ suidhe ag an saidhbhir,
85 532.8 .t. ¤ onóra ┐ airmittne cáich ga ceile dibh do com-
malairt imoseach, BNnÉ 247 § 199 .tug an nádúr ... | túis
na sráide ó mhnáibh na ndéithe`precedence o'er the Graces,'
Ó Bruad. i 14.4 .in t-aenridiri is mó a gniim ┐ a tus isin
cruinne` rank ,' ZCP vi 58.7 .
(c) In the legal phr.aire túise,one of thenoble grades:
5 aire túise, cid ara n-eperr ? Arindí as toísech a ceníul ┐ dofet
airig n-ard, Críth Gabl. 386 .aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd
aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard, Laws v 24.26 Comm. ogairi
tuisi, 78.x .i. in t-ogaire is ferr .i. taisech na n-ogaireach,
in boaire is taire, 80.11 Comm. gá n-oireachaibh tuisi,
10 Hard. ii 298.3 .hit dī airig dēsa, ard, | tūisea, ZCP v 499 § 5 .
Note also:dliged tuise .i. dliged toisigechta na gelfine
`bei Anspruch auf Führung,' Cóic Con. Fug. 16 § 3 .lia
dfir ... fri dliged tuisi, O'C. 2181 ( Eg. 88,fo. 6(7)c ).lógh
tuisi .i. in logh sainraidh dligis an tuat don righ gaibes
15foro do gres, O'C. 535 ( H. 3. 18,265b ).Cf. 2 túis.
III (a) beginning. Of an action,happening,etc.: amal
bís arán i n-a th. ¤ da cech caithem, PH 7534 .Poimp ... is
é do chuir | t. ¤ cogaidh i gceann Shéasoir`first made war,'
TD 18.18 .ní tháinig fa th. ¤ an chuiridh`came not at the
20beginning
,' 16.35 .ní tós lóin as líonmhuire the beginn-
ing of a meal
, Aithd.D. 67.15 .is t. ¤ mire rosmhear-
aigh, Content. xxv 4 .tós peacaidh, Dán Dé vii 19 .
a dt. ¤ gach urnaighthe, Donl. 26.1 .Ofwords,literary com-
positions,etc.: na gnéithe don Gháoidhilg nach cóir a tt. ¤
25chomhfhocal, IGT Introd. 2.18 .tós is deireadh gach duaine,
Content. xxviii 4 .t. ¤ na seanma, Studies 1920, 97 § 1 .Of
theelementsof a subject: Mac Seaáin ... | ó tharraidh t. ¤
muirléighinn, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 177.138 .Ofperiods of time:
a t. ¤ in lái, PH 2003 .eirig reomat imárach | t. ¤ na maitne,
30 SG 60.7 .o th. ¤ domain, PH 3645 .lá (= la) t. ¤ in gemhridh,
CCath. 2322 .ó th. ¤ go hearr aimsire, TD 28.22 .t. ¤ na síon
dteasbhaigh, PBocht 10.24 .o th. ¤ corghais go mion-Chaisg,
Donl. 116.15 .Of aman's life: o th. ¤ mo bethad cu crochad
C., PH 700 .ó th. ¤ m'aimsire, DDána 11.9 .as mo thós do
35melladh mé`from my very inception,' O'Gr. Cat. 523.17.
Various:is lethan dóib in drochet o th. ¤ co dered, LU 2151
( FA 22 ).truagh mar thángadar a Parrthas | peacadh
Ádhaimh do b'é a dtós(of the human race), DDána 26.2 .
do bhrígh go bhfuil gan t. ¤ gan deireadh(of God), Donl.
40 20.5 .
(b) best,choice,pick,cream: ro ghab tus a fesa ┐ a eoluis,
RC xliii 8.18 .t. ¤ do fhleidhe ag dol dúinne, Aithd.D. 56.16 .
t. ¤ a ghlóire is gar do mhaoith even its finest glory is near to
sorrow
(of the world), 73.23 .a fhíon túsa an tábhairne,
45 PBocht 23.43 .freagair t. ¤ an tábhairne`ask for the choice of
my wine-store
,' Aithd.D. 40.23 .
IVInadv.phrases. (a)in tuus first,in the first place:
cuin is tūalaing coisc alanali ? Ō chanasca (= chotnasca)
fadesin induus, ZCP iii 451.26 , `when he has corrected himself
50first
,' Ériu xiv 146 ,q.v.
With prepp. (b) Withar,for. O. Ir.ar thuus, laterar,
for tús, Mod. Ir.ar (d)tús. first,firstly,in the first place,
originally, etc. Of place: is airi doralad ar thuus in salmso
`therefore was the psalm put first,' Ml 14b12 .innahí batar
55buthi ar thuus`the things that should have been first,' 23c16 .
29a8 .a mmiseriamdo thabairt ar thuus, 31c9 .andabeirsom
ar thuus`what he puts first,' 47a14 .ar th. ¤ do chlannaib
Adaim first among the descendants of A., SR 2706 .is iat
atat ar t. ¤ in n-umir na noem, PH 436 .don fhir ar tus to
60the first man
, TTebe 690 . Of time (the only use in Mod. Ir.):
imbí bid in soirad donerchanatsom ar thuus, Ml 19b11 .
robu du thabernacuil robu ainm son ar thuus, 100b12 .
nach missi téite ar thuus that I am not the first to die, SR
2036 .fairend diarbo chumu[n]c ar th. ¤ ┐ ... lethan fo deóid
65 at first...at the end , LU 2160 ( FA 23 ).do imchosnom dul
isa tech ar th. ¤ , LU 8257 ( FB 20 ).is īat tucc mucco i nhĒrinn
ar tūs, ZCP viii 105.29 .dos bert in leth hí sin for t. ¤ , IT i
40.28 .ar dus itir, Laws i 26.5 Comm. nocho n-ib ... noco
n-eba so for t. ¤ , RC xxiv 178.15 .ar t. ¤ ríam, ZCP viii 105.16 .
70 an sean ar tós má iheasda, Dán Dé xvii 12 .is é do chreid i
gCríost ... | ar t. ¤ namh, Content. xxviii 46 .ar dtós, PBocht
13.26 .ar th. ¤ riam the first ever , L.Chl.Suibhne 52.20 .
rochinn Sir Boos dul a fhortacht na maigdine for tus, ZCP iv
382.29 .smuain ... ar t. ¤ , Desid. 667 .gidh be bhíos ar tt. ¤
75iona chúis féin, Prov. xviii 17.
(c) Withi= (b):indroet som sochaidi hi t. ¤ `at first he
had received many
,' Mon. Tall 135.17 .i dtós, PBocht 25.3 .
go ngabhthar mo dhuan sa tós, Content. xxviii 71 . As
prep.:i dt. ¤ cháich do-chonnaic mé | sleagha in front of
80everyone
, Aithd.D. 16.36 .
(d) Withó from the beginning,originally , but usually
identical in meaning with (b):ó th. ¤ ` at once ,' O'Gr. Cat.
400.8. sionn féin do thogaibh ó th. ¤ , Dán Dé iii 3 .truagh
dhúinn gan do thuigse ó th. ¤ , xix 10 .do budh ro-dhocair a
85chaitheamh, go hāiridhe ó th. ¤ at first , Desid. 6616 .an
Chruinne ... chom ar thriallsat ō thūs, Fl. Earls 12.16 .
Various:Dīa dam frim lorg ... | Dīa dom thúus`before
me
,' Thes. ii 350.15 .gur theastuigh roimh nóin | ar dtuar
a blátha d'áille a hearraigh um thós in the beginning of the
beauty of her spring
, Hackett xii 14.
5Text perh. defective in:is olc gréimm m'fhoglamma dam
... cen gabáil ar m'aicned t. ¤ co n-gabainn ar m'anáil`if I
do not first control my nature till I have kept my breath
,' Mer.
Uil. 243 .na rolegtis uaidib an tossach tart[h]atar don tus
na cairrgi(of a race between ships), Aen. 1021.

10 túsaigid v g(tús) begins: ó túsuigheadh an díle, ITS xvii
162.x .

túsca xseetoísech.

Tuscaine pn f. Tuscany: tāisech na T. ¤ , ZCP xiii 181.33 .din-
feat-sa ... in T. ¤ , 35 .

15 Tusceta adj Tuscan: faithi T. ¤ , CCath. 926.

tuscurnach n o,m., (cf. tuscurnaid) story-teller,inventorof
fictions(?). Only in sobriquetTusgcurnach mac Drochdala,
Anecd. ii 49.14 .

tuscurnaid v invents,falsifies(?): tuscarntar .i. comceartar,
20 ut est. do tuscarn mbriathar, O'C. 1482 ( H. 3. 18,661 ).
Vn. tuscurnud.

tuscurnud n[u,m.]vn.oftuscurnaid act of inventing,falsifying;
(verbal)invention,fiction: tuscarnadh briathar .i. cuma-
doracht, O'Cl. argumentationibus.i. onaib tuiscurntib,
25 ZCP vii 482.6 .breth fír ... | cen dolbad, cen t. ¤ , SR 3324 .
nach dalbi na tuscornad duine, YBL 215b21 .fir do Sin
... .i. ni tuscurnad do S., Laws i 120.21 Comm. tormaigit
techtaire o thuscurntib co gresach messengers exaggerate,
Alex. 833 =faillsigid didiu in tuscurnad fesin, BB 498a7 .
30 meda cen gairbi imgol | tomus talman do th. ¤ to compute
the measurements of the earth
(?), LL 143b17 .ní do dalb
na th. ¤ inna leth(of chiefs needing no exaggerated praise),
44a4 .tongu-sa ... nach menmannrad dam-sa inso ┐ nach
t. ¤ ná doilbiud`no fiction,' Ériu ii 202 § 18 .cen tuscarndad
35do denam, YBL 161b8 .na tuscai[r]nti no doilbtis fein
their own fictions, CCath. 766 .lucht tuscairnte na comairle
`those who had falsified counsel,' 3260 .ba he a t. ¤ ` device ,'
Ériu v 209.19 .

tuslógach n(tuisel):iomrúagadh na n-each, ┐ na ccarbad
40tt. ¤ ` jumping ,' Nahum iii 2.

tuslógad n(tuisel) act of leaping: ag tuslógadh ar na cnocaibb,
Cant. ii 8 .túslóga`a leaping,' Eg. Gl. 521.

? tussness ind biad fuirre glunsalach fine fcrd-ga atoeb t. ¤ (tos
neasv.l.) giallaib, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hdschr. i 52.9 .

45 tustall nPerh. a form oftaistel,q.v. rush,run(?): t. ¤ .i. ar
tūs toltair riasin lēim one takes a run before jumping(?),
Corm. Y 1260 .tusdal an churadh a g-cath a bhíodhbhaidh
┐ a námhad` rushing ,' ML 28.21 =t. ¤ (taisdiol,v.l.) ` travers-
ing ' (Gloss.), ML² 371.

50 tútach adj o, ā=túatach(túatae):is gnáth liomsa beith t. ¤ re
taidhbhseachaibh`awkward and morose,' Ó Bruad. i 76.12 .
Taidhg t. ¤ , 23 I 1,117.7 .

? tuthachta nIn phraseáes t. ¤ one of the threeparties engaged
in hunting: a leath d'aes fogluasti ar dichill aesa t. ¤ , ┐ in
55trian eile du roind etarru gu coitcheand itir aes fogluasachta
┐ aes idhnaidhi ┐ aes t. ¤ beaters and datchers and áes t. ¤ , O'Don.
2302 ( Rawl. B 506,29d ).

túthle xseetúithle.

tút(h)maire xseetúdmaire.

60 tútmar,túthmar adj ō,a(tútt) (a) fragrant,odorous: tutmur
fid(name given touillenn woodbine, the letter ui, in Briath-
arogham of Morann m. Máin), Auraic. 5604 =tuathmar,
4302 - 4 =ui tuthmar fear .i. crann fir no elann, Anecd.
iii 44.4 .gur roberbh a lusaibh tuthmara, Death-tales
65 28.13 .
(b) evil-smelling,fetid , (` smoaky ,' P. O'C. ):sméróiti
tuthmura in tellaigh, CCath. 3973 .smúit-cheó ┐ sméaróide
túthmhara teineadh` smoky ' (Gloss.), TSh. 6673.

tút(t),túth n[n.?Cf. tuth mbracha, O'C. 1392 infra] smell,
70 stench: co mboi tútt na n-edpart for ut na cathrach, PH
974 .fri etruth (.i. tut) na nathrach, BB 494b41 .la droch-
thvth na fola, TTr.² 1048 ( LL 404b21 ).tic ... ┐ a srón a
n-airde la tuth in croinn`at the smell of the wood,' Death-
tales 28.16 .tuth na mbachlach aile dochoid immut-so,
75 Ir. Texts i 35.17 .bla mein (.i. ide) midclais .i. cia téis
tuth mbracha im bein torraigh, O'C. 1392 ( H. 3. 18,631b )=
midhclais . . boltanugud,ut estbla mein midhclais .i. cia
teis tuth bracha i mbein torraig, O'Dav. 1265. Stokes
suggests emending totút braga`Furzgestank' (seemid-
80chlos
).tvth na raibhe ag a pianadh, Aisl. Tund. 99.19 .
túth trom | do mhúch ... ionn(of butter), TD 37.6 . ?aerc-
[n]aid fer nó fid .i. idhadh .i. fefe a tuth nó fe a [ḟ]lesc,
Anecd. iii 43.25 .
Seetoithe,toth.

85 tuttacht xseetitacht.

? tuur ind for t. ¤ .i. for ommor do gres, O'C. 1983 ( H. 4. 22,20 ).