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turbróidid v(turbród). The ex. under (a) probably repre-
sents an old compd.vb.from *to-air-brúi. (a) crushes,
destroys. Apparently intrans. in: Lia Adhamain[t] ... cia
buailter do bielaib ... ni therbrui ni de fris: acht fuil ind
75uain cosin edbairt ni fuil ni fris' terbrui`there is nothing
at which it breaks
,' Ériu ii 114 § 44.
(b)Legalviolates,infringes,repudiatesa law,etc.: dá
turbroid é icaid éiric a turbroda (cáirde), O'C. 2315 ( Eg.
88 fo. 24 (25)b ) =da turbroighit, O'Don. 578 ( H. 3. 17,
80 col. 444 ).nois tuaithe ... nucu dlegar ... a turbrodh, ┐
inti turbrabas hé icadh eraicc, O'Don. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 52d ).
is iat in lucht amaich ro turbro[d] (béscna), Laws iii 216.1
Comm. ma ro turbrodar lucht na tuaithe hi (cáin) is smacht
turbroidhthi cana iar na hesgaire uaithib, O'C. 1048 ( H. 3.
8518,436b ).nós tuaithe ... ised fo dera a thurbrod gan nech
aga astadh, uair da mbeith nech aga astad ni turbroidthea
he it would not be repudiated,ib.=da mbet aca astad ni
turbrodta é, O'Don. 1591 ( H. 5. 15,8b ).

turbrostaid v(cf. brostaid) incites: munar turbrostad[ar ?]
na mic do itir`if the youths did not incite (the dog of chase),'
5 Laws iii 524.13 Comm.

turcabthae adj io, iā part.ofdo-fu(a)rcaib (a) raised,brought
forth,produced: nu inna turcabthae .i. innaní soirtar and
gl.emersorum`of the raised forth,' Ml 75a4 .non proditae .i.
impietatis .i. annarbu thurgabthae`when it was not pro-
10duced
,' 86d14 .
(b) eastern: turgabthigl.(Narbonensis Galliae) exortiva,
Bcr. 36b1 .

Turcach pn(Engl. loanwd.)aTurk: cocadh ... eittir in pāpa
... ┐ in T. ¤ , Fl. Earls 154.3 .na Turcaigh, Ériu v 190.488 .
15 re Turcuigh ┐ Págánuigh, Donl. x 3 .Cf. Tuircínech.

turcacha(i)s n(Turcach) Turkishness,cruelty: preab tur-
cachais, Hackett x 205 .turcachais págánta, TSh. 5191.

turcait n(Lat. loanwd.) turquoise: turcaid=turcatus(in
list of precious stones), Aisl. Tund. 116.3 =turcait, 140.24 .

20 turcallach n hero,warrior: Domhnall ... | t. ¤ fíor is taoiseach
ádhbhrach, E. O'Rahilly xviii 54.

turcanta adj(cf. Turcach) Turkish,cruel: agá tóraidheacht
go taodach t. ¤ , TSh. 2136.

turcbál n ā,f. vn.ofdo-fu(a)rcaib(see Thurn. Gramm. p. 341 ,
25 Ped. ii 530 ).
ITrans. (a)act ofraising,lifting: turgabail .i. togbail
nó gein[e]amain fos, Lec. Gl. 271 .turgbhail .i. tógbháil,
O'Cl.la turcbail a mátan fair raising his club against him,
LU 8524 ( FB 38 ).dorat ... triam[nai] dia turcbáil(a house),
30 LU 8397 ( FB 27 ).mad truṁmi turcbáil a ndub-í too heavy
to be raised
, MU² 972 .taurcbāil a coss(in walking), TBC²
3313 .deil telchinni ... | fri torgbáil na drumslaite to
support , SR 4272.
(b) Extended meanings:a t. ¤ treo fesin`their production
35by themselves
' (of vowels), Sg. 4b4 .iar torgbail Hierusalem |
os cech dándíne ... | il-lánrige n-Israhél, SR 6702 .donafíb
... no fáemtaís a n-anmchardine dó la turcbail soscelai by
embracing the gospel
(?), LU 2262 ( FA 32 ) (`at the rising of
the gospel
,' Stokes FA p. 19 ).turcbāil catha fri mac Cuind,
40 Fianaig. 32.16 .tuirthi tenna ... tuinide, turcbala, tam-
naigthi, ocus tarb-redigthi treas-laithrech in talman
supporting ... pillars of the battles of the world, MR 150.3 .
ro tinnscains[e]at na cnuic ... turcbáil a cenn began to
appear
, CCath. 2373 .M. ... tercbail cell ┐ cadhus establisher
45of churches
, AU ii 222.20 =tocbháil, ALC i 192.14 (see
turcbálaid).ar turcbail a inaid accession(?) (of a king), BR
6.11 .seoid ar turcbail a inaid, 22.5 .baile i m-bidis ard-
naímh ... ic turcbail a trath`were used to chant their vespers,'
MR 118.21 .le turcbail gacha tinnscedail for making every
50beginning
, 92.9 .turgbail ┐ tinnṡcetal ar d-treasa`the
design and project of our battle
,' 98.3 .
(c)In Lawsraising,exacting(a fine, tax,etc.): cain
dorncliath .i. a denam ┐ a turcbail ┐ a nadbaill fuirri, O'C.
870 ( H. 3.18,391b ). ?dia n-elo fine ┐ ni gaibh fechium
55toicheda gell in cinuidh o ghiall, acht a turgabail i n-in-
dlighidh, Laws ii 140.15 Comm. Cf. Bürgschaft p. 76.
IIIntrans. (a) act of rising: inní sin fudumain ... is
ansu t. ¤ essisi ara rigni`it is more difficult to emerge from it,'
Ml 85c14 .in turcbal .i. in soiradgl.emersio, 75b19 .turc-
60balaegl.emergendi, 85c13 .gaoth adhbal do thurccbhail
oidhche nodlac steill, FM iv 1108.19 .is leis cētna rosnas tor-
gabail Conailli for Maig Murtheimne establishing(?), Rawl.
141a8 . Of Colum Cille:turcbāil án adamrach, Arch. iii 217.z .
(b) Of heavenly bodies:turgabāil na grēne sunrise ,
65 Corm. Y 1216 = Corm. 42 .turgbāil, Corm. Y 605 .la
turcbáil ṅ-gréne at dawn , TBC 634 .la turgabail ngrene,
PH 6368 .cach duine ... no toithchead re torgabail greine,
Todd Nenn. 82.5 .re turggabail na greine, TTebe 1210 .
Hencethe east: on tercbalgl.oriens, Tur. 139 .áis fil oc
70turcbail grenegl.qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml 94b18 .
t. ¤ ┐ funed, 119d9 .ó thurcbáil [co fuined], Thes. ii 256.6 .
tri treba ... anair | greni fri turcbail, SR 4434 .o turcbáil
co fuinud, LU 2458 .dámadh tír go turgbhāil gréini`as
far as the sunrise
,' Sc. G. St. iv 64 § 16 .sliab P. ettorra ┐
75in turccbail samrata. Sliabh O. ... ettorra ┐ in turcbail
geimretta, CCath. 3805 - 6 .Of themoonandstars: da esca
do turcabail, Thr. Hom. 104.24 .is gnád bróen ┐ fliuchaidatu
oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined(sidera), Bcr. 18c2 .macam gidh-
nither atuaid | ag turcbail na mbidhtó, BCC 12.3 . See
80alsotargabál.

turcbálaid n[i,m.] (turcbál) raiser,founder: M. ... turg-
balaidh ceall ┐ caoimhneimheadh, FM iii 102.10 =tercbail,
AU ii 222.20 =tocbháil, ALC i 192.14 .

turchairthe n(turchur? Orpart.formation from *to-air-
85(fo ?)-cuir-?).turchuirthe torchorthe,m. IGT Decl. § 2 .
Cf. murchuirthe.
(a) valuables cast up by the sea,wrack, hencewealth,
goods: a tráchta, a turcharthi(Tara), Ériu iv 148.3 .trian
cach th. ¤ dia cuirend tond hi tir nEirenn, Ir. Texts i 20 § 9 .
iasg i n-inbhear ón aithbhe | is i dtrághaibh torchairthe,
5 Content. vi 67 .na torchoirthi ag serg i srib`(finny)wealth ,'
O'Gr. Cat. 374.27. dál tuinne fa thorchuirthibh(Christ's
victory over the world), Studies 1933, 307 § 2 .a thonn i
dtráigh thorchairthe(Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh xi 6. turc[h]-
airthi mara ┐ tíre, ML² 1022 . More generally:lingid longa
10... le torchurthaibh troma taidhbhseacha éigin a tíorthaibh
imchiana` commodities ,' Ó Bruad. i 112.3 .do chruthaidh
... talamh gona thorrthaibh ┐ gona thurchurthuibh, Carswell
26.11 .rogha sín, mórthoirthe mes | tochairthe, síth is
suaimhnes, GJ i 353.92 .
15(b)Of personschanceorunexpected arrival;waif found-
ling: is maith in turcharthi fil ocut ... .i. mac rig nime,
Todd. Lect. vi 68.9 .mo bith im thurcaire thuilighi can
fis m' athar no mo mathar`a bastard waif,' TTebe 120 .
is tucmaid é linn a lé | do ba caem ár turchairthé(i.e.Cnú
20Deróil the dwarf), SG 108.23 .mar thorchuire tugadh dhí |
nuachar na ríghe ... | an té rug é ... | is é thug an torchairthe
(of a dead son), DDána 76.7 .ag so ... turcurtha fuarusa
`here is a waif I found,' ITS v 158.19 . Note also:ba
granna in turcairthi atconncas annsin, in ammait aingidh
25Ericto witch , CCath. 4020 .ní mochen cuma tic in turcharthe
atá and sin(of the arrival of an enemy), Comp. Con C.
119.8 .ní tharla chugam-sa ariamh ... tarchartha badh
toicemhla liom ... nó iad, 129.26 .ingnad t. ¤ fuair Fionn |
... | in triar fer ... | ocus aenchú etorrú, SG 206.29 . ?rí
30in talman do th. ¤ | is adbal ind ainbtine(death of Aed
Ainmirech), 372.34 ( LL 48a3 ).t. ¤ troch(contemptuous
descr. of a lean pig), Ir. Texts i 26.2 .
(c) windfall,find,good luck,success,prosperity: as maith
in turcairthe tarla cuccut` godsend ,' CCath. 3340 .is maith
35in turchurtha so(of a mountain of gold), Mer. Uil. 29 .
In phr.t. ¤ flathaof the special good fortune or prosperity
enjoyed by a particular ruler:cisi turcurta flatha ind fir
sin ? BDD 66 v.l. t. ¤ flatha fuair Conn ... .i. abhocc, Acall.
7982 .turchartha flatha ag fior Chliach(of a drinking-cup),
40 Studies 1927, 287 § 6 (=t. ¤ fleacha, Aithd.D. 9.6 ).t. ¤ catha
opportunity of giving battle, CCath. 1692 .turchairthi ┐
toicthi na n-gliad the success and fortune of the conflicts, MR
240.z .t. ¤ selga fuair Find ... .i. dam cacha deissi d'Fhiannaib
Eirenn, Acall. 6611 .turchuirthe grás mar thuile i dtír
45(Mary), Aithd. D. 82.6 .olc an turcurtha an cual tuccais
leat(to a boy gathering firewood), MR 276.6 .o nach mair
an milidh sin, | do fuair tu do turcairte whose lucky portion
thou wert
(?), Celt. Rev. iv 108.31 .
Note also in pejorative sense;ba dubach ... D. don
50turchairthi sin unfortunate event(?), YBL 208b14 .adubh-
airt nach ttainig a tthúaith no a n-egluis torchurtha bu
mesa na iad`never either in lay household or clerical had
there been worse doings
,' RC xxix 220.8 .