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turbaid n f. vn.formation apparently from *to-ro-buith, but
corresponding in meaning todo-rorban< *dí-ro-ben hinders
(Plummer MS. notes cites Lat.turbatio). See Plummer,
Ériu ix 32 , Thurn. ZCP xv 330 . For form and inflectioncf.
5 esbaid,tesbaid.n s.alsotairbad, Fianaig. 10 § 9 .turbhadh,
DDána 40.3 .g s. turbaide, Laws i 198.24 .turbhuidhe,
L. Branach 690 . More commonlyturbada.thurbhuidh,
L. Branach 3976 . ? Gleanings 34 § 32 .n p. tirbithi, Wb
14d13 .a p. terbaide, SR 8319 .turbaide, ZCP xiv 383 § 47 .
10 tirbada, Rawl. 86a45 .turbadh,turbaidh,g s. -aidhe,-i,
IGT Decl. § 12 , § 13 . Seetorbad,torbaid,trúig.
I (a) hindrance,prevention,interference,delay: tucad t. ¤
chotulta | do Mac D., ScM.² 3 .is t. ¤ ém damsa ... dul dia
fhuaslucud-som ┐ mé alacht I am prevented from going to
15help him
, LL 126a5 .techt do thrāthaib ... | cen terbud,
cen meth, ZCP xiii 30.12 .dia tairmesc no dia terbaid, IT
ii2228.49 .mainbad tairbad bāis dīmair`had mighty death
not intervened
,' Fianaig. 10 § 9 .dá cét slechtain ... | ... | a
ndenum cen nach t. ¤ to be carried out unfailingly, Ériu i 197.3 .
20 don turbhaidh thug ar an dtóir his harrying of the pursuit(?),
DDána 64.7 .fa turbadh ḟíre d'Ulltaibh violation of the
rights of the men of Ulster
, IGT Decl. ex. 545 .créad an
turbhaidh atá ort | gan teacht ? TD 2.40 .lé Rughraidhe
gur threabh Temhair | ben turbhaidhe d'fheraibh hí for-
25bidden
(?), 23 D 14,32 cited TD ii 203 .terbadh aighae
oenaigh Tailtean`prevention of the celebration,' FM i 416.11
=derbaid, AU i 298.3 .
(b) trouble,misfortune,disaster: `turbhuidh' ainm
gac[h] urbhadha, Met. Gl. 17 § 45 .turbhaidh .i. urbaidh
30no tubaisde, O'Cl.cia rodbatar tirbithi aili fornngl.ex
multa tribulatione et angustia cordis scripsi uobís, Wb 14d13 .
ro múchad, mór tirbaid | míad L., Fél. Prol. 169 . ?mithigh
lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, FM ii 618.18 =tarbata,
Arch. iii 311 § 6 .a mbeith fri tress fo thirbaid` in distress ,'
35 Met. Dind. iv 130.3 .fūair turbaidhe agon tuind teas, ZCP
viii 227 § 7 .gach turbhaidh a-tá chugoinn` ruin ,' Aithd.D.
98.5 .do leath a turbhuidh timchioll(of a land bereft of its
chief), C iv 1,176b cited TD ii 203 .do chuaidh ar dheis
Dé nimhe | oighre an Athar ainglidhe | a thurbhadh uaim
40dá fhagháil | uaidh a-dubhradh deasgabháil`we had caused
his coming down
,' A. Ó Dalaigh xlvii 12 .turbhadh d'olc
na hEireann`ruin from the ills of I.', Studies 1921, 75 § 15 .
mar mhac M. | do leas turba an tearcbhóllaigh`repaired ...
the loss of the cattle-pen
,' Ó Bruad. i 198.6 .
45 II Temporary exemption from fulfilment of legal obliga-
tions or from infliction of penalties
(most commonly athgabail
`distraint')on grounds of certain external contingencies recog-
nised by law; the grounds of this exemption; the period
of the exemption
. See de Jubainville, RC vii 228 f. Thurn.
50 ZCP xiv 383 , xv 333 f. is anad di (athgabáil) re [re] na
turbaide, Laws i 198.24 Comm. taurbaid aithgabala ...
mani deraib terbaid exemption from distress ... unless it be
prevented by exemption
,' ii 122.4 , 12 Comm. athgabail tar
turbuid distraint in violation of an exemption, v 256.31 .
55 deithbir turbadha`law of exemption,' i 102.21 Comm. do
rer dligidh turbhadha, ii 36.22 Comm. turbaide breigi
false claims to exemption, v 310.15 Comm. gach turbaidh
cána nar hicadh fri ré in righ`every deferred legal due'
(Plummer MS. notes), O'Don. 687 ( H. 3. 17,col. 504 ).
60 cach turbaidh tecmaic dlighid a tasc`every accidental t. ¤
(e.g.due to death) must have notice given of it
' (Plummer
MS. notes), O'Don. 944 ( H. 3. 17,col. 661 ).
A list of the grounds of exemption is given at Laws i
266.20 - 268.10 , ending with:cach turbuid co ndetbire iar
65ndia ┐ duine, dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir`every
exemption on ground of necessity before God and man,
witnesses are named after a just and proper manner
.'
Note also:athgabail fir bis ben fri uaithni .i. ... i n-uair
gabala na hathghabala táinic in turbuid ann, O'Don. 89
70( H. 3. 17,col. 76 ).athgabail fir for a nascar fir caire .i.
dul do cairiu fira, ┐ ro ba t. ¤ co toirsi on cairi muna gabadh
apadh i turbaidh .i. sechtar crich tiagar and; damad a
crich nocha bia t. ¤ in fat sin air(i.e.a man travelling outside
the territory to undergo trial by ordeal has exemption),
75 Laws i 198.19 Comm. t. ¤ conaire`Entschuldigungsgrund
des Weges
' (i.e.a man on a journey is exempt from pro-
secution), ZCP xviii 388 .t. ¤ éca a athar ro airbertnai ...
ann, ┐ ata in t. ¤ seo do gach duine iar neg a athar, O'C.
1619 ( 23 Q 6,7a ).turbuidh .i. galuir exemption on grounds
80of illness
, Laws i 282.26 Comm. secht turbaide im-a-dichitis
cach re la Feine: geall sloighed ..., v 308.16 .turbuide
athghabala sloighedh amuigh gonus ┐ loisgas, ii 102.2
Comm. [e]slān taurbad[a] tascuir rīg the exemption due to
the arrival of a king
, ZCP xv 332 § 25 , seepp. 333 f.
85The period of exemption varied from one day to one year:
turbuid urnadmu mna co hiar trisi ... turbuid eirce slabrad
co de mis ... turbuid gaiti mad for innsi ... turbuid dearmuid
dala co arabaruch acht imtongar ro gabu de a chuimne ...
turbuid galair sirg iarmotha mis, O'C. 737 ( H. 3.18,353a ).
t. ¤ bliadna ... t. ¤ erraig no fogmair, Laws iii 392.y - 394.4
5Comm. cain bera do dlighedh arbera do turbaidh. Tur-
baidh bliadhna do cach duine i nÉrind iar n-éc righ Érend,
etc., O'Don. 944 ( H. 3. 17,col. 661 ) =turbuidhe, O'Don. 739 ( H. 3.
18,353b ).in turbaidh bliadhna ata don n-ecodnach, O'Don. 2352
( Rawl. B 506,fo. 40b ).
10Eccles.turbaide techta in domnaig(sic leg.) `lawful
exemptions of Sunday
,' Ériu ii 208 § 32 .cen t. ¤ cen
díchell do neoch bes hi cumung na eclaisi without ex-
emption or neglect of all that is in the power of the church
,
i 220 § 11 .go cech t. ¤ techtai conmestar brit[h]im, Anecd.
15 iii 22.11 .
Hence in Mod. Ir. respite,cessation: go bhfríoth dar
dtaoibh-ne turbhadh | do-ghéabhtha i mbais Dé a dhear-
bhadh that we have obtained a respite, DDána 40.3 .don
té lér fhás t'oirbhire | níorbh é tráth na turbhuidhe`period
20of exemption
' (Gloss.), L. Branach 690 .turbhadh adhnadh
`cessation from burning (castles)' (Gloss.), 2795 .timcheall
tighearnais an tuaisgirt | ní turbhaidh tharla ar tuir mBaoi,
DDána 110.30 .le turbha time`enjoying a respite from
terror
,' Ó Bruad. i 122.z .

25 turblaith xsee2 teith.

turbród,-úd n uando,m. vn.formation from *to-air-brúi
(see underturbróidid) (a) act of crushing,destroying: is
líach a orgain, turbród,v.l., BDD 66 ( RC xxii 167.2 ).in
tor ... is ardi ... is é is menicciu do terbrud (?leg.turbrud),
30 PH 4118 .ag turbhródh gach tinn, L. Branach 4708 .in
tuir gan turbrodh ┐ in tren gan traethad, Caithr. CC 8.10 .
teidhm turbróidh`a dreadful malady,' FM v 1680.10 .
traothadh ┐ tuirbhreódh, TSh. 2281.
(b)Legalviolation,infringement,repudiationof a law,
35treaty,etc.: turbro cana no cairde, O'Don. 77 ( H. 3. 17,
col. 66 ).smacht turbroidhthi cana penalty for violation
of a law
, O'C. 1048 ( H. 3.18,436b ).is é lan eneclan ata
don righ a turbro a cairde, O'C. 2269 ( Eg. 88,fo. 20 (21)a ) =
O'Don. 564 ( H. 3. 17,col. 440 ).dá turbroid é icaid éiric a
40turbroda, O'C. 2315 ( Eg. 88 fo. 24 (25)b ) =turbroith, O'Don.
578 ( H. 3. 17,col. 444 ).as [s]lan a faesum do turbrod uair
is ar daigin dithle tucad he, O'C. 1893 ( 23 P 3,fo. 22c ).
nos dligthech do righned isin tuaith ... nocho dlegar do
neoch ... a thurbrod, ┐ da nderna icaid eric ina turbrod,
45 O'C. 1048 ( H. 3.18,436b ) = O'Don. 1591 ( H. 5. 15,8b ).
(c) hindrance,interruption,respite(infl. ofturbaid?):
airm i fil in tsoilsi ... can tairthim, ce[n] turbrúd, LU 2467
( RC iv 256.3 ).tíagait ... cen t. ¤ cen tairsem, LU 2213 ( FA
29 ).ro feradar ... ardcomrac ... gan turbrud gan tairgsin
50(leg.tairisem), CF 667 .dénam īarum ar n-aéntaigh ... |
gan a thárbhrúdh co bráth mbán | dún ..., ZCP xii 391.3 =
tairbrud, Reeves Adamn. 272 .mo is turbrod don tsloiged
... na graid flatha na ecmais inait na graid feine is a greater
disadvantage to
(?), Laws iii 496.13 Comm. tancatar isan
55sliab ... can tortim can turbrodh, Ann. Conn. 1230.4 .a
haithli ... na tubusti can turbrod, 1405.15 . ?ba thoirmesc
ocus ba thurbrod togruma, MR 316.13 .tug fá a réir gan
tárbhrath | cheithre géill a hAlbain, Keat. ii 6382 (see
1 tárcompds).Commonly of thereignof aking: ni
60airighim-si turbhrodh fair(of a peaceful reign), Lism.L.
xxvi 15 .ni biadh tuisel na turbrod foraib, BR 6.22 .ro
boí ... Taillte gan turbrod, MR 108.23 .neach do chaith
a ré gan fhresabhra ┐ a treimsi gan turbhródh, FM v 1804.14 .
tanic trath do turbroid(to a princethe time of thy cutting
65off
(?), Fen. 276.21 .Legal, of amarried woman disabled
byillness: in cetmuindtir for muin araile .i. bean da tainic
turbro i ndliged lanamnuis, Laws v 144.13 Comm. , see
St. in E. Ir. Law 83 (the gloss is on the wordaraile,i.e.the
cétmuindtir crólige). Note also:co rug ... a toirrces gan
70tinnes gan turbrodh, St. Ercuil 90.

turbróidid v(turbród). The ex. under (a) probably repre-
sents an old compd.vb.from *to-air-brúi. (a) crushes,
destroys. Apparently intrans. in: Lia Adhamain[t] ... cia
buailter do bielaib ... ni therbrui ni de fris: acht fuil ind
75uain cosin edbairt ni fuil ni fris' terbrui`there is nothing
at which it breaks
,' Ériu ii 114 § 44.
(b)Legalviolates,infringes,repudiatesa law,etc.: dá
turbroid é icaid éiric a turbroda (cáirde), O'C. 2315 ( Eg.
88 fo. 24 (25)b ) =da turbroighit, O'Don. 578 ( H. 3. 17,
80 col. 444 ).nois tuaithe ... nucu dlegar ... a turbrodh, ┐
inti turbrabas hé icadh eraicc, O'Don. 2412 ( Rawl. B 506 fo. 52d ).
is iat in lucht amaich ro turbro[d] (béscna), Laws iii 216.1
Comm. ma ro turbrodar lucht na tuaithe hi (cáin) is smacht
turbroidhthi cana iar na hesgaire uaithib, O'C. 1048 ( H. 3.
8518,436b ).nós tuaithe ... ised fo dera a thurbrod gan nech
aga astadh, uair da mbeith nech aga astad ni turbroidthea
he it would not be repudiated,ib.=da mbet aca astad ni
turbrodta é, O'Don. 1591 ( H. 5. 15,8b ).