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1 túath n ā,f. d s. fothō[i]th , Laws iv 340.4 ( Mac Neill, Law
of Status 308 ).n a p. toatha, ZCP xi 97 § 56 .tótha, Laud
25610,99va23 .g p. Tuathann, L.Chl.Suibhne 64.x . Maguires
of F. 29.21 .thuathadh, DDána 104.9 . IGT Decl. § 39
(91.18) .
I (a) people,tribe,nation: di fordiuclaimmim mu thuai-
these, Ml 34b6 .oc ditin do thuathe, 37c15 .niba samlid
30doemsa mo thuaid insin`my people,' 37c20 .for rí nach
far tuad, 46a14 .á tuath fessine, 57d9 .hi comtherchomruc
na tuadegl.in uaccis populorum, Tur. 76 .bid tuad domsa
mo nebthuad, Wb 4d1 .cossóit a thuaithe fri dia, 5a23 .
in tuáth huile, 5b24 .huasna tuathaib dermáraib, SR 1974 .
35 cia tuath duit no cía cenél, 3296 .dolléicetar iltúatha dí
`many companies are left a prey to it' ( Études Celt. ii 13 ),
TBFr. 415 .tuathaib ilib with many peoples, LU 3425 .ar
bélaib iltúath, 5456 .tongu na-tongat mo thuath, ScM.² 16 .
tongusa a toingthe mo thúatha, BDD² 707 .tredan ... |
40nō throscud cech mīss | dlegar isna mōrthūathaib | i mbī
cretem Chrīst, ZCP xiii 29.10 .trī tūatha ... | ... | clann
Murchada ... | clann Dālaigh is clann Domhnaill, ZCP
viii 116 § 7 .eter in uli thuath ┐ cenél, PH 823 .ar tuathaib
na Tiabanda, TTebe 3475 .
45(b)Ofspecific peopleswith qual. gen.: tūatha abacc
thebeaver-tribes , Bruchst. i 66 § 152 .tuath Amalech the
Amalekites , PH 8044 .fri tūaith Cannán theCanaanites ,
Thes. ii 319.7 .t. ¤ Dé God's people, theIsraelites: tuáth
dae ┐ popul dáe, Ml 94a6a .tuáth dáe, Wb 30b14 .ar
50thúaith Dé, Fél. Prol. 142 .la prímthóisech túaithi Dé .i.
la Moyse, Ériu iv 142.3 .for tūaith Hérenn the people of
Ireland
, Thes. ii 317.4 .do thúathaib Fēne, 317.3 .tuatha
feochra Filistín, SR 5730 .de thúaith Íssu`ofJesu's folk ,'
Fél. Ep. 396 .eter noi ngradaib aingel ┐ nóemthuath ríchid,
55 LU 2472 .co Temhrach tuaithe tescomarr`so that he may
rescue the tribes of Tara
,' O'Dav. 1552 =condo Temhrach
tuaithe tescmarr, Ériu xiii 17.9 .sen-tuatha Temra, MR
4.3 .tuatha Temrach, ML² 1147 .ar tuathaib Teftha,
172 .Cf. Túatha Dé Danannand seeaithechthúatha.
60 II (a) country,territory: techt a tuáith i tuiaíth`going
from country to country
,' Wb 15d32 .i túaith Egept, SR
3144 .de cach leith dar túatha | domm-ísat`over coun-
tries
,' Fél. Ep. 35 .—is mall cu tudchad. —is imrighin
in tuath`the country is very stiff' (i.e.difficult to travel),
65 Trip. 208.18 .fo hill-tuathaib in domain, PH 6452 .an-
manna na tuath ... docum a ndechudar na techta, St.
Ercuil 137.
(b)In Laws `territory,petty kingdom, the political and
jurisdictional unit of ancient Ireland,' Críth Gabl. p. 109 .
70See also Mann. and Cust. i xcii , Mac Neill, PRIA xxix
C 88 ff. Can refer either to the actual territory or to its
inhabitants, see also underI supra:ri aen tuaite, secht cet
laech lais .i. ri ac ata aen tuath .i. xxx. ced d'ferund, Laws
v 50.1 , 3 Text and Comm.is t. ¤ oirdnither ríi[g], ní rí(g)
75o[i]rdnither túaith, Críth Gabl. 494 .is túaithe cammae
comarggud óenaig the arranging of an óenach belongs to
the
t. ¤ , 504 .cis lir ata chóra[i] do ríg do giull fora thúatha ?
506 .in gabail bis itir di tu[a]ith oc denam cana ┐ cairdi,
Laws i 158.20 Comm. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti, iv
80106.2 Comm. fri corus tuaithe, iii 14.z .druth tuaithe,
O'D. 2283 ( Rawl. 506,25d ).in fer túaithe, Críth Gabl. 2 .
fri ... forrechtu tuaithe`regulations of a territory,' Laws i
104.z .grá[d] túa[i]the, Críth Gabl. 4 .do lessaib túaithe
on public business, 598 .co muilend tuaithi`to the mill of a
85territory
,' Laws iii 272.16 .rí teora t. ¤ , Críth Gabl. 459 .go
rí tuath, Laws iv 226.15 .letheneclann rígh túaithe ...
letheneclann righ túath, Ériu xiii 45.15 .ceitheora sabaid
tuaithe`four dignitaries of a territory,' Laws i 54.7 .fri
sochride tuaithe, iii 20.21 .im taistellach tuaithe, i 184.15 .
cach t. ¤ a tindscra, Arch. iii 226.32 .ferr tūath tindscra,
5 Anecd. iii 18.17 .
(c)Hence in sagas,etc.with ref. to variousterritories:
do thig ríg a thúaithi, BDD² 226 .techt día tuaid to go to
his country
, LU 3623 .tuatha tá i dtimcheall Caisil, DDána
74.12 .na seacht dtuatha déag, 74.14 .leag na seacht
10dtuatha dá dtoighibh, Aithd.D. 26.15 .na naoi dtuatha
(of the Maguire country at Lough Erne), 28.19 . Note also:
crioch ┐ torann Ereann ... o thá cuicceadh co tuaith, ó
thuaith co baile, FM i 116.z .a t[h]āthóir na dtuath, ML²
1288 .is ionann tuath ┐ tighearnas, Keat. ii 214.y .
15 III Thestateas opposed to the church; thelaity;lay pro-
perty,secular buildings: dliged tuaithe i neclais ┐ dliged
necalsa i tuaith, Laws iii 32.5 .cach thuath co rig; cach
ri co na thuaith do cum necalsa co na gradaib, 26.13 .do
reir tuaithi ┐ eclaisi, AU i 546.8 .nī dlig sāire ... fhir gráid
20i tūaith nā i n-eclais, Ériu i 218.13 .etir tuáith`among the
lay-folk
,' Wb 28d31 ,cf. 25 , 27 .eiter tuaid, Mon. Tall.
153.28 .for óis tuaithe`to the laity,' Wb 16d7 .ond áes
tuaithe, 28b32 .muilend túathi`a mill of the laity' (opp.
to `muilend ecalsa'), Ériu ii 204.19 .menma re cill, cūl re
25tūaith, Arch. iii 306 § 9 .do na tuathaib ┐ do na cellaib,
PH 4188 .críoch Luighne ... | idir thuaith uile is eaglais,
TD 32.66 .ro creachadh ... eitir thuaith ┐ thearmann, FM
v 1682.11 .Cf. aes tuaithi ┐ daescarshlúag` heathens ,'
Lism.L. 4327.
30 Cf. do bhrígh gurab ar an tuaith áitighid a n-urmhór
` in the country ,' Keat. i 60.22 .
Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.Cf.also:i mMruig
thuaithe, Thes. ii 263.37 .
Compds. ¤ bard:tuathbard, IT iii 5.10 .arachan tuatha
35tuathbhard, Ériu xiii 42.z . ¤ gnás:Cnoc T. co túath-gnáis
tig`fair resort of the people,' Met. Dinds. iii 370.63 . ¤ mag:
for tuathmaig na Temra`upon the plain-land of Tara,'
MS. Mat. 492.11 (or fortúaid- ?).Mugnai tuathmuig lethan,
LB 101.21 =Mugnai tuaith, mag lethan, Fél. Dec. 11 (n.loc.?). ¤ thír:dia tuaithtir rothinólsat(túaid- ?), SR 5748 .
Also in nn. pr.:oróit ar Tuathcharán, Thes. ii 287.8 .
Tuathgal, 286.23 . Other compds. treated separately.

2 túath- adj(túaid). In compds. northern;left,on the left;
perverse,wicked,evil . See Loth, RC xxxiii 254 ff. , xliii 162 .
45 ¤ áird thenorthern point(of the compass): ar tren-cheathaib
tuathairdi, MR 236.21 . ¤ balad offensive smell: re tuath-
bhaladh searbh na seannama saobhair sin, Ó Bruad. i 206.y .
¤ banglór:tuath-bhan-glór tasc-labartha`perverse woman-
like talk
,' MR 294.21 . ¤ bert evil deed: na h-amainsi ...
50tucais ar Ulltaib ... do'n tuaith-bert gus trasta`by such
a perverse deed
,' MR 202.7 . ¤ bertach evil-doing,fierce:
ticcri trena tuath-bertaigh, BNnÉ 99.17 . Assubst.:is
baoth an earraoid mearaidhe an tuaithbheartaigh(of the
flesh), Hackett xxv 16 . ? ¤ buillech:co torchar de isin
55cath | Muighe tuathbuillig Tuireth, Anecd. ii 66.6 v.l.
(-buille, text). ¤ chaech blindof theleft eye: fer tuadcháech
co súil millethaig, LU 7843 .Nár Túathcáech, 7846 =
Cóir Anm. 106 v.l. na teora ammiti túathchaecha, RC iii
176.15 .do-rinne sé hamaidedh taoi tuathchaocha dhíobh,
60 Comp. Con C. 72.17 . See O'Rahilly, Early Ir. Hist. and
Mythol. 122 n. 5 . ¤ chlíar perverse company,evil-living
clergy: do thuaithchliaraibh tura tearc-mhúinte, TSh.
2291 .gáir chaillech as chloinne as céol don tuaichléir
(describing loose lives of reformed clergy), Mac Aingil
65 370.9 . ¤ choirpthech perverseandwicked: an tamadán
trúagh túaithchoiripthech sin, Ériu v 166.37 . ? ¤ chuird:
in fer talchair can tuadchuird, LL 212a18 . O'Cl. takes as=
túaithcherd:tuathchuird .i. tuathcheird .i. ceird thúath-
amhail, no dráoidheachta. ¤ chur=túaithbel?lodar
70tuathcur n-Ereand tar Febhul tar Eas Ruaidh, BB 394b49 .
¤ dall blindof theleft eye(?): Tadhg tuadhall Ó Huiginn
` half-blind(?),' TD 43.2 . ¤ druim on the left(north?)of the
stem(of theOgam lettersh, d, t, c, q): tuaithdruim .i.
don leith atuaidh din druim bis aicme uatha, Auraic. 987 .
75 ¤ geinte thegood folk,fairies,elves: tuathgenti .i. aes án
no sithcaire,ut estconeperar bidh é ro erpa dia imcomett
ar thuathgentib .i. arna gentib impadhas tuaithbil na sidh-
aighi, O'Dav. 1600. ¤ gerrtha badly mangled: gur 'bo toi
tuaith-gerrtha iat, Lism.L. 2974 . ¤ gorm:hi Tebtha
80tuathguirm tuaisceirt, BB 267b22 ( BR 10.12 ). ¤ les evil-
speaking,slandering calumny: fear tuaithliosa, L. Cl. A.
Buidhe 288.3 .ar dtuaithleas leó má fíorthar if their slander-
ing of us should come true
, Dánta Gr.² 74.30 .ionnus go
ndeárnadh tuaithleas ... air ris an rígh, annsacht ... do
85bheith aige do'n bhainríoghan, Eochairsg. 114.15 .gach
ar labhair an fáidh tré fhios | na meabhair atáid gan tuath-
lios, Gleanings 91 § 15 . ¤ mael:augra in dá túathmaíl
bald, shaven on the left side(?), LU 8022 , `of the two tribal
slaves
,' BDD p. 163 . Perh. fortot-ortuidmael, see TBC
p. 612 andtuid. ¤ maíle:tuad maeille fair .i. folt slim no tiud,
5no cas, O'C. 1297 ( H. 3.18,539a ).tuadhmhaoile .i. monga
don táobh bhudh tuaidh. Tuadh-mháoile forra .i. a monga
don táobh budh thuaidh orra. tuadhmhaoile fair .i. folt
slim, nó tiugh, nó cas, O'Cl. See prec. ¤ mer fierce,furious:
amal da tharb trena thuathmeara, TTebe 211 . ? ¤ ramut:
10 tennis in tuaím tuathramut, BB 380b12 . ¤ rébtha badly
mangled: trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath-rebta(of worsted
troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.25 .guroba tuathrébtha na táth-
lecca tuinighthi dona teilgthib sin, Comp. Con C. 106.6 .
? ¤ tacartha:ad-mestar īarn assa thoichib tūathtacarthaib,
15 ZCP xi 94 § 39.