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túarcon n ā,f.(u,f., Stokes, KZ xxviii 291 ).vn.ofdo-fúairc.
50In Mod. Ir. alsotuargaint. (a) grinding,wearing away
(lit. andfig.): huan tuarcain .i. hua détnaig a fiaclae frial-
ailiugl.attritu dentium, Ml 56d4 .arin tuarcaingl.pro
ualida attritione ossa posuit(comm. onnon est pax ossibus
meis), 58a6 .tuarcnae na m[bocht]`of the grinding of the
55poor
,' 29b9 .hua tuarcaingl.salutationem nostram hostium
atritione perficit, 84c22 .huan tuarcaingl.impiarum gen-
tium attritione gloriosus, 129b11 . Hence in O. Ir. Glosses
trouble,sorrow: tuarcungl.tribulatio, Wb 1c19 .huan
tuarcaingl.multa tristitia, Ml 118b4 .
60(b) grindingorthreshing corn,scutching flax: is bés
leosom in daim do thúarcuin ind arbe`to tread out the corn,'
Wb 10d6 .tuarcain do-fuaircitis inna grán`the grains used
to be crushed by pounding
,' Sg. 184b3 .miach cruaid ... la
tuarcain sil, Fél. xxiv § 6 .cruadugad arba, ┐ tuargain isin
65tig` thrashing ,' Laws v 164.1 Comm. slán n[a] trí cét
tuairgne is in aith, no na trí cétbleithe isin muilinn, O'D.
589 ( H. 3. 17,447 ) =na tri cét tuaircthi, O'D. 2279 ( Rawl. B
506,25a ).dairt cacha bleithe, no cacha tuaircne co ruice
cúic dairte déc, O'D. 1679 ( H. 5. 15,28b ).tuairgne,tuaircne,
70 tuargain`abatchorchargeof akiln ,' O'Don. Suppl. tere-
torium(=tritura)tuairgin, Ir. Gl. 722 .rochennaig Duid
oorna | a hithlaind tuaircni orba, Rawl. 79a10 .a scuapaib
cen thuargain`in sheaves without being scutched' (of flax),
Laws ii 374.5 Comm. (cf. St. in E. Ir. Law 37 ). In sob-
75riquet:Sust ingen Trentuairgne, Anecd. ii 56.6 .
(c) hammering(in a forge): fogur na ngoband oc tuarcain
brotha forsind inneoin, LU 1866 .d'ordaibh troma do
thuairgthe | mé gurb inneoin iombuailte, Studies 1931,
661 § 13 .le h-ordaibh ... gabann ar thindib ... 'gá tren-
80tuargain, MR 238.8 .is eadh is fuaradh do ghiolla an
ghabhann, ... a chor do thuargain an iarainn, TSh. 6209.
(d) In general hammering,beating,smiting,clashing:
cia con lindfadar in n-óchain mo phopa Chonchobair do
thuarggain amlaid-seo ? TBC 6030 .ní assu a tūarcon oldás
85a imchomét`zerschmettern,' ZCP xi 84 § 33 .oca tuarcain
... la drongaib na ndemna, LU 2243 .an bic ... manip dom
thūarcain fo chētóir, ScM.² 13 (minap dom tuarcain ticce,
Eg.).ba teand tuargain tuag for trenfheraib na Pers, Alex.
356 .rabaí slat ┐ siriud ┐ sirthuarcon for a lár ica togail
(Troy), TTr. 562 .comtuarcaint ... na ndemhan ... ac
5sirtuairgaint ... na n-anman[n], RC xxviii 320 § 41 .a
tuarcain o shondaib co mtís léir a cnámu, PH 1394 .co
mbid cach díb oc tuarcain a chind ... for a cheiliu, Ériu
iv 28.1 .ar uamhain a bidhbad da tuargain [i]na diaidh
`for fear of his foeman's attack behind him,' CCath. 2315 .
10 fri tuarcain lureach, Cog. 162.11 .mar bud nert srotha go
sir-tuargain, MR 232.6 .rogabsat tuargaint tenedh tein-
nesnech ar aroile`a fiery, fierce attack,' ZCP vi 41.21 .tuar-
cain f[h]erdha ... do bēimennuib, ML² 1765 .ag tolladh ┐
ag tuargain arthraigh anma an duine, TSh. 2055 .amhail
15bhíd tonna ... ag tuargain a chéile san muir, 7466 .
(e)Of the treatment of woundscleaning,rinsing,bathing
with water(?): rucsatar leo é go glassib ┐ go aibnib C. M.,
do thuargain ┐ do nige a chneda ┐ a chrechta, TBC 4208 =
do īcc ┐ būalad a crēcht do uscib C., TBC² 2737.

20 ? túardénaid n bīad dano in tuardenaid na dā clūain ... ré
teorai mblīadna ar .lxxx., ZCP ix 451.4 .Leg. —dénmaid
(compd. of1or2 túar) ?

túartae adj io, iā part.ofdo-fúairc crushed: an ata tuartaigl.
(inimicis) attritis, Ml 83b4 . ?fortacht for tuarta, Laws v
25486.22 .Cf. tuarta no tórta .i. tuargain,ut estfortacht for
torta no for tuarta .i. ic tuargain in tshíl, O'Dav. 1514.

túartan n(—án?)In Laws name of a kind ofclothforcovering
animals, transl. `tartan' (seemeither): cuma bis meithir
cach datha ann, in tuartan ... in ni camthar tar in laeg,
30in tuartán, i 188.18-19 Comm. im foxal camthir .i. in tuar-
tan, 238.3 Comm.

túarthuile n(túar+tuile):gan trāigh, gan tūarthuile | 'gan
tshlūagh fil thall, ZCP viii 201.11 .

tuarti gerund.ofdo-fúairc:bestuarti gl.proterrendum,
35 Ml 126c18 .

túas,thúas adv. (a) up,above: meinistir ... ┐ buindi oir
fuirri thos on the lid, Trip.² 941 .colpdach i fleisc t. ¤ an
upper lath
, Críth Gabl. 215 .tuas sech cech oen ... | sernait
slog sáer Saraphin, SR 552 .cotam-róither | tís t. ¤ ar cech
40mélacht, Fél. Ep. 70 .co tairistis forsna tonnaib th. ¤ occosom,
LU 1905 .fácbaid a chriss t. ¤ (i.e.on bank of river), TBFr.
202 .boi ... re fhota thuas for etegail, ZCP xvii 230.y .
robudh ferr lim tís | gid oibhni dam t. ¤ `to be carried,' Celt.
Rev. iii 204.27 .tairrsi tuas do cuas ann-sin`over it from
45above
' (of entry into a `dún'), Laws v 210.26 Comm.
?treisi iar tecmaic rig no espuic a turbudh aicinta, cid
tis, cid tuas`whether below (in the battle) or above,' 306.x .
nár dhísle thuas d'iomdhaidh eóin`that there would not be
safety on top for the bird's nest
,' TD 29.30 .go teach Dé ní
50dheachaidh suas | 's é thuas 'n-a bheathaidh iar mbás,
DDána 38.9 `was alive on earth,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 380 .
ollamh ... cloinne Maelruanaigh tis ┐ tuas`of Clann-Mael-
ruanaigh Lower and Upper
,' ALC ii 16.11 .
(b)Ofheaven: nad déni thoil ind ríg thuas, Thes. ii
55294.28 .an núall ... cantae t. ¤ ... in maccáin, Fél. Dec. 28 .
do ghuais ríogh an tighe thuas, DDána 20.9 .
(c)Referring to anearlier passagein a book,etc. above,
in the former case: maní béestánd tuas, Ml 14d1 .du
gnimaib aní tuás`what precedes,' 117c6 .it hé atamundus
60t. ¤ ` above(mentioned),' Wb 5b14 .a trédet. ¤ , 12c17 .t. ¤ i
n-ochturgl.ex titulo, Bcr. 32a3 .ciasid ruburt frit tuas,
Sg. 75b2 .fil isin chomsuidigthiu tuas, 211b7 .d'féch thuas
is-in dara aithne=vide supra, PH 7640 .ar treisi sund ...
ar ain tuas in this case ... in the previous one, Laws i 170.30
65Comm. amal rogell th. ¤ da mathair(i.e.further back in the
story), TTebe 3833 .ar an druing thuas`the above-mentioned
persons
,' Keat. ii 3418.
(d)Ofpointsof thecompass: fo des co Fertais Locha
Echtrand ... ga tulach and in tulach sa th. ¤ ? ... Sliab Moduirn
70`im Norden,' TBC 1201 . But see Vendryes, RC xlvii 253 - 4 ,
wherethúasin this example is translated `au sud.' See
also Loth, RC xliii 160 - 162 .an Cnocán Ruadh so thuas
... | is Cnoc Fírinne thíos`to the south ... and to the north,'
Ó Bruad. i 162.5 . Seesúas,tís,úachtar.
75Compd. ¤ ráidte above-mentioned: finis risin tí thuas-
ráidhte, O'Gr. Cat. 653.19.

túasailcdech adj o, ā(do-fúasailci):aithaisṅdisnecha .i. tuas-
ailcdecha do immchomairsnechaib`resolutives to interro-
gatives
,' Sg. 30a13 .

80 túasailcthe adj io, iā part.ofdo-fúasailci dissolved: ata tua-
silcthigl.pacta ... desoluta, Ml 91c8 .

túasailcthid (do-fúasailci)adv.in literal transl. of Lat.
absolute:ní in tuasailcthid, Ml 32d5 .

túasamain adv.=túas:glóir an tighe thuas-amhain,
85 DDána 20.6 .

? túasan n co rothocaib inn ainbthine ... geimreta a tuasan
┐ a tommaithium` pursuit ,' TTebe 273 .Calder compares
tosun, Ml 55c1 . Thurn. Gramm. 447 ; see undertafann, and
Best, Codex Ambrosianus facs. Introd. p. 25.