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25 túarascbáil n[-ál,ā,f.]vn.ofdo-fúarascaib. IGT Decl. § 148 .
Verbs § 100 . (a)act ofgivinganaccount of,describing: ni
chumaic thra nech ... túarascbail nó innisin inna n-airecht
sin, LU 1996 ( FA 6 ).tri cressa ... ┐ ni fes la túaraiscbáil
cid atascomnaic, LU 2017 ( FA 8 ).
30(b) account,description: atot-gén ... ar do thúarascbáil
from the description (I have been given) of thee (? from thy
appearance
, see (c)), BDD² 56 .ní dia tuarascbáil(of a
monster), LU 2429 .tuarascbail delba Conculaind, TBC
2705 .ata tuaruscbail tróm er in peccad-sa ic Solam, PH
35 7768 .is leōr sin dia tūarascbāil, ZCP viii 218 § 21 .tucsatar
tuarusc[b]al na hingene do, RC iii 351.8 .tonn Tursgair
mo thúarasgbail`the wave of T. is my emblem' (i.e. I am
like
... ?), Celt. Rev. iv 20.23 .do bhéar dhaoibh ... tuarasg-
bháil tighe Ifeirnn, Dán Dé xxv 21 .gach aonstaruidhe
40thráchtas ar thuarasgbháil na gcríoch` geography ,' Keat.
ii 490 .as fair tuccadh an tuarusccbáil si(folld. by quat-
rain), FM i 176.13 .ainm na heaslainte ... ┐ a tuarasgbail,
Rosa Ang. 2.11 .lé droch thúarusgbháil do thabhairt air
an bhfearann, Numb. xiv 36.
45(c) appearance,characteristics(as distinct from mere
descriptionthereof, but meanings (b) and (c) often difficult
to distinguish):ba ingnad a túarascbail ┐ a delb, LU 3109 .
nirbo segunda a tuarascbáil he had an unprepossessing look,
8516 ( FB 37 ).do folsigud na tuarascbála bias do féin i
50lló brátha to show forth his appearance at the day of judg-
ment
(?), LU 2310 .ba hí a thuarascbail: gnuis aingelda lais
..., PH 313 .ba hálaind tuaruscbhail na hindsi sin .i. lān
d'fhiaghublaibh ┐ d'ēnaibh ...` character ,' Ériu iii 164 § 18 .
ni raibi forsin domun ingen bid chaime tachim nó tuarasc-
55bail inda si, RC xxiv 198.z .trí tuarascbalai gach nain-
mnedaigh characteristics , Triads 189 v.l. créad tuaruscbāil
na buidhne atā san dorus ? Feis TC 76.
(d)Gramm.the`descriptive'case: a digbail .i. den fir
┐ a thuarascbail .i. in fer ... acht ... is inunn a thuarascbail
60┐ a inchosc, Goid. 75. 6 , 7 .is fer a thuarasgbhail`its des-
criptive
,' Auraic. 1529 .a thuarascbail .i. in fer, 1889 .
(e) mode,manner , in phrasefo th. ¤ asconj.oradv.
hí sin tuarascbáil bha tú-sa indiu itir it is not thus that I
am today
, TBC 3403 .ra pad maith lind ... co m-bad hí
65sein tuarascbail fa tístais Ulaid dar saigid, 4609 .tiuc-
famuid ar siad, ┐ do cuadar a triur fon tuarascbail cedna,
┐ ro beannachtsad dó, MS. Mat. 530.39 .
(f)In Mod. Ir.fame,reputation: test ┐ tuariscbail na
n-anmand, TTebe 1678 .tuilledh ele do thestaibh ┐ do
70thuarusccbhalaibh Maodhócc, BNnÉ 279.6 .dod' thuarasg-
bháil go fíor lean justify your reputation(?), Oss. iv 156.25 .
atā ... do thuaruscbáil ar lucht an tīre si gurab íad is
fīrinnighi ... fon doman`it is said of...,' Fl. Earls 92.21 .
in tuaruscbāil reatha a reputation for running, Feis TC 1755 .
75 do chúalamar a ttúaruscbháil`the fame thereof,' Jer. vi 24 .
do bhrígh gu bhfuil tuárasgbháil bhur gcreidmhe ar feadh
an domhain uile, Rom. i 8.
(g)In Mod. Ir. alsonews,report;trace,vestige: ar n-a
cloistin sin d'Ua Néll ┐ d'á t-sluagh, do fhilletar fó tuarusc-
80báil na crech sin at the tidings of those plunders, AU iii 542.18 .
le tuarasgbháil as mheadh blaoisg`a rumour no weightier
than a shell
,' Content. xvi 82 .ní maith na túarusgbhála
do chluinim`it is no good report that I hear,' I Sam. ii 24 .
túarasgbhála cogthadh, Mark xiii 7 .ní frith in [t]sleg sin
85iarum acht oen tuarascbail fosfuair Mael Odarn`save one
trace of it which M. found
' (?), RC xv 305.18 .ní fhuil fis
tuarusgbala in cethruir ele o sin`nothing has since been
known
,' Maund. 258 .go nach fríoth a tuarasgbháil dá
héis, TSh. 63.
?trēigim an tūaruscbāil | ar tīr na Trīnōidi, ZCP viii
5216.17 .

túarascbálach adj o, ā(túarascbáil) famous,renowned: an
mac righ bá treissi ┐ bá tuaruscbhálaighe tánic dhá dhuth-
aidh re cian daimsir, ALC ii 204.12 .

túarastal n o,[n.] (frestal, Thurn. Gramm. p. 532 ). Occas.
10alsotúarasndal. I In Lawsdescriptionof acrime,evidence
of aneye-witness; coll.witnesses (see Thurn. ZCP xv 328 ,
xviii 387 n. 4 , Cóic Con. Fug 68 ):is tuarastal deimin
iní sin .i. tuarastal aicsini, O'C. 2569 ( Eg. 88,48 (49)d ).
derbtuarastal aicsini, O'C. 2570 ( Eg. 88,48 (49)a ).an tuarustal
15fastas innraic for nech co na faicsin di budein, O'C. 2428 ( Eg.
88,33 (34)d ).iss ann is tuarustul in uair isi gait i fil for
iarair co sunnradhach frith ann, O'C. 606 ( H. 3.18,296 )
`der Fall, wo man das Gestohlene wirklich bei dem findet,
wo man es (vermutet und) sucht
,' Cóic Con. Fug. 68 . In the
20follg.t. ¤ would appear to refer to evidence given voluntarily
by an eye-witness, and for which payment is made:deithbir
itir fiadnaisi in mic bic ┐ a tuarustal; a fiadnaisi ina fiad-
naise ro himradh, ┐ tic uadha gin erba ris; a tuarustal,
imorro, tic uadha gin imradh gin erba ris, ┐ gaba logh ara
25tuarustal, ┐ ni gaba ar a fiadhnaisi, O'C. 2430 ( Eg. 88,
35 (36)a ).deithbir itir fiadnaisi ┐ tuarustal an ecodnaigh;
isi a fiadnaisi in tan ro badhus ac aidbriu fir imtechta na
cana domnaigh, ┐ atá fear imteachta aga shéna a fiadhnaise
an ecodnaigh, ┐ adber in tecodnach, is brég duit, ar sé,
30adconnarcsa thú ag imtecht. Isé imorro a tuarustal,
adubairt a fiadhnaise a muinntire. do connarcsa, ar sé,
duine ag imtecht na cana domnaigh, ┐ ní leigid a muindtir do
innisin gu tarda[r ?] logh dhó aire o dlighthech cana dom-
naigh, O'C. 2431 ( Eg. 88,35 (36)a ).deithbir itir tuarustal in
35codhnaigh ┐ tuarustal in mic bic. tuarustal in mic bic,
gin erba ris do ní é. tuarustal in codhnaigh ce herbtar gin
co herbtar do ghní, O'C. 2431 ( Eg. 88,35 (36)a ). Of evidence
of the infringement of specific laws (see also above):tuarus-
tal cana Patraic, O'C. 2422 ( Eg. 88,33 (34)b ).et e tra
40tuarusndalai (tuarustal,v.l.) ina canu-sae .i. fiadnuise mac
n-ennaicc ... fiadnuise n-indruic cin forgglid(Cáin Domnaig),
Anecd. iii 24.4 .ōenfer do astud for diis .i. fer in tuarastail
... i tuarastal cāna domnaig, ZCP xv 327 § 19 .tuarastal
na cana so .i. focal is toltanach le nech, O'C. 2568 ( Eg.
4588,48 (49)a ).
In phrasetruma tuarastail conclusive evidence,sworn
evidence(?): issedh is truma tuarustail ann, innraic for
eisinnraic ac astadh fiach im les neich eile co triur ina
deghaidh, ┐ a imdenam di muna thairginn in neisindraic
50fír dé, ┐ ma thairgin is a dul do fir dé ┐ is truma tuarustail
sin, O'C. 2015 ( H. 4. 22,35 ) = O'C. 2618 ( Eg. 88,52 (53)d ).truma
tuarustail berus na hantesta dfír dé, ┐ gach annteist dib
ternas ó fír dé i[s] saor é ar in cina, ┐ cumal an anntestais
díc di, O'C. 2435 ( Eg. 88,35 (36)c ).testugad cach anntesta itir
55la ┐ aidhche, ┐ mana be samlaid is cranncor fair, ┐ is doch-
raite nduine no troma tuarasdail beres na cuirp so dfír dé,
O'C. 2589 ( Eg. 88,50 (51)a ).lín a tuarastail ag feichemuin
toicheda ... mur a deir: gach naoill co tuarastal an oath
supported by the evidence of an eye-witness
(?), O'D. 543
60( H. 3. 17,col. 434 ).dia toingi in fear uil os in acra curap
dimin lais is naill fo tuarustal o fir adgairther, O'C. 352
( H. 3.18,193c ).tuarustal fastaidh fiach evidence which
justifies the imposition of fines
(?), Laws i 234.8 Comm.
mad tuarastal aco annis (a ndís ?) fastait fiacha for robaib
65testa co lucht leithfira no lanfira, O'C. 540 ( H. 3.18,266b ).
General:mā berait dōig dochom neich co tūarasndul`if
they suspect anyone and prove it
,' Cáin Ad. 30.11 .dia mbē
tūarasndal bansgāl, 32.y .aire desa no aire tuisi aire forgill
in tuarastail`der Bezeugungs-aireder Tatbeschreibung ist
70einaire dēsaoder einaire tūise
,' Cóic Con Fug. 38 § 52 .
tuarustal drochdhuine for drochduine, O'D. 557 ( H. 3. 17,
col. 438 ).`tuarasdol' luighe gan lén, Met. Gl. 28 § 40 .
Cf. Stowe Gl. 150.
II (a) stipend,retaining fee(paid by anoverlordto a
75subordinate chief in return fortribute,military service,etc.
See ZCP xvii 207 n. 1 ):a tuaristla ┐ a comhaideachta,
BR 32.17 .fodhail na [d]tuarostal sin ... ó righ Caisil do
righaibh tuath ┐ mórthuath, 80.5 .a chísa-son ó thuathaibh
┐ a thuaristal-son dóibh-seomh, 118.5 .astad tuarastail a
80trocaire, astad fiach a etrocaire`the fixing of wages,' Laws
v 310.6 Comm. conragba mo chor ┐ mo thuarastal`(to)
accept my covenant and wage
,' RC xiv 406.25 .bi[d] toirthigi
a thuarastail(a prospective king), Anecd. i 19.12 .ag so
tuarastla ríoghthaoiseach shíl Muireadhaigh o O'Chon-
85chúbhair, JRSAI ii 342.15 .tūarastal rí cūiccid crúaidh |
dligid rī Essa rīoghrūaidh, ZCP viii 116.29 .ór derg tuarastul
in trír, LL 49b6 .gidbé rí ... do glacfadh tabarthas no
tuarastal árdflaithe eile, go ngabadh maraon risin tuarastal
sin umla ┐ óglachas air féin maille re beith umal do mar
chodnach ┐ im díol císa ┐ cána ris, Caithr. Thoirdh. 3.6 .
5(b)Hence in contextsstressingthesuperiorityof the
payerand the subordination of the payee: ní ar tuarastal
mheic Imair gus aniu atamaidne, Cog. 210.25 .fairend se
long ... do neoch bui for a chur fen ┐ far a thuarastal, ML
164.4 .tangadur sin uile co F. do ghabhail tuarustail an
10Eogain sin(i.e.to acknowledge him as their lord), AU
iii 108.24 .ná cuir bréag ar fhuil na Niall | níor ghabhsad
tuarasdal riamh | ó aoin-neach ...(i.e.never made sub-
mission to anyone), Content. vi 254 .tug siad ... | tuarasdal
d' fhearaibh Éireann, TD 7.5 .bai M. ... rí temra ina thigh,
15┐ rucc tuarustal mor leis(i.e.the gift received after sub-
mission), FM iii 86.12 .
(c) stipend,wages,reward,remunerationin general: da
laím thidnaicthi ratha ┐ tairberta ┐ tuarastail, TBC 3770 .
cor' tuiltis a tuarastal, Met. Dinds. iii 70.66 .ni taiscead ní
20di a thuarustul acht a daethin bid ┐ étaig(of St. Martin when
a soldier), Lat. Lives 88.2 .i tuarastul ṅgaiscidh as a reward
for military service
, TTr.² 177 .Donnsléibhe ... do dhol isin
Mumhain ... ar cend tuarasdail`to serve for wages,' FM ii
914.14 .ro thíodhnaic siomh a ttuarastal do na Gallaibh
25do bhuar iomdha, 1160.5 .gur do na daoinuibh dob [fh]earr
fō thuilleadh ┐ fā t[h]uarustal ... tū most generous in the pay-
ment of wages and stipends
, Feis TC 328 .mar do-gheibh
sealbh an tuarastail thuilleas ar an saoghal, TSh. 8570 .
gách duine ré nach áill ... tuarasdal a mhuintire do dhíol
30`who is unwilling to pay his servants wages,' Donl. 96.20 .
dol a tuarustul`to take wages,' Cog. 50.8 . Note also:
cuingis F. in t-ech ier soin | ar in draoí ... | do rat dó céd
da gach crodh | día tabhairt a ttúarastal`that he might
give it in return
,' Duan. Finn i 28 § 5 . As quasivn.:uirrim
35ó gach éanfhosdadh | mac Dé a-tá gátuarasdal `Christ
earns my allegiance by every check he gives me
,' PBocht 19.1 .
Attrib.g s.:fear toirbearta móir damhsaibh ┐ daos
tuarusdail ` stipendiaries ,' FM iv 1000.z .dfosttadh ócc-
bhaidh ┐ aésa tuarastail` mercenaries ,' vi 2096.4 .fear
40tuarasdail` journey-man ,' Donl. 98.11 .lucht tuarasdail,
DDána 80.36 .le scín bheárrtha thuarusdail`with a razor
that is hired
,' Is. vii 20.