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10 trú n k,m.andf. d s. trú, ZCP xii 386.34 . In Mod. Ir. also as
dentalstem, IGT Decl. § 21 .n p. trotha, Misc. Ir. Archaeol.
Soc. i 4.9 . So regularly in Ó Bruad.n p. trotha, ii 268.10 .
trutha, 282.1 .d p. trothaibh, 276.7 .truthaibh, i 50.3 .
Note alson s. trúgh(trú,v.l.), i 72.17 . ?v s. athrúidh , p.
15116 n. ?g s. truith, 74.2 .Cf. n p. troithe, Duan. Finn
ii 394.4 .
(a)adoomed person, one who isfey: trūquasido-ru .i.
dōig a tuitim;a verbo ruo. Veltī-ru, ar tī tuitme atā.Vel
a Troia dicitur.i. ar a mince a hairsen, Corm. Y 1237 .
20 trūagh ... .i. āgusta dō gurab trū he dreads being`trú,'
1238 .troid ...quasitrú-ait .i. ait ī la troich, 1248 .troich
.i. mairb, H. 3. 18,531.16 .dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé |
co torchair i cath Giluáe(David and Saul), SR 6397 .am
trúsa ... ó gabussa gaisced niro la imroll mo urchur cussindiu,
25 LU 3280 ( SC 7 ).ní indóig lim cid t. ¤ , BDD² 1141 .a Fhir
diad ... | ... isat lomthru, TBC 3660 .ra thathaim in tan
ba t. ¤ , LL 133a1 .atgéoin ... in drúi for labrad E. ropad t. ¤ ,
RC xiii 450.y .madh saeglach intí téid da fegadh tibaigh
tar a bruach amach; mad tru ... ni tic tar a hor amach
30(of a miraculous well), Todd Nenn. 197 n. g .na dumacha
derboile | a cailltib ard-Almaine, | is trū nō is methach a
ngnīm | intī nosgeib fo comlīn, ZCP v 23 § 3 .cach trén bid
truag no bid t. ¤ , Ériu v 211.4 .a l-lá ndēdenach di sechtmain
ōenaich Tailten flaith na faigbi is t. ¤ issin blīadain sin is
35destined to die that year
, ZCP xiii 372.24 .nā tuc táib ri
troich`do not trust one that is fey,' KMMisc. 266.2 .crāu-
dortad troch, ZCP xiii 376.13 .is ferr t. ¤ iná truagān truag,
Ériu ix 45 § 6 .bidh a n-inill nech is t. ¤ | is bidh a n-eisinill
étrú, ZCP vii 302.x ( Dánfhocail 242 ).is bec in glōir bud
40dū dī | fōill in trū ocus a t[h]reissi(i.e.the body), Arch. iii
238 § 4. gille as mhó d'innmhe ... | biaidh 'n-a throich
... | dá dtí go hadhbhaidh Iofruinn, DDána 35.13 .im
throich bhí a haithle mh'anma, Dánta Gr.² 28.27 .ba tenm
teinedh tar trocha, Leb. Gab. 100.2 .mo thruaighe na trocha
45nach tuigid mar thig an bás go hobann, TSh. 526 . Med.
da sgeithi na bith t'aire ris uair is tru é, Ir. Texts
v 7 .x .
In phrases:robud do throich`warning to a doomed man'
(a futile undertaking), Triads 83 .bā robad do throich,
50 Aisl. MC 71.20 .roba robadh do throich a thegasc, ML²
258 .Cf. t. ¤ nach géabhadh gargrobhadh, PBocht 19.24 .
i treib throch, Bruchst. 55 § 123 = FM ii 648.17 .ba toirm
troch riana thrágud`it was the noise of one doomed before
his dissolution
,' Met. Dinds. iii 412.31 .ropo thurus troch
55fo thráig, 406.27 .iar troch togairm, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13.
Attrib.gen. fatal,doomed: bidba troch`a culprit fated to
evil doom
,' Met. Dinds. iii 172.66 (cf. Keat. ii 2102 ).cotlud
troch sleepof thedoomed,fatal sleep: is cotlad troch sin
ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC² 2507 .a chodladh níor chodladh
60troch, Content. iv 59 .ba tinnabrad troch do Congal- in
codla sin, MR 168.y .ropo gleō fri demna troch`it was a
fight against demons of doomed men
,' Death-tales 20.y .
réim troch`afatal course ,' Met. Dinds. iv 182.15 .sáethar
troch, iii 376.20 .dos-berad fo thaidbsin troch`would make
65them seem like men doomed to death
,' RC xiv 404.26 .telgun
troch`the lying down of a doomed man' (cf. cotlud troch,
supra), Ériu ii 56 § 6 .fo thinniu throch`in pangs of suffer-
ing
,' Met. Dinds. iv 94.38 .Cf. troich do thinme, Bruchst.
i 21 § 44 .re h-ucht troch do timdhibhe, MR 64.6 .treabhadh
70troch dhúin an domhan to cultivate this world is for us a
hopeless undertaking
, DDána 24.14 .turchairthe troch(of
a pig), Ir. Texts i 26 § 8.
(b)In more general sense ofwretch,miserable person;
villain,blackguard: dob í culaidh an treas troch`of the
75third wretch
,' TD 44.8 .mairg do rothaobhuigh thú, a
thruaigh, | a th. ¤ , a dhrochshaoghail, DDána 53.8 .t. ¤ bhíos
na bhastord` scamp ,' O'Gr. Cat. 555.34. gan aonurraim
ó'n troch (leg.troich ?) do'n tigerna`without respect showed
by loon to lord
,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.29 .do chur na ttroch
80ar merbhall, | nach tug termann da naoimh-cill, BNnÉ
148.15 .in t. ¤ dhuaibhseach, TSh. 3742 .re truthaibh
tréigthe an ríogh`the wretches who betrayed...,' Ó Bruad. i
50.3 .ag leadhbadh truith`to trounce a ruffian,' 74.2 .
trotha craois dochuaidh re holc, ii 268.6 .
85Compds. ¤ buiden:trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath rebta
(of defeated troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.24 . ¤ chalma:nír sguir
dona tuathamaidecha taobhainmhecha troichchalma sin,
no gur thuitedar despairingly valorous , Comp. Con C. 130.11 .

trúag adj o, āO. Ir.tróg. IUsed attributively. (a) wretched,
pitiable,miserable,sad: trūagh .i. trū-āgh .i. āgusta dō
5gurab trū, Corm. Y 1238 . Of persons:in popul truagsa,
Ml 118c5 .ar forbrissiud fir truaig`for oppressing a wretched
man
,' 36a32 .fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 .do Eoin
tróg imnedach, ZCP viii 177.2 .aos trog` invalids ,' Mon.
Tall. 147.19 .a claín trúaig, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).a midlach
10thruag, 8878 ( FB 67 ).dóine tróga, PH 4286 .dochum
dingna mo mathar truaighi-si, TTebe 3845 .na mairtíre
trógha, Aithd.D. 57.9 . Of words, sounds,etc.:cluinte mo
chneit trúaigse, Fél. Ep. 314 .glór truagh do bhriathra, TD
20.25 .faoidhe na sriobh dtaidhiuir dtruagh, DDána 110.21 .
15 ilimad do briathraibh truagha, Études Celt. i 79.29 .
Various:ár trog ... | for slóg ... n-Israhel, SR 6499 .cath
truagh`a lamentable battle,' RC xvii 234.13 .a animm
thróg, PH 8184 .in bith t. ¤ hi táam, Fél. Prol. 157 .ag
ḟodoíre tróig, SR 3217 .temel truag(cheville), 909 .
20(b) thin,lean,emaciated(of persons and animals): macer.
truagh, Ir. Gl. 383 .in muc truagh ... in mucc meth, O'Don.
2417 ( Rawl. B 506,53 ).mart meith ┐ mart truagh, RC
xxix 219.22 .clērchīn tana trūag(sign of asceticism), ZCP
vii 297.5 .feoil truagh muici`lean pork,' Rosa Ang. 104.4 .
25 leis na dainibh truagha, 70.3 .go bhfásfuidh méuthus a
fheóla trúagh, Is. xvii 4.
Compar.:gá truaighe treas(cheville), DDána 79.28 .
cá truaighe ceas, Aithd.D. 26.5 .
Asadv.:ag freagradh go truagh don cheist se, TSh.
30 4148.
IIAssubst. o,m. (a) wretch,miserable person: do ráith
a aithig in trūaig`for her vassal, the wretched one', Thes. ii
342.2 .huaitne ... friseillget troigh, Laws iv 350.x .a
n-aigthe ... na t. ¤ , LU 2184 ( FA 26 ).rí fial ara treise truagh
35 on whom a pitiable person has most claim, DDána 38.26 .
tógbhálaigh trógh`supporter of the indigent,' FM v 1652.4 .
Asā,f. caoiniud na tróge lamenting for the poor woman,
Mon. Tall. 130.17 . Frequ. in phrasetrén ┐ t. ¤ thestrong and
the weak,all,everybody: do thréon na t. ¤ ni thuaraid | oenfer,
40 SR 5071 .fir hErend eter truag ┐ trén, LU 9716 .a ndoberó
ar Dīa | do thriun nō do thrūagh, Ériu ii 172 § 4 .saoi lé
deirc ... fri truaghaibh ┐ trénaibh, FM ii 1008.15 .mallacht
na truagh ┐ na tren ar an tí dotug an comurli-sin duit,
ZCP vi 58.18 .
45(b)In voc. astermofabuseordisparagement: maith
a thruaíg a Duind Cualnge, TBC 1494 .`tair amach ..., a
trōig, a dīabail !' ar Comgall, ZCP iii 33.2 .maith tra, a
t[h]róig, Aisl. MC 71.17 .a throgu, PH 4414 .a thruaigh,
nírbh é uair an uamhuin, Aithd.D. 56.23 .
50 IIIUsed predicatively with copula. (a)ol am triamain
trógsa, Fél. Prol. 26 .nirba truag, SR 3295 .at trúaga na
gáre, LU 2215 ( FA 29 ).oss é aithbriste tróg, LU 9112 ( FB 87 ).
i flaith nime niba truag | ind luagh the reward will not be
paltry
, Ériu i 193.8 .robai co truag toirrseach, TTebe
55 4023 .
(b)In various phrases indicatingsorrow,regret,fore-
boding,etc.(copula frequ. unexpressed): truaggl.heu. Ml
133a8 .ba tróg, Met. Dinds. iv 60.37 .is tróg niforn-
intliuchtach, SR 1238 .tróg insin`sad is that,' Wb 19b4 .
60 t. ¤ soin, a tigerna, Aisl. Tund. 95.y .truág in maten maten
máirt | ros bí mac D. alas the morning! TBC 4138 .is
truagh an mealladh pitiable is the deception, DDána 43.5 .
With follg. clause or vn. constr.:is tróg ... maic Uisnig do
thuitim, IT i 75.5 .truag ... nach rothoitius-[s]a leatsu,
65 TTebe 3381 .truagh gurab móide mo mhíghníomh`alas!
my sins increase,' PBocht 1.20 .truagh mar tharla, TD
16.7 .is truagh gan cách mar Ua gC., 34.6 . With pron.:
nach truagh mé am not I to be pitied, DDána 88.29 .och,
is truagh mise, TSh. 5940 .(is) t. ¤ do alas for,woe is,woe to :
70 truag d'Ultaib ... cen sirthin a márica, LU 3536 ( SC 29 ).
tróg dún ... ar popa Cūc[h]ulaind cen chobair dó pitiful our
treatment of C. that we help him not
, TBC² 1435 .is truag
do na dáinib adeir co ru-b olc in maith woe to those who say,
PH 7701 .as truagh duit ... bás mar so do imirt ormsa,
75 TTebe 3642 .is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, St.
Ercuil 745 .as truágh dhamh mona ndiongna mé an soisgéul
do sheanmórughadh, 1 Cor. ix 16 .is t. ¤ la x x issorry for,
that;regrets: ropo thróg laiss ar mbuith fo mám, Wb
21b5 .cid t. ¤ lasna bráithrea | na guidise uili, | duit, á Chríst,
80in tráthsa | ro gádsa mo guidi`though all these prayers seem
wretched to the brethren
,' Fél. Ep. 409 .is truag linni ... |
an-dorinni Luciphur, SR 1427 .is truag limsa ... comorad
in chatha-sa, TTebe 3231 .an truagh leó ... | mar táid
Connachtaigh, TD 2.6 .
85Compds. ¤ aigméil:doníd casaoid truaighaigmhéil ar
chruadháil na Scot ... orra` pitiful ,' Keat. ii 6063 .dohairg-
eadh go truaghaigmhéil an cine ... lé Berthus=B. vastavit
misere, iii 2230 . ¤ dodaing pitiful trouble: ar soerad diar
trógdoidṅgib, SR 8311 . ¤ lí:Rúadri mac Caite na n-ell |
nírbo thruag-lí traite thall` faint splendour ,' Met. Dinds. iii
548.2 . ¤ neimél,—a,—e act ofsorrowing,lamenting: ic toirrse ┐
ic truagnemel, YBL 143b11 .rogabh ag tuirsi ┐ ag truagh-
neimheile, Ériu iv 51.8 .a toirrsi ┐ a truaghneimeile, St.
Ercuil 1616 .ag toirsi ┐ ag truagnemela, TTebe 1014 .
¤ neimélach sorrowful,lamenting: an tan ataid trúaignem-
10elach(sic leg.), TTebe 1122 .go tuirsech, truaghneimh-
élach, Ériu v 100.35 .trua-neimelach, KMMisc. 318.11 .