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1 tríath n o,m. IGT Decl. § 95 (g s. -a). Given in Laws iv 344.2
75as highest of twenty-six `titles of dignity.' lord,chieftain,
king: trīath .i. rīg treime ethae īathae, Corm. Y 1198 .
trīath rí didiu, trēith a rēim ... tīrsīth a taithmech, 1202 .
orc tréith .i.nomendo mac ríg. triathenim rex vocatur ,
Thr. Ir. Gl. 34 .`t. ¤ ' rígh go rogha ndealbha, Met. Gl. 8 § 2 .
80 `t. ¤ ' ainm do cach tigherna, 9 § 2 .fri triath tailc taurgaib,
BDD² 1041 .is t. ¤ tailc tnuthgaile, LU 8960 .t. ¤ ... is ainm
dano do ríg, toísech na márthúath, Comp. Con C. 38 § 42 .
'moa raltais turu trēith, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 .Oliuana,
baigthi treith extolled by princes(?), SR 2499 .Iob trénfer
85derbtha treith, 6917 .t. ¤ trethain co trumma thair a mighty
lord of the sea eastwards
, Met. Dinds. iii 224.23 .bid hé do
chomainm tréith tall, iv 228.27 .Temraig na t. ¤ , 15 .ro-
thairmcell triathu trét, ii 82.30 .dursan do thriath cen beith
béo, Arch. iii 305 § 1 .triath nembras(of Christ), Anecd.
i 39.y .a tríath chuca ar cūairt ar sin, ZCP viii 116.10 .
5 mór ríg ... mór t. ¤ , TTr.² 1015 .o thriath na cceimenn
ccadais(of the Pope), BNnÉ 283.32 .tréit ocus taisig, Cog.
160.7 .ro dílceand triathu Tiabandai, Alex. 72 .a fiadh-
naise a dhā t[h]riath, ML² 1236 .a ua na dtriath ba tréine
i dtreas, Dánfhocail 256 .ar sgáth fola Thriaith na Rann
10(of Christ), 200 .Lugh Lámhḟada, triath Teamhra, TD
6.15 .triatha ar tuisleadhaigh chieftains stumbling, TSh.
6610 .ba cara dósomh triath an tíre, FM vi 1924.4 . As
n.pr. Triath mac Feabail, Ériu xii 142.28 .
Meaning uncertain in phrase (n.pr.?)torc, orc tréith,
15tríath(see C. O'Rahilly, Ireland and Walespp. 120 - 122 ):
orc trēith .i. ainm do mac rīgh: trīathenim rex uocatur.
Ōenach n-uirc trēith .i. biadh ┐ ēdach lōghmar,etc., Corm. Y
1018 .i n-óenach tuirc thréith, RC xxvi 26.z .is aco robai
torc triath .i. righ torcraidhi Erenn ┐ is de ata Magh Triath-
20airne, BB 34b35 =is aca fós baoi Triath-rí-thorc ó ráidhtear
Treitheirne Mumhan, Keat. i 218.18 .Cf. 2 tríath.
Compds. ¤ aire chieftain: triur ... triath-airech, MR
152.12 . ¤ ben princess: bean súd go dtréidhibh triathmhná,
Aithd.D. 87.18 . ¤ bla?:ced Fiacha Scraptene imrá |
25triathbhla tailc threibe Temra, LL 132a39 .Fiacra fer
na feili | cotgab triathblai ar trení, IT iii 57.16 . ¤ buiden
princely host: dar triathbhuidnib togaidi in talman, MR
116.3 .ar ttocht dá triathbuidhnibh na timchell, FM v
1574.4 . ¤ buidnech having princely hosts: a thriathbhuidh-
30nigh Fhuinn Fhiachuidh, DDána 63.11 . ¤ chnoc princely
height: ós tríathchnocc taulcháin Taillten, Ériu iv 96.6 .
¤ chú noble hound: don triathchoin, DDána 118.12 . ¤ eigre
noble heir: don óigh mhaothainnre as treise ar a triathoidhre,
Aithd.D. 72.11 . ¤ luchtmar peopledwithnobles: lúth-
35rochtain dúine Dé an teaghlaigh thriathlachtmhair, Aithd.D.
76.20 . (?) ¤ lám:.h. Tigernmais na triathlam, LL 17b34 .
¤ lonn nobly angry: curaid ... triath-lonn, MR 182.4 .
¤ luinne noble anger: re triath-luinne a trén-taisech, MR
184.3 . ¤ onchonta having lordly standards(?): tor tenn t.
40taisech, Caithr. CC 6.z . ¤ ruire noble king: madh áil a
fhiafroighidh soin | do thriathruiribh cláir Cobhthoigh,
L. Cl. A. Buidhe 226.4 .

2 tríath n o,m., butcf. trīath torc .i. tréithi a rēim ... tīr-sōd
a taithmech, Corm. Y 1202 . boar: `tríath' torc trom,
45 Met. Gl. 9 § 2 .triath mucc, ZCP iii 224.y ..x. treith tire,
glossedsentuirc;tuirc biti for faithche, Ériu ii 4.7 .eter
in t. ¤ ┐ a sétchi, LU 10249 .is t. ¤ is ainm do thurc, toísech
na trét, Comp. Con C. 38 § 42 .am t. ¤ tren co robuadaib,
LU 1288 (1 tríath?).dofucsat tréith i tescad | co Brí
50Léith`the wild boars carried him mangled to Bri Leith,' Met.
Dinds. iii 150.11 .
Cf. torc tréithunder1 tríath.

3 tríath n n sea,wave . Orig. disyll., see Ped. i 311 . The
ns. is found only in glossaries, and many exx. given here
55could belong to1 trethan,q.v.: trīathmuir .i. trethan a
réim ... tīr-ūath a taithmech, Corm. Y 1202 .`t. ¤ ' tond co
n-ilur ndath, Met. Gl. 9 § 2 .triath .i. tonn, O'Cl.tar tuind
trethan (: lethan), Fél. June 3 ( O'Dav. 1576 ).domruacht
tond fri trethan tracht against the shore of the sea(?), LU
60 3014 .tar cach trethain (: lethain), 2965 .can tic tuili
trethan ? SR 7901 .iasc bis hi trethain, 8196 .ailli ... a
noebtrethna, 494 .aichre ri tráchta trethna`furious are
the seas against the shore
,' Met. Dinds. iii 104.8 .dechmad
trethan`tithes of sea,' BColm. 52.26 .
65Compds. ¤ glan bright-waved: anair dar muir tríath-glan
tend, Met. Dinds. ii 30.51 . ?téitgel triathglan dō ba hēcen
biathad Echach, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 5 . ¤ mag sea-plain:
línsat triáthmag a teite`they filled the sea-plain with their
gathering
,' Met. Dinds. iii 256.9 . See also under1 trethan.

70 4 tríath n hill: `triath' tulach, Met. Gl. 9 § 2 . O'Cl.ní
sain triath agus teamoir, glossední hionann aon tulach a
n-Erinn is Teamhair na ríogh, Hard. ii 298.y .

5 tríath adj weak: ni triath mar tú, glossedni lac immar tú, IT
i 163.4 .triamuin triath weary and weak(of Mary and Joseph
75in search of Jesus), SR 7551 .fer t. ¤ cen trácht im thogail
`a weakling without force for foray,' Met. Dinds. iv 8.15 .
Seetréith.

1 tríathach adj o, ā(1 tríath) noble: don tṡlúag th. ¤ , Met. Dinds.
iv 130.86 .re hairdríg triathach Temhra, ZCP viii 220.33 .
80 co Tadg triathach, y .trīathach tossach, Arch. Hib. ii
58 § 3. dagrí Duiblínde ... tréne triathaige, IT iii 44.7 .
dia sil triathach, Rawl. 138a36 .Mág Carrghamhna as
ceann dá ccath | na ndaghdhamhna tteann ttriathach,
Top. Poems² 108.
85Assubst. o,m. chieftain: ól cét ... don t. ¤ , Met. Dinds.
iii 218.26 .