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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


tráth n u,n., laterm. IGT Decl. § 38 (87.15) .
I (a) period of time,hour,point of time: hi comardaib
10trath`at the proper hours,' Laws i 102.25 .in cech trath
`every time,' 280.15 Comm. a ceōil binni in cach thrāth,
Hail Brigit 11 .nech loingis ríasind trath cóir`if anyone
eats before the proper hour
,' Mon. Tall. 131.19 .do-mm-air
fiado cech thratha`may the Lord come each hour to me,'
15 Lib. Hymn. 131.31 .ma thānic do thrāth if your hour has
come
, TBC² 2639 .ferna tullochtaib tráthaib iar fuin,
BDD² 332 .suidig do da laim cech thrath | fri ruirig nime,
SR 1605 .ní dersaig co t. ¤ teirt ara barach, LU 10755 .
contuli t. ¤ a dála, 10754 .ríge láech nErend dait úainne on
20trath sa, 8785 .co deód laí co trath na faire, 9079 .crecha
mora eile fa na trathaib cetna sin, AU iii 360.18 .robatar
indsin etir da t. ¤ din ló`for the space of two of the watches of
the day
,' RC iii 184.28 .an tír i dt. ¤ a ronna`when making
this division of the land
,' Aithd.D. 16.6 .is maith dhóibhséin
25go dtí an t. ¤ `till the good time comes,' 25.16 .i dt. ¤ fhillte don
fhoghail`when the attack was repulsed,' TD 26.37 .ón t. ¤
do cuireadh 'na cheann`as soon as he is attacked,' 18.11 .
ní fhuil lá ná oidhche, t. ¤ ná uair do chairde chinnte ón bhás,
TSh. 2658.
30(b) day.According to Thurneysen, ScM.² Gloss. ,trí
tráthwas originallyfrom one hour to the second recurrence
of the same, two full days and nights
, but later on was used
for three full days .Cf.(d):drucht .i. maitin no trath ...
iar trib druchtaibh .i. iar trib trathaib nó iar trib maitnib,
35 O'Dav. 677. ar gach laithe naicenta ... tri seotu cach tratha,
O'Don. 495 ( H. 3. 17,402 ).feoil doib cacha tratha ┐ gach
re trath da ndaim, ┐ im doib in trath eile ... ┐ gacha ceth-
ramad trath da ndaim, O'C. 1031 ( H. 3.18,433 ).imb dó
ala th. ¤ every second day, Críth Gabl. 151 .bai corp Adaim
40trib trathaib | cen anmain fri derbḟathaib, SR 1045 .co-
rrabe tri th. ¤ cen dig cen biad, ScM.² 3 .fri trí t. ¤ nír throm-
chotail, Met. Dinds. iii 452.32 .nis relic ūad rē sē t. ¤ , Sc.M.²
21 i .co cend naoi tt. ¤ , TBC 4468 .nói t. ¤ re cur in chatha,
Met. Dinds. ii 74.41 .nach mou na di trath atú i n-a hécmais,
45 PH 1060 .ceathracha trath ria ndilind`forty days before
the Deluge
,' RC xvi 155.1 .brath ind Rīgh atrae iar tain |
hi cind trī trāth a talmain, Ériu iii 196.z .Dia i n-uaigh dá
th. ¤ nó a trí`for two, nay three, days,' Aithd.D. 69.32 .do
bhí ar th'iomdhaidh teora th. ¤ , DDána 30.19 .biathadh
50dá th. ¤ dheág`provision for twelve days,' Keat. iii 2644.
(c) In phraseón t. ¤ co roili until the same time the next
day: suire lubru on trath co raile`a workman's free quarters
from one day to another
,' Laws ii 36.3 .on trath co 'railigl.
on trath co celi, v 86.28 .ón t. ¤ co 'roili, BDD² 1250 .on
55trath sa co alaile, LU 8334 .nách óen gébas do immun
húan t. ¤ co araile`from one watch to the other,' Trip.² 1341 .
cīa clērech dano rochotail fon sruth ōn trāth coraile, BColm.
104.11 .marb MacCon di athchumu ōn trāth co arailiu,
Fianaig. 40.4 .Cf. co m-boi Cúchulaind on trath co ceile
60ina suan, RC vi 183.17 .
(d) canonical hour . For discussion see KMMisc. 160 .
The number of canonical hours varied from six to eight.
See tract in H. 3. 17 ( Ériu iii 116 ), where six are mentioned.
Seven are mentioned in the gloss onsepties in die laudem
65dixi tibi
, Thes. i 3.35 . Eight in the tract and poem in LB
( KMMisc. 142 ) and in the poem in H. 3. 18 ( ZCP vi 271 )
and Acall. 2956 - 65 . In 23 N 10 ( KMMisc. 158 ) there is a
stanza:ocht trath tiagmuid do guide | innosa mo righ-
ruire | secht trath nama teigthi tall | ic aes rechta cen
70imrall`eight hours do we go to pray now to my Lord King,
seven hours only of yore the people of the law were wont to go,
without mistake
.' Eight canonical hours are also mentioned
in FA ( LU 2010 , 2241 ) and in the Laws:cona ordaib
coraibh .i. imaithigidh na nocht trath, O'Don. 918 ( H. 3. 17,
75 654 ). See also under the separate hours:teirt,medón laí,
nóin,fescororesparta,compléit,medón aidcheoriarmérge,
tiugnáir, andprímorantert.
celebrad tratha, Wb 25c23 .da cet slechtain matin ised
dogníd ┐ cet cacha tratha`a hundred every canonical hour,'
80 Mon. Tall. 141.4 .ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha`accept-
ance of the canonical hours
,' Laws v 118.8 .nad mbentar
cloc do trathaib, ii 120.9 Comm. ba coir do cach cristaide
| cia nochiad cach thratha, SR 8018 .fillet a nglúni co
gnath | cech trath, 7910 .ro-chelebairset a tratha co creit,
85 PH 582 .a thrátha ní-s-dermana`his canonical hours let
him not forget them
,' Ériu iii 98.15 .go rob clog t. ¤ , Aithd.D.
61.9 .teagh na dt. ¤ ` oratory ,' PBocht 13.26 .mairg nach
tathaigh na trátha, Dán Dé xxiv 1 .a gcūrsa aiffrenn,
trāth ┐ senmor, Fl. Earls 56.7 .eidir se ┐ a thratha, BCC
2.9 .do thrátha Muire, Desid. 1324.
5(e) Hence in phraset. ¤ nóna, orig. canonical hour of none ,
but used also in general sense of evening . Also asadv.
in the evening: tanic int aingel t. ¤ nóna, Trip.² 1366 .ataís a
ara tenid dó trath nóna na haidchi sin, LU 6278 .a mbátár
in tslóig and trath nóna, 5884 .ro bátar and trath nóna
10deód laí, 9183 .ri robennach tuara doib | im trath nóna
fochétóir, SR 7702 .co n-accatar ní in t. ¤ nóna arna bárach,
TBFr. 267 .combatar i n-imacallaim co t. ¤ nóna, SG 414.9 .
um th. ¤ nóna, Content. xi 6 . TSh. 3800 .a naimsir an t. ¤
nóna, Gen. xxiv 11 .biáidh neamghlan go t. ¤ , Lev. xi 24 .
15 Cf. trath funid nóna, TBC 6067.
(f) In phraseis t. ¤ ... it is time to...: ní t. ¤ dod dhul a
Dhiarmaid`this is no fitting time for thy departure,' O'Gr.
Cat. 392.3. dámadh t. ¤ risean dá rádha`were this the time
to make it
,' PBocht 1.1 .is t. ¤ dá mhothughadh`realise this
20now
,' 25.14 .ní t. ¤ m'éigean d'fhailleachadh`no time to
neglect my danger
,' 23.25 .t. ¤ dod chloinn teacht dá dtíosda
`'tis time for thy children to come,' Aithd.D. 88.28 .do-
chím nach t. ¤ dó a diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 550.
IIAs temporalconj. when (a) Without art.:t. ¤ ba leth-
25marb, LU 9073 .t. ¤ bá medon aidche dó, 9089 .t. ¤ dodeo-
chaid Étaín isa tech, 10759 .t. ¤ ro gab cách dunad, TBC
416 .t. ¤ atchessa di thīr, ZCP viii 312.15 .in troscud t. ¤
bas nadas`fasting when it is proper,' Ériu ii 65.4 .t. ¤ budh
dhú díol a dhoirre`when satisfaction was due,' PBocht 21.31 .
30 trath ba dolta now that it is time to go(?), Ir. Texts ii 61 § 31.
(b) With art.:in trath atconcatar ... in tir ica hinred,
Cog. 156.24 .uair in trath sháiles duine, PH 7784 .in
trāth ric co longud, ZCP vii 297.12 .an trath chuireas cor
no culscal de, TTebe 1296 .uaigh Thaidhg an t. ¤ do-chífiom,
35 Aithd.D. 10.37 .an t. ¤ is léir sin, TSh. 5166 .an t. ¤ fár ghlac,
Desid. 2519 . Causal in:cadeat m'acsine-sea ┐ m'urnad-
mand ... in t. ¤ lamair a rád sin seeing that one dares to say
that
, MU² 114.
IIIAsadv. (a) Without art.:tig t. ¤ eile i nDún Dealgan,
40 Aithd.D. 21.36 .ainchidh t. ¤ a Mhíchéil mé`save me be-
times
,' PBocht 18.33 .a mhaoidheamh ós aird 'gun altóir |
ionann t. ¤ is teine i gcrios`is often like flash from flint,' Dán
Dé xxxi 19 .ní foláir a bheith críochnuighthe t. ¤ éigin,
TSh. 3153 .ar n-a marach moch-thrath=summo mane,
45 Smaointe B. Chr. 2926 .Cf. trath feisi`at the time of the
feast
,' Laws ii 236.22 Comm. See alsotráth nóna.
(b) With art.:duit, á Chríst, in tráthsa | ro gádsa mo
guidi`to thee, o Christ, at this time, I have prayed my prayer,'
Fél. Ep. 411 .biad bec beras ó ghorta in t. ¤ —sin he, PH
50 7549 .co coíed Petar in trathsin cech n-oidche, 3202 .
créad an cantlamh mheasas tú do bheith ann an t. ¤ soin ?,
TSh. 6409 . See alsotrásta.
Occas. written fortrá moreover ,q.v.

tráthach adj o, ā(tráth) timely: bídh mo comhradh fírinnech
55... thrathach, Parrth. Anma 499.20 .

tráthaigthech adj o, ā(tráth) timely: caithed in sásad némda
co hirisech ┐ co trathaigtech`let him ... partake of the heavenly
food faithfully, opportunely
,' Todd Lect. vi 23.12 .

? trathairecht: n oc t. ¤ an mhuilinn`attending to the mill,'
60 Lism.L. 197.6 . taking turns (tráth) ?

tráthamail adj i(tráth) timely: do thaobh oidis agus teagaisg
thrathamhuil, Donl. xvii 18 .sin teachtaire t. ¤ gan spás
chum an Maioir, Hard. ii 56.1 .

trathrach n grass,blade of grass: tratrach críon .i. traithníne
65críona; brisidh a cuibrighe amhail thrathrach críon .i.
amhail tráithninibh, O'Cl.Cf. tráithnín.

tre prep.with acc. (later also with dat.Cf. trisuidib, Ml
56b15 ), leniting (see Thurn. Gramm. § 856 ). Apart from
Ml,treis the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses.tri,
70however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml
(tre, Ml 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly
thantre) in Sg(27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 ,
213b8 ).tréis written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and
frequently in the later language.trí(with length-mark)
75occurs at Wb 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml 2d5 , 14c16 ,
22b1 , 30a9 ,etc.The form in-iis infrequent after the Old
Irish period (tri, ScM² 5 , Rosa Ang. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 ,
70.8 ). With lenition of t-thré, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi,
PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff.infra).
80The formtriais fairly common in all periods outside the
O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws
ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD²
1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR(168 , 1926 ,
3128 ).trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff.3 s.
85 trídis used as simpleprep.in Mod. Ir.: trídfhear, IGT
Introd. 19.5 , tritstól, 23 K 42,404.19 , tritna scelaib-sin,
ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives,
seeinfra. Note also tresgach, DDána 66.1 ;cf. tregach
bhfear .l.,tresgach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .
With art.:sing. m.andf. tresin, Wb 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg
5 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , Bcr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr.
238 , PH 8086 .tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z .tresan, TBC p.
837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 .trésan, TSh. 190 , O'Hussey
T.C. 46.1. trisin, Wb 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 ,
68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 ,etc. trissin, Wb
10 12d39 .triasin, SR 7580 , ScM.² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand
láim, BDD² 1511 .triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 .neut. tresa, Sg
32a8 , 197b2 .tressa, Wb 32c20 , tresṅgné`by the species,' Sg
73b1 .trisa, Wb 13a10 , Ml 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 .trissa, Wb
4d33 , Ml 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 ,etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.
15Note alsotrit an firt, BColm. 88.2 .tríd an sgéal, Dán
Dé xxviii 31 .trit an talmain, Maund. 8.
Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis TC 779 .trésna,
Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 .trisna, Wb 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml 25b7 ,
36c19 , 38d18 ,etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .
20With pron. suff.1 s. trium, Wb 23b30 .tríom, DDána
3.16 .2 s. triut, Ml 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , ScM.² 9 (tréot,v.l.),
Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 .triut, LU 3255 .
trit-su, PH 2664 .treot, RC xxvii 276.3 .treót, LU 8139
( FB 10 ). thréodsa.i.thriodsa , O'Cl.tríod, TD 14.20 ,
25 DDána 110.47 .3 s. m.andn. triit, Wb 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 ,
Ml 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth Gabl. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 .
tríit, Ml 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 .tríit, TBC 1184 .triitt,
BColm. 66.12 .trit, Wb 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 ,
Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Ang. 40.3 .tríd, DDána 32.35 ,
30 Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenitedth-:thrít, TBC
3264 .thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 .3 s. f. tree,
Wb 2c4 , 5c17 .trée, Sg. 25b14 .treæ, Ml 88b15 .trea(trethe,
v.l.), BDD² 1231 .tre(i)the,-i, ScM.² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 ,
TBC 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8,196.y (IGT),tréthi,
35 PH 2385 .trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 .trithi, St.
Ercuil 2493 .tríthe, TBC p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD
10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited
th—:thríthi, TD 13.8 .thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 .1 pl.
triunni, Wb 14c16 , Ml 129d20 .tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána
40 40.17 .trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenitedth-:thrínn, Dán
Dé xxvii 32 .thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 .2 pl. triib, Wb
3b22 .triuib, TTr.² 1766 .tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 .
3 pl. treu, Wb 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml 42b13 , 42c11 .tréu, 42d2 .
treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth Gabl. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu,
45 tréu,v.ll.).tréo, TBC 3448 .treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH
1216 .treotho, AU i 578.7 .treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm.
tretho, iii 362.22 .tretha, Ériu xii 190.y .trithu, PH 4637 ,
MR 194.15 .tritha, Marco P. 145 .tríotha, TSh. 8342 .
thríotha, A iv 3,771.x .trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .
50In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead
of -e- (infl. ofré n-):1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréa-
mham(: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham.i. thriom,
O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 .tromud, YBL 149b7 .tromhat,
SG 69.34 .3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it,-d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 ,
55 Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), FM iii 128.x ,
CCath. 3944 . treimheit(: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid
.i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 .troimpi,
IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi,v.l.). With lenitionthrempi,
PH 268 .3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 .treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 .
60 treampa.i. triotha, O'Cl.treompo, TTebe 1909 .trompa,
24 P 8,196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab. 104.16 , Lism.L. 4609 .
triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .
The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard.
Synt. Tr. 7.21 :tríom,tromham,treamham;tríod,tríot
65 tromhad,treamhad,tromhat,treamhat;tríd,troimhe,
treimhe;tríotha,l. a ghearradh,trithe,l. a shíneadh,
troimpe,treimpe;troimhid,treimhid,troimhit,treimhit
...;trínn,tromhuinn,treamhuinn;tríbh,tromhuibh,
treamhaibh;tríotha,trompa,treampa.
70With poss. adj.:1 s. trem, Wb 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 ,
TBC 3132 , TD 39.2 .trim, Ml 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 .triam,
RC vi 176.59 .2 s. trit, Ml 62d4 , 87a9 .triat, SR 1484 , 1727 ,
TBC² 2811 .tret, ScM.² 11 (triat,v.l.), DDána 101.8 .
tred, TBC p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 .trét, PH 2599 .3 s.
75andpl. tria, Wb 1b5 , Ml 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth Gabl. 214 ;
f. Wb 10a3 ;pl. Wb 8a14 , Ml 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 .tría, Ml 30c5 .
triánndrochgnímu, 84c14 .trea, Wb 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib.
Min. 214 ;f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.);pl. Wb 19a12 , 29a7 ,
Fél. Jan. 4 (tria,v.l.).tré, TTebe 1017 .thre, Ériu i 28.193 .
80 tréa, TSh. 472 .triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ;f. IT i
125.24 .trena, LU 3292 ;f. DDána 16.6 ;pl. PH.7056 .
trina, Maund. 44 ;pl. TBC 3616 .tréna, TSh. 8343 ;f.
Dán Dé xxv 49 ;pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhida
tromaibh, TBC p. 315 n. 2 . trīda(sicMS.), Feis TC 1705 ,
85O'Cl.s.v. tré.1 pl. triar, Ml 83c11 , 100d14 .trear, Wb 26a27 .
trear, DDána 10.5 .trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 .2 pl. tribar,
Wb 9d24 . trifar, Ml 115b8 . trebar, Wb 14c17 , 27a1 . tre
far, 23d16 . trebhar, DDána 95.22 .
Withaile:trialaile, Wb 10a4 .trinaroile, St. Ercuil
2156 .trenaroili, 809 .
5Withrel.:trisa mbí, Wb 3d21 .trissa nétatsat, Ml
57a3 .trisnansoirthae, 124a8 .trisá netar, 126b19 .trisin-
damrobae, 126d11 .tresa mbí, Wb 23b5 .tresindippiat,
tresindabia, 25d8 .tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 .
tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 .tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH
10 6250 .trias-a roichet, 5904 .triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 .
tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 .tre' tig, PH 7792 .
tré dtuillmid, Donl. 152.12 .tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 .
tre ar fhás, 10.17 .tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 .trina
tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 .trinar marbh se, 279.2 .tríd nar
15bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 .thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 .
tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .
IIn local senses.
(a) through . Of countries, territories,etc.:dia luid
duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml 58c4 .rethid ... tré airechtu
20athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha
(of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 .do hionnarbadh
inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . alongroads,across
bridges, fords,etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beusgl.hii
psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur
25per ea interualla ...`through the steps on which they continued
to halt
,' Ml 133b4 .trisna foirthiu ailitherdigl.peregrina
per marmora`through the foreign fords(?),' Tur. 65 .ni
bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 .
triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of
30apertures, doors,etc.:ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho,
Ml 74d13 .do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i
16.6 .cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu,
SR 4311 .bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar,
BDD² 1295 .tria tholl na comla, Arch. iii 308 vi 20 .nos
35tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC 1408 .trit in dorus sin,
ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst ofa crowd of people, army,
etc.: acht mad treo docoí`except he have gone through them
(the enemy)
' (note), Críth Gabl. 540 .culu tria neit ... .i. amal
teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 .dolen Sir Heront trit in
40cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 .dol trempa gan airisiumh, FM vi
2162.x . Of buildings:cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria
lías, Críth Gabl. 214 .ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi
(a sword), BDD² 1248 .secht sligeda trethe(of a bruden),
ScM.² 1 . Of garments, shields,etc.:co tregda in fer tria
45scíath, Críth Gabl. 555 .atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a
gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 .ro gonadhsan cach tairsí
┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC p. 359 n. 7 .Of the body
orpartsof thebody:?rog[lan]ad són tria deisgl.arcton
[dextra tenet](simile of the four parts of the Cross and the
50four cardinal points), Tur. 142 .bróenán fola ... | tria
thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 .triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 .triana
chend, TBC 1268 .budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead,
TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earthetc.:cach luib
tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 .nocha bhí clúmh trés
55an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid`there is no verdure on the
rock but trusts
...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 .Cf. co faisctis a drucht
┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed
from it
(of the moon), CCath. 3944.
Various:anadchither tri themel, Wb 12c12 .ni forcmat
60óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera`through all their
tenses
,' Sg. 157b9 .arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni
ainm nAeda`melodious bardisms modulate through pools
of liquor the name of Aed
,' Thes. ii 295.17 .condelgdar
tresna thri grad`it is compared through the three degrees,'
65 Hib. Min. 445 .atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he
arose then out of his sleep
,' SC² 82 .ionmhuin taidhbhse
táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 .íar
ndul triit after it has leaked(of a cauldron), Críth Gabl. 549 .
comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín`all that we uttered
70was childish talk
' (lit.all that was mentioned among us),
Studies 1921, 589 § 7 .re dul thríd in going through it(a
book), Donl. iv 11.
(b) Implying mixture, mingling,etc.:imchomarc co
naithisib triit`a question with revilings through it,' Ml 54c13 .
75 snechta tria shín lūades gáeth`through a snowstorm,' Thes.
ii 331.4 .fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh,
Aithd.D. 98.30 .fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a
healtan, TD 13.5 .an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna
chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod.
80Ir.tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-
ruaide(of a burning wood), ML² 958 .cáer theinntidhe
dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 .fuair
a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu
v 76.24 .
85(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting :
co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī(a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 .gur
comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean
through the couch
, MR 202.1 .roscris in t-eideth ara druim
┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle,
ZCP vi 70.28 .
5(d)3 s. trítinadverbialphrases.t. ¤ sís,anuas,siar
throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 .
greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid
[uile] tríd anúas(of nouns declined in same way), § 37 .a lán
féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar`all through the house,'
10 TD 11.17 .t. ¤ amach absolutely,completely: aderim gurub
é is lan and trit amach`absolute fulness,' Rosa Ang. 40.3 .
Note also :ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it
measured
(the earth), SR 172.
(e)téit tre lit.goes through(of an attack, battle-charge):
15 rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC 3448 .docuatarsom foithib
┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D iv 2,45ra44 .is trithu nach tiaghar,
MR 194.15 . violates,breaks(an oath): arna te nech tria
lugae, Ml 36a23 .dul tria aitiri, Críth Gabl. 306 .Cf. nach
ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é(sic leg.), Feis TC
20 1705 . ?cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu,v.ll.),
BDD² 740 (see note).
IIIn temporal senses.
(a)tri rei ciana`for long times,' Ml 90d14 .condib tria
nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree`that it should be so
25through their whole life
,' Tur. 71 .do toscelad áiss aescai
... tri bliadni incholnigtheo`through the years of the Incarnation,'
Thes. ii 41.24 .isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena
`(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,'
Mon. Tall. 154.3 .tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week,
30 PH 461.
(b) Inadverbialphrasetre bithu,tre bith sír,etc., for
ever,everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 .do gress doib,
... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 .tria bitho, Snedgus u.
Mac R. 12 § 52 .tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 .tre bhiotha
35síor, TD 15.18 .tria bith sir, PH 1938 .tre bhioth síor,
TD 13.39 .tria bithu betha, TBC 2704 .tré shaoghal na
saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.
IIIIndicating the medium or attendant circumstances of
a communication, action,etc.(in many of the follg. exx. the
40meaning approximates to that inIV infra).
(a)tri insci redi ... duadbat som ...`through speech...,'
Ml 51c11 .dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba
ban, 65c16 .tri throp` figuratively ,' 65b14 .in moltai
dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 .rosluinter ... tre
45rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 .doasilbthaer triit
som gníim ... do neuch(of the wordsui), 209a1 .in tre
prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 .titul do scribend
... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 .cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther
tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 .cōic anmand dēc
50tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 .
tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib
... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans,
TTebe 1233 .coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don
cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism.L. 4609 .nolabraidis
55na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath.
886 .adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht
glōir ... go raghadh, Pl. Earls 50.3 . Note also:ata dedi
ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.
(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication:
60 trí ilbélregl.linguis loquens, Wb 12c34 .co n-epistlib
immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 .berla na filed,
triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 .bennaighes
tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .
(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances
65of an action:isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir
`in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 .do sloind tre medhair mhileis
`told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 .roboi cinniud
tria chombáig`a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 .adeirid
cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 ."cuin do bhí
70againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána
29.25 .do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime
in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. Suibhne 4.1 .Cf. adeirim
ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving,
TSh. 190.
75(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the
person or thing invoked,etc.:is tri ísu predchimse, Wb
1d9 .guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 .
soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 .do bhean-
naigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis TC 779.
80 IVInstrumental and causal. These two meanings
merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many
exx. will bear either interpretation (cf.Fraser, ZCP viii
61 f. ).
(a)Instrum.through,by means of: condagaibtis int ais
85amprom tria nintleda`through their snares,' Ml 31c6 .adcho-
tadsam triar saithar, 92c5 .amal is trí accomol nildule
conterissedar in domonsicimfolangar oínmolad do dia tri
chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 .á híc tria fuil, Wb 2b11 .
ce rudglanta tri bathis, 4a6 .in tan dombeir in dea aithesc
tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 .tre airde ┐ firto,
5 Thes. ii 253.4 .is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib.
Min. 356 .ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 .donrat
fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 .niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio
`thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 .
do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile`overcome by the great
10signs and miracles
,' Laws i 14.19 .tri neim ... no-bíata
co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe(of a pig), ScM.² 5 .cia ...
nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea,
PH 4657 .rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] ba-
dais crodh cain`whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu
15 iv 174 § 9 .co findud slondud trit beos`he discovers the
name by this means
,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn
... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 .foill-
sighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L.,
IT i 129.22 .do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi`I should
20learn thy strength by it
,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 .dá raibhe ní sa
mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 .
Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he
in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn.
1236.12 .
25(b)Causalon account of,by reason of(frequent with
follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom
adruthreb side indib, Ml 92c4 .amal dundechutar doinmecha
dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 .is tria hiris rambái cach maith,
Wb 2c13 .is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na
30persan`through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of
the persons
,' 22a11 .tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb,
Sg. 5a5 .cid tre étged rop othar, Críth Gabl. 61 .tré chin
drochmna, IT i 75.6 .co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria
mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu,
35 PH 7431 .tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair
in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 .is treothu na mortlaidi(faults
of a prince), Arch. iii 315 § 36 .do chogadh tre chloinn
nUisnigh`to avenge,' Aithd.D. 6.31 .tre bheith do shluagh
flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 .is glór tré dhlús
40dighe soin`they (i.e.words) are inspired by hard drinking,'
Content. xxv 4 .ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair
┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann.
Conn. 1225.6 .adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre
bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 .is í cúis uma dtáinig Par-
45tholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair`because he had
slain his father
,' Keat. i 160.74 .na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ...
tre ghuidhe orra in return for,on condition of , TSh. 4513 .
tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐
maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain
50tar a n-ais`if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrasetrít sin
therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC
xviii 268.24 .tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 .treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 .
tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 .do-icc tre is brought about
by,is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 .na
55huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 .nó go ndéanann mo chlí
cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 .is
tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .
In compds.tremi-,tris-with vbs.,tre-with nouns and
adjj. (often as intensiveprefix), see separate articles.