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40 1 torbae n io,n. vn.ofdo-rorban. Lateriā,f.;torba tarbha,
IGT Decl. § 3 (p. 44.28) . Alsotorbud,tarbud.
(a) profit,benefit: torbe ł. forásgl.proreatum, Wb 11b3 .
ní tarcat torbe, 31d10 .a torbae aratorsata, Ml 42b13 .
ced torbe frisateícomnacht, Wb 19c8 .cid torbae aratorsata
45┐ cia gním dugniat inna duli, Ml 120c7 .do thorbu, Wb
22b19 .ished torbe nammáa tra ara tobarr labrad ilbelre,
12d29 .inmade .i. níbtá torbe de, 19b10 .act ropocho torbu
æcolsa, 13a27 .nitat torbi fri toil dée . is diliu lemm didiu
ani as torbae oldaas aní as dílmain, 11b17a .issathorbe
50feisin són nammá, 12c25 .is torbe sochuide són, 28 .mór
saido. becc torbai, Thes. ii 296.4 .fess cech n-aidchi ... tairbi
tigi Solamain, SR 7018 .tech fri comdail cech tharbai,
4373 .is torbe dian promam`'tis a profit if we prove it,'
Fél. Prol. 143 .ni lugu do foglaib fofechat olldas di thorbu
55dogniat, Laws v 404.22 .is mo torbud na cor si oldas a
n-innruidiu, 286.1 .ni mor airilliud a torbai fri slan na
somaine, 250.3 .ar aindi adgaibter torbae iar n-etórbu,
i 254.10 .na hindlithe re torba`before they are productive,'
i 190.4 .dulbaire torbai`dumb on useful matters,' Tec.
60Corm. § 16.82 .cia torbo mo accallaim ?, RC iii 345.4 .cia
torba lim, Arch. iii 296 § 38 .dorat tochmarc ar tharbha,
Met. Dinds. iii 88.5 .ni thaisce ní. | Níba t. ¤ , LU 3499 ( SC
26 ).ni thairce tarba nā somáin do nech, PH 8385 .
dēna comann re lucht fedma, ūair dogēbhair tarbha as,
65 ZCP vi 272 § 4 .is de ma dogné tarba`if you make use of
it
,' Ériu v 116.32 .ni fuil tarba in tachair-sea na Tebi,
TTebe 1506 .nach raibe tarbadh na taigheradh there was
nothing to gain by keeping him in view
, Caithr. Thoirdh.
82.13 .bí tarbha ann gach uile sháothar, Prov. xiv 23 .
70 messait cāch fri torbha puiplidhi ann fēin ier n-inmhedhōn
an tegh so, Fl. Earls 182.5 .an tarbha puiplidhi do chongbáil
suass, 92.17 .uachtaráin no breithimh na tarbha puiblidhe
of the public weal, O'Hussey TC 166.17 .i mbéal a tharbha
do thoigheacht`before his benefits could be realised,' Studies
75 1927, 436 § 4 .ar dteachta a dtarbha, Aithd.D. 6.27 .gan
tarbha i dtagra rut, 98.32 .tuile gan tairbhe, DDána 75.21 .
ní thug toradh na tarbha ar chomhradh na caemrighna
` heed ,' Études Celt. i 79.23 .g s.asadj. profitable,beneficial:
cen tlítarba , SR 6539 .nistailged tairecc tarbha, Met.
80Dinds. iii 4.29 .nírbo thaiscid torba, iv 72.40 .nír luaghail
tarbha, Aithd.D. 97.24 . Asvn. fuair ac Ethar Druim
na náighedh | teinidh actarbana tréd`tobenefit ,' SG
27.26 .
is t. ¤ do itbenefits: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb 1a3 .
85 ni torbe do animdibe adchi cách, 2a2 .anastorbe do sochudi
dia nícc, 11c6 .ced torbe doib etarscarad etir fria tola,
13c6 .ni torbe do bóu, 30b6 .cote mothorbese dúib mad
amne labrar, Wb 12c36 .nirba tarba ... cathbarr do chind
in curad, TTebe 3283 .nī mōr tarbai duit, TBC² 1085 .
ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 .ratharbha
5dháibh a dhídean, DDána 75.4 .ní tairbhe dhamh teacht,
Ériu i 87.1 .nir tarbaidh doibsium sin, MS. Mat. 530.12 .
téit i dt. ¤ do profits,benefits: mh'fheidhm i dtarbha gion
go dtéid`though my service is useless to Thee,' Dán Dé ix 18 .
ar a roimhéad théid i dtarbha, DDána 15.2 .ionnus go
10rachadh do bhuidheacht ... i dtarbha`ut proficiatur pro-
pitiatio ... tua
,' TSh. 5070 .téid éinbhiadh amháin i ndochar
don easlán ┐ i dtarbha don duine slán, 1112 .mellion amhāin
tēit a tt. ¤ don diūc`makes one million profit,' Fl. Earls 82.6 .
for t. ¤ for a purpose: uair is for tarbai ro-comarléiced
15dón rig co ro-thechtad claideb, PH 4077.
fri t. ¤ for(the)benefit(of): dénaid fri tarba cech druing |
arcc amra, SR 4301 .fri tairbe, fri timthirecht, 4536 .mac
Dauid fri tarba trén, 7041 .fri ar tarba, 7841 .
dá th. ¤ in consequence: do-gēba luach a taisgeda dá tarba,
20 ML² 1495 .dogeibhdiss na daoine uaissle imat ōir ... dia
thorbha`in consequence,' Fl. Earls 124.5 .
(b) usefulness,labour,work: nā bud sgēlach cēilidhech,
dēna [leg.dēnad ?] t. ¤ airm i mbī, ZCP vii 311 § 9 .tanic
teirt dénamm tarbai | co rrísam in rigadbai, KMMisc.
25 148.1 .trī t. ¤ isind lo .i. érnaigthi ┐ lubair ┐ legund, ZCP iii
29 § 16. ind lubfur do fodail i trī .i. do thorba fadēine .i.
do thorba do luic do neuch bas fīrtóis[c] do, araill do chuit
inna mbrāthar, araill do gor ina coimnesam .i. rop d'forcetul
nó scrībend nó cecip tarba arnābeither ind espa, § 17. ni
30fogni laisim fachmarc scel doib acht a torbai frisa tiagad
ambain`it is not his usage to ask them for news but to see that
they profit in those matters only for which they come
,' Mon.
Tall. 127.17 .
(c)Laws.useful work, orperson(opposed toespa,q.v.) :
35 in t. ¤ no in t-esba, Laws iii 96.13 .re heirim n-espa ... re
heirim t. ¤ , iii 258.15 Comm. isi fagail etgedi a fuil detbir
t. ¤ ┐ espada co bas ┐ na fuil iar mbás in tespad, O'C. 230
( H.3.18,125 ).

2 torba xseetorbad,turbaid.

40 torbach adj o, ā(1 torba) (a) profitable,beneficial: foraithmet
bed t .i. trisa ngnetis aithirgi, Ml 23a2 .airis t. ¤ du popul
flaith firian leu, 90b11 .cia du rét is t. ¤ ? is hé æm inso inrét
diant t. ¤ , 121d1 .t'Aedoc tarbech tendóc, Gorm. Jul. 13 .
briathra terca tarbacha, TTebe 676 .tarbhach toisc in
45tairrngeartaigh, SG 32.7 .tarbach clissiud, SR 5347 .tar-
bhach a tturas Romha don cethrar naomh, BNnÉ 283.33 .
tarbhach a slios ní slios borb, DDána 119.34 .tarbhach
toradh ceoil na brón, Dánfhocail 217 .i ndíol an teagaisg
tharbhaigh, TSh. 1941.
50(b) Assubst. in Laws,profitable worker,person present
onlawful business(opposed toesbach,q.v.): trian aithgena
... in cach t. ¤ , Laws iii 168.10 Comm. slan don muic in
tesbach ... leth fiach uaithi isin t. ¤ , 242.14 Comm. cid i t. ¤
cid i nesbach, 482.2 Comm. amail torbachu iad budein,
55 172.2 Comm.

torbad n[u,m.]vn.oftorbaid. injury,confusion: ba torbath
(torbaid,v.l.) mor forsna sluagaib in ragdais fa na rogdais
`die Leute zögerten schr,' IT ii2196.191 .
Legal: in phr.deithbire t. ¤ injurydue tounavoidable
60 inadvertence ,indeithbire t. ¤ injurydue tonegligence: sceinm
.i. i n-a n-eirim deithbire torbaig, Laws v 488.10 Comm.
aithgin hi tres cinaid in maic ┐ i n-indeithbir torbai`auf
unentschuldigter Schäligung
,' ZCP xv 330 § 21 .ina chintaib
anfoit ocus indeithbire torbu, Laws i 14.10 Comm. ina
65cintaib anfoit no inndethberi torbaid, Cáin Ad. p. 43.x .
for in fer bis cethrur ag indeithbire torbaidh, Laws 274.1
Comm. is amhuil inddeithbir torba im leth aithgin i nespach
ocus i netarbach, iii 168.4 Comm. Seeindeithbire.
Cf. turbaid.

70 torbaid v ā(According to Thurneysen, quoted Bruchst. § 28 ,
a loanword from Lat.turbare; O'Brien, Ériu xi 91 , regards
it and W.tyrfuas cognate with the Latin word. Plummer,
Ériu ix 32 , takes it as a continuation of ¤ derban(seeturbaid),
but there are early exx. of the simple verb) hinders,injures,
75 confuses: ainsium Crist ... ar thein, ar threthan torbas,
Thes. ii 352.4 .torbais Conchobar ┐ a muinter (muintir,
O'Brien, Ériu ix 91 )annisin connarbo etir leo a ngluasacht,
TBC² 519 .torbais dál báis sech cech ndúis | gnúis cháin
cid álaind a lí, Ériu v 211.74 .nadat torbad (.i. nachat
80tairmescad) dit gaisciud, MU² 50 .nibartorbae, ērim n-uag |
diliu thromm troeta trenṡluag, SR 2625 .nimthorba gaim
`stört mich nicht,' Bruchst. 15 § 28 .nim torba | cia beth
nech ic ól chorma, LB 232 marg. sup. gemadh adhaigh
fhada dhamh ... nimtorbha daig (leg.fo daig) neich do
85caingnimaib adamra[ib], Anecd. ii 3.17 .nistorband gach
tōir, ZCP x 53.20 .