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A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

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S, the sixteenth letter of the Irish alphabet, and in the Ogham
alphabet the fourth letter in the b-group. Irish name sail
(willow), q.v. In O. and Mid.Ir. frequently written ss except
in initial position or following a long or unstressed vowel
5(césad, is). Note also isamlaid for is s. ¤ s always represents a
voiceless sibilant. Lenition of s is first marked by the punc-
tum delens. The marking of lenition is not usual in the older
glosses, and only becomes frequent with Sg. Lenited s has
the pronunciation h. In Mid. and Mod.Ir. lenition of s is also
10marked by means of a prefixed t(h) (in origin the d of the
article devoiced before nouns beginning with s): cor ceile
tsaorfhlatha, Laws v 356.6 . í cind tṠleibe Smoil, Acall. 4531 .
do tshinnrudh, St. Ercuil 54 . See tretsillabach. Where s
represents original *sw the lenited form is written f (b): siur,
15 fiur: toibned (*to-senn-). s represents Indo-Eur. *s only when
initial and in the groups sc, st. In other positions it is always
from ss, which in turn results from groups like ns, ms, ts, ks,
tt, etc. See Thurn. Gramm. § 155 . In initial position s can
also represent original *sw (see above) and *st ( Thurn. Gramm.
20 § 217 ). In loan-words s(s) represents Lat. s(s), occasionally
also groups consisting of s and another consonant, e.g. sk, st,
ps, sm, sn, see Ped. i 216 ff . Also Lat. f in the older loan-
words, see Ped. i 220 - 1 .

1 s xsee ocus.

25 2 s xsee is.

3 s inf. pron. of 3 s. f. and 3 pl. after preverbs ending in vowels.
In O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. frequ. with follg. nasalisation. See
Sommer, ZCP i 204 - 6 , Thurn. Gramm. § 415 . For the Mid.Ir.
usage see Strachan, Ériu i 163 ff . ; and for the forms in bardic
30verse McKenna, Éigse ii 117 ff .

1 sa xsee .

2 sa xsee .

3 sa xsee i.

4 sa xsee 1 in.

35 5 sa xsee so.

6 sa pron= som (in old texts only): asbertsa he said, LU 10196 .
asberadsa, 10966 . ambésasa their customs, Wb. 9b17 . asru-
bartsai, Mon. Tall. 5 (129.11) . See Hull, Language xvi 12 f . ,
341 f . See also 4 se.

40 7 sa indin bardic verse in idioms with compar. of adjj. (O.Ir. assa?
See Thurn. Gramm. § 377 ). mó sa mhó greater and greater,
DDána 10.11 . cungnamh as lia sa lia, 34.9 . lugha sa chách
bríogh do bhall, 1.15 . mó sa chách, 120.6 .

1 sab n m.(see, however, Thurn. ZCP xvi 181 ). (Lat. sophus,
45Fraser, ZCP x 80 , ON loan-word, Meyer, RC xii 462 . Native
wd., Marstrander, Bidrag 125 . ) n p. saba. a p. sabai, LB 226a6 .
saba, PH 2553 . Later also as dental stem: g s. docum in
sabaid (sic), O'Dav. 1483 . d s for cach sabaith .i. for cach ailid,
O'C. 979 ( H. 3.18, 422b ). n p. sabaidh, O'Dav. 1415 = sabaid,
50 Laws i 54.7 (but saba, v 458.20 ). g p. sabadh, RC xvii 176.20
(Tig.). sabhadh, TFrag. 234.16 . d p. sabdaib, saptaibh, Aisl.
MC 123.10 , 16 . Also saph.
(a) a shaft, pole, stake, occas. used of a spear-shaft or haft
of a knife; freq. in combination with sonn: sunn .i. crann no
55shabh, O'Dav. 1483 . s. ¤ .i. so-saebta nō asa a sōud easily bent
or easy its turning
, Corm. Y 1173 . s. ¤ daingen no soad cech
niummus, LU 658 (ACC Comm.). sagh (leg. sabh) na sgine
`haft', Rule of Tall. Maelr. 95 , cf. Sc. G. St. iii 52 . fer ┐ s. ¤
luaigi ina laim, LB 151b45 . beim cinn fri samh (a useless
60undertaking), ZCP x 286.23 . ceithri drolaim ass ┐ dā s. ¤ fōe
da breith (of a cauldron), Ériu i 44.y . da sabh fái da bhreith,
RC xxvi 374.16 . sabaid cuirmmtigi cudgels in an alehouse (i.e.
a brawl), Laws iv 340.6 Comm . , see Thurn. Ir. Recht 78 n. 3 .
gabsat . . . durna ┐ saba luaigi . . . dó dar a gnúis, PH 2553 .
65 slog . . . co cloidmib ┐ sabaib ┐ sonnaib iarnaigib, 3081 . glés
. . . do sliprib ┐ do shabaib troma, LB 155a15 . ro dlúthdain-
gnighit doirse na cathrach leó do sonnaibh ┐ do sabh[th]aibh,
CCath. 1713 . do sabaib (sabhthaibh, v.l.) ┐ do sonnaib, 3590 .
araill do na gonnadhaibh . . . do . . . lionadh do clochaibh, . . .
70do shonnaibh, do sabhaibh (sic leg.), Hugh Roe 298.7 ( 78a ). in
sabh sraínti sloigh, St. Ercuil 1205 . Of Eiscir Riada: sab
rainne Hérend i ndó, Met. Dinds. iii 282.89 = sabhronna,
FM i 104.2 .
(b) fig. of persons support, upholder, champion, leader , etc.
75(common in poetry): s. ¤ ar thrén tacrait dóine, LB 182 m. sup.
= Met. Gl. 2.14 . s. ¤ cach soabb cach forba | ┐ s. ¤ cach comorba,
Met. Gl. 3.6 , an inference from use of word in relig. poetry.
s. ¤ .i. aire nó taisech. No sabh .i. calma, ut est s. ¤ duire dremna
.i. ro calma e im debaid co hobann, O'Dav. 1433 . sabh .i. tren
ut est atát .iiii. sabaidh tuaithe, 1415 = ceitheora sabaid,
Laws i 54.7 = saba, v 458.20 . s. ¤ .i. sonairt no láidir, O'Cl.
rosuidhestar for gach sabaidh sechtmadh díre dia éis, Ériu
5 xiii 20.24 ( O'Dav. 1433 ). s. ¤ .i. sonairt, Lec. Gl. 80 . Árón s. ¤
sruithe, Fél. Ep. 272 , cf. July 1 (saph, v.l.). s. ¤ sóer suidi
Phetair, Apr. 12 . in s. ¤ sochla sona | ó Óendruimm, June 23
(saph, v.l.). in s. ¤ síl Chuinn Chétaig, Nov. 10 (saph, v.l.); cf.
Sept. 21 . Folld. by gen.: s. ¤ indarbai demnae the champion who
10banishes demons
, Oct. 17 . ba s. ¤ indarbai clóine (of St. Patrick),
Hy. ii 23 ( Thes. ii 314 ), with gloss .i. ba sonairt. Cf. s. ¤ cáid
clóithe, Fél. Dec. 14 , where last word may be g s. of vn. boe s. ¤
suithe cech dind `strong in knowledge on every eminence', ACC
26 ( RC xx 168 ). nia nīthach s. ¤ `ein streitbarer Fürst', Ält. Ir.
15Dicht. ii 18.21 . s. ¤ catha cech dána, Arch. iii 229.111 . a
ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ a saph cocrichi fria naimte,
TTr.² 1209 , cf. LL 406b18 . Dūnadach . . . | s. ¤ catha, Bruchst.
i 10 § 14 ( IT iii 37 § 19 ). riasin S. ¤ n-Ildanach (of Lug Lámfata),
Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ), prob. a misunderstanding of Samil-
20dánach (see sam-).
Compds. (in sense (a)) ¤ chrann: da craisech . . . cona ndib
sabcrannaibh comfata, CCath. 5304 . ¤ gal: sūi na sabgaile
spear-conflict , Bruchst. i 26 § 58 ( IT iii 94 § 144 ).