Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


róen(ráen) n o,m. a p. roenu, Fél. May 27 , June 19 , Ep. 322
raenu,roena v.ll.). ?d s. rén, SR 6788 .raon, IGT Dec. § 96.5 .
80(a)away,path,route , used in a looser and more general
sense thanrót.coro rāith fo róenaib riad, SR 5717 .ba fada
in raen táinic, ZCP xiii 219.12 .confaca modh [= mogh] . . .
ara cinn ar a raen on his way towards him , ZCP vi 37.7 .
gabhuit na sloigh . . . in roen for a n-agaid`march to meet
85them
', Marco P. 32 .gabais an ráen i ndecchaid na ccleirech,
BNnÉ 292 § 9 .is é raon inar ghabh, tré mhuir dToirrian do
Shisilia, Keat. i 158.32 .raon tre iathaib aimhreidhe | go Cill
meic Duach, BNnÉ 229.1 .ná léig mé ar na raonaibh rom-
hainn the way before me , TSh. 2113 .raen na carbut chariot-
road
, Acall. 2348 n. =rót, Lism.dacuadar rompu maraen | go
5teach Hirúaith ar gach ráen`over every road' (i.e.by the
shortest route?), Ériu iv 176.5 .tic frit as cech roen opposes
thee in every way
, MR 14.13 = FDG 92 .snigid snechta do
cech róen, LL 298a26 .
(b) used loosely of surfaces, spaces and in other derived
10senses:mor d'eniuch dorigne os raen, ZCP viii 272.12 (= on
the earth, while alive?).compert Mugain . . . os róen ruamach
ré | in nÁed sáer sluagach Sláné, LU 4325 = LL 145b45 ( SG
84.40 ).nocha tāinic ar mag raon | laech nā naem rob ferr,
ZCP vii 304.8 .luaithreadh ┐ denngur dona maghraenaibh field-
15routes
, CCath. 3143 .an raon atá idir an dá ghualainn the line
from shoulder to shoulder
, Eochairsg. 38.32 .raoin dearga na
gcúig gcridhe tracks, marks (of the wounds of Christ), A. Ó
Dálaigh xxiv 9 .raoin uaigneacha an iúil deireit`desert tracks
of secret lore
', Content. xxii 27 ;cf. xxix 8 .os róen na ndrúad
20find`above the ranks of the noble druids', Met. Dinds. iii 230.67 .
i Temraig os raenaib rind rows of spear-points (?), LL 298b41 .
réalt i raonaibh aedhreamhla the tracts of heaven , Keat. Poems
70 .ráon na slíabh the range of the mountains , Job xxxix 8 .
ro bris ráon catha for fórmna mathe na Tróianda`a battle-
25breach
', TTr.² 164 .
(c)r. ¤ madma (techid)( the way of ) rout,flight :ba raen madma
ar Ulltaib, Acall. 1193 .ro maid roen ro-madma ar Gallaib,
Cog. 190.26 .gluaisis roimhe i raon madhma, TD 1.36 .rus
leic a ráon madhma ┐ ro-theithidh é, Fl. Earls 232.2 .raon
30madhma ria n-uathadh . . . for ilchédaibh, FM vi 2288.11 .
Seldom inpl.:dorochratar hirraenuro-mádmai, Alex. 130 ,
cf. 146 . In SR 6788 :ría ṅDauid trén derbdai rainn | dosrat
hi rén ro-madmaim; the use of the dat. ofmaidmis due to
rhyme.
35(d) hence absol.adefeat,rout , withFOR(AR) of vanquished,
RÍAof victor:for a muintir ba fír-róen, SR 5092 .menbad
Chonall is forainne bad róen, CRR 55 .an tan ba raen fair . . .
in tan ba raen riamh, TBC² 2679 .dia mbad fair bhad róen,
TBC 5880 .is rempu bud roen, LB 123b51 .dia mbadh forra
40badh ráon ria bFeraibh Bolg, Leb. Gab. i 148.2 .la líonmaire
na sochaidhe batar i raén rempa, FM vi 2132.1 .ba róen ille
┐ innund in comrac rout (havoc) on both sides , TTr.² 1349 .
Oengus ocus Midir . . . rucsat ar in ríg in raen`had overreached
the king
', Ériu vii 227 § 62 .raon gacha ruathair, TSh. 6660 .
45 pl. ni fess nach ḟorm bus ráena, LL 296b13 .birt a ráena forru
(of a game), LU 4985 =roena, TBC² 495 YBL. In sense of
falling:in t-usce sís ina raín, LL 298a24 .feib no betis tigi na
cathrach ic raen ┐ ic ro-tuitim, CCath. 783 .Cf. annró,
seachrán, fadhban, raon, Eg. Gl. 24 .raon úaithne(name of
50a metrical fault), IGT Introd. 2.28 may be afig.use of this
sense.
Compds. in various senses above (a) with adj. ¤ abbaig
(apaig)?neart ag ár naem-abaid | os gach recht raen-abaig,
ZCP viii 203 § 22 (= ripe for defeat, overthrow? ). ¤ dírech:i
55ródaibh raoíndírge na sein-Mhidhe straight, direct Hugh Roe
26.13 (f. 7b) ,cf. for ródaibh raoín ndírghe na Midhe, FM vi
1920.19 .
(b) with subst.:dar róendes richid, SR 1018 (des .i. ordugud,
O'Dav. 759 ).téid . . . a raonfōd Rómha on the road to Rome ,
60 BNnÉ 240 § 172 .mac Ruide co róengaí`of the victorious spear',
Met. Dinds. iii 300.34 .nī rād rāingo deceitful (?), RC xxxvi
262 § 9 =roengo (: oenló), LL 45b13 .róen-guba`wail for
defeat
', Met. Dinds. iii 240.16 .i roenmaig rindnime, SR 510 .

róenach adj o,ā. (a) possessing roads,lines :breccan raenach
65riabach`striped', Met. Dinds. iv 332.39 .co faithchi róenaig
ro-réid`with level sward for courses', iii 2.6 .an mhagh raonach
réidh, Hackett xliv 16 . (b) pertainingto a rout, hencedisas-
trous,overwhelming: in tan nā terna Foraind don riad raenach,
LL 134a6 ( Todd Nenn. 232.90 )maidhm catha ruaidh
70raenaigh, FM i 508.16 (poem) =remaig, Cog. 32.22 .dond
imsruth roenach ro-ruad, SR 4160 (of `galar medóin',i.e.
dysentery).

róenaid xseeroínid.

roḟid xseeruud.

75 ro-finnadar v(Mid.Ir.finnaid) findsout,discovers . In O.Ir.
a depon.; three different stems are used in conjugation:
(1)finn-`discover', in imper., indic. pres. and imperf. (2)
fes(s)-,fias-in subj., fut. and cond., also pass. pret. and gerun- dive. (3)fit-,fet-in pret. act. with force of pres. `know'. For
80 -fitirsee ZCP xv 204 ; Norsk Tidskr. f. Spr. iv 426 ; Indog.
Forsch. xxxix 220 . For the formfo-retarsee Ériu xii 222 ;
for forms withoutro-in answering a question seeibid. 219 .
O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. forms:pres. 3 s. rud-finnadar, Ml.
46c24 .rofinnathar, LL 152b7 (=rofinnadar, Met. Dinds. iii
85448.107 ).3 pl. nadfinnatar , Ml. 99b10 .imp. 2 s. finta, LL
251a18 . TBC 199 , 649 .fintai, LU 7572 ( BDD 110 ).finna,
LU 5400 .3 s. finnad, Wb. 29a17 . SR 1691 .1 pl. finnamár,
LU 9212 ( FB 94 ).findamar, Ériu ii 102.1 .findam, TBC²
2361 .2 pl. finnaid, LU 4750 . TBC 728 .3 pl. finnatar, LU
3476 ( SC 25 ).findat, ZCP v 23.27 .subj. pres. 1 s. cofessur ,
5 SR 2883 . TBC 1399 .acht cofíasur , LU 3373 ( SC 16 ).Cf.
cia boḟessarur-sa (sic), LB 68b2 ( PH 5911 ).2 s. rofésser, Fél.
Feb. 4 ;dian fésser, Oct. 24 (:crésen,créssen).rofessir, Laws
iv 340.3 . confeser, Wb. 29a22 . confeiser, Sg. 209b30 .co
fesser , SR 1327 , 6113 .cofesara , PH 1813 , 6645 .3 s. con-
10festar, Wb. 12c38 . 28d11 . Ml. 51b10 .arinfestar , LU 3509
( SC 27 ).rofessadar, Rawl. 80b26 ( ZCP iii 24.2 ).diafessara ,
LL 285b49 ( KMMisc. 208.12 ).nadfiastar , Wb. 22d3 , is afut.
form,cf. nafiastar , Laws v 462.18 , and:nachfiasara , BR
234.22 .subj. impf. 1 s. rufessin, Ml. 59b1 .n[i]confessin,
15 117d4 .diafessaind , TBC 932 .2 s. rofesta-su, Wb. 10a10 .
diafesta-su , CRR 4 ( LL 171a37 ).3 s. raḟesed, Sg. 148a6 .
ro-das-fessad, SR 562 (: meth).rofessad, TBC 1766 .amal
nin-fessed , Wb. 16a2 .cinifesed , Thes. i 3.39 .1 pl. rofesmais,
LU 6760 ( BDD 28 ).cofesmais , 7069 ( BDD 73 ).2 pl. rufeste,
20 Wb. 9c8 .3 pl. cofestais , LU 1833 . TBC 62 .fut. 1 s. rofessur-
sa, Wb. 9a21 .roessur , IT ii1179.157 .3 s. rufiastar, Ml. 111c13 .
nifiastar , Wb. 12d18 .rofestar, 12d27 .1 pl. rofessammar, SR
1265 .2 pl. rofessid, Wb. 7d6 .3 pl. rofessatar, Ml. 69b1 .pret.
pres. 1 s. rofetar, Wb. 16d7 . LU 1285 .rafetar, TBC 60 .ni
25 fetar-sa , Wb. 28c10 .nifetor-sa , Thes. ii 241.10 ( Arm. 18a1 ).
nadetar-sa , LL 265b35 ( MU 26.26 ).nochonḟetur , LU 4761 .
do-fetar, Anecd. v 2.11 .fetar(in reply), Ériu xii 219 .2 s. in
fetar-su , IT ii1179.156 .nadfetar , TBC 930 .nachfetar-su ,
PH 1374 .nachfetura-sa , 719 ?1 s.).3 s. rofitir, Wb. 24d5 .
30 SR 2029 .amalrundfitir Ml 140c10 .lassero-ind-fiteir , ZCP
vii 481.27 ( Ench. Aug. 74b ).nifitir , Wb. 26d14 .1 pl. rofitem-
mar, Wb. 6c16 . 12c5 . 14b19 .-fitemmar, 12c6 . 16a29 . Sg.
32b5 .rofetamar, Trip. 42.11 . LU 5650 . TBC 1235 .rafetam-
már, LU 4973 .-fetammar, Ml. 37a10 . TBC 8 .-fetammár,
35 LU 1779 .2 pl. rofitid, Wb. 7d6 .rafitid-si, 18b9 .rofitis, 6a18 .
14c12 . (=rofitid-si).3 pl. rofitetar, 23b12 .-fitetar, 27a11 .
Ml. 95a12 .rafetatar, 54b14 .-fetatar, 96b2 .Cf. nietetár ,
Wb. 21d1 .rafetar, 28c12 .Pass. pres. s. -fintar, Sg. 200b13 .
Ml. 30a3 .pl. rofinnatar, Wb. 29a28 , 30 .subj pres. s. rufessar,
40 Ml. 24d17 .diafessar , 24d14 . Mid.Ir.rofestar, SM Facs. 33a1
( Laws ii 272.12 ).cufestur , Laws ii 6.29 Comm. co festar,
PH 7645 .subj. impf. con festa , Sg. 26b8 .cofessta , IT i
118.10 .pret. pres. s. rofess, Wb. 23b9 .rofes, Ml. 80b11 .
nadfess , 80b10 (see also1 fes).pl. rofessa, Lib. Hymn. i
4538.34 .nachfessa , 33 .nífessa , Fél. Prol. 76 .part. necess.
fissi, Thes. ii 308.18 .Vn. fis(O.Ir.fius)q.v.
In Mid.Ir. the vb. undergoes a twofold development:
(1)finn-` find out ' develops subj., fut. and pret. forms act.
and pass.:fut. 1 s. -finnub-sa, TBC 5759 .nifhindub-sa , PH
50 2017 .1 pl. -findfam, LL 268b39 ( MU 44.27 ).cond. 1 s. no
[ḟ]indfaind-sa , PH 20 .3 s. nafindfad , 2012 .Cf. fo-r-indfad,
LL 264a18 , 19 ( MU 16.9 , 11 ). ?pret. 3 s. rofind , BB 16b20 .3 pl.
nirofhinnsat , Marco P. 60 .vn. finnachtain,finnad. (2) The
subj. and fut. forms withfes-survive and are associated with
55the pret. in the sense ` know '. Inpret. pres. 1 s. -fetarcon-
tinues in use down to modern times, but analogous forms are
used in other persons:infetrais. . .?Rofetar┐ rofetadurfir
Eirenn, Acall. 7608 , 7610 .ma doḟedarais (2 s.), TBC p. 221
n. 2 .rofhetabar(2 pl.), PH 1710 .rosfetabair, Met. Dinds.
60 iii 280.54 .rofhitirset, Fl. Earls 10.22 .-fhitirset, 62.21 .
114.16 .fesbaide, LL 195a25 =fesfaide, Met. Dinds. iii 118.
105 , is a spuriousfut.form (2 pl.).
A. Rofinnadar,finnaid. (a) finds out,discovers,learns = Lat.
cognoscit, often implying effort or investigation, esp. in imper.;
65folld. by acc., dependent question or clause with or without
conj. In Glosses the pres.finn-, is used with force of a consue-
tudinal pres. or in general statements, Thurn. ZCP v 19 . In
older texts the subj. and fut. forms infes-are used in above
sense.in línn rofitir a peccad finnad a ccúrsagad let as many
70as know their sins [come to] know their reprimanding
, Wb.
29a17 .biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád
forru whose sins are found out , 29a28 .ni taibri grád for nech
confeser a inrucus, ib. 22 .mad ail duit co fesser olcc if thou
wouldst learn what evil is
, SR 1327 .ārim cech sluaig . . . ni
75fail nech rodasfessed who could find it out , 562 .ara feiser cenn
rig for aithech that thou mayest be able to tell (when) a king's
head (is) on a plebeian
, Laws iii 106.4 .ragat acht co fiasur in
n-airm atá provided I can find out where she is , SC 16 .dia
fessmais indni not-fóirfed, foghébta linn, IT i 122.21 .ro-
80finnathar a mathair-som inní sein discovers , ZCP viii 311.2 .
ni fetar, olsi, cid dernad de. Finta-su em, ol A. find out! LL
251a18 ( TBFr. 295 ).finta-ssu dún in tecam fo nā tecam, TBC
199 .ar co festa-su damsa cia airm,etc., 1728 .findtae dun
coich in choland find out for us whose body it is , Corm. Y 1018 .
85 finna dam indiu Meidb ┐ Fergus(=keep an eye on M. & F.
for me
), LU 5400 .finta lat in mór in marbad, RC xiii 84.23 .
finnta lat cid thacras Déicc, PH 1041 .fionnta libh cia
doroine,etc., BNnÉ 34.29 .a ēigsi . . . in findtai nō in feada-
bair | cidh ma tugsat can you find out or do you know , BB
42b48 =in fagbaid no in fetabair, LL 211a39 .findamar uait
5do ainm let us hear your name , Ériu ii 102.1 .fionnam uait
mar do íocais, TD 14.8 .
(b) the sense ` find out ' is not distinct from that of `knows' in
forms withfes-:amal ninfessed cách as though no one knew us
(gl.ignoti), Wb. 16a2 .can rufesta-su íccfe in mnái(=unde
10scis), 10a10 .ni ḟetar . . . dia fessaind conbeind na fatchius
if I had known , TBC 932 .ni fili nad fiastar sé hernaili déc na
filidechta he is no poet who does not know , ZCP vi 262.23 .dá
bhfeasadh . . . cá huair do thiocfadh, TSh. 2244 (=si sciret,
Matt. xxiv 43 ).
15(c) hence the development of new forms fromfinn-in the
sense ` find out ':cacha finnub-sa de . . . innisfithir duit-siu,
TBC 5759 .finnubh . . . an crích bús fhearr dhibh, RC xliii
64 § 64 .ná lí do mhnái co finnair do not accuse your wife until
you find out (her guilt)
, Acall. 582 .doberthar chucom-so nech
20rodfinnfa do ghalur(= who will diagnose), IT i 122.3 .cia
forindfad dún ca crích ina fuilem? LL 264a18 ( MU 16.9 ).
tri focuil for braich . . . co finntar a blas, Laws ii 242.12 .
B. ro-fitir (a) pret. pres. knows (gen. in sense of Lat.scire=
is aware of, seldomis acquainted with): is becc rofitemmar-ni
25i rrúnaib Dǽe, Wb. 12c5 .is moo rofhitir Dia rúine na ṅdoine
andaas rofhetatar fén, PH 5126 .rofhetar-sa at aiprisce na
doíne, 1425 .in fetar cid ruc . . .? Nicon fetar dost thou know
. . .? I know not
, IT ii1178.135 .in fetair-seo cia fath . . .? Nād
edar-sa, TBC² 2222 ,cf. TBC 2987 , 4251 .fer ná fetar claind
30no cenel dó of whom I know not his family nor his race , IT i
127.30 .ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair, RC xxv 388.18 . (b) with
force of pret. knew (common in Mid.Ir., esp. in3d pers.):
nachatfedir . . . atc[h]uitig fa thri he swore thrice that he knew
thee not
, ZCP x 47.13 .ni fhetar olc remisin I knew not evil
35until then
, LB 111a42 ( MacCarthy 56.1 ),cf. SR 1335 .raḟitir
co taetsad, TBC 3720 .ní fidir cuin doricfad a les, Ériu iii
154.13 . (c) thepret. rofindis occas. similarly used:Findia
.i. nech do ḟind Dia, Fél.² cxlvii ( Sep. 28 ).nír fhinnsad nār
iad sloigh na criche, Marco P. 150 .nir fhionnsat cia cúil . . .
40iona rabhsad na curpa, BNnÉ 184.22 .ro find [Pátraic]
combad si [Ard Macha] budh cenn . . . d'eccailsibh Erenn,
FM i 142.12 .
C. Rofess (a)isknown (perf. pres.):rofess i taig cáich, Wb.
23b9 .rocluinter in fogur ┐ ni fess cia rāide, IT i 144.11 .
45 innahi nach fessa . . . na hi rofessa(=quae latent . . . quae
leguntur), Lib. Hymn. i 38.33 , 34 . (b) with force of pret.was
known :is ed durumenatar-som nad fess in gním they thought
the deed was not known
, Ml. 80b10 .ba ceist mór la hUltu
náconfes céle for a selb that she was not known to have a husband ,
50 IT i 139.10 .rofes o Día do Senán andí-sin that was (made)
known to S.
, ZCP iii 222.8 . Common in parenthesis or cheville:
corbat rí rofes i ndiaid Cormaic, LL 147a17 ( PRIA iii 548 ).
ropo derg th'ḟaebur, rofess, | i mBeluch, RC xx 11 § 12 . The
neg.ní fesswas later analysed asadj.with cop., see1 fes.
55 D.Idiomatic uses: (a) withAR(FOR) of pers. finds out(knows)
against(to the discredit of):cor . . . ara findtar a saithed whose
fraud is discovered
, Laws iii 6.19 .elodhuch ar a finnathar one
found out to be a fugitive
, 60.1 .ná fionnadh a hathair fuirre
that her father might not find out (her guilt) , TFrag. 30.2 .rofes
60forsin fher-sin in gním, PH 948 =ō dafes, ZCP xiv 153.3
(YBL).aoinneach . . . ar a bhfionntaoi claonadh seanchusa
do dhéanamh, Keat. iii 511 . (b) of connubial intercourse:
mac mná nad festar céle who knows no spouse (of the Virgin
Mary), Im. Brain § 26 .ben nad fessed[sic leg.] nech do feraib
65hErend ríam, IT i 119.29 (LU).ni fetar ┐ ni fhindub-sa
ferscál, PH 2017 .dias inghean nar fhionn fear, Gen. xix 8 .
(c) doubtful:rofind . . . Dia suan . . . i nAdam, BB 16b20 =
immisit . . . soporem in A. , Gen. ii 21 (leg. rofóid?).
E.Some late exx.: (a)in fidir tú ? do you know ? Acall. 753 .
70 an bhféidir tú . . .? ZCP iv 404.4 ; 412.17 .ni fhéidir . . . acht
ro-fhéadar liom I do not know . . . but I do know , 412.19 .
cf. an fitir lat ? Snedgus u. M.R. 12.6 (b)1 pl. pret. fetamar
has given rise to theadv. eadamar surely,certainly , see TD ii
p. 200 , Desíd. p. 304 :e. nach diúltfa sibh, Content. xvi 104 .
75 eadamair eistfidhear linn, Dánta Grádha xvii 11 .