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? ráithiud: ind ráithiud áine, H. 3.18,7a ( O'C. 16 ).Cf. PRIA
xxxvi C 16, 310 .

ráithín n o,m.(dim. of2 ráth)asmall rathorearthen fort :dorinde
cach taissech Féine raithin ┐ dúnad uime féin, Acall. 6181 .
5 Raithin na n-ingnad, 5511 .g s. timchell in raithín, 5484 .d p.
raithinib, 6184 .

? raithius: n d s. arranic-som maiss n-óir i rraithius (.i. mucaill)
na muc`where the swine were rooting', Trip. 94.20 .

raithnech n ā,f.(cf. 1 raith) fern,brake-fern (coll.):raithnechab
10eo quod est ratis latine.i. raith no raithnech, Corm. p. 39 .
ni ḟaca ann . . . acht mad raithnech ┐ clocha, RC xxiii 416 § 29 .
dorigne . . . mucca . . . don raithnig, 408 z .tresin raithnig
ruaid, LB 274b21 ,cf. Caithr. Cellaig 467 .ruadgaiss raithnigi
the red stalks of the bracken , Ériu vii 2.10 .claochluighthear
15luaith na raithnighe i ngloine, Eochairsgiath 59.13 .pl.in
distributive sense:dogenaind . . . muca do raithneachaib, RC
xxiii 408 § 6 .a bfās mar na raithnechaibh, BNnÉ 180 z .ri
raithneach, Arch. i 334.49 , perh. the royal fern orosmunda
regalis, cf. raithneach ríoghamhail`waterfern, flowerfern or
20o[s]mund royal
', P. O'C.

ráithsech xseeráidsech.

ráiti part. nec.ofráidid,thatshouldbesaid(spokenof,told):
hi cech threib is ráti, Fél. Ap. 9 (raite v.l.).is ráitte cech íath
Port Láirgge`to be told of in every land', Met. Dinds. iii 192.41 .
25Folld. byFRIof pers.:ni rim-sa is rátti sin that shall not be said
of me
, TBC 1285 (but:ni rim-sa is ráite duit-siu sain you
should not say that to me
, 433 ).ni raiti craibdech re nech |
minab ailgen no one should be called pious , ZCP x 52 § 16 .ni
raite forrgid fria she should not be termed a trespasser , Laws iv
30110 x. Comm. noco rig is raiti rís mani rabat gēill aice, 50.26
Comm. ráiti rí risin ngiall nglan, ZCP viii 563 § 29 .ráidhte
dhúinn d'fhuighlibh aobhdha | ris an suilbhir`I must say
to
. . .', Ir. Monthly 1919, 226 § 25 (Gofr. Fionn).

1 rám m.(vn.ofráïd)the act ofrowing :ocon rám (: snám)
35`a-rowing', Met. Dinds. iv 98.83 ( LL 164b8 ). Generallyfig.,
course,career :?fora rriad rochéim rám étruth(of a horse),
FB 47 ( LU 8630 ); `in seinem gewaltigen eifernden Lauf',
Thurn., Sagen aus dem alten Irland; =rain etruth, Eg.,leg.
rám-étruth?cóic rig déc . . . gabsat rám os Raigni rúad
40`grasped the helm', Met. Dinds. iv 344.68 ( LL 201b34 ).re secht
[m]bliadna reraig rām he stretched his course (i.e.reigned),
Rawl. 85a40 (quoted Bruchst. i § 102 n. ).Briotán Maol, mac
na flatha, | saor an sliocht-rámh tar sreatha`noble the stock-
branch spreading from him
', Keat. i 186.99 =saer in slicht
45ram dar sreathadh, BB 28b50 ; perh.a cheville. Plummer,
MS. Notes, sees in this ex. a deriv. of Lat.rāmus`branch',
placing beside it SR 1390 :fri fidrad fonnram, and Keat. ii
6151 :san chéadrámh da Chroinic.

2 rám n oar seeráma.

50 1 ráma(rám) n m.andf.(cf. 1 rám)anoar . The O.I.n s.is
prob.rám(a)e(io-stem);g p. cétrámaefuiri(of a ship), Sg.
36a7 . In Mid.Ir.rámaseems the usual form.rámha ráimhe
m., IGT Dec. § 2.9 .rámh m.(g s. ráimh,rámha), § 38.4 .
rámh f.(g s. ráimhe), § 39.4 .
55(a)ro memaid in ráma ro baí i lláim Ír, LL 12b26 .ro bris E.
a ramha ar treseacht an imruma, BB 414a25 .gach ráma bán
ara mbáduibh, IGT Dec. ex. 79 .
(b)ráimhe an fhir aga n-ionramh, ib. ex. 118 .
(c)brisis Ír an ráimh reamhair, Content. xxviii 32 .rug ar
60ráimh . . . taoiseach gacha tréanluinge, ib. 29 ,cf. xxx 5 .ar
earluinn ráimhe, IGT Dec. ex. 591 .n du. da rámma do
iurn . . . i ndib lamaib dó ic tescad in mara, LL 108a23 ( RC
xiv 402 § 9 ).pl. lecam ar ráma úan isa muir, LL 283a19 =
ar raimh, Lism.L. viii 11 .brister na rama, Aen. 243 .nar
65badar forréli na ramai, CCath. 2630 .ramada diorda ina laim,
Ériu i 114 § 2 ( YBL 214a12 ).nos-tocbat na ramhada, RC xiv
40 § 42 .coblach for rot ramat .i. ani fora comimluaiter na
rama [ramadv.l.], O'Dav. 478 .réim na séol . . . ┐ inna
ruad-ráma ruad-undsend, LL 235a19 ( TTr. 1343 ).ó buil-
70lighibh rámh oarstrokes , Duan. Finn. ii 224 § 4 .ethar bec . . .
cona ramaib, Aisl. MC 85.12 .ra sudigit sretha . . . di ruad-
ramaib ara ochorborddaib, LL 219b31 ( TTr. 190 ).an uile
dhuine ghlacus na rámhadh, Ezek. xxvii 29 .nach racha
áonlong le rámhuibh, Isa. xxxiii 21 .tri sretha di rámhadhuibh
75for cech luing, Lism.L. 3574 =di ramaib, 3581 (verse).
?fri fidrad fonnram a wood of delightful boughs (?), SR
1390 .

2 ráma n m.(prob. same word as preceding)anagricultural tool,
aspade :bac ┐ rama, Laws v 410.17 Comm. ramu fri clais,
80 iv 70.8 Comm. túag oc tamnad . . . ocus bacc . . . ocus ráma
oc rorúamar, Met. Dinds. iii 198.12 .g s. Raigne in rámai ráin
`of the noble spade', 194.13 .lorgg rammai, Laws iv 334.18
Comm. do ghabhadar da rámhaibh ┐ dá sásaibh oile air(of
turf-cutters), Keat. iii 2152 . As fictivenpr. m.:Ráma mac
85Rochlaidhe, Anecd. ii 55.15 .Cf. rámann.

rámach adj o,ā. (cf. 1 rámand1 ráma) pertainingtorowingoroars .
(a) of vessels equipped with oars:ag daingniughadh a long
eidir ramhach ┐ ruadhclárach both their rowing and their
strong-decked vessels
, ITS v 68.3 . Esp. inRoth Rámach( `the
Rowing Wheel
', O'Curry), the machine constructed by Simon
5Magus and Mogh Ruith, for account of which see MS. Mat.
401 fg . ; it seems to have been a primitive flying-machine and
the epithet prob. referred to its paddles or wings. Mug Ruith
. . . is he luid do foglaim druidechta co Simon ┐ is malle
doronsat in roth ramach tic tar Eoraip ria mbráth, ZCP viii
10332.13 =doronsat in roith ramaig, LL 331b32 ;cf. Rawl.
157.37 ;roth rāmach ZCP x 343.19 .in roth ramach ┐ in
scuap a Fanait, LB 242b47 ( MS. Mat. 632, App. clii ). Hence
with epithet transferred to inventor:Tlac[h]tga ingean Mog
Ruith ramhaig, Ériu x 77 § 11 (perh. =Mogh ruith r. ¤ ).
15(b) of seas and waters and sea-coasts, pliedwithoars,boat-
frequented,marine :Loch Ri ramhach, Ériu x 87 § 99 .d'Ess
Rúaid rámach, LL 306b42 ( SG 386.4 ).Ess rónach [rámach
v.l.] Rúaidh, Anecd. i 27.5 .bun rámach Raiti, Caithr. Toirdh.
34.2 (Bun Raite in Co. Clare).im Corcamoroith rámach, ZCP
20 viii 226 § 6 .a righe ramhach`their oar-plied-kingship' (of
Corcamruad), Misc. Hag. 28.19 .