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65 1 ráth n m.andf. n s.alsoráith, freq. in law tracts, Laws iv
140.21 , v 342.24 ;d s. araith , 348.4 ;g s.andn p.in Mid.Ir.
rátha.g p. innarath , Ml. 127b1 .ráth(ón tṡlánoighecht), IGT
Dec. § 38.9 (m.,g s. ráith,rátha). See Bürgschaft 3 , 34 , 35 f. ;
ZCP xviii 364 ff. ; Críth Gablach p. 102 .
70(a)asurety,guarantor :inna rath ł inna fecheman, gl.credi-
torum, Ml. 127b1 . sequester medius.i. ráth, Sg. 97a4 ;cf. Thes.
ii 231.21 .slúag ro-maith . . . tar a cenn am ráth-sa I am
surety on their behalf
, Fél. Ep. 164 .ní ba ráth ar neoch do not
become a guarantor for any one
, Tec. Corm. § 19.35 .ba rāth
75┐ fēchem oc saigid dligid, ZCP xv 327 § 18 ( Rawl. 113a32 ).
cach disli i láim ratha. cach rāth co forus, Arch. iii 227.59 .
pl. na rāthai, Cáin Ad. § 23 .ni rag-sa gan rátha | do chluchi
na n-ātha, TBC 3060 .ratha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid,
Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.3 ).ocht maic Galaim . . . rop iat-sin
80rátha ind óenaig, Met. Dinds. iii 10.101 .gab Cairpre cethri
ráth riss, ib. 442.27 (ratha,ráith,v.l.); Thurneysen, Bürgschaft
34 , would read:cethri i ráith. it é na ratha . . . dodechatar fri
laim Emine the guarantors who went security for E. , Anecd. i
42.18 .raithi Laighen . . . a n-oghlesaigte Emine guarantors
85for the full satisfaction of E.,
ib. 13 .ni techta nach foessam ar
na tegat ratha fine`no "foessam" is lawful which is not supported
by sureties of the tribe ', Laws iv 206.17 .ní ó ráthaib
tuc [ríge] acht a rrói chatha, LL 20b22 . ?bad bláith cen olc
i n-airi, | bad ráith [rait MSS.]a bríathar airi [airev.l.] let his
word be surety for him (of his good faith
)? Ériu iii 96 z (Rule of
5Ailbe). See also Ériu xiii 28 - 29 .
(b) suretyship: aguarantee,pledge :`rath' cor, Met. Gl.Eg.
22 .rath .i. cor, Lec. Gl. 552 =roth, 346 M .imnedach cach
ráth [raithv.l.], ar is écen dí dían-apud im cach ngell dobeir
`troublesome is every security, for it is necessary for it to give
10sudden notice as regards every pledge which he gives
', Triads 235
(glossed:gach urrughas, p. 43 ).rucus rāith ar macc ṁbeoathar
I decided that surety may be given for the son of a living father ,
ZCP xv 311 § 7 ( Rawl. 113a10 ).dobert aen a raith tar cend
Conaill, Laws v 348.4 .dobreth Geer . . . hi rráith fri Ingcel
15im orgain no thogfad i nHére dó`G. was given in pledge
(? as surety) to I. for such destruction in Ireland as he should
select
', BDD § 168 App . ( LU 8029 ).dan-far-gabat far cuir ┐
far rátha if your compacts and pledges hold , TBC 2133 .
atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir Chorccaige
20fria comall, `pledges', Aisl. MC 23.3 .co tardad ratha ┐ cura
Coluimchilli fris co tisad slan ar culu, RC xxiv 46 § 3 .ro
ronsat sídh . . . do réir ratha ┐ miond, FM ii 1132.16 .
Natural forces were often offered as securities or pledges
and were supposed to wreak vengeance on those who violated
25a promise:nī rogaib Adomnān co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris
im ṡō[i]re ban dó. It ēat ind so na rātha hī sein: grīan ┐ ésca
┐ dūle Dē arcenae; Petar, Pōl . . . ┐reliqui apostoli , Cáin
Ad. § 22 .dobretha ratha fri Laigniu .i. gréin ┐ esca, usci ┐
aer, LU 9797 ( RC vi 165 ).duli De adroegaid rāith | tucsat dāl
30báis forsin ríg which he invoked as sureties , LU 9810 ( RC vi 165.30 )
(of death of Laegaire m. Néill).gumadh a rata ri Laighnibh
grian ┐ gaeth ros mharbhsad(of same event), AU 462 .it é
ratha tucsat ind | nem talam ésca grian grind, ZCP xi 57 § 10 .
tucait rátha frisin ríg | grian is esca is muir is tír, LL 207b41 .
35 do cheangladar rátha gréine ┐ éasca orra féin, Keat. ii 1787 .
tugadar rátha na n-uile dúl ré híoc na héarca, 3580 .Cf. Ériu
vii 227 § 61 , FDG 5 ( MR 2.5 ), Content. iv 35 .

2 ráthandráith n m.andf.Orig. genderdoubtful;g s. rathi,
Thes. ii 260.38 ( Ardm. 6b1 ) in a Latin context, possibly a
40Latinized form representing a nativeg s. ráith. ?ráith, Fél.
Prol. 200 (taken by Stokes as locative).ratho, AU 595 , 622 ;
Anecd. ii 47.6 , 7 .ratha, AU 808 ; Anecd. ii 47.8 , 9 .rathi,
ib. 8 .raithe, Laws v 348.7 (text).a s. raith, AU 622 .d s.
raith, 622 , 747 , 788 .ráth m.(g s. rátha,ráith), IGT Dec.
45§ 38.3 .ráth f.(g s. rátha,ráithe), § 39.3 .ráith m., § 41.3 .
ráith f.(g s. ráithe,rátha), § 42.4 . See Bürgsch. p. 3 , and1 ráth.
In late lang.d s. ráthaidoccurs (possibly a different word):
issinrathaid , Dinds. 31 ( RC xv 333.27 ) =rathaidh, BB
367b41 ;rathaidh, AU ii 222.11 (a. 1196 ).n p. rathanna,
50 BColm. 64.16 ,cf. ZCP viii 549.28 .
Anearthen rampartsurrounding a chief's residence, afort,
rath ; somet. by extension used of the enclosed dwelling also;
common in place-names folld. by an adj. or genitive.rath .i.
baile, Corm. Y 1117 ; O'Cl.di raith for raith (.i. da baili for
55baili), Laws v 348.7 , 31 .la taisic a raithe (.i. baile eneclainni),
350.1 .secht ratha (.i. secht mbaile), 348.3 , 14 .co Cruachan-
ráith Connacht, CRR 16 (of fort of Ailill and Medb).Ráth
Chrúachan ro scáichi la hAilill, Fél. Prol. 177 .ní mair in
drong úabair | ráith Bécce maicc Eogain, ib. 200 .ni ro
60[a]trebhthar in rath | dia comharbaibh (: bráth), BNnÉ 314
§ 8 (curse on a land-owner).mūr n-ollaman dos-rōgaib | 'sa
rāith rōt-gloin ōs Breagmaigh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919,
v 92 § 16 .rīghbile ōs rāith (: cáich), ZCP viii 199.12 (i.e.a
tree growing on the rampart of a fort).du. ro class di ríg-
65ráith la Nemed . . . .i. Raith Chimbáeth is Emne, LL 6a27 .
dá ríoghráith, Keat. i 176.47 .pl. bat fāssa a rát[h]a, ZCP viii
110 § 2 . ?a rí na rrath!(to a chief), LL 148b25 = KMMisc.
268 § 40 (`O king of the raths').Bale U Dimán ┐ Less na Findan
. . . ┐ rathanna ele, BColm. 64.16 .
70Of a burial-ground (within an earthen rampart):Mac Cuill,
Mac Gréni . . . i rRáith Cruachan dodoscelt, LU 2833 . Met.
Dinds. iii 130.28 . Exceptionally of a grave-mound:clandtair
a fert ┐ a raith, RC xiii 222.27 .oc cloidi ratha ┐ ic sadad lia,
ib. 36 .
75Of an (earthen) rampart or wall in general:dorónta . . .
rátha móra impe(sc.round Troy), TTr.² 197 .athnugud
na múr ┐ tórmach na rath, 1272 (of fortifications of the
Greek camp).
In wider senses:a fhiaich . . . na herig sunda don ráith, SG
80 56.37 ( LB 274b11 , of a hollow tree in which the speaker has
found shelter, =Caithréim Cellaig, 450 ). SG 57.1 = Caithr.
Cellaig 460 .Tú tháinig . . . i mbroinn Ríoghna i ráith na
ndíog, Measgra Dánta 61.66 (poem by Gilla Bríghde Mac Con
Midhe, 13th cent.).
85The upper part or hill of Armagh in which the church stood
was called the `ráth':Ard Macha do loscadh . . . eter Raith is
Trian`both Close and Trian', AU ii 26.9(a.1074).reicles Poil
┐ Petair . . . co mbloidh moir don rathaidh do loscadh, 222.11
(a. 1196 ).Cf.the prophecy made to Patrick in the Liber
Angeli:scit Dominus . . . tuum praesentem locum quem
5praesto videmus in alto positum, Ardm. 20d ( Trip. 352.23 ).
Compds. seeráthbuigeandráthmug.