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rastal n o,m.(Lat.rastellus)arake,agricultural tool :rastal .i. ris
talmuin benas, Corm. Y 1121 .rastail, gl.rastrum, Ir. Gl. 814 .
a corrana ┐ a rastail troma treuairi, TTebe 1278 .do rastlaib
┐ do corránaibh, CCath. 2506 .

1 rath n o,n.andm.in Mid.Ir.g s.alsoratha(usual later form).
5 n s. rath, Wb. 2c17 ; (with art.)arrad , 29d29 ; radṅDé, 7d3
(but: radDée, 13b6 ,cf. 3d16 ).g s. raith, 14c42 , 29a7 , 33b8 ;
SR 3317 , 3322 , 5319 ;ratha, 6061 .g p. innarath , Wb. 15c3 .
d p. huanaibrathaib , Ml. 116c1 .rath m.,g s. raith,ratha, IGT
Dec. § 38.7 .
10Acc. to Thurn. Hdb. § 726 , Lewis-Ped. § 542 ,vn.ofernaid
bestows,grants ,s. RIA Dict. E 172.5.
(a) grace , esp. in religious sense, both of Divine grace and
grace as a spiritual quality in man; general meaning in
Glosses, where it nearly always translates Lat.gratia.manim-
15chobrad rad Dáe(=gratia Dei), Wb. 3d16 .do rath Dé ba
forlán, Fél. Nov. 5 .duine co rrath Dé, Mon. Tall. § 32 .
eícndag ind raith diadi, Wb. 29a7 .amal romboí cuit cáich din
rath diadu(=secundum gratiam quae data est nobis), 5d6 .ro
línad o rath in spiruta naím, LU 9826 .rath in Spirto, Fél.
20 May 15 ;cf. PH 5409 .teirt . . . is inti tanic rath super apostolos,
Ériu iii 116.11 .cride co rad ríg nime`the gracious heart of the
King of Heaven
', ii 118 § 56 ;cf. alaind baí in rígan cu rath
`lovely and gracious was the princess', Met. Dinds. ii 74.49
(perh. = d).in rí go rath, gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii
25114 § 2 .cenotad maic-si raith sons of grace , Wb. 33b8 .a meic
raith!(of Joseph), SR 3317 .Ioseph in bith-raith, 3322 .in
mac raith Eibbán(of St. Abbán), ZCP viii 110 § 9 .Cf. an
Mac Ratha(name of Maedóc's bell), BNnÉ 245 § 197 .fer
raith, Fél. Aug. 18 .aes raith, SR 5319 .`sin chanoin ruith-
30senaig raith, Arch. iii 307 § 27 . ?ferr rath inā riagal, ZCP vi
261.14 .
(b)agrace,virtue,gift (= Lat.charisma), oft. with defining
gen.:rath dénma ferte(=gratiam curationum), Wb. 12b21 .
rath precepte, 12b29 .rath somailse, Ml. 89c15 .tic rath
35fastini fair the gift of prophecy , LU 9827 .rath ecna ┐ fatsine,
PH 4490 . BNnÉ 265.4 .muime gach ratha rāin(of isle of
Rachriu), ZCP x 53 § 4 .ro fallsiged rath in aislingi, Aisl. MC
39.28 .pl. ata imda ratha ind Fheilire, Fél. 10.30 .is liriu feor
ilratha in marbnaid noeb-siu, ZCP iii 225.4 .it e sin ratha na
40haíne, PH 8422 .co rathaib righ-c[h]ealla, ZCP viii 203.30 .
The two follg. exx. from SR, by Stokes in Index referred to
O'Clery'srath .i. baile(which =ráth), prob. represent this
word:cia dechair fail dar a rath? what difference is there in
their virtue?
(of winds), SR 7947 (:dath).diar bris dia rigroimsi
45rath | primdo[i]rsi na morcatrach, 7355 (of Samson; abundance
of graces, virtues
?).
(c)thegrantingof afavour :tuc A. . . . maidm forro . . . tre
rath Chiarain, RC xvii 404.29 .ro muid for Gallaib tria rath
Poil ┐ Pedair, Cog. 14.23 .Amarkoffavour, aboon :is rath co
50feirg a wrathful gift , RC iii 180.23 ( LL 121a48 ) (of a spear asked
as a gift, which is thrown to the asker and wounds him).Cf.
is ann is etail duine | i [= a] mba cuma lais uile | a aor ocus a
molad, | a rath ocus a ghueidhe, ZCP vii 298.9 , 10 (i.e.when
it is alike to him whether he be censured or praised, receive
55favours or be asked for them?). Mercy :crochad is riaghad
gan rath, Acall. 1852 .
(d) good luck,fortune,prosperity (usual later sense):eochair
ratha ro-chruth(i.e.beauty wins prosperity), ZCP vi 270
§ 2 .ni hingnad a beith cen rath, duine drechmas(of one
60who is fair of face but lacks sense), 267 § 3 .in fer ba
huasle ┐ ba mó rath isin tuaith, LL 2a30 .fer in ratha
`man of luck' (of Find m. Cumaill), Met. Dinds. ii 74.42 .ni
gēbha rath, recht nā righe, ZCP viii 110 § 11 .do ben dím
mo rath 's tuc me gan righe, BCC § 139 .do chinnsat ar
65chomha[i]rle fa mór rath which turned out very successful ,
Ériu i 98.18 .fuarais mór ríg co rath āig, RC xx 12 § 18 ( LL
47b36 ).réim go rath, Cog. 96.31 .ruathar go rath`victorious
march
', 104.19 .Domnall dorinde oirne maith | fa deoigh coma
fer raith`may he be a man of bounty' (? may he prosper ), BCC
70 § 136 .Cormac hua Cuind an ri raith, Anecd. i 18.10 .for
rith raith`in a successful career', Ériu ix 46 § 11 .fágbhaidh
la hOilill a rath | i gcath Ceall Osnadha(i.e.was defeated by
O.), Keat. iii 709 (poem).fá mór rath Éireann ré linn Chor-
maic, 3028 .do mhúch rath na cathrach, Keat. Poems 1508 .
75 Aedh . . . d'hēg a tus a ratha`in the beginning of his felicity',
AU iii 80 y ,cf. 354 y .rath beg saoghalta ar fedh ttamaill,
O'Hussey TC 72.8 .a mí aoibhill a ratha saoghalta, TSh. 542 .
tuar goimhe rochtain i rath, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 175.87 .go
gcuireadh an Tighearna rath air, Gen. xxxix 23 .pl.in dis-
80tributive sense:claifitir a ratha, tairnfither a bríg, CRR 22
(:datha).ro bhoi 'sa dun fo rathaib`in happiness(?)', ZCP
xi 41 § 5 .diombágh druim rena rathaibh [ag leannán Chuinn]
`alas that Conn's darling turned her back on her good fortune!'
A. Ó Dálaigh liii 14 .
85 fri rath onaccountof:do-foeth mór fer find fria rath, Sc.
MMD § 3.15 .
Compds. ¤ bard:Raigne na rathbard`of the lucky bards',
Met. Dinds. ii 46.11 . ¤ beo:tria rún raith rathaig rath-bi
`through the mystery of the bountiful living grace', KMMisc.
154.98 .rathbla áig, LL 211a50 =uath-bla, Met. Dinds. iii
5396.5 .rí co rrathbuidnib`with blessed hosts', 24.323 .ós
Raigniu rath-chert`of hallowed rights', iii 2.2 .ri roghach
rathgorm, AU 902 (poem) =rogach rath, FM a. 898 .ós
rathlind Charmain`hallowed water', Met. Dinds. iii 22.275 ,
cf. 260.7 .rathmac`son of grace', BColm. 20.8 .athnugud
10na cell | tre rathmūnud mind`the gracious doctrine of
relics
', KMMisc. 274.9 .huaLathbertuig . . . rathnertaig,
LL 141a48 .recht ruirech rathordan, BDD 100 (c) = BDD²
1016 `honor of bestowal'.úasind ruirig rathrúanaid, ib. (k) =
rathrúnigh`intent on bestowing'?, BDD² 1043 .