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rúad adj o,ā. (a)lit.red, of abrownishordark red (opp. to derg =
45bright red), oft. of blood-stains (opp. to fland, the colour of
freshly shed blood).atchiu forderg forro, atchiu ruad, TBC
224 .crú rúad, SC 37 ( LU 3815 ).rinni ruada(a p.), SC 15 ( LU
3363 ).dobo ruadh colc don coinne, Ir. Texts ii 21 § 38 .
tulcha ruada(in Hell), IT i 190.25 ( FA 30 LB).ro ba lis
50ballach breic-derg in lis-so . . . cid rāith ruad aniu, Acall.
2739 (of russet hue of faded vegetation).folt dond ┐ ulcha
fota ruad, PH 3093 .tlacht ní thig cen rúad`polish comes not
without a dye
', Met. Dinds. iii 54 (quoted by O'Cl.s.v. ruadh
with gl..i. rúamann).linn ruad red humour, choler , Rosa Ang.
55 306.11 .dragún . . . ruadh(=draco rufus), TSh. 7854 .aran
ruadh brown bread ,(RIA)23 P 10 ³,19a9 . (Equative)cethrar
. . . ruadaigthir druímnín derg-oir, ZCP xiii 256.25 .
Freq. as sobriquet = red-haired , and in place-names.Muir
Ruad the Red Sea (later Mid.Ir. = O.I.muir robur);cf. Muir
60Romuir ruad, SR 4021 .tria Muir Ruad, PH 1712 .go nuige
an Mhuir Rúaidh, Joshua xxiv 6 ; Exod. xiii 18 .
(b)fig.in poetry and rhetorical style, strong,mighty,formid-
able :ruadh .i. trēn no lāidir, O'Cl.do mac Mugair, don rúad
ro gab in ríge, LL 44a28 .Nabcodon rúad roglach, Fél. Prol.
6594 .in rúad ruirech`the fierce captain', Met. Dinds. iv 74 .cen
rurig ruag, AU 918 =ruadh, FM ii 594.25 .ro gab ríge
rúad, SR 5545 .is mór do muir is do thír | . . . don ruide rúaid
adventurous(difficult,dangerous)journey(?), Met. Dinds. iii
120 (glossed:ro-uidhe laechda no laidir).railge rúada ro-
70móra`sturdy oaks', CRR 34 .sruth ruadh robarta, ZCP vi
94.22 .gusan sáile searbh-ruadh, Content. xxviii 20 .ré
gaoith ruaidh, TSh. 9133 :cf. ruadh-ghaoith, Keat. Poems
380 .sileadh deór rúadh bitter tears , IGT Dec. ex. 1081 . Prob.
in the alleg.npr. m.:maic Ruaid Ro-fesa, Anecd. ii 48.10 .
75Freq. in unstable compds. in sensesadj (a) of colour:fer ruad-
brec, BB 427b22 ,cf. breac-ruadh, ib. 9 . ¤ chend:tri ruadchind
Laigen, Rawl. 136a31 .na tri ruadchind, LL 166b41 . ¤ derg,
TBC 5410 . ¤ fuil:buinne ruadh-fhola, CCath. 2032 . ¤ mael:
bachlaich . . . ruadmáela, Acall. 3796 (`foxy and bald', O'Gr.).
80In sense bloody: co rruadchathaib, LL 23a14 . ¤ rind:bás
obunn do ruaidh-rinne, Acall. 1851 .ruaidhrinn .i. reanna
dearga no fáobhair dhearga, O'Cl. ¤ rinnech, TBC 3987
(epithet of a warrior). LU 10405 .Magh R. ruadrindach of
the red spears
, BCC 372.24 . ¤ rucce`red shame', TBC 4538 ;
85for explanation of word which implies sense (b) also, see 4536 .
(b) strong,mighty :ruadhbuinne robhurta, CCath. 308 ,cf. 1217 ,
2839 , TSh. 2078 .ruadhchath ro-mór a great and strong bat-
talion
, RC xviii 301.16 .rúad-daire ro-mór, CRR 34 .rúad-
gním, LL 183b31 ( Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 8 ).

rúadaid v ā. makes(brownish)red,reddens: damsam rí-sea
5ruadas chrú, LL 307b26 =dámhsa rí-si ruadhus cru`were I a
king who sheds blood
', TFrag. 82 .a s[h]īl Arailt rūadhus rand,
ZCP viii 229 § 3 .vn. tāncatar mic Mīled . . . diaruadad (=to
shed their blood
), ZCP xiii 364.1 =ruadath, LL 11a14 ;
ruamadh, Leb. Gab. i 176.10 .

10 rúadaigid v i. =ruadaid;vn. coirci arnaruadhugad (=parched
oats
), Rosa Ang. 158 y (= Lat.torrefacta).

rúadán n o,m.(dim. ofruad)name given to someth. of areddish-
brown colour. (a)some kind ofgrain :rūadān`buck-wheat'
(one of the eight species of grain), Aisl. MC 99.5 .ruadhan .i.
15cruithnecht ruadh .i. mael-cruithnecht, O'Dav. 1369 .?iubaíle
marc o dilsi ech ruadhain`from the forfeiture of horses' rye(?)'
( of Ruadán's horses ?), 1217 . (b)someth. made oflard? crislach
. . . do ruadhan [bloingi toirc], Tromdh. Guaire 314 ( Ir. Med.
and Mod. Series ii ).
20 Cf.thenpr. m. Ruadán(prob. = `red-haired man'):Ródan,
Fél. Apr. 15 =Rūadān, Gorm.

rúadrasach adj o,ā.derg-dásachtach ┐ ruadhrasach` delirious ',
O'Gr. Cat. 269.14 (med. text, 16th cent. MS.).

rúag(ruaig) xseerúac.

25 rúagaire n m.(late)arogue,wanderer,vagabond :pl. rúagai-
readha, Jerem. xlviii 12 .ré daoinibh diomhaoineacha no ré
ruagairibh, Carswell 47 .rógaire, ruagaire,Dinneen .

rúaide n iā,f. redness: a surnd tened co rrōdi, Hy. i 29F=co
ruadi T. co rūaide nō derge, Corm. Y 712 .ruaidi ┐ dergi,
30 Auraic. 1811 . Seeródae.

rúaim xseerúam.

rúaimnech n ā,f. along hair(esp.horsehair); afishing-line:
ruaimnech dubain, gl.cetus(a whale?), Ir. Gl. 428 .cona
dubán . . . cona rūaimnig . . . ass, Aisl. MC 91.18 =cona
35riamnaigh, 122.2 .maigri . . . do len rúaimnigh cais círdhuibh,
IGT. Dec. ex. 676 .garmain . . . gan ruaimneacha looms
without threads
, O'Bruad. iii 178.4 .Cf. ruaimne`a long hair,
a fishing line
', P.O'C. Seeruainne.

rúaimnid xseeruamnaid.

40 rúainín n m.(dim. ofrúainne)afine(short)hair: r. ¤ róin, Keat.
Poems 320 .

rúainne n io,m.(singulative ofrón, Ped. ii 57 )rúainne róinne
m., IGT Dec. § 2.10 .Ahair :ruaindi nō fuiltin, gl.pilus,
Ir. Gl. 463 .go ndath óir . . . ar gach ruain[n]i, RC xxix
45120.3 .for barr cech oen ruainne don f[h]ult, FDG 141 .
ruaidhne dá ḟolt, CF 410 Eg.ruainne do ghruaig bhar
gcinn, Luke xxi 18 .pl. lía iná rúainne . . . re n-áireamh,
IGT Dec. ex. 126 . Of animals:le ruaindi d'folt eich, Rosa
Angl. 208.13 .do chlumh ēun . . . ní bhfuighdís aon ruainne
50 feather , Oss. iii 216.20 .Athread,fibre :a n-agaidh an ruainde
da fuil ad' brat, BCC 358.15 .gan ruainne ar a mbuidhin . . .
acht bruit without a stitch (of clothing ), E. O'Rahilly² xx 7 .
Of ahair-bitorbridle: sar-chuimrech for eochu (.i. ruainne
im a fiacail), Laws i 168.4 , 174.9 ,cf. v 478.17 (roinde).A
55 fishing-line :ro chuir ruainne ┐ dubán ar an slait, Tor.
Dhiarm. 80.2 .
Seeróinne.

1 rúainnech n o,m. hair(coll.): ruaineach, O'Gr. Cat. 190.25 (of
eye-lashes).cuirp mar ruainneach(=veluti capilli), 23 K 42,
60 61.21 .ruainneach bhar gcinn(=capilli), TSh. 7306 .do
rúaidhneach chámhall, Matth. iii 4 . Seeróinnech.

2 rúainnech adj o,ā. hairy, made ofhair :garb-bruit ruain[n]igh,
O'Dav. 338 (perh.g s.of1 ruainnech).

rúaisne xseeroisne.

65 1 rúam n ā,f.perh. a variant form ofróm(róim) < Lat.Roma,
and used in same senses; in ZCP iv 577 - 8 the derivationro-
úam`a great hole(cave)' is suggested.rūamquasirōma
Roma(e) , Corm. Y 1090 .
(a) asn.l. Rome: i Ruaim, Fél.² Mar. 4 =hir Róim,
70Fél. cathair . . . samail re Rūaim Letha, ZCP x 53.26 .
hi rRúaim Letha, Ériu ii 192.5 ,cf. ib. 11 (but:abb Rómae,
ib. 12 ).
(b)amonastic settlementor `city':rúam iarthair betha(of
Glendalough), Fél. Prol. 195 (ruaim,roim v.ll.).ruaim coit-
75chenn do Ghaidhelaib(of Daiminis), 206.31 .tír i fail do
rúaim(said to St. Brigid of Leinster), LL 50a32 ( Hail Brigit
§ 26 ).dā chomurtha . . . | ac Lainn sech cach rūaim . . . |
muilenn cerr fri comblethad | ocus brat im a bachaill, BColm.
96.17 (distinguishing features of the monastery of Lann).pl.
80 ind locáin . . . it rúama co ndálaib monasteries with assemblies ,
Fél. Prol. 211 .ticfat tailcind, conutsat [v.l.conucsat] rúama,
noifit cella, Trip.²,346 .
(c)aburial-place,cemetery :Babilón a rrúam-som, Fél.
Oct. 28 (of SS. Simon and Thaddaeus or Jude, acc. to tradi-
85tion buried at Babylon).an tAodh isin úir, an rí isin ruaimh,
FM i 334.8 , see Bruchst. i § 99 .ēg in righ 'na ruaimh ar lár,
BB 59b7 .is railecc ríg a rúam rán, Met. Dinds. iii 2 (of
Carmun).
(d)of agathering-place,capital centreorfort,etc.: ainm
doróega sech rúama, Met. Dinds. i 28 (of Tara).