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rothmol n o,m.(compd. ofrothandmol), also later in the
corrupt formsrothmual(acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 100 a confla-
tion ofrothmolandroth buale, inacc.generallyr. ¤ mbuale)
70androthnuall.
(a) literallythewheelof awater-mill (roth being the hori-
zontal wheel, mol the vertical shaft:amal bis rothmol for
luth | tria bithu for bith-imputh, SR 199 (describing rotation
of the seventh heaven).
75(b)arapid whirling movement,gyration , ascribed in Irish
heroic saga to warriors, esp. Cuchulainn (to whom all follg.
exx. from TBC refer), when labouring under intense excite-
ment; see Zimmer ZCP i 81 fg . andcf.the rotatory feats of
the animals in the Imram Maíle Dúin ch. viii ( RC ix 470 ,
80 Anecd. i 55 § 40 , § 41 ). Later the literal sense was lost sight
of, and the word was used (always with the adj.corcorda,
corcraand in the same stereotyped phrase) as a conventional
description of a state of anger or excitement.doringni
rothmol corcarda de o mulluch co talmain, TBC 1256 ,cf.
85 1370 (rothmól) =rothnuall,St. dorigni rothmúal corcra
o mulluch co talmain, TBC² 1842 ( LU 6356 ) =rothnúall
TBC 2496 , St., H. 2.17 ,rothmhael, Eg. 93 .dorindeadh
rothnuall corcra de [o bhonn go bathis], IT ii2129.187 . ITS
i 150.16 (rothnúaill), 86.23 (rónuaill).dorónadh rothnúall
corcra óa bhonn góa bherradh dhe(of S. Molaise), Ériu v
576.22 .dorinnedh rothnúall corcra di o bonn goa bathais(of
S. Lasair), 105.4 . See also TD 4.2 ; 8.25 .
(c)ascrimmage,mêléeormassacre ?bid Mag Rath o'n
rothmal-sa`it shall be called M.R. from this prosperous
battle
' (?), MR 174.9 (prob. a play on wordsrothandrath).
10(d) in formrothnuall,the name of abardic metre of which
there were several varieties: rothnuallbairdni, IT iii 23.15 ;
91 § 131 . rathnuallbairdne, 14 § 32 , 44 § 58 , 91 § 130 .rath-
nuaill, 91 § 128 , § 129 . See ib. p. 141 .

rothmual xseerothmol.

15 rothnuall xseerothmol.

? rothre ind(g p.)ro-īr dam . . . tricha ech, tricha rothre ron-
ērbrad fri hechraidi ndam, Ériu ii 28.34 .

ro-ucc xseebeirid.

rous xseerús.

20 1 rout n o,m.(orig.n.?) (<ro-ḟot?cf. roḟut. TBC 747 below) orig.
disyll.:roüt:foät, ZCP viii 196.20 ;g s. roït, Hy. v 72 ;d s.
roüt, RC xvii 159.16 .
The strict meaning is perhapsadistanceorlength ; folld. by a
defining gen.rout (n-)urchair the length of a cast or throw = a
25cast, throw
(of a missile of any kind).Cf. TBC² 630 quoted
below.ro gab Cú Ch. . . . a ṡleg . . . ┐ tarlaic rout n-urchair
uad di, CRR 51 .focheird rout n-urchair din liathróit, TBC
1024 ;cf. 1270 , 3944 , (roḟut n-urchair) 747 , (rót n-u.) 1992 ,
4454 , (roth n-u.) 675 , (rot n-u.) Acall. 4432 n. , 4904 n. , (rod
30n-u.) 4802 n. ,goro la rot ro-urcuir di, CCath. 5601 .tug C.
root n-urchuir don Mhórrighain, Cóir Anm. 149 .no léicthe
láthir laích dó . . . co mbid rót n-urchura úad cen nech día
naimtib fair so that there was a spear's throw [of ground] about
him without any enemy on it
, TTr.² 1426 . Asadvbl.acc.:
35 focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad, LL 248b17 ( TBFr. 51 ,
cf. ZCP iv 34.8 ); LL 250b4 ( TBFr. 234 ).srēithi in n-id . . . rout
[róutLU]a lāma isin n-abaind the length of his arm (i.e. as far
as he could) into the river
, TBC² 630 .
Hence absol.athrow,cast :nír imthige fri roth ná rout(i.e.
40do not compete in running with a chariot or a cast), Tec.
Corm. § 19.9 .focress i mmuir fut roït, Hy. v 72 , glossed.i.
fut erchora, Thes. ii 345.13 .bíait Cíanacht[a] i fout, | ní bat
foicsiu do roüt(= they will not be within reach of missiles? ),
RC xvii 159.16 (Tig.) = FM i 214.6 .ród súla Miodhair .i. an
45t-urchar tugadh ar shúil Mhiodhair, O'Cl. See Herm. xiv 473 .

2 rout, xsee1 rót.

1 rú n red colour, ared dye plant ?corcair . . . ┐ ruu ┐ snáth
dearg ┐ glas, BR 218.20 .ruu is corcair 222 z =ru, BB 279b1 .in
t-arbar ┐ in ru, Laws v 362.12 Comm. ( a dye-plant? ). Hogan
50Luibhl. gives:rú`yellow lady's bedstraw'; perh. the madder
belonging to the same family and used for red dye may be
meant above.Fig. enechruice .i. . . . enech ru cian .i. cian co
ticc ru enech de .i. imdergad a blush, shame (?), H. 3. 18 p. 381a
( O'C. 832 ). See Marstrander, Bidrag 29 . See2 roid.

55 2 rú npoetic form ofrún asecret ?rú .i. rún, O'Cl.a mmo
chomdiu a ri .rú. rá (.i. rún .i. rathmar), LU 449 , expld.is
rún rán ro dlecht, 451 (ACC Introd.,cf. RC xx 150.8 ).a rú co
crích nír cuired`her purpose was not brought to completion',
Met. Dinds. iii 56 . ?Aodh Ó Domhnaill sultmhar rú, Content.
60 xxvii 19.39 .

rúa nin compd.senrua anold person ?ni fó degblad co nirt núa |
atá mac Senbath senrúa, LU 1253 .tōeb frisin cocad núa, | ní
ḟulaiṅg in senrūa, RC xiii 397 . Of a woman:Cámha gan mac
is gan húa | dorála conadh senrúa, Acall. 46 .Cf.the fictive
65 npr. m. maic Rua Rofesai, Anecd. ii 47.19 (Ruaidh v.l.) =m.
Ruaid Rofesa, 48.10 , whereRuaif not a mistake, seems a
bye-form ofruad.

rúac(ruaic) n ā,f. rúag f., IGT Dec. § 39.13 .rúaig f., § 42.8 .
(a)Arush,dash; gen. in hostile sense, anonset,attack: tri chét
70. . . dorochair leis sin n-oenrúaic, LL 205b15 .triur do bhrisedh
gach aon ruaig, IT ii2145.598 .ro impadar . . . do tabairt
ruaca dhoibh, ┐ ni ro foemad uatha in ruaic, ALC i 216.19 .
gach ain fer do bered air, do rinn ruaga, Celt. Rev. iv 18.9 .
Garb rige na rúac rot`of the bold raids', Met. Dinds. iv 204 .
75 an mac righ sin na ruag te, Ir. Texts ii p. 43 § 26 .seabhac na
ruag, Hackett xxxix 108 . Without hostile sense:ag dol dó
'na rúaig fán ccrannaigh, BNnÉ 138 vii 9 ,cf. 139.42 .gluaisim
don ruaig sin im sháir-rioth | go hEochaill, Keat. Poems 453 .
(b) Esp.arout ,in ruac i mMaig Adar . . . ria n-óa Lachlaind,
80 LL 183b11 ( Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 66 ).do chuir N. an ruaig . . .
orrtha put them to flight , IT ii2142.515 .tugais na Gulla fa
ruaig, Cog. 80.8 .a Úa Gofraid nar gab ruaic who suffered not
aefeat
, Ir. Texts ii p. 44 § 29 .a frithguin na ruaga, AU iii
436.14 .ag leanmhain na ruaige, Keat. ii 1480 .ba réidh gach
85ro-choill do na ruaghaibh the fugitives , ML 142.12 .
(c)fig. acourse,career :lé hógaibh . . . ag breith a ruag
reabhraidh, TSh. 523 .damh is dual a ruaig do ríomhadh
to recount his career , Hackett xxxix 7 .Cf. an fersa gabhait
na ruaig`which the mighty recite', BNnÉ 170.17 .
Compds.n ruagchath abattle-onslaught , TSh. 3129 . ¤ mer:ad
5rigda ruaigmhera ba[r] riga`furiously routing', Aen. 2455 .