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80 1 rót n o,m.(< ASrádacc. toZimmerKelt. Beitr..i. cf.W.
rhawd, Ped. i 21 ), occas.rout,root.d s. rout, LL 316c12 .n p.
róit; ?rota, IT i 100.11 ( LL 112b31 , perh.n s. rota` bog-
stuff ').
a p. rótu, Fél. Prol. 29 . ?g p. róot, LU 8633 ( FB 47 ).ród
85 rád m.(n p. róid,róide,a p. róda,róide), IGT Dec. § 88 .
Aroad,highway :rōut .i. ro-ṡét .i. mō oldās sēt . . . Rōut .i.
da cubat [= cuat] carpat ┐ dā ō[ e]nechdae imme. Dorōnath
fri hechroeta nō frī hecraite mennota, Corm. Y 1082 ; appar.
the `rót' came between a `sét' or path, track and a `rámat' and
admitted of a chariot being driven on it with a mounted
5horseman on either side. It has fences or dykes:ramat .i.
mor; rot, .i. bec, .i. ima mbi clad, Laws i 232.17 Comm. crich
son incoisce rod righ no tuaithe, no rod ímfeagna [= imfedna], iv 144.13 Comm.
cach rot ríadas do charpat-su, FB 34 .segda
cairptech docing rot, SC 37 (:óc).na fail . . . lia for tilaig nā
10chend-róit nā sliged bar crīg Breg . . . nach lán d'á ṅgraigib
head of a road, road-end (?), CRR 28 .slighe shocair . . . ┐ ród
cobhsaidh coimhreidh, tresna sleibhtiph, BNnÉ 227.6 .mōir-
thimchiol in prīmh-róitt, Fl. Earls 40.16 .pl. róit romra the
ocean-roads, sea-tracks
, LL 17a46 .fada na róide gu Róimh,
15 IGT Dec. ex. 1631 . ?fri . . . fidbotha ┐ róitiu, Anecd. iii
23.7 .ránic mór rót traversed many roads , Met. Dinds. iii
242.11 .for ródaibh raoín-ndírghe na Midhe, FM vi 1920.18 .
In loose sense:rōut na māile ōthā ind ētan . . . corricci in
mullach(i.e. patch, extent of baldness ), Corm. Y 1091 .Fig.
20 ród imais(of the r. Boyne), Anecd. ii 2.7 .ród na haithrighe,
TSh. 9294 .Cf. rád(:atát), Trip.² 1320 ( KM. Wortk.,79 . see
2 ruibnebelow).
Compds. ¤ bruiden road-hostel,caravansary : ? (fig.)go tī a
purt bhfind | na hēg-bethad rim rōtbruithean, Arch. iii 235.3 .
25 ¤ gabál aroad-tax,toll ?ro bói rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for
Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . In the compds.rót-bla, Met. Dinds.
ii 26.5 and rótblad rígrátha, iii 410.8 Gwynn explainsrótas
ró-ḟot, `far-extending'; butcf. `sa rāith rōtgloin os Breagmaigh
`mit glänzenden Pfaden', Sitzungsb. der preuss. Akad. 1919,
30v 92 § 16 ; in poetry the roads approaching a fort or residence
are freq. emphasized as a mark of its importance.

2 rót xsee1 rout.

rota n io,m. bog-water,bog-stuff :rotta (.i. uisce) . . . ōn derge
asberthar, Corm. Y 1107 .rait ōn rota i mmbī a hinas, 1112
35(seerait).táes secail ┐ rota ra comled impe, RC xvi 280.25
( Dinds. 161 ).Bres mac Eladan . . . éc atbath don ruad-rota,
LL 127a52 ( MacCarthy 154 § 1 =roda, BB)..ccc. dubṡesra
di rotu rotaide monad, LL 169a33 =tri cét duibsesra do rodo ruad
mōna, RC xv 439.16 ( Dinds. 46 ).ro fothraicit . . . for dubro-
40dae, ib. 10 .g s. ropo domna trota trá | ól rota i rricht ind
lomma, LL 11a40 =roda, Leb. Gab. i 180.12 .Abog,marsh :
Femen cid sescand cose, | ocus cid rota Raigne, Met. Dinds.
iv 306.26 .

rotach n anonset,attack ?in rotach leó-som . . . for cach leth . . .
45in maidb [= maidm] remib-seom for cach leth, LU 4442 =
an ruag, Anecd. i 21.16 (roteach v.l.).Cf. rothachand2
ruthach
.

rotaide adj io,iā(rota) lit. ` pertainingtobog land ', hence (a) reddish
brown :talum . . ruad rotaidi, IT i 190.33 ( FA 30 LB).
50 blegon rotaide, LL 169a31 .di rotu rotaide, ib. 33 .ina
ndelbaib rinnta rotaigi, LB 155a23 . (b) assubst. abog,
marsh ?i sescnib ┐ i rrotaigib, FA 14 .

rotan(rotán?) n somethingreddishorred-brown? rotta ┐ rotan
.i. ōn derge asberthar, Corm. Y 1107 . ?tnotog .i. liath, no
55rodan, H. 4.22 p. 67 ( O'C. 2067 ).

1 roth n o,m.(cf.W.rhod)d s. irouth , Wb. 11a3 (a primâ manu).
n p. roith,rotha.roth m.(g s. n p. -a), IGT Dec. § 95 (p. 127.24) .
In early Mod.Ir.n s. rothaoccurs (Bedell, Eccles. xii 6 ),pl.
rothadha( Ezek. i 20 ; FM).
60(a)somethingcircular, orwheel-shaped :roth a rotá .i. ōn
c[h]ūairt, Corm. Y 1087 (a false etymology; the word is
native, see Ped. i 33 ).roth, gl.rota, Ir. Gl. 227 .roth cruind
forsa-ndenat na cerda in[na] lestrai, gl.rotae, Ml. 18b4 .dona
rothib(gl.rotis), Gild. Lor. 119 . Esp. (a)awheel(of a vehicle):
65 droch .i. roth carpait, O'Mulc. 350 .roth nó fonnud nó fertas
. . . in charpait, TBC 772 .du. nechtar in dá roth (.i. fonnod)
iarndae in carpait, LU 5180 ( TBC² 701 ), where it is used of
the outer rim or tyre of a wheel.hi carput dā rath, Hy. v 84
(metri gratiâ).Pl. nom thescfat roith iarnaide in charpait,
70 TBC 1340 .dollotar rotha iarnaidi in carpait hi talmain, 2640 .
ruamghail na roth, CCath. 1834 .ni bhí in cathair . . . gin míli
roth for fenaibh ┐ damhuibh ┐ asanaibh ac togluasacht ṡida,
Marco P. 70 .ro fucctha . . . rothadha faoí dia fhógluasacht,
FM vi 1980.10 .Meton. thevehicleitself: nír imthige fri roth
75`do not race against a wheel(i.e. chariot )', Tec. Corm. § 19.9 .
ag dol i roth isin aier, FM a. 553 =in curru suó, RC xvii 142
(Tig.).leth ruith ┐ leth gobra half [of them] in chariots and
half on horseback
(?), BDD 51 (of advancing warriors). Of
other wheels:lúathidir roth [m]búali, BDD 127 ,cf. FB 87
80(a mill-wheel turned by water, see ZCP i 94 , 98 ). Of a wheel
for torture:roth mor . . . ┐ bera áithe ┐ clóidbe . . . in a medon,
PH 1204 .
(b)adiscorsphere :rotha grene ┐ escai, Marco P. 68 .
doimchellat na renda roth cruinn in domuin, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .
85 ardruiri ind roith rigda ail | garg-ruide fri croich coem-nair,
SR 1077 ;i.e.of the circular universe? but 1078 suggests
the circular panel at the juncture of the cross-arms, on which
in Irish high-crosses the Crucifixion was often depicted;cf.
.xx. pars inna cuairt-roth`circle-wheel' (of the centre of the
cross), Thes. ii 255.4 ( Stowe Miss. 65b ).gu Rīg na roth, ZCP
5 vii 304 § 17 .a gac[h] rotha do rothaib [rothaidhibhv.l.] na
firmaminti spheres , ITS xiv 68.7 .in roth árd . . . reithes grian
(of the Zodiac), MR 112.20 . See alsorothchles(s)below.
(c)acircular brooch,wheel-brooch :atcondarc roth n-óir isin
brut ara bélaib, BDD 99 .roth creda sin brutt, TBC 5401 =
10 delcc, St.cu ndechutar do chunchid roith croi for Aed mac
Ainmirech .i. delg nos-facbad cech rig diaroile, LB 238cb23 ,
cf. RC xx 421 .a chneas-léine . . . gona teóra roth . . . do
dhearg-ór, ML 110.29 .roth credha .i. dealg, O'Cl.
(d) in follg. exx. appar. of circular torques or fillets en-
15circling neck or head:rotha derga tentide for sírlasad imma
mbrágtib, FA 28 .atchíu [a] ardroth n-imnaisse | imma chend,
BDD 100 (e) .Cf. cóicroth óir . . . úas cach ae, 91 . Of (? con-
centric) circles traced as ornament on a shield:dondscīath . . .
co cōic roth ōir co mbil findruine fair, TBC² 2045 .cromscīath
20. . . co trī radhaib ro-dēnma, 2339 .Cf.the story of Cuchu-
lainn's shield, Ériu v 72 and xi 54 ,MacalisterArchaeol. of
Irel. 146 .
(e)aloop,noose :atnaig a cend i ruth gait in the noose of a
gad
, Met. Dinds. iii 252.127 (see note). Hence prob. O'Cl.:
25 ruth ghaid .i. rathán gadraigh. ruth`achain,link ', O'R.
(f) in TBC 5590 fg . (Stowe)used of movablewar-machines
mountedonwheels: tri rúada rot[h]a, 5591 .ar cach roth nét
dona teoraibh rothaibh, 5604 .
(g)roth rámach `rowing(?)wheel', name of afabulous
30 flying-machine , seerámach. The termrothmay denote the
circular body, or car, of the machine.
(h)fig.uses:roth creth`circle of science', RC xx 44 (ACC
Introd.) =roth cráed (.i. filidecht), LU 354 .roth soithe(name
of a metre?), IT iii 36 § 18 , also calledr. ¤ soadh(=suadh?),
35 ib. i roth na réime aimseardha revolution , TSh. 537 .rochtain
. . . go roth uachtrach urchóide the topmost revolution (i.e.
zenith) of iniquity , Hackett xliii 42 .
Compds. ¤ chles(s) n name of afeatorgameofskill : LU 9291 .
FB 30 . Ériu iv 30.11 .oc cur in rothclessa, FB 64 (where it
40is described; the `roth' was appar. a disc or quoit hurled into
the air). ¤ gal:tucsatar . . . craithed neim-meirtnech do roth-
gail ro-tren`twirling' (of wrestlers), MR 256.5 . ¤ impód:ag
roithled ┐ ag roth-impod aroile twirling , MR 256.18 .ruathar
. . . ag roith-lingeadh orra wheeling round them (?), TSh. 6635 .
45 roith-néll a whirling cloud (i.e. dizziness ), MR 270.2 . ? ¤ richt
wheel-shape,circular form :Tech Duind . . . rothricht ré lan
ler fethaigthi, IT iii 22 § 66 =rodrict, 49 § 88 (LL),ródrícht,
ib.(BB),rath righ, 98 § 161 ; Meyer Bruchst. i § 133 emends:
rāith rīg.