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1 rosc n o,n., laterm.(n s. rosc ṁbrecht n-urard, TBC 5323 =
TBC² 3260 ).
Aneye ; common in Mid.Ir., later confined to poetic or
rhetorical style.hond rosc, gl.acie, Ml. 33c19 .hi cech rusc
5nom-dercaedar, Thes. ii 358.1 ( Hy. vii ).rosc ro-glass lain-
nerda na chind, TBC 5270 .ba slán a leth-rosc na rigna one
of the queen's eyes
, 2416 .fil secht suilse ar a rusc, SC 37 ( LU
3818 ).tuarcaib a rosc dochum nime, PH 766 .trī būada . . .
.i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa, TBC² 299 .secht
10ngemma do ruithin ruisc cechtar a dā rīg-rosc, 2034 .ocus se
baccach, leth-roisc one-eyed , PH 620 .Maelmuadh an ruiscc
rindglais, Cog. 102 x .cechtar a dhī ruscca, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .
pl. ruisc reilli rígdaidi, TBC 5683 .roptar tromda a roisc o'n
chotlud, PH 3061 .a rrusca derga, 393 (n p.).tuarcaib G . . . a
15ruscu co nem, 1418 .dosbera a rusca do dallaib, 2270 .sēnais
. . . Ruadan . . . a ruscca dó-somh, BNnÉ 319 § 13 .trúag in
gním . . . doriṅgni friu ria roscaib before their eyes , LL 210b2 .
fiad roscaib Dé, Ériu iii 14 § 2 .da malaigh . . . dubgormma
imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 .Thefacultyofsight,vision :rucad
20a rosc airi, LL 121b18 .di clūais mo dhá ó nō di rusc mo dá
ṡú[i]l, ZCP vi 258.16 .Fig. corop féig rosc for n-anme, gl.
oculos cordis vestri, Wb. 21a9 .rind ruisc a menman, LL 221a
11 .ag cealg-ghoin rosg a réasúin, TSh. 2338 .ar rosgaibh a
rúin, 1624 . Hence the glosses:rosc tuigsin gach neich under-
25standing
, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 .rosg .i. tuigsin, O'Cl.for slicht
a ruisc .i. a eoluis, Eg. 88 f. 44 ( O'Cl. 2534 ).rinn ruisc bic the
eyebright
, Ir. Texts v 6.32 .
Compds. ? ¤ béimm:cor memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb
triasin cath`a kingly brilliant dash of them', CRR 34 ; perh.
30a different word; Hogan comparesfrithrosc `inverse direc-
tion', `backwards'
(which may be a compd. ofrosc`eye'; see
rithrosc). n
? ¤ díbert `eye-banishment'.deprivationofsight(?): roith-nell
rosg-dibertha radairc, MR 270.2 . adj
35 ¤ lethan:ra facsin in ríg rosc-lethain large-eyed , CRR 15 .
Acall. 4691 , 5744 ; as sobriquet:Raighne Roisclethan, 225 ,
cf. Raíghne roscghlas, Duan. Finn ii 348 z .rigna rosclethna,
LL 273b8 . adj
¤ lethne:ar rígdacht ┐ ar rosclethni, CRR 27 (`wide-eyedness'
40or `breadth of view'? Hogan).

2 rosc n(acc. to Ped. ii 621 derived from the verbal rootsech-
compounded withro;cf. cosc,tásc,aithesc) apparently (a)
a shortpoem,odeorchant , of which two supposed exx., taken
from a 16th cent. MS., are given in ZCP i 133 ; both composed
45in syllabic verse, without rhyme but strongly alliterated.
(The abbrev..r.often added in the margin of MSS. over
against a rhapsodical utterance, and by Windisch, Wörterb.
p. 748 assigned to this word, more probably stands for
retoiric, see Heldensage p. 54 ,cf. LU p. 108 . The word does
50not seem to occur in this sense in early Mid.Ir. lit., and
Thurneysen (l.c.) suggests that the use is due to a misunder-
standing of the abbreviation):itbert an rosg, TBC 3533
(Stowe) =rábert na briathra, LL.dichetal for otrach .i.
adhbhal-cantainn le rosg nó orrtha, Triads p. 39.4 (gloss
55on § 117 ).rosg catha, Oss. i 156 .
(b)alegal maximoraward (=roscad):.u. ernaile as[a]
mberar in brethemhnus, a rosc, a fasach, a testemain,
`Rechtsspruch', Cóic Con. F. 59 § 139 .
Cf. arosc,indroscandroscad.

60 roscad n m.(<2 rosc)n p. roscaidandroscada.
(a)alegal maximoraphorism , prob. expressed in rhythmic
or dithyrambic language:roscad .i. ro-indsciged(ro-indsce
LB), Corm. Y 1095 .fasach .i. roscad no dichetal, Laws v
450.6 .consuiter fir for roscadaib ┐ fasaigib, v 6.12 .ised is
65brethemnus .i. roscad ┐ fasach ┐ teiste[m]ain`Rechtsspruch',
Cóic Con. F. 59 § 139 .it fasaig ┐ roscaid berthe bretha; ni
brithem lasnā furecar, ZCP xi 89 § 21 .it fas brethemuin . . .
manib roscad roisid, Nero A vii,147a ( O'Don. 2213 ).in beim
annsa roscadh inand he ┐ indliged ata 'sa fasach, H. 4.22
70 f. 79a ( O'C. 2113 ).i sreathaibh roscaigh ┐ fasaigh ┐ airchetail,
Auraic. 337 =rosca, 2684 YBL.roscada ri gail`maxims of
might
', Met. Dinds. iii 20.241 .Roscada Flainn Fina(title of
a collection of aphorisms), YBL 411a42 .
(b) later alsoanextemporaneous dithyrambic composition,
75used for retoiric and rosc: dorinne in rosgadh-sa ann, ZCP
viii 541.8 = TBC p. 185 n. 9 (introducing a `retoiric').in tan
ba roscadh na tomaiste and, cindas no thomhsidhe? ar ni
bidh lanc[h]ubaidh no taebchubhaidh and when dithyramb
was measured, how was it measured
?, Auraic. 928 .drechta
80.i. duana no laidhe ┐ roscada, O'Dav. 589 .laidh, no roscudh,
no rithlearg, MR 92.4 .mesi Cathair comramach | me do drai
do degh-athair | uaim is reil im rosgadhaibh | nít [= ní?]
mesctha notmaíghim- si, LL a23 (Timna Chathaír).

roscadach adj o,ā. pertainingto a `roscad':Dūil Roscadach(a
85collection of aphorisms?), Corm. Y 859 ; Corm. p. 39 s.v.
roscad.isin Dūil Rosgadaig, Corm. Y 827 s.v. léos=D.
roscaid, Corm. p. 27 .cetal r. ¤ , IT iii 61 § 122 .reicne r. ¤ , 49 § 91 .
ni ba rosgadhoch díre, Ériu xiii 15.14 .one whocomposes
roscads:Mac Ugaine . . . Raigne roscadach, Met. Dinds. iii
196 =an fili Roighne Rosccadach, Leb. Gab. i 276.27 .
5 Roighen rosgadhach, Ériu xiii 15.28 .