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1 rán adj o,ā. (<ro-án)verynoble,glorious,splendid,pre-eminent :
ran .i. uasal, O'Dav. 1357 .ran .i. uallach, 1350 .ran .i. maith
80nó togaide, Lec. Gl. 134 .ran .i. toghaidhe, álainn no follas;
.i. ro-án; .i. ro-luath; .i. uasal; .i. réidh, O'Cl.
Chiefly used in poetry. Of persons:a ri ran!(of Deity),
Arch. iii 223.3 .in ruri rán, LL 128a45 ( MacCarthy 174 § 2 ).
Lugaid C. den rigraid ráin, ZCP xi 110.1 .re clainn Rudh-
85raidhe ráin, Content. xxviii 4 .tri fichit righ rán, Todd Nenn.
274.5 .deich fichit mac rígh ba ráin, Acall. 1477 .maic
Fedlimthe Rechtmair róin, Met. Dinds. iii 68.35 (:-móir;
ráin . . . -máir v.l.). Of a woman:righan rán, ZCP v 502.16 ,
cf. IT i 145.4 . Of heaven:rí richid ráin, LL 374c19 ,cf. Fél.
204.10 .imrordus ríg richid ráin, LU 2996 . Of places, things:
5 rán clochar, Fél. Aug. 15 .i rRúaim, rán baile, ib. Ap. 20 .go
Ruaim ráin`noble Rome', FM ii 602.14 (poem).Rathen ran,
BNnÉ 313 § 6 .ro gab Dauid rígi ran (: lán), SR 6621 .rosc
rán, FB 47 .a dá rosc rán, Met. Dinds. iii 28.46 .do gorud in
ra-ḟeóir rain, Ériu vii 221 § 20 ( LL 208b22 ). Of abstracts:rán
10togae, Fél. Jan. 6 .recht rán, ZCP xi 81 § 12 .rebrad ran
(: gnád), LU 3666 ( SC 33 ).do ruidiud rán(`dein edles Erröten'),
TBC 4043 .Feradach don ro-thuilg ráin`of the noble pride',
Met. Dinds. iii 266.6 . Death-tales 20.8 :nir scarais frisin
rig rāin | co ros fargbais i ndáil báis=ni ra scarais frisin rig
15ráin, LL 150a39 , andráinis given in vocab. as a by-form of
rán.Cf. dorigni Iob dond ríg ráin | in slóg do rīm `na rí[g]dáil,
SR 6817 .
Compds. With adj.:gniomradh na riogradh rēl ran-adhbhal
`glorious, great', Leb. Gab. i 276.22 .mo ri rán-glē for nim,
20 SR 787 . With noun: ¤ ḟer:g p. ól . . . na ruirech rúad, na ráin-
ḟer, Met. Dinds. 1.34 , 70 (=raṅfer, LL 28b32 ). ¤ tor: búale
rán-tor`a fold of glorious chieftains', ii 16.87 =rantor, LU
4203 .

? 2 rán adj.(B. na f.) true: ran .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 175 , 39 M. ran .i.
25fíor, P. O'C. ran .i. firinne, O'Cl.ong nach ran a chuirc
(.i. is truagh nach fír a craidhe), ZCP v 488 § 6 .`an' is `rann'
. . . anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Met. Gl. D 34 . Prob. artificial
adaptation of1 rán(cf.O'Clery's glosses `follas' and `réidh'
s.v. 1 rán).

30 ? rána(ráin ?) n f.(= Lat.rāna)atoadorfrog :fairce . . . lomnán
do piasdaibh . . . ┐ siad a meid rana no lasán [leg.losgán],
BCC § 274 (=bestiolae . . . prope magnitudinem ranarum,
Adamn. Vita Columb. ii cap. 42 ).

1 ranc n[m.] techn. term foraspeciesofbaldnessorshaving (of
35the forehead or temples?):ranc, iss ed is seisiud cenél na
maeili. Ranc didiu, it ē na huisinarda, Corm. Y 1091 =
rangc . . . na husine arda, Corm. LB p. 39 .`rang' mael buidhi
lom, Met. Gl. 31 § 2 (Eg.).

2 ranc n m.(late Romance loan-word).
40(a)arank(of a battalion,etc.): an tan doníthí deich gcipe nó
deich rangca . . . do bhíodh baránta ar gach rangc díobh,
Keat. ii 5171 .gur thuit an reidsiment . . . `na rángaibh [sic
leg.], Rel. Celt. ii 192.10 .cuid dá ranncaibh Flann is Feara-
dach`in their ranks are F. and F.', O'Bruad. iii 130.7 .
45(b) rank,high position :an lá do baineadh le F. rannc do
Ráif when R. was deprived of his rank by F. , O'Bruad. iii
118.2 .

rand xsee1 rann.

ránda adj io,iā. (rán) noble,fine :coíca rechtaire ránda, Met. Dinds.
50 i 34.81 (rámda v.l.).

randatu n d,m.(abstr. from1 rann) used in Sg. to express the
property of belonging to a certain part of speech
(rand,rann):
n s. randatu, Sg. 188a7 .cia randdatu bis indi, 27a12 (i.e.under
what part of speech does it fall?).a s. inrandatid , 203a24 .
55 g s. randatad, 188a9 , 203b4 .dechorrandatath a distinction of
parts of speech
, 220b6 .d s. ónd óen-ranndato, 203b4 .

rand(a)e adj io,iā. (rand,rann) partial;pertainingto apart :a
randae, gl.partionale, Ml. 16b16 (neut. sing.assubst.).rande,
gl.tropicus(of the tropic of Capricorn), Thes. ii 34.33 ( Bvn.
60 3b2 ).

rang n acorncrake ?rang .i. tradhnai, H. 3. 18 p. 74 ( O'C. 122 ).

1 rann n ā,f.(cf.W.rhan`part') in Mid.Ir. somet. writtenrand.
O.Ir.n s. rann;ran, Wb. 12c13 .a s. rainn, Ml. 63c18 et pass.
rain, 24c2 .d s. rainn, Sg. 18b1 .g s. rainne, 26b9 .a du. etar ṅdi
65 rainn , 2b2 ; 74b3 .g du. ó chechtar in da rann, 74b5 ; 75a3 .d du.
ó díb rannaib, 75a1 .a p. laranna , 26b6 .g p. rann, 2b3 , 95a3 .
d p. onaibrannaib , 202b3 . In later Mid.Ir. somet.o,m.
During the Mid.Ir. period thea d s.formrainn, freq. written
roinn, comes into use asn s.and gradually supplantsrannin
70the sense of part ;rannhowever persists in early Mod.Ir.
(chiefly in the sense of party,side,adherent ), being treated as
o,m. roinn f.(g s. roinne,ronna), IGT Dec. § 42.9 .rann(carad)
m. § 73 .
Oft. confounded withrind.
75 I (a)apart(of a whole): rann airegda inna anme, gl.spiritus,
Wb. 25c26 .rann do loscud . . . rann aile do airbirt bith, 10d18 .
aisneis rainne for tóit, no aisneis tōite for raind(definition of
synecdoche), PH 5656 .ro thescc hi i ṅdíb rannu, 7240 .coro
deglad a ṅdeich renda [sic] a chorp, 1212 ( LB 191b28 ).ros
80fodail a thorud i ndíb rendaib déc, IT i 40.12 ( LB 63a17 ).tri
renna dogníd don aidchi ┐ cethri huaire cacha raindi, BColm.
104.29 .co ríg sechtmad rainni de Lochlainn of the seventh
part
, CRR 7 (cf. ríg in sechtmad raind do L., ib. 10 ).co fuilid
dā rand fuara and ┐ aon rann te, Rosa Ang. 112.27 (i.e.two-
85thirds and one-third).intlecht i ndreich sech cech raind above
all other parts (of the body
), Arch. iii 223.8 .
Of a mainpartordivisionof theearth, passing into specific
sense ofcontinent: ro rannad in domun i tri rannaib .i. Eoraip.
Afraic, Asia, LU 13 .ra roinn i trib rigrannaib . . . Assia,
Eoraip iss Affricc, SR 2650 .ní bhfuil aon ríoghacht de thrí
5ronnaibh an domhain nach raibh sé ann, Eochairsg. 8.17 ;cf.
Keat. i 98.20 .tú . . . dod chor i n-iongnadh | ó aos timchill na
dtrí rann`celebrated by those who travel the three continents',
TD 29.29 ; butcf. saoi na tTri Rand, FM ii 708.11 (i.e.Ireland,
Scotland, and the Isle of Man, O'Don. note). In looser sense:
10 atát péste i n-aroile randaib thair in certain eastern parts ,
Ériu ii 192 § 3 (rendaib v.l.).do chuaidh B. isin rann siar
went westwards , BNnÉ 52 § 43 .tar cethri rannuibh an betha
quarters (cardinal points ), RC xxviii 310 z .
Infig.sense:is becc rand áos túate`the laity are of little
15worth
', Mon. Tall. 26 .Cf.the chevilles:óclach . . . maelgorm
san treas, ferdha in roinn, Acall. 2002 .angbaid in raind, MR
210.1 .
Of part or section of a book:do réir S. Tomás san dara
rann don dara cuid dá Dhiadhacht, TSh. 4955 .
20 a rainn(= Lat.ex parte), folld. by gen., as regards,on the
partof:adib mairb a rainn pecctha dead as regards sin , Wb.
3b6 .a rrainn ind aitrebthado on the part of the possessor , Sg.
198a12 ,cf. 204a2 .co techtand bethaid as ind raind is deróile
and .i. i rraind a chuirp, ni thechtand as ind raind is uaisle .i.
25i rraínd a anma, PH 4809 .a rraind a doennachta . . . a rrind
a diadachta, 3834 - 5 .ní dlig ni a raind ecaillsi Dé he is entitled
to nothing on the part of the church
, Ériu i 218 § 4 .do síl Il . . .
dó a rraind a máthar on his mother's side , CCath. 107 (a rinn
v.l.);cf. FM vi 1924.4 .brathair dhó eisidhe i rainn a máthar,
30 Hugh Roe 228.20 (f. 61a) .Cluain E. do losccadh ass an raind
as mo`for the most part', FM ii 1070.7 .ni cóir deit immarbáig
rim as cách raind on every score , LL 265a24 ( MU 22.21 ).
(b)rann insce a part of speech (= Lat.pars orationis), Sg.
3b15 , 26b6 .folad cach rainne, 26b9 .raind indsce, Auraic.
35 316 .itat. viii. randa insci and .i.nomen, pronomen ,etc.,
317 .
(c)ashare :ruuc cách a rainn dísin, Ml. 63c18 .oen chóiced
ic Feraib Bolg . . . tri cóicid in rand rucsat Fir datta Domnand,
LL 127a33 ( MacCarthy 148 § 4 );cf. coica toirge lasna Déisi.
40a cuic fichet díb tarthatar raind(i.e.they acquired territory),
Ériu iii 140.55 .guala ríogh, roinn a chuilte`the sharing of his
bed
' (privilege of an ollave), O'Gr. Cat. 475.16 .
Lot,portion :nachan-tecma drochrann an evil lot , Fél.
Jan. 10 .nach bhfuil roinn nó oighreacht . . . ag Lébhi,
45 Deuter. x 9 .ní léigthear flaithios faoim roinn does not fall to
my lot
, Hackett x 19 .
WithFRI, participation(communion) with: a banchumal im
[ic, dov.l.] raind ris`his maid-servant having dealings with
him
', Ériu ix 46 § 12 .oircheas roinn ris an ríoghraidh, Studies
50 1919, 439 § 8 .ionnas nach biadh roinn risin saoghal aige that
he might have no dealings (intercourse) with the world
, BNnÉ
146 § 4 .do bhríogh nach raibhe rioth ná roinn aca acht ris
an saoghal, TSh. 10144 .
(d)the act ofsharing,dividing ; oft. of dividing food, esp.
55meat (hence freq. rendered carving ), oppd. todáil= dis-
pensing liquor.do raind na mucce, IT i 101.2 .dobretha a
cuit . . . tíagait na randairi dia raind, FB 72 ( LU 8968 ).tráth
tánic dóib . . . co roind ┐ dáil, FB 90 .ro gabad dáil ┐ raind ┐
fodail i nEmain, TBC 1195 .fer uird rainne butler,dispenser ,
60 134 .roind an aird-rig . . . ag Ua Urain(i.e.office of carver
or butler), Hy Many 86.11 .doroine roinn dia aigedhaibh,
ZCP iii 32.28 .in lá do raind i trí, TBC 869 .sanntaigit . . .
roind m'etaig aterra (leg.etarru), PH 1416 .fig. cumha Rois
Gredha gum roinn rending me , Anecd. i 25 § 3 .i gceart na
65ronna dorinneadh idir Mhogh N. ┐ Chonn by right of the
partition
, Keat. iii 3087 .mar shaidhbhreas réna roinn idir a
chloinn for dividing among , TSh. 238 .trian gach cíosa . . .
dliccid Férna . . . do chuid ronna a third . . . is due to F. as its
portion
, BNnÉ 259.19 .tug mé dhuit-si cuid ronna ós cionn
70do dhearbhráithreach, Gen. xlviii 22 ;cf. Isa. xvii 14 .is í
Alba do ráinig mar mhir ronna dó as his share , Keat. ii 5820 .
cen rainn without division,entirely :báidid and sin Rí cen
raind`it drowns R. completely', Met. Dinds. iii 456.93 .ro
rígad cen raind Fiachu, 460.17 (perh. without opposition , see
75follg.).beanaid Meic Míleadh Easbáin | gan roinn do tharbha
troda | Banbha do chloinn C. TD 28.16 .ba lais Mumha gan
roinn ris M. was his alone , Ir. Monthly 1919, 400 , 26 (quoted
TD ii 270 ).
(e) passing into sense division,strife :ná beth ria chlaind
80. . . | cosnam nó raind, Met. Dinds. iii 410.23 .muime Chuinn
no charad raind`who loved strife', iv 266.9 (see note). ?rann
isteach tháinig tharsa | sa leath thall don talamh-sa`an
invasion has come in upon them
', Content. xi 2 (roinn`part'
occurs in same stanza; see follg. head).
85(f) in the two follg. sensesrannis in classical and mod. Irish
distinguished fromrainn(roinn) `part' and treated aso,m.,
the plural formrannta(perh. a distinct word) being used in
sense partisans .
Aparty,side (of persons concerned in a controversy, legal
transaction,etc.);cf. mairg bale bís ar dā raind(= that is
5divided against itself?), LL 296b39 ( SG 363.27 ). quinta etas
mundi, idon, nóe mbliadna ochtmogad . . . do reir in dā rand
(i.e.the Hebrew Masters and the Schoolmen), MacCarthy
278 (a) ( BB 9a41 ).eittirbretha . . . do bheith eidir dā rann
(i.e.the men of Breifne and the community of Druim Lethan),
10 BNnÉ 262.15 .do thoil in da rann by agreement of both parties ,
Hy Many 162.13 .in tan bis dligthe na rann comdorca(gl.
cum sunt partium iura obscura ), H. 3.17,c. 603 ( O'Don. 848 ).
breitheamhnas do dhéanamh idir an dá rann, TSh. 3002 ,cf.
6789 .ag a rádh ris an rann eile bheith ar a gcoiméad telling
15the other party
(in a combat) to be on their guard , Keat. i 42.76 .
(g) partisanship,faction,alliance :do bhíodh . . rann cinnte
carad ag gach cúigeadh i nÉirinn don leith thall d'fhairrge
`a special friendly alliance beyond the sea', Keat. ii 2608 .ni
coir don righ taoph do thaphairt . . . re duine bus rann da
20esccaruit who will side with his enemy , Ériu v 132.65 .gach
aon agá mbaoi báidh no rann lé Gallaibh, FM v 1660.3 .ní ro
fháccaibhsiot toíseach . . . nár chuirsiot a n-aonrann coccaidh
friu`whom they did not induce to become their confederate of
war
', 1660.11 ,cf. 1770.17 .fear rainn ┐ pairte a partisan , iv
251092.22 .an tí cheanglas rann ris who joins his party , TSh.
7029 .ag denum rainn ┐ comaenta ina adhaigh le slicht mic
Feidhlimthe, AU iii 8.18 ,cf. 126.23 .do rinne ar námha rann
rinn, Ir. Monthly 1930, 590 § 3 . Seerannta.
IISometimes used forrind star,point (esp. in oblique cases
30where the stemrend-should be used):rith rann ┐ reltann
of the constellations and stars , Ériu iii 156.5 .indis . . . duind na
hilcenela rann, YBL 84b47 =inna ilceneuil rend, Ériu ii
126.3 . So in:rí na rann, freq. title of Deity in poetry, ZCP v
263 § 8 , 268.11 , BNnÉ 85.20 , 23 .ar sgáth fola Thriaith na
35rann, Dánfhocail 200 (Bonaventura Ó Heoghusa).Cf. rand-
mas below. ar cara . . . rand 'na láim`in his hand a spear',
RC xxix 211 § 2 . ?roinde (v.l.renna) na n-ardchúiced ind-
Uisnech rúitt`the points of the great provinces run towards U.',
Ériu iv 154.8 (perh. parts ).
40Compds. ¤ chara:ba ranncara[i]t dhó Mac U. ┐ Ua C.
partisans,allies , FM iv 1048.6 . ¤ chobfodlaid aparticipator,
sharer :ranchobfodlaid tristitiae meae(gl.particeps), Ml. 86d5 .
¤ chuit part,portion :rannchuid don chroich chēsta, Fl. Earls
10.7 ; 166.22 .fidhair chroiche Crist issin egluiss a rannchuid
45ro-onoraigh mirbhailigh`in a splendid miraculous position'
( part , niche or chapel?), 182.24 . ¤ chuitiugud participation,
alliance :co ḟuidbet comlaintes ┐ randchuitiugud maroen fria
Muire, LB 232b30 .o ghniomh an teasa . . . ┐ é ag rann-
cuidiughadh dorcachta(i.e.by the co-operation of heat and
50darkness), 23 K 42,171.18 . ¤ leth amoiety,share :dlighid
. . . roinn-leath toighe na Teamhrach, Content. xxx 24 .
? ¤ mas(s):an rí randmais, Anecd. i 63 § 112 :leg. rindmass
( ZCP xi 156.1 , Meyer's emendation) and see II above. ¤ páir-
teach participant: an bhfuilid na heithricedha rannphairteach
55don loghadh?, Parrth. Anma 109.1 =rannphartach don
leaghas-so, Luc. Fid. 62.16 .