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30 4 prím- adj(Lat.primus) used asindecl. prefixbefore nouns and
adjectives, generally forming unstable compds.
IWith noun, in sense (a) first(in time),primary: ¤ airec
crainn chroiche first discovery, Fél. May 3 . ¤ airigid`first dole'
(i.e.refection), Aisl. MC 3.16 ( ¤ airaigid), but transld. `prime
35feast
', 45.8 (perhaps true meaning). ¤ athair`apatriarch ',
P. O'C. :príomhathair(of Abraham), Hebr. vii 4 . ¤ bélra
primitive(original)language: an primberla .i. Eabhra, Leb.
Gab. i 192.15 .isna primbelraib .i. Ébra ┐ Grec ┐ Laten, LB
150b43 , perh. in sense (b). ¤ chúis, Rosa Ang. 54.14 (= Lat.
40 causa primitiva). ¤ cuitech:ina p[h]rímchutig`first meal',
Aisl. MC 45.8 . ¤ fid primary vowel , Auraic. 1433 . ¤ gein s,n.,
also ¤ geinde io, iā. first-born :primgin, Corm. 37.12 (s.v. prúll).
prímgeindi, Ml. 123c8 (n p.).co marbdais a primgeinné, SR
3676 .iar marbad a primgindi, 4026 .ro marb uli primgeni
45Egepti, PH 3612 .prímite ┐ primgene firstlings , LB 123a28 .
mac primgeni, PH 6917 . ¤ gentecht f. primogeniture;birth-
right :rot-mill Esáu a p., PH 8400 . Cf. ¤ cinnectbelow (b).
¤ les first-fruits? acht nochon-fognat mac Dé | is ní thabrat
a primleis (.i. a primite), Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.17) =a primles
50(.i. a primgin), Corm. p. 37.12 =nocon-fhagbat a primless
they do not find their prime good(summum bonum) (?), LL 167b
37 .primhleas .i. prímhide, O'Cl. ¤ techt f. first coming: o
primtecht Parthaloin, MacCarthy 316 § 5 ( BB 14a2 ).
(b) foremost,chief,principal, and without implied compari-
55sonprime(in quality),eminent; a commoner use than pre-
ceding. Of persons, esp. with titles, names of callings,etc.:
¤ apstal:prímabstal hErenn, Hy. iii 1 . ¤ ammait in domain
chief witch(of Medea), CCath. 3910 . ¤ ara:tri prímaraid ind
ríg, BDD 113 . ¤ challadoír Arda Macha`chief keeper of the
60calendar
', FM ii 1052.8 . ¤ chomairlid chief counsellor, SR 6652 .
¤ c[h]onsul, CCath. 4467 . ¤ chríochaire`chief antiquary', FM
ii 1052.9 . ¤ dalta:Lucas . . . p. Póil chief disciple, PH 5396 .
¤ echlach:p. uile Mac Roth chief courier, TBC 100 .risin
primechlaig, 4239 .Mac Roth in [ṗ]rímechlach(sic leg.), 5022 ,
65 cf. 5150 . ¤ epscop, Ériu i 218 § 1 . ¤ ḟáith, SR 5388 , 7132 .na
.iiii. primfaith ┐ in dā minfaith dec major prophets, Hib. Min.
3.71 .tria gin in prímfatha Ysaias, Lism.L. 8 . CCath. 929 (of
diviners). ¤ fiadu:ticfa féin ar prim-fiada(of Christ), BColm.
14.8 . ¤ ḟlaith, Acall. 595 . ¤ fulachtóir:tri primfulachtore
70ind rig head-cooks, BDD 123 . ¤ gaiscedach:a primgascedaig
ollchuicid Ulad! LL 262b2 = MU 6.13 . ¤ laech:tri prímlaích
chief warriors, BDD 128 .Cf. priomhlach .i. priomhláoch,
O'Cl. ¤ laeches f.:bantrocht na primlaichas chief lay-women,
SR 7818 . ¤ liaig, Acall. 3812 . BColm. 104.28 . ¤ martir, Fél.
75 Oct. 18 . ¤ mind:soscela Coluim Cille . . . primmind iartair
domain`chief relic', AU 1006 . ¤ óinmid, Ériu v 20.5 . ¤ ollam,
Acall. 3811 . ¤ pecthach:in primpeccthaig great sinners, SR
8349 . ¤ preceptóir, Lism.L. 2745 ( ¤ proiceptoir). ¤ rannaire:
primronnaire Patraic head-dispenser , Acall. 3495 . ¤ rechtaire,
80 Acall. 1469 . ¤ reto[i]ridh, CCath. 4469 (of Cicero). ¤ sacart:
primsacairt chief priests , Wb. 10d15 . ¤ saer (soír):tricha saér
do prímsáeraib hErend, FB 2 .do acallaim prímshair na
ṅGréc, LL 218b21 . ¤ senchaid(e):primshenchaide na nEbraide
(of Josephus), PH 6945 .príomhsheanchaidh Árda Macha,
85 Ériu i 82 § 16 . ¤ staraide, Leb. Gab. i 4.9 . ¤ suí, ZCP v 499 § 1
(used ofhead-teacherin a monastic school). ¤ thoísech, SR
5388 .p. túaithi Dé, Ériu iv 142.2 (of Moses). ¤ ugdar:teist an
phríomhughdair S. Augustine, TSh. 5003 .
With names of things: ¤ aba main river , ZCP viii 202.2 .
¤ airecht chief assembly , FA 13 . ¤ aiste:na seacht primaisti
5` principal metres ', Auraic. 1586 . IT iii 49 § 90 . ¤ altóir, SR
4265 . ¤ bile, TBC 1816 . ¤ caindel:i ndelbaib primcainnel,
FA 13 ( ¤ choindel, LB). ¤ cathair:in primhcathair airderc .i.
Babilóin, CCath. 15 .ardespuc na primcathrach, PH 17 .
Chief monastery : Fél. 184.29 . Lism.L. 4255 . ¤ chruachait
10 prime joint(of meat),rump , LL 29b28 . ¤ cubat:cuic prim-
chubai[t], SR 2527 (where the prefix seems otiose). ¤ chuit,
Ériu i 134.6 ; viii 135.17 (chief ration or meal). ¤ dorus, SR 7356 .
¤ dún:for faidchi primdúni, TBC 1816 .ic togail na primdún
chief fortresses(of Canaan), SR 7342 . IT i 118.5 . ¤ eclais, Fl.
15Earls 174 y . ¤ fhéil, Fél. June 10 .oiffrend cecha primfheile,
Ériu i 220.9 . ¤ gaeth:cethri primgaetha . . . cethri fogaetha,
SR 47 (winds blowing directly from the cardinal points),cf.
CCath. 4335 . ¤ inad:primhined chief abode , SR 6412 . ¤ lepaid:
meic Nechtain do chur assa primlepthaib(i.e.chief strongholds),
20 TBC 1480 . ¤ loch:prímlocha hErend, BDD 155 . ¤ long:
séolchrand primluṅgi móre a large ship, TBC 2623 . Lism.L.
3183 . ¤ longphort, Keat. iii 542 . ¤ mag: do prímmaigib
hErend chief plains, IT i 127.24 . ¤ oenach, TBC 2498 . ¤ rand:
anmand cheithre primrand chief kinds of quatrain, IT iii 51
25§ 95 . ¤ reilec:prímreilce Herend chief burial-grounds, LU 4068 .
rob í Tailltiu [sic leg.] tres primhreileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii
150 § 2 . ¤ rót:coicc primroid Erenn, Anecd. ii 4.14 . ¤ scél:
the tales which the Irishfilidhwere required to know were
divided into two classes,prímscélandfoscél, see LL 189b44
30( MS. Mat. 583 ).iss iat so na prímscéoil .i. togla ┐ tana ┐
tochmarca,etc., 189b52 . ¤ scol:do bhádar . . . cheithre
príomhscola i nEirinn chief schools, Keat. iii 2573 . ¤ ṡliab, TBC
1814 . ¤ slige:primsligeda in choicid, TBC 1146 . ¤ ṡlóg, Fél.
Feb. 12 . ¤ sráid, Fl. Earls 168.15 . ¤ ṡuide, Fél. Prol. 117 .
35 Lism.L. 427 . ¤ tonn:primthonna Eirenn .i. tonn Glidhna ┐ t.
Tuaidhe ┐ t. Rudhraigi, Acall. 7999 .
With abstracts (generallywith emphasizing or intensifying
force): ¤ acallam:dolotar flaithi Laighen . . . co a rrig .i.
primacallaim co Bran, Anecd. i 40.2 (`to take high counsel',
40 Ériu iv 41 ). ¤ chéssad, Fél. Oct. 15 . ¤ cinnecht:in tan ruc
[Iacob] in primchinnecht, SR 2920 (headship, supremacy? or
birthright?cf. ¤ gentechtabove). ¤ géim, TBC 6180 (< H.1.
13). ¤ goibnecht, SR 4190 . ¤ locht, Keat. Poems 661 . ¤ lot,
TSh. 7821 . ¤ ṡorthan, Acall. 5304 n. =primordan, text.
45 IIWith adj.denoting possession of quality in superlative
degree: ¤ álaind:mac primalaind Priaim, BB 430b47 . TTebe
1394 . ¤ arrachta, Ériu v 180.322 . ZCP vi 30.5 . ¤ coitchenn:
morleighnidh primhcoitcheann amail Origin, Lism.L. 3322 ;
`a great reader of chief congregations', Stokes, perhaps rather
50 universally known. ¤ échtach, TTebe 3150 , 3315 . ¤ elathnach,
LL 218b22 . ¤ eolach:fer frimeolach a man of great experience,
Arch. iii 234 § 12 . ¤ fáthacdae:sailmchetlaid primfhathacdai
amail Daibith, Lism.L. 3319 :cf. ¤ fáithabove. ¤ maith: (as
subst.)ronsóera la primmaithiu, SR 8146 . ¤ réid very smooth,
55 LL 233a20 .

prímáid(-aid) n m.(Lat.primatus)aprimate(eccles.): láncuairt
coicidh Connacht . . . la Gilla mac Liac comarba Patraic, idon
la primaith Erenn, AU ii 172.22 .príomháidh Éireann, Keat.
ii 814 .comhorba Pattraic ┐ príomhaidh na hEreann, FM iii
60126.16 .primfaidh Eirenn, ALC i 148.14 (a popular etymology,
cf. fáith?).on bpriomhfaidh protusdant, MS. Mat. 549.25
(preface of theRéim Ríoghraidhe, A.D. 1630).

prímaidecht n f. primacy (eccles.):primáitecht Erenn, ALC i
262.9 , 11 .im phriomhaidhecht Arda Macha, FM i 436.21 .
65?primaidhecht, gl.Anchises, Ir. Gl. 354 (Stokes suggests
prímaidecht`prime tutorship').

prímamail adj i. primary,original :do plannduigheadh go prío-
mhamhuil an naomheagluis le Críost, Eochairsg. 2.31 .

prímda(e) adj io, iā. foremost,principal,pre-eminent :primda .i.
70aireagda, Lec. Gl. 65 ,cf. 65 M .la Patricc prímde, Thes. ii
326.3 = Hy. iv 9 (prímda,primdu,primhdhai v.l.).baithes
Pátraic prímdae, Fel. Ap. 5 .Pól prímdae, ib. Ep. 247 .Par-
tholónprímda, LL 5b21 =priomda`P. the primaeval' (?), Leb.
Gab. i 60.17 .búnad prímda`a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii
75295.14 ( SP v 13 ).in ri scaras goí fri fír . . . ruc breith primda
for Saol a consummate(?notable) judgement, SR 6508 .flaithius
primhda na Pers`primary' (?), CCath. 9 .dona secht n-aisti
bprimda na filidhechta principal metres, Auraic. 4874 .batar
primhda airm in [leg.na] rígh ro batar remibh(i.e.victorious?),
80 BB 494a14 = IT ii299.10 .

prímdacht n f. primacy,superiority :ni rabi da cinib fer talman
rasessad cutrumus fri Grecu . . . ar primdacht a popul, LL
217b45 TTr. 65 ).fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri
mberla sin why superiority is assigned to these three languages,
85 Auraic. 162 .priomhadhacht Peadar, Luc. Fid. 263.10 .

prímedach adj o, ā. (<prímon analogy ofdechmadach?)a payer
of first-fruits
?ba dechmadach primedach`pay tithes and first-
fruits
', Ériu ii 172 § 3 .