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85 píast (péist) n ā,f.(Lat.bestia) alsobéist,biast, an older form;
n p. béssti, Wb. 31b21 . In Mid.Ir. both forms are used side by
side, butpíast(péist) is commoner and ultimately prevails.
n s. inpheist , LU 2428 . 9101 ( FB 85 ).g s. bíasta, 9153 ( FB 39 ).
n p. bíasta, 8762 ( FB 57 ):bésti, PH 7587 , butpésti, 7670 .
péisd béisd IGT Dec. § 43 .g s. píasda,ib. ex. 1126 .d p. ar
5 bhíasdaibh , ex. 1125 .
Abeast,monster , in early lit. generally of fabulous monsters,
rarely of wild beasts in general; in sagas and folk-lore of
marine or more commonly sublacustrine monsters, often
bearing special names and in hagiogr. lit. freq. ejected by the
10power of saints; an outbreak of pestilence was somet. ascribed
to the ravages of a `píast';cf.the Life of Mac Creiche, Misc.
Hag. Hib. 36 § 49 :da ttangatar tedmanna mora . . . .i. an gríbh
ingnech ┐ an bhuidhe Connuill ┐ in bolccsighi ┐ in gerrghar
┐ in broicseach Locha Broicsighi .i. pést.Cf.also:peist
15 quasi pestis.i. teidm, Corm. Y 1067 .béssti olca, gl.malae
bestiae, Wb. 31b21 .no chodlad eter na hilphiasta wild beasts,
PH 875 .co mbia tríur óigred oc fir husarachta .i. bésti ┐
nathracha ┐ cruma; beit a maíne oc na piastaib, 7587 - 8
(=serpentes et bestias et vermes, Ecclesiasticus x 13 ).tri cait-
20tini . . . .i. tri bíasta druidechta, FB 57 .airm i mbia . . . in pheist
irdairc úathmar ilchennach(i.e.the Devil), LU 2428 = RC
iv 252.25 .piasta ifrinn, BNnÉ 216 § 95 .ilpesti ithfrinn, RC
xxviii 320 § 39 .Ofmarineorlacustrine monsters :cidh ara
tuc in bheist isin mhuir anoir do Brigit, Lism.L. 1729 .o bhél
25na péiste, BNnÉ 72 § 127 =an t-iascc adhbalmhór,ib. le
piastaibh an aigéoin, 73 § 130 .don pheist ro boí isind loch,
FB 83 .gaibthi in béist assind uisci, LL 250a51 =a mmíl,
250b7 ( TBFr. 229 , 236 ).peisd adhuathmur . . . Cathach a
hainm, Lism.L. 1840 (of a monster inhabiting Inis Cathaigh).
30 Oflocusts: atát péste i n-aroile randaib thair . . . brucha a
n-anman, Ériu ii 192 § 3 (cf.Lat.bruchus, Levit. xi 22 ).frisin
béist re n-abar locusta, PH 7651 .
In later lit. acreeping reptile, esp. aworm: nach ferr duit do
t[h]omuilt dūinne . . . inā do thomhuilt do phiasdaib na tal-
35man? Marco P. 164 .an cholann do chor i n-uaimh . . . i
gcaidreabh crumh ┐ chiaróg ┐ phiast ndochraidh . . . archeana,
TSh. 1109 .péiste géara na dtuambaoi . . . doghéanaid ort
féasta, Keat. Poems 363 .peste worms, Rosa Angl. 132.18 .
pestida, 121.16 .peiste cruime, gl.lumbrici, 23 K 42,38.15 .
40 piastaidhe an tsíoda silkworms , Corp. Astron. 64.19 .an
phiast palmer . . . an péist chancair the palmerworm . . . the
cankerworm
, Joel i 4 .péist, mialtog, gadmuin, miolcrion
`a moth', Eg. Gl. 417 . Fig.ofhuman beings ;gé nach bfuil-
maoid acht 'nar bpiasdaibh though we are but worms, Carswell
45 187.18 .Ofships :do chuireadar amach a bpiasda uathmhara,
ML 44.23 .

píastach adj o, ā. aboundinginmonsters :isa Banbha piastaigh,
Ériu x 78.3 .

píastamail adj i. resemblinga `píast',monster-like ?ennach imfada
50faobarghorm . . . piastamail claisréid . . . i gcengal in chresa
(of a warrior's accoutrement), Caithr. Thoirdh. 39.31 ; the sense
ofennachis obscure, `dirk', O'Grady, who does not translate
the adj.píastamail; perh. serpent-like(in form) ordangerous .
compar. piastamla cu ina muc ┐ píastamla muc ina bo`more
55beastly
' (?more vicious, fiercer), Laws iii 244.2 Comm. (see fg.).

píastamlacht n f.(píastamail):nocon fogabar cethruimthe ar
muic ara piastamlacht, Laws iii 244.1 Comm. (on fines for
injuries inflicted by a pig under provocation; transl.`beastli-
ness';viciousness,aggressiveness ?).

60 píb xand derivv. seepíp.

píbaid(píbaigid) v g. chirps,squeaks (a deriv. ofpípor a loan-
word from Eng.peep`mutter, squeak'?):ar fháistineachaibh
phíobas ┐ channranus, Isa. viii 19 .ni raibh neach . . . d'fhos-
cuil an béul nó do phíobuidh, x 14 (the Engl. A.V. uses the
65vb. `peep' in both instances).

pibar xseepipur.

pibín n m. name of aplant :pibin allaid, gl.salvaria sparagus,
Arch. i 334.1 . Stokes connects the word withpíp.

pibracas (pibarcas) n m. name of aplant,pepperwort ? gl.
70 auisterium, Arch. i 331.15 .sil pibracais, 23 P 10,25b21 ,cf.
silpibrais , ib. 11a38 .piobarcas` pepperwort,dillander,cock-
weed ', P. O'C.

pic(c) n f.(Lat.pix, pic-em) pitch,tar :in picc, gl.pix, RC ix 243.5 .
airbrunni na liburni . . . árna níamdubad di phicc, LL 235b29
75( TTr. 1390 ).ni chuirid pic forro, Marco P. 145 (of caulking
boats).do chuimlettar da ccenglaibh . . . pic ┐ róisin, BNnÉ
52 § 44 .a gclaochlódh i bpic(=in picem), TSh. 6725 .picc,
Rosa Angl. 118.3 .imat crann giúaiss . . . dia ttair[rng]ther
pic(i.e.resin), Fl. Earls 84.28 .do loguibh pice talmhuidhe
80 slime-pits, Gen. xiv 10 .As name of aplant :pic gregach, gl.
col[o]fuinia(=colophonia), Arch. i 327.58 .

pic(c)ardach n o,m. aScottish Pict (a formation by metathesis
from Lat.Pictores, see AU 668 , 675 , 727 ?):ro gab Nechtan
ríghi na Picardach, RC xvii 234.15 (Tig.).cath . . . iter
85Picardachaib, ib. 13 .eter Piccardaib, 235.6 .

píce n f.(Eng. or Romance loan-word)apoleorpike :meid . . .
do picidhip poles, Fl. Earls 58.10 .forccomh . . . do phíce
pike(weapon), FM vi 2114.24 .co n-ailtnibh . . . et picibh
accus crománaibh, Aisl. Tund. 102.1 .lucht pícedh pike-men ,
Rel. Celt. ii 188.25 .