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50 onchú n n,f.apparently a native word, compd. of, perhaps =
water-hound , as suggested by Stokes ( CCath. Gloss. p. 136 ),
who in an earlier note ( IT ii1139 ) derives it from Fr.onceau,
dim. ofonce< Lat.lyncem; see TD ii 214.
(a)name of ananimal, apparently of thedogtribe and
55fierce and dangerous; by editors variously transld. `otter',
`leopard' or `wolf', but prob. often used without any definite
idea beyond that ofwild beast. onchú obeli, LL 267b12 ( MU
36.30 ).onchú nemi, LB 274b63 ( SG 58 ), of a monster inhabit-
ing a lake, called `cú', 275a7 (cf. Caithr. Cellaig 534 , 549 ).
60 a chú .i. onchu gerr glas, Acall. 1899 n. =madra, 1900 (text).
g s. co n-ainbthinche onchon, TTr.2 1071. cráes onchon,
Lism.L. 3799. pl. na .ix. [sic leg.] n-onchoin n-anbhle, Anecd.
ii 60 y (called `cona', 62 x , y ).do chuirsit na honcoin orra,
Celt. Rev. iv 116.2 =na doburcoin, ib. 24 .a fulib drecon . . .
65is onchon is nathrach, Cog. 158.20 .le honchonaibh ifrinn,
TSh. 3875. Usedfig.:cuirfiter onchoin chucaibh o Athairni
. . . .i. aer ┐ athais ┐ imdergad, RC xxiv 280 § 20 ,cf. Anecd.
ii 62 z . Esp. of warriors or heroes (common in later Mid.Ir.
poetry, often in favourable sense):an onchú irghaili, CF 307.
70 onchu gnimartach na nGaedhel, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.).Mac M.
. . . onchú ar engnamh, FM iii 412.12 .onchu uilc . . . .i. Ceat
mac Mághach, Keat. ii 3101. an dá onchoin da dtáinig
aidhmhilleadh Éireann, 3199 .onchoin āthi atluma na Banba,
Cog. 160.21 (of the Dál Cais).dorochratar a n-ársídhe urgaile
75┐ a n-onchoin échtacha, TTr.2 1079. onchoin Ḟánad, TD
4.42 .onchú éachtach(of death), TSh. 1160.
(b)abannerorstandard , prob. orig. one on which an `onchú'
was depicted (the accompanying adjectives are somet. more
appropriate to the animal than to a standard):otconncatar
80Ulaid onchú Eogain ┐ na mergeda, LB 272b49 .amail línas
gaoth onchú óbhél oslaicthi, TBC 3868 St.co facadar na
hoincoin [honconav.l.] obeli ┐ na mergeda, CCath. 3108.
atconnairc . . . na honchona corpc[h]aela craesderga, 5434 .
ri snám . . . na n-onchon n-idlaidi n-ingantach, LL 239a34
85( TTr. 1663 ).ag úaim oncon sleamhan sróil, ZCP ii 359.4
(Eochaidh Ó Heoghusa, 16th-17th cent.).onchu`a wolf-dog,
a standard or ensign with the figure of a wolf . . . an able or strong
man
', P. O'C.
(c) asnpr. m.:Onchú mac Sárán, BColm. 46.22 .asslondud
án Onchon, Fél. July 9 .m. Onchon m. Faelchon, LL 317a55 .
5 Doborchu m. Onchon, 313c16 .

1 ond n s,n. astoneorrock (confined to poetry and B. na f.):
cloch, tri hanmann lé .i. onn a iarmbelra,etc., Corm. Y 213.
ond cloch . . . is he in lia . . . is ed ond . . . is í an cloch, ib.
80 .onn .i. ail nó cloch, O'Dav. 1321. uinn cloch, 1322 (d s.
10forn s.). O'Cl.s.v. onn. `onn' is `ailcne' cloch, Met. Gl. 24 § 14.
ailcne . . . .i. onn, ZCP viii 102 z =cloch, Ériu ii 186.18 .
Boirend .i. borr-ond .i. cloch mor, O'Mulc. 181. g s. adba
huath-uinne , Corm. Y 80 ,cf. O'Dav. 1322. d s. sal foronn
(.i. ar cloich), ZCP iii 378.6 . Treated asfem.?co tuc in oind
15baí for muin Guairi, Met. Dinds. iv 40.23 =líc, ib. 13 .
Compds.cloth-ond(.i. cloch cloithi), LU 922 , 924 ( ACC 77 ).
?cath Dromma undglaissi, ZCP xiii 374.26 ( B. in Scáil § 11 ).

2 ond? n breth fonnaigh .i. indsguither in brethemnus fo ondaib
.i. fo chisaib in charpaid, H. 3.18 p. 435 - 436 ( O'C. 1043 ).

20 3 ond? ind berdait antechta bretha brath ond .i. . . . as é ni berait
in lucht ag ata fir-techt na mbrath co tí onn in bratha, H. 3.17,
c. 489a ( O'Don. 658 ).

ondar v this is,here is (= Fr.voici, voilà), folld. by a neut. sing.
subst.etargoire n-inchoisc hi persaind . . . unnse (.i. in fer)
25unnsi (.i. in ben) onnar (.i. i[n] nem), Auraic. 649. `issed' iar
Macaib Miled . . . `ondor' iar Feraib Bolg, 1495 .ondar dossom
in del chlis here is the javelin for him! LU 5146 (= TBC2 663 ).
undar dait sund comardae here is a proof for thee, 5407
( TBC2 930 ), quoted by O'Cl. with gloss:onnar .i. ata. onnar .i.
30aisneidhther (aisneidhev.l.) is declared, O'Dav. 1331. ?sapairt
ondar deo ar m'eol, ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.).
Seeondatanduinse. Expld. by O'Brien, Ériu xi 163 , as a
sing. pass.from thevb. uindim`I see'; seeuindim.

ondat v here are , folld. by a plur. subst.unse a ben lasin ríg;
35ondat a bai issin tír, LL 252a15 = TBFr. 390 ,cf. ZCP iv
45.18 , where Meyer prints:ondāt.
Seeondar(from which it is perh. an analogous formation).

óndiu x=ó indiu, seeindiu.

onfais n f.alsoonfaise the act ofplunging,divingorswimming
40under water:ónfais, IGT Dec. § 13.23 .ba maith a snamh ┐
a onfais, CF 347. do snamh ┐ d'onfaisi ar an abaind, BCC
§ 149 .teit M. . . . for onfoisse ban [= fó'n] loch, LB 274b68 =
dochuaid . . . d'iaraig na piasda ar onfais, Caithr. Cellaig 540.
as onfaisi occiain`diving the ocean' (of a hopeless attempt),
45 CCath. 4396. is anḟuise aigein, Content. xxiii 7 (onfuisi,
onfuis, MSS.).ag onfais i n-oigéan an ionnracais, TSh. 2276.
g s. ag réamhfhaisnéis gachaonfaise┐ gacha iommbáitte dá
mbí ar anmannaibh ann(sc.in Hell), 6688 .
With extension of meaning:maise th'anbhfhaise [t'onfaise,
50thanfaisiv.l.] i n-úir`well it fitted thee not to rest 'neath earth',
Dán Dé xxix 21 (of Christ in the tomb); the rhyme with
cladhchlaisesupports the readingt'anfaise; the translation
suggests an abstr. fromanfois(s)`unsteady, restless'. The
meaning may bethy plunge into the grave, cf. `léim'of preced-
55ing verses. Butcf. onfais`disorder, topsy-turvey, . . . tossing,
tumbling, rolling to and fro
', P. O'C.

onfaisech n o,m. one whoplungesordives, adiver :onfisech
[onfaiseachv.l.] amra, CCath. 2158 =eximius animam
servare sub undis scrutarique fretum, Phars. iii 697.8 .

60 1 ong n o,m. tribulation,sorrow,lamentation (archaic and poetic).
ong, brón, Met. Gl. Ff. 60. o. ¤ .i. brón no imnedh, H. 3.18
p. 73 ( O'C. 117 ).o. ¤ .i. fochaid ┐ cosc . . . o. ¤ .i. uch, Corm.
p. 34 = Corm. Y 1013. a ong .i. a fochaidhe, Corm. Y 935.
o. ¤ .i. brón no foghail, O'Cl.;.i. uch,ib. ní ong óentaige, ní ong
65óentéta, ACC § 137 (of death of Colum C.),cf. Corm. p. 34.3 .
meinic m'ong`frequent is my groan', Buile S. 40.9 ; quoted LB
179 m. sup. with gloss.i. accaine. `ong' ar ecaine, LB 182 m.
sup. ong nach ran . . . (.i. is truagh nach fír . . .), ZCP v 488
§ 6 (B. na f.).ong im' ucht sadness in my breast, O'Bruad. iii
70204.20 .pl. cosaig do mac, a F., cotsescait a oing, Corm. Y
1013 .ong .i. tadall . . .ut [dicitur]oṅgaib coscaib carat .i.
ar omun a tadaill dia cosc dia cardib, RC xx 412.14 ( ACC 137
Comm. ); same quotation under O'Dav. 1316 with gloss:onga
.i. tadhall,i.e. visitation?cf. ong .i. leasughadh amending,
75correcting
(?), O'Cl.ong `.i. fochaid no galar a disease;.i.
cosca a hindrance . . . a check, a chastisement', P. O'C.
Compd.immad n-oṅ[g]galar, SR 1453. Cf. 2 ongaid.

2 ong n afireorhearth ?`ong' teallach te, Met. Gl. 27 § 36. O'R.

? 3 ong adj. nícon messe a[s] samail | frisin ngamain ong (ógg
80 v.l.), Fianaig. 24.15 (:toll).Cf. ong .i. glan, O'Cl.; but the
reading may be wrong.

onga xseeonbaand1 ong.

ongad u,m.(vn.ofoingid) in O.Ir.o-st.,g s. indongaith
[ongraith, MS.], Ml. 30b7 .The act ofanointing;unction :int
85ongad, gl.unctio, Ml. 43c11 .int o[n]gath, Thes. ii 251.8
( Stowe Miss. 57a ).ongad .i.ab unguento [sic leg.], Corm. Y
1039 .o. ¤ na ndoine ngalair, LB 258a5 .do o. ¤ mo chuirp, PH
3803 .g s. is uime tánac . . . re haghaidh h'ongtha, a Fintain
to be anointed by thee, Anecd. i 39 § 112. Freq. of extreme
unction:go ndearnadh a fhaoisidin is a ongadh, Keat. iii 984.
5 gur ba marb[h] é . . . iar n-ongadh ┐ aithricche, FM iii 32.6 .
d'eg do bas ongtha ┐ aithrighe, AU ii 560.18 .d'eg . . . fa
buaidh ongtha ┐ aithrighe, iii 22.19 .bás unga ┐ aithrighe,
Maguires of F. § 98.
Alsoungadh(later form influenced by etymology):d'ungadh
10mo chuirp-si, Mark xiv 8. 1 John ii 27. g s. brisfighear a
chuing [do] bhrígh a ungthaidh, Isa. x 27 (leg. ungaidh?).
Compd.gabaid for ongad-c[h]omailt a c[h]uirp do ola,
CCath. 2934.