Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U

óg(a)e n iā,f.(óg), alsoúag(a)e(freq. in Mid.Ir. poetry). In O.Ir.
60the stem is alwaysnon-palatal:d s. in-ógai , Sg. 59b10 , Ml.
94b3 ;óógai , Thes. ii 3.34 ;in-uagai , Fél. Prol. 255 (but:co
ṅ-óigi ib. Ep. 107 ,co n-úaigi, Apr. 6 ); in Mid.Ir. generally
palatalbefore a palatal vowel in inflexion.
(a) wholeness,entirety,integrity :oighe .i. comlaine, O'Cl.
65 iure feidligthe i n-ógi of remaining entire(of components of a
compd. word), Sg. 16a14 ,cf. 59b10 , 73b2 .comallad inna
firinne i n-ógai to fulfil completely, Ml. 94b3 .o desid ógi na
cretmi la firu Herend, LU 9735 = RC vi 163 x .óige ┐ com-
lantius na hirse cathalcdai, LB 251b36 = MS. Mat. 614.12 .
70 trí chét bliadhan . . . óigi m'aísse, Anecd. i 29.1 .deich cétaib
co n-úagai with ten hundred, all told, LL 182a52 = Arch. Hib.
ii 55 § 17 .in crech cona hoige d'ḟacbail the entire spoil, LB
272b37 .dús in ba mebor leo Táin Bó Cualngi inna ógi, LL
245b4 = TBC liii 2. frith na multa a n-oighe the wethers were
75found to be complete in number
, Lism.L. 1674. samlam ann-
ōge uili | anmann Bōinne Bregmaige let us recall all the names
. . . in their full number
, ZCP viii 105 z .do chuinghidh aisicc
a chruidh . . . ┐ do radadh dó in óighe, FM vi 2104.5 .corp
Crist iarna oighi, RC xxxvii 345 § 3.
80In sense completeness,perfection :la hógi alt légend`per-
fection of high studies
', Fél. Sep. 26 (hoghe,huaigi v.l.).bith-
maraid i n-úagai | nert rúanaid ar ríg-nai, Prol. 255. d'fiur na
hoige`the man of perfection in his art', Laws ii 36.6 Comm.
(b) celibacy, theunmarriedstate; in relig. lit.chastity: oge .i.
85comlainius cen truailled a corp [i curpH], Corm. Y 1022.
imp óge fa lánamnas, Wb. 10a18 ,cf. 9d26 .buid don ingin i
n-ógi, 10b20 .aes óge, aes athirge, SR 8247. lucht ógi ┐
athrigi, LU 2463 = RC iv 254 § 23. abb hóige`virginal abbot',
Fél. Dec. 6 (huage,huagi v.l.).aindre áille . . . ettorra doniodh
a óighe kept his virginity, ZCP i 64.2 .ro tholtnaig side do Dia
5hi n-oige ┐ hi martrai, PH 870. comarba óigi ┐ genais na
eclaise, BColm. 104.27 .epscop ┐ mac oicche, FM ii 762.7 .

Ogma npr. m. name of a mythical chief of the Tuatha Dé
Danann, to whom was ascribed the invention of Ogham
letters. m. Ogma m. Eladan, LL 10a15 .Ogma mac Ealathan,
10 Auraic.,2810 .athair ogaim Ogma, 2813 .Oghmae mac
Ethlend, RC xii 76 § 59 =Oghmai m. Etnae, 68 § 36. Ogma
[mac Eladain], Ériu viii 44.5 .Ogma mac Ethlenn, 36 z .
Ogma mac Elathan(one of the ancient wise men of Ireland),
ZCP iii 16.1 .co hOgma ṅGrianainech, TBC 4868. mac
15Oghma Griain-Éigis mic Ealathan, Keat. i p. 222 .

? ogma n asupport prop? oghma .i. fulang, H. 4.22 p. 67 ( O'C.
2067 ).

ogmóir n i,m.(ogum)oghmóir(g s. -óir,-óra,-órach:n p. -óire,
-óraigh), IGT Dec. § 50.9 .OneskilledinOgham-writing, an
20oghamist :Morann mac Main in t-ogmoir, ZCP iii 15 z ;cf.
Auraic. 5528 fg. , where Morann is said to have invented
kennings for the Ogham letters. Lateranorthographist, a
correctwriter :fo lim cen cop ógmoir, IT iii 73 § 31. oghmoire
ileardha scholars of divers kinds, 92 § 136 = Bruchst. i § 42 .
25 mór n-oghmóir, IGT Introd. § 2.

ogmóracht n ā,f. the art ofOgham-writing? or more prob. the
scienceof the artificial or crypticdictionpractised by Irish
bards: ogmoracht, Auraic. 5803 (name of an art or occupation,
transld. `harvesting').sai ndana ┐ n-oghmorachta ┐ eladhan
30imda aile`Ogmic', AU ii 444.9 (of Muiris Ó Gibealáin † 1328)
= ALC i 608.19 (`Ogham-writing'). Seeogum (d).

ogoite n(=óg-óitiu?)earlyyouth? do dainib i n-oghoiti (.i. in
n-indottacht a n-oeitidh), Anecd. v 24.7 and n. 9 .

ograd xsee1 odrad.

35 ? ogradach adj o,ā.a Themraigh n-aird n-ogradaig, ZCP xii 358.
17 ; =occradaig (acc-) honourable? cf. accrad, ZCP xi 151 § 29 ,
152 § 50 , 157 § 138 (Imram Churaig Máile Dúin).

ógríar n a,f.(óg+ríar) complete desire,satisfaction,requirement ;
generally of demands for compensation,etc., with gen. of
40claimant.coro léiced dó a chosc féin . . . dia uagréir that he
might be allowed to bear the punishment himself at (God's) good
, SR 4128. forusestar Loegaire ógréir Patraic, LU
9738 ( RC vi 164.2 ).durat Cerball ri Osraighe oghreir samtha
Patraic made full submission to P.'s congregation, AU 858 ,cf.
45 Keat. iii 2942. slechtais fo ogreir Maolruaoin, Mon. Tall. 77.
do milliud Lagen . . . mani tistís d'a ógreir, LL 375b23 .co
tucsad a n-oigreir o Gallaib .i. .xx. cét [bó],etc., RC xvii 341.
39 .targad dó aní adeiread féin . . . 'na óighréir he was offered
whatever compensation he might fix himself
, MR 132.6 .iar
50ttabhairt a oighreire dhó, FM vi 2046.18 .an tí aga rabhadar
dá fhichid mile manach fá n-a óighréir nó fá n-a smacht, Keat.
iii 742 . In concrete sense,anaward :la taeb .vii. cumal ┐
ógriara archena, RC xvii 345.5 .
As quasi-vn.:luidi M. . . . co tech na trommdaime iarna
55n-ogreir uli after their demands had been satisfied, Arch. iii
3.16 .ní thoirmisgim fa dhreim beo | óighréir gach aoin dá
dtí leo`I object to no party serving those of their own side',
Content. xiv 17.

ógthathchor n o,m.(óg+tathchor,tadchor)lit. `afull return',
60acycle(in chronological reckoning): cétna bliadain tossaich
óigtathchuir, RC xvi 406.14 .ni tig siglus co cenn . . . iar
n-ogtaigcoir (leg.n-ógtathchur), Fél. 98.6 .

ogum (ogom) n o,m.laterogam,ogham.
(a) Ogham , a species of writing or script used in Ireland in
65early times, though prob. adapted from the Roman alphabet
(see, however, Macalister, The Secret Languages of Ireland 28 ).
In Irish ogham the letters (25 in all) were represented by
strokes, vertical or oblique and varying in number from one
to five, drawn from one or both sides of a foundation-line
70(druim); it was commonly employed on stone pillars or
rectangular staves of wood, of which an angle served as
`druim'. The only extant specimens are inscriptions on
burial- (or memorial-?) stones. Its invention was traditionally
ascribed to Ogma mac Elathan (seeOgma):athair ogaim
75Ogma, mathair ogaim lam no sgian(i.e. Ogma was the in-
ventor of Ogham, its efficient cause is hand or knife), Auraic.
2813 . The letters in theo. ¤ alphabet bore the names of trees
or shrubs and the alphabet itself was calledBeithe-luis(-nin)
from the opening letters b, l, (n). Ogham script seems to
80have been cultivated in the bardic schools throughout the
Middle Ages and in the Auraicept in BB and other MSS. 93
various kinds of ogham alphabet based on theBeithe-luis
are described. In the curriculum of the bardic schools (given
in IT iii 32 § 2 , 34 § 9 , §12 ) 50 `ogums' (? ogham alphabets)
85form part of the course in the first, second, and third years
respectively. In heroic lit. we findoghamwriting used for
burial inscriptions, cryptic messages and occas. for divination
(wooden staves or rods being used for the last purpose).
(b)anogham inscription :ogum i llia, lia uas lecht, IT i
158.1 ( LL 154a45 ).dammared Find fichtib glond | cian bud
5chuman in ogom, ib. 14 (=int ogum, LL fcs.).atá coirthe oca
ulaid. ┐ atá ogom isin chind fil hi talam din corthi. Issed fil
and. Eochaid Airgtech inso, LU 10993 = Im. Brain i 48.15 .
ro tócbad a lia ┐ ro scríbad [a] ainm oguim, TFerbe 757 .
dogni ith n-erchomail . . . ┐ scribais ogum ina menacc, TBC2
10 224 =tuc ainm n-oguim 'na menuc, TBC 565 ,cf. 675 , 1230 .
dobert C. a sleigin dō ┐ doforne ogum n-ind, IT ii1178.138 .
co ndernui [in druí] iiii flescca ibir ┐ scrípuidh oghumm inntib,
IT i 129.22 (a method of divination).foidis . . . Dauid co
hAibisolon in milid ┐ rig-ogum ina sciath do thabairt chatha,
15 ZCP xiii 177.9 (i.e. secret instructions to give battle).
Ogham inscriptions were also used to attest sales, ownership
of property, and for mere-stones;ogum na creca do beth i
llic firt, H. 3.18 p. 251 ( O'C. 484 ), where a tombstone is used
for the bat la comorbaib cuimne cen ogom i n
20ailc[h]ibh . . . cen macu, cen ratha, ib. p. 22 a ( O'C. 61 ).
comcuimne da crích . . . .i. in t-oghum isin gollan [= gallán],
ib. p. 230b ( O'C. 421 ).in t-ogum isin ngollán . . . gebid greim
tuinide dō, H. 5.15 p. 7a ( O'Don. 1581 ).
(c) in late gramm. treatisesoghamapparently denotes the
25written language or spelling as distinguished from the spoken
lang. or pronunciation (Gaedhelg).an connsuine bháithtear
do gháoidheilg do dhénamh d'oghum san chomhfhocal, IGT
Introd. § 2.36 (i.e. to express in the written compound word
a letter which is assimilated in pronunciation? an error;cf.
30 § 41 , § 42 ).nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhar-
dadh, § 3 (i.e. rhyme is not invariably determined by spelling).
ogham iomagallmha, § 1.6 (= current or ordinary spelling?).
atáid cóig aicme chúigir san bheithe luis ┐ ger lór trí litre .xx.
san ogham iomagallmha, § 4.16 (there are 25 characters in the
35`beithe-l.' or ogham alphabet, but only 23 in current script).
(d) the termoghamseems to have been later applied also
to some species ofBérla na filedor cryptic lang., see Thurn.
RC vii 369 , O'Don. Gramm. p. xlviii , and Macalister, The Secret Languages of Ireland
29 , 35 . obscurum loquendi modum, vulgoOgham,anti-
40quariis Hiberniae satis notum , O'Molloy, Grammatica Latino-
Hibernica(quoted by O'Don.,loc. cit.). Morish O'Gibellan . . .
an eloquent and exact speaker of the speech which in Irish is
called Ogham
, Ann. of Clonmacnoise(transld. by MagEoghe-
gan)p. 286(an.1328). Seeogmóracht.