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70 2 nád conj.introducing subord. neg. clause that . . . not ; used
occas. instead of3 náin O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. ( Thurn. Hdb.
§ 853 ).
(a) after such words asa n-,in tain when,huare because,
amal,etc.; the interrog. particlesin,cid why? ;ní(neg.), and
75 ar(a)introducing final clauses:
a-nnad fulngat when they do not bear(gl.non ferentia), Ml.
122a8 .in tan nád n-acastar when he is not seen, Wb. 25b28 .
in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, SR 1193 (=nad mbí?).huare nad
ndigni A. a chomairli because A. did not follow his counsel, Ml.
80 23b10 .huare nad tarat digail, 91a21 .amal nád n-airigther,
30a3 .amal nád ṅdéni neutur, Sg. 63a17 .innád cualaid-si ?
have ye not heard ? Wb. 5a21 .ní nád ṁbed di chorp not that it is
not of the body
, 12a22 .arnad ris iffernn that I may not go to hell,
Hy. vi 20 (arna v.l.).arnad bet ar maigib rédib, TBC 553.
85With cop. :amal nát anse dúib as is not hard for you, Wb.
17c11 .cid natat sláin ind huli ? why are not all saved ? 28b1 .cid
dait-siu nád bod [= bad] latt curadmir Emna Macha ? LU 8140
( FB 10 ; the use ofnádbefore a b-form of cop. is exceptional).
Cf.further :is airi nad gaibtir leu, Hib. Min. 7.234 .olsodain
nad maith fri Cirine, ib. 235 .ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa
5fair there is nothing on which my law does not touch, Sg. 26b7 .
Taking the place of a preceding neg. conj. :meni digset ammach
┐ nad anat i fos(= if they neither go nor stay), TBC 429.
(b) introducing noun-sentences explanatory of some pre-
ceding word or obj. of a vb. of saying, perceiving,etc.:
10 (haec verba).i. nad n-ersoilcfitis na doirsea, Ml. 46a19 ,cf.
38d4 .isindí nad creitid in that ye believe not, Wb. 1d14 .ar
indí nad biat etir inasmuch as they do not exist, Sg. 39a25 .as
riagoldu leosom nad ṁbíet cid int ṡuperlati, 40b14 .asbeir . . .
nad mbí ciall la nech, Ml. 50d1 .asberat-som nad ndignet inna
15degnimu, 56b15 .
(c) exceptionally in consecutive clause (=co ná) :ra díscaíl
F. in trichait cét . . . nad boí coiciur díb i n-oenbaile so that
not five of them were together
, TBC 450 =cona boi, St. See
also3 nád.

20 3 nád neg.adv. (a) used before a vb. or with copula in negative
answers repeating the vb. of a preceding question ; prob.
orig. the conj.2 nád.`In ra gaib na comai sin ?' `Nad ra gaib
écin', TBC 1743 =nir gap, St.`In fetair-seo cia fath . . . ?'
`Nad edar-sa ōn om', TBC² 2223. With cop. :`Inn é Cormac
25sút ?' . . . `Nad é om', TBC 176. `Nach tussu darrecoisc ?' . . . `Nad
me omm', 1104 .`In dóig inar tised C. . . . ?' `Nad dóig ém', 815 .
Withro-forms of cop.náris used :`Dóig arnar tísad C. . . . ?'
`Nar dóig omm', TBC 835 ,cf. 832 .
With a different vb. from that of question, esp. in formula :
30 nád ḟetar I do notknow :`Ga fíach sút ra imráid ?' `Nad ḟetar'
bar F., TBC 2987 =ni, St.`In facca-su nech d'Ultaib . . . ?'
`Nad ḟetar-sa ém', 4251 . Similarly in expressing refusal or
dissent:`Airisiu sein innocht dún, a ócláig !' . . . `Nad anéb om
ale', TBC² 1861 (=nad anaeb, TBC 2515 ,ni anab, St.).
35 `Dobér seotu dit.' `Nad gēb-sa on', 1335 .`Rom-[m]airc-se ón
em' ar in gilla, `darochar deside . . . . `Nad bia etir, a gillai' ar
C. `ar ní gonaim aradu', TBC 1416 ; `ich werde dich nicht
erschlagen
', Windisch ; ?it will not be (happen).
See alsonáde.
40(b) exceptionally used instead ofnáin prohibition :nad
raid-siu sin, a meic ! say not so, TBC 1054. Cf. nad clechta err
oencharpait do imluad ar m'ési, FB 35 ; a prohibitive sent.
with subj. ? but perh. rel. referring to preceding :hi cocrichaib,
see1 nád (c).

45 1 náde(náte) neg.particleused in answering a question,
really =nád(cop.) +hé(see Ped. ii 260 ), a particular case of
3 nád.in doich side do ? náde ní doich is it likely for him ?
nay, it is not likely
, Wb. 4b14 ,cf. ib. 16 (náte).náte ní cloín,
4c17 (gl.numquid iniquitas apud Deum ? Absit).in ní nad
50ndíxnigider ? nate, Ml. 55c10 .cani epir ? náte atbeir does it
not say it ? nay, it saith it
, Wb. 10d5 (where Fr.siwould be
used). In affirmation :in innonn lessparbulus et nutrix?
náde ǽm is innon verily it is the same, 24d11 .
In dissent from a proposal :`dogéntar airiut'. `Nate em' ol
55sesseom, BDD 21 =náte, BDD² 216.

2 náde? partThe follg. exx. are prob. to be explained as =nád
(cop.) +é,:
(a)nade in meicc macc hui Chuind, ACC 104 ( RC xx 276 ) =
nad in meic mac hui Chuind, LU 1053 ;nade mc, YBL ;nade
60in meicc, Rawl. ;naidi in mac, Laud. The Comm. RC xx 276
gives the gloss :naide .i. cuich no cia. Náide an mac mac uí
Chuinn .i. cia an mac mac ui Chuinn; folld. by O'Cl. giving
citation in the same form, and by P. O'C. Stokes translates :
`It is not the son's, the son of C.'s descendant.' The reading :
65 náde in macmay be connected with the follg. words :cuil
deim de eót, and may mean :the son of C.'s descendant is not
the son (who
. . .).
(b)nade .i. ni derna, ut poeta dicit : nade in corp atchí cen
chair | nach ní bad maith ┐ di[a] anmain [leg.maith dia a.], |
70acht is [é] a amles huile | dognid ar bith bar[r]buide, RC xx
276 ( ACC 104 Comm. ) =náide an corp adchi gan chair | nach
ní do mhaith dia anmain, O'Cl.s.v. naide(with gloss :naide
.i. ní dhearna). Stokes translates : `the body which thou seest did
not without sin aught that would be good for its soul
.' Perhaps :
75 it is not the body which sees without fault what would be,etc.

nádúir n i,f.(Romance loan-word) late Mid. and Mod.Ir. (a)
nature, naturalconstitutionordisposition: is í náduir in lenib
an ní is messa do shanntugud, PH 7726. ó náduir in crainn
from the nature of the wood, Maund. 187. pl. atat trinadúire
80icon péist-si(i.e. characteristics), PH 7659.
(b)in wider sensenature(of universe or mankind) : ata in
nádúir fén ica furail so, PH 7393. a n-aghaidh nádúra con-
trary to nature
, Rom. xi 24. gan phárdún ó nádúr [sic MSS.]
ag nidh ar bith, Keat. Poems 703.
85(c)in special sensewomb: go ffuil mo naduir-si iata le
aimritteacht, Life of Mochoemog,cap. 3 , Brussels MS. 23240
×2340 , quoted in Plummer MS. notes (=vulva mea sterilitate
clausa manet, VSH ii 165 ).do sgail Dia a naduir-si,ib.
(=aperiens Deus vulvam illius, VSH).