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4 nach(nách) conj.introducing subord. neg. clause, that . . .
35not . In O.Ir. used only with inf. pron. in place ofná,nádor
as3 s. pres. ind.of copula ; in Mid.Ir. more widely (but not
withro-forms of vb.). Occas.nách( Wb. 12a6 ,náich 10a15 ).
(a) aftera n-(when),ol,huare(because),ar(in final clauses),
co(in consecutive clauses),amaland the like ; witharandco
40the word coalesces (arnach,connach) :a nnachat-toscelfat when
they will not experience thee
, Ml. 107c11 .ol nacham-didna-sa
because it does not console me, 86d3 .huare nachan-soirai-nni
because thou dost not deliver us, 93d10 .arnachit-rindarpither
lest thou be cast away, Wb. 5b33 .arnacht-fordiucail in fer
45sommae that . . . may not devour thee, Ml. 36a32 (=nachat-).
arnach-ndermanadar Dia that God should not forget him, 32d5 .
arnacha-imrada that he may not think them, 51a1 .connacham-
robae dliged, 90c16 .connach-n-impad so that he could not turn
himself
, 122a14 .connacha-dánaigfea so that he will not bestow
50it
(sc. trócaire), 96a7 .connách moideanech , Wb. 2b4 (3 s. n.
pron.).
Without inf. pron. :huare nach derni a adamrugud because
he cannot express admiration of him
, Ml. 128c3 (exceptional
construction in Glosses).do chin huair nach atamar because
55thou didst not acknowledge thy guilt
, SR 1406. is i liss . . . ro alt
conach acced fer hí, IT i 71.9 .suail nach farroeblaṅgatar in
bruiden they almost leaped over, CRR 15. cid damsa nach
dígelaind ḟoraib? why should I not punish you? 46 .
Representing copula :amal nach forcend lipair nach
60maighin i mbí amén as every place . . . is not the end of a book,
Hib. Min. 2.49 .cid nach homo aspert? why did he not say
`homo'?
13.453 (=cid arnach, Harl.).suail nach ed domgni
marb, CRR 5. amal nách áil léind ar toccrád, PH 5820. uair
nachdat dee na híí chreti, 1141 .
65(b) in noun-sentences expanding a preceding pron. or noun
or after vbs. of perceiving, thinking, saying,etc.:is follus isindí
nachim-rindarpai-se in that he has not cast me away, Wb. 5a18 .
is ed ro chreti cách . . . nachab-ticfed, Ml. 46a14 .asberad som
. . . nacha-soirbed that he would not save them, 53d6 .dothuṅg
70. . . nacha-mbérat ar áis that they shall not carry him off, TBC
144. tiur-sa brethir . . . nachas-idnaidiub-sa that I will not
await them
, 4938 . Without pron. :isbertatar . . . nach ístais
biad, IT i 75.15 .atbertsat nach tanic fáid amal Ísu, PH 2796.
Copula :epert as nert Dáe . . . ┐ nach a nert fesin, Ml. 63b12 .
75 ni ǽrburt nach armu peccad [d]ora[ta]d form that it was not
for my sin
, 44b19 .in fhacca tusa nách Iúdaide mesi? that I
am not a Jew
, PH 2707. ro fhetamar-ni . . . conid o Dia ro
hordnit ┐ nach o diabul, 4880 .
Occas.co nachappearsfor nach:tuicfe-siu . . . co nach Dia
80he that he is not God, PH 1845 ,cf. 7644 .dia fhoillsiugud co
nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech, 5086 .
(c) in final clauses :álmí-ni . . . nachan-tecma drochrann
that an evil lot may not befall us, Fél. Jan. 10 (arnan-tecma
v.l.).frithalid aslach diabuil . . . nach-for-ḟuca lais dia thig,
85 SR 1459.
(d) in a few cases irregularly used at beginning of a main
clause :ní ind fessin eirbthi ┐ nach dō duaisilbi nanní dogní
and it is not to himself that he appropriates (ascribes), Ml. 51b12
(cop.).ocus noch [= nach] do cenel eile do hordaiged, Laws i
34.12 Comm. (cop.).
5Idiomatically in answering questions:`A lenmain, a
Ḟerguis' bar M. . . . `Aicce ón omm' bar F. `nachas-linub-sa' I
will not follow him
, TBC 2887. `Anat didiu' ol A. `Nách ainfet
dano' ol M., TBC² 171. See2 nád.

5 nach(nách) part adv.introducing direct negative questions;
10prob. orig. a particular case of4 nach,cf.O.Ir.in nád(nach),
in ní nád= Lat.nonne ?Used with 3 s. pres. ind. of cop.
and all forms of other vbs.nach hé Adam óssar na ṅdúle ?
is not A. the youngest ? SR 1831. nach tussu in caur codnach ?
TBC 3100. nach siat na Meic Nechtain sin ? 1219 .nachdat
15Galile uli ind fhairend ? PH 5378. nach fetfa-su ar n-etráin ?
1806 .nách tuicthí-si ? 1809 . (withro-form of vb.)nachar-
legais isin tshoscela innsce Crist ? hast thou not read . . . ? 660 .
nachar-inislig he buden ? has he not humbled himself ? 662 .

6 nach(nách) disjunctive neg.conj. nor ; used instead ofná,
20in O.Ir. only before a proclitic word, in Mid.Ir. more widely
(but not commonly).
nad ticfed in rí nach in popul that neither the king nor the
people would come
, Ml. 46a19 ;cf. ib. 14 .ní rubim-sea do gae
. . . nach do scian . . . nách t'ḟerg, SC 41. ni ro thallastar a
25úaill nach a allud . . . nách a nert . . . i nErind, FB 79. nocon
ḟúar i nÉrind nach i nAlpain, 93 .nocha crenob ríg nErinn
fort-sa nach ar ḟer n-aile, IT i 127.14 .ni fair bias a nós nach
a allud, TBC 2517. nocon ḟaiccbe iarmotha | firu Herenn
nach a mna, RC xx 38.14 (ACC Comm.).

30 nad indef.pron. adj.used fornachafter a preceding neg. (only
in follg. ex. from ACC) :ni fóet ni fuacht nad heris, LU 1008
( ACC 96 ) =ni fōet nā fuacht nad héris`he neither accepted nor
subdued any heresy
', RCC xx 272.

1 nád rel. particleused in neg. sentences, also writtennát,nad,
35 nat; used in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. for2 náin certain posi-
tion ( Thurn. Hdb. § 779 , § 853 , § 854 ), later superseded bynach.
Withro-forms of vb. both nádroandnárare used.
(a) innom.relation (leniting follg. initial) :dund óisnad
chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 .is dreecht díib nad ro chreit, 5c2 .
40 is crann crín nad déni thoil ind ríg he who doth not the will of
the king
, Thes. ii 294.28 ( SP iv 1 ).féil fir nád char corplén, Fél.
June 22 .nach ní . . . nad rabi i firinne na nEbraide, Hib. Min.
10.337 .in firion atcobra na huile beatusa . . . ┐ nad n-accombra
ind-ulcc, 13.431 (eclipsis is unusual in sentences of this type).
45 in fhairend nat carut in tsualaig-se, PH 5929 (elsewherenáand
nachare used in PH).
With copula :ní nad dír what is not fitting, Ml. 25a6 .indí
nád ní libsi that which ye deem nothing, Wb. 8a18 .ro selgatar
rótu | nád soréid la báethu[a thing] which fools deem not easy,
50 Fél. Prol. 30. naímdemail nad charddemail sain, TBC 6010.
ate donadmand . . . nadad cora do nadmaim(sic leg.) `which
are not rightfully bound
', Laws iv 60.15 .tri deirg-mireanda
naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa, v 430.22 .
Exceptionally with inf. pron. (instead ofnach) :la nech
55nadid-chreti that does not believe it, Wb. 15b14 .Cf. a dó . . .
nada-scribthar which are not written, Hib. Min. 8.247 .
(b) in acc. relation :duthluchetar ní nad tardatis something
they had not given
, Ml. 85d5 .in ní nad cumcu-sa ? is it a thing
I cannot do ?
18b5 .a nat denat ar magistir what our masters do
60not
, Wb. 15d6 .ní nad roichet Ulaid uli rosoichi-siu th'óenur,
FB 11. mor seol suilig, mor sreth séis | nad róig tuirim which
reckoning reaches not
, SR 512 (tuirimfortuirem metri gratiâ),
cf. mor cet ceol nat roich tuirem, LB 109b10 .Lucia . . . nád
cumscaigset míli`whom thousands moved not', Fél. Feb. 6.
65 clesrada . . . nad roeglaind ac nech aile which he had not learnt
from any one else
, TBC 3742.
(c) local relation (time or place) :ní fil aimsir nad mbed
in which he was not, Ml. 17a15 .is and nad bí muí na taí, LU
10848 = IT i 132.35 ; these exx. might be referred to2 nád.

70 2 nád conj.introducing subord. neg. clause that . . . not ; used
occas. instead of3 náin O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. ( Thurn. Hdb.
§ 853 ).
(a) after such words asa n-,in tain when,huare because,
amal,etc.; the interrog. particlesin,cid why? ;ní(neg.), and
75 ar(a)introducing final clauses:
a-nnad fulngat when they do not bear(gl.non ferentia), Ml.
122a8 .in tan nád n-acastar when he is not seen, Wb. 25b28 .
in tan nad bi Adam hi fos, SR 1193 (=nad mbí?).huare nad
ndigni A. a chomairli because A. did not follow his counsel, Ml.
80 23b10 .huare nad tarat digail, 91a21 .amal nád n-airigther,
30a3 .amal nád ṅdéni neutur, Sg. 63a17 .innád cualaid-si ?
have ye not heard ? Wb. 5a21 .ní nád ṁbed di chorp not that it is
not of the body
, 12a22 .arnad ris iffernn that I may not go to hell,
Hy. vi 20 (arna v.l.).arnad bet ar maigib rédib, TBC 553.
85With cop. :amal nát anse dúib as is not hard for you, Wb.
17c11 .cid natat sláin ind huli ? why are not all saved ? 28b1 .cid
dait-siu nád bod [= bad] latt curadmir Emna Macha ? LU 8140
( FB 10 ; the use ofnádbefore a b-form of cop. is exceptional).
Cf.further :is airi nad gaibtir leu, Hib. Min. 7.234 .olsodain
nad maith fri Cirine, ib. 235 .ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa
5fair there is nothing on which my law does not touch, Sg. 26b7 .
Taking the place of a preceding neg. conj. :meni digset ammach
┐ nad anat i fos(= if they neither go nor stay), TBC 429.
(b) introducing noun-sentences explanatory of some pre-
ceding word or obj. of a vb. of saying, perceiving,etc.:
10 (haec verba).i. nad n-ersoilcfitis na doirsea, Ml. 46a19 ,cf.
38d4 .isindí nad creitid in that ye believe not, Wb. 1d14 .ar
indí nad biat etir inasmuch as they do not exist, Sg. 39a25 .as
riagoldu leosom nad ṁbíet cid int ṡuperlati, 40b14 .asbeir . . .
nad mbí ciall la nech, Ml. 50d1 .asberat-som nad ndignet inna
15degnimu, 56b15 .
(c) exceptionally in consecutive clause (=co ná) :ra díscaíl
F. in trichait cét . . . nad boí coiciur díb i n-oenbaile so that
not five of them were together
, TBC 450 =cona boi, St. See
also3 nád.