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1 no preverb.
In O.Ir. used only with simple vb. in follg. cases: (a) regu-
70larly in impf. ind., impf. subj. and cond., when they are not
preceded by any particle requiring the conjunct form of the
vb.; this construction continues through Mid.Ir.; in Mod.Ir.
do is used. (b) in 1 and 2 s. and pl. of pres. ind., pres. subj.
and fut. when they are used relatively. (c) with all tenses of
75ind. and subj. to infixrel. n-. (d) with all parts of the vb.,
including the imp., to infix a pron.
Occas. writtennuin O. and Mid.Ir.;nuggabad, Thes. ii
242.7 ( Ardm. 18b1 ); other exx. below.
Generally lenites the initial of the vb. in rel. sentences where
80there is no infixed pron.
(a)no scarinn friu, Wb. 24a4 .no scrutain-se in tan no
mbiinn isnaib fochaidib I used to consider when I was in tribula-
tions
, Ml. 91c1 (with rel.-n-before second vb.).ba ac imradud
chloine no bíth he used to be meditating iniquity, 55c19 .cia nu
85tiastais, 117d3 .no chinged, LU 8912 (cf. no cinged, 9136 ).no
theiged, 9139 .no adratis they used to worship, PH 2512. With
pass.: noleicthe . . .nooircthe, Tur. 110c (pass. impf. s.).no
comallaibthe, Ml. 105b14 (cond. s.).nó edpairtha in t-uan
used to be sacrificed, PH 5071. riasíu no baistide, 6110 .No
is somet. omitted before the impf. ind. in archaic poetry: for
5exx. see Ériu xi 88.
(b)rel.construction:is hed inso no chairigur, Wb. 11d1 .is
hed no adamrugur, 16a3 .inna hí no guidim, Ml. 21b8 .na ní
no gigius whatever I shall pray for, 46b12 .forsani no thechti
for what thou hast, Sg. 148a9 .a mbelra-sa no labraim-si this
10language which I speak
, Ériu ii 102 § 10. do rígrad no molur,
Fél. Prol. 13. mo Liba no rádi of whom thou speakest, Feb. 18.
triasan ngním no maide which thou vauntest, PH 3848. With
3 s. pres.:don foirind . . . no chreit ho iris, 6791 (rectius
creites; form prob. due to its separation from the ante-
15cedent by an intervening clause).teora fidhbhuidi no fhāsat
imon cathraig, Marco P. 95. See ZCP iii 283 , 470 .
(c) withrel. -n-:hóre no cretim, Wb. 1a2 .in tain no-mbíu
oc irbáig when I am glorying, 20a3 .amal no-nda-frecṅdircc-
sa as I am present, 9b4 .a nno-ngeiss cách when thou beseechest,
20 30b4 .a nnu-nda-chocuibsid-siu when thou art conscious, Ml.
58b6 .in tan no labrither when thou sayest, Sg. 159a2 .a nno
nderbid when ye prove, Wb. 22b24 .amal no-nded maicc as ye
are sons
, 27b16 .
(d) with inf. pron.:ma num-gaibi ar charit, gl.si habes me
25socium, Wb. 32a16 .nom-glantar(emungor), Sg. 178b5 .ní tu
no-dn-ai[l] acht is hé no-t-ail, Wb. 5b28 .rolomur nu-ndat-ges
I dare to entreat thee, Ml. 21b5 . With pron.a,no+a>na:
na-gníu I do it, Wb. 3c30 .na-nglanad let him purify himself,
11d8 .na-carid love him, Ml. 68a15 .do neuch no-dn-eirbea
30ind who shall trust in him, 51b10 (refl.).huand uair nu-nda-
bertatar, 82d9 (f.s.).non-moídem-ni, gl.gloriamur, Wb. 2d9 .
nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat, gl.salutant vos, 7b21 .ma nu-
dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist if ye are in the union, 19c20 .is
ecen dam no-nda-ges that I pray for them, Ml. 21b9 .not-
35saerfa, SR 3806. not-soerfaider, 3804 .co nam-diultfa-sa
that thou wilt deny me, PH 3012. no-barn-aitchim I adjure you,
1852 .nos-geogain-seom uli, LU 6269 ( TBC² 1769 ).
(e) in Mid.Ir.nocomes to be employed with compd. vbs.
which are coming to be treated as simple:no thissed, SR
40 1510. no accallad, LU 694. no forcongrad, 2250 .no innisfed,
393 .no thairned, 8768 .dia num-ruca[id]-sa, RC xxiv 56 § 17.
See ZCP ii 491 - 2 .
(f) exceptionally used instead ofrowith the pret.:no
lodadar uadaib, Ériu ii 20 y .no aentaigset, PH 2731 ; pos-
45sibly scribal errors.

2 no partMid.Ir. syncopated form ofdano; oft. preceded by conj.
nó:nó no=orelse . Seedano(RIA Dict.D col. 87); to refer-
ences there given add Acall. 1653 , 7475 , CCath. 5988 , Irish
Texts ii 8 § 5 , §9 ;dna, gl.no, Leb. Gab. i 140.1 n. 1 .

50 1 nó conj. or ; acc. to Ped. i 441 a petrified imperative from
the vb.no-(found in3 s. pr. atnoí); Thurneysen, Hdb. § 873 ,
conjectures that it may have been orig. negative.
In O.Ir. also writtennoandnu( Camb. Hom. 37d = Thes.
ii 245.36 ), and in Mid.Ir. somet.na,ná(through confusion
55withná nor). In O. and Mid.Ir. lenites initial of a follg. noun
(possibly in O.Ir. of a vb. also:no chonutangar, gl.aut comi-
tur, Ml. 14c5 ); not so in Mod.Ir.
Generally expressed in MSS. by the Lat. contraction for
vel(ł).
60Used as disjunct.conj.to separate members of a clause or
co-ordinate clauses in order to express one or more alterna-
tives. Gl.aut( Ml. 14c5 , 136b5 ) andvel( 94c10 ).lia diis no
thriur more than two or three persons, Wb. 13a4 .is lour dā
preceptóir no thríi, 13a9 .fó dí nó fó thrí, FB 81. cith ine
65[sic leg.] chuis nu ine laim nu ine meraib whether in his foot or
in his hand
, Thes. ii 245.36 ( Camb. 37d ).cid mór in duil nó
cid becc, Ml. 145c3 ,cf. 17c3 .cid i caisc nó chorgus, Fél. Ep.
562 (corgus v.l.).itir foss no utmaille, itir suide no ṡessam,
Hy. i 3 (T.).troscud indnóbith for usciu ┐ bargin(alterna-
70tive penances), Mon. Tall. 9. nad ḟetar-sa . . . ar bad chalmu
in Galian Lagen na Lúagni na Temrach andathi-siu whether
the G. . . . or the L. . . . were braver than you
, CRR 48. eplid
do gorta . . . no ithed cách a céli uaib, PH 1023. ron-áil fair
conā tormaigfed nó nā digebad cid a oen-fhocul not to add nor
75take away a single word
, Mon. Tall. 61. nā rachthai ón Troí co
tucthar síd dúib esti ná co taethaisti acci nó co ndechaisti
ḟurri until peace be granted you or till ye fall or till ye overpower
it
, LL 240b26 ( TTr. 1774 ).
In disjunctive questions:in oc urnaidi Con Culaind bía
80fodechtsa no in lim-sa doraga? wilt thou await C. or come with
me ?
SC 46. indat sochenel no dochenel? PH 695. ba cunnta-
bairt lemm in n-ó Dia no in n-o diabul ro boí sium, 1493 .
Somet. loosely used where sense is not disjunctive, almost
= and: cait i fuarais hi no cia dosgni hi? PH 208. abair
85friumm cia cathair duit no caide h'ainm no cia fochund fora
tanic, 1137 .Cf. nách nó deilighthi atá annsa chorp acht nó ar
ocus that it is not disjunctive `or' which stands in the text but
`or' used for `and'
, H. 3.18 p. 645a ( O'C. 1445 ).
Often (like Eng.or) used instead ofnáin a neg. sent.,
somet. in juxtaposition with the latter:nichar-fail tlachtnó
5dagbíad, SR 1560 ,cf. 512 .ni boi . . . i nnimnóhi talum, LB
112a10 ( MacCarthy 62.4 ) =i nnim nā talmain, SR 1511. áit
innā bí bás nó peccad nā imorbus, LU 9996. ni coir lais
berrad nā fothruc[ud] . . . nó nach gníomrad ale, Mon. Tall.
55. ní lécset uacht no scís no íttaid . . . fair, PH 1973. gan
10rún faladh nó formaid, Dán Dé xxv 34 .
nó . . . nó either. . .or , expressing an absolute alternative
( = Lat.aut . . . aut):no teidh-si . . . ar seachran no ni theid,
Luc. Fid. 364.20 .no do an Criosd a bfochair a eagluisi . . . no
nior an, 369.1 .
15In late texts a spurious pl. form is occas. found, on the
analogy ofoldáit,indáit,etc.:mar dogénadh mac [sic leg.]
tíre caírigh nóid uain sheep or lambs, RC xix 50 § 67. do
fhiafruigh . . . an rabhadar biadha náid lóinte aca, Keat. ii
264 .