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1 nach indef. pron.adj., really a proclitic form ofnechused
before a noun (or adj. used substantivally) and before3 s.and
pl. gen.pron.ái,ae. Insing.uninflected, except ing s f. nacha
70(g s m. naichoccurs once in Glosses:naich baill, Sg. 5a5 ;cf. Fél.
Prol. 136 ), inflexion in other cases being indicated by its effect
on a follg. vowel.
Innom.andacc. sing. neut.O.Ir. uses the formna, gemi-
nating a follg. consonant ( nachgl.quod, Ml. 101a5 , theneut.being
75here a Latin word, is an emended reading); early in Mid.Ir.
nagives way tonach.
Any,whatever,some. . . or other(corresponding to Lat.
quilibet, quivis, quispiam), occas. verging on the sense every ;
freq. used after a negative (= Lat.ullus), in Mid.Ir. generally
In affirm. sent.:nach aile, gl.alius quispiam, Ml. 78b17 .
bit [] failid nach oín adidtrefea whoever shall so dwell,
107a15 .nach gním dungenam-ni(gl.omnia studia nostra),
111d3 .huan duni fesin no hua nach ailiu, 49b8 .ho pecthib
85nach aili, gl.alienis maculis, 15b10 .imfolang nach gnima,
80d2 .tre thesbaid nach baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 .dochum
nacha rainne aile to some other part, 188a12 .nach itge no
guidiu any prayer that I pray, Fél. Ep. 337. nach mil conbeir
deiche any animal that bears twins, Laws i 144.23 .tasfenad . . .
nach rechta ro falnasat, 16.1 .oc deimnigud nach dligid
5 confirming some law, Hib. Min. 4.129 .fo cosmailis nacha
cat[h]rach, 7.219 . In more definite sense ( = Lat.aliquis) :is
ar nach n-indocbáil móir fodaimim-se inso for some great glory
I endure this
, Wb. 23b12 .itá nách cumachta fora cul na n-én-sa
there is some power behind these birds, SC 7.
10After neg. :ní confil nach n-aile dumdísed-sa there is no
other that could lead me
, Ml. 78a18 .ní tabarthi dímess for nach
n-énirt any feeble person, Wb. 6c19 .amal ni bad hua nach
comthumus, gl.nulla compensatione, Ml. 63d2 .cen nach
ṅdeligud without any discrimination, 69a23 .cen chaile nach
15datho without a spot of any colour, Wb. 5c19 .cen esbaid
nácha mathiusa, FA 12 =nachLB.oengeal uile cen nach
locht, RC xlvi 246.17 .
Folld. by gen.ái:ni nach ae it is none of them(answer to
a question), Hib. Min. 6.198 .ní assu nach ai araili dib none of
20them is easier than another
, FA 15. nicon ḟess . . . ainm naich
hé for talam the name of any of them, Fél. Prol. 136.
neut. imned dom na lled dochood whatever direction I went,
Wb. 17d7 .cen na forcenn without any end, 28a17 .na neurt
derone duine di sunt any of these virtues which a man has ful-
, ZCP iii 451.22 . Freq. folld. by adj. :na mmaith pridchas
whatever good he preaches, Wb. 25c24 ,cf. ná maith robé what-
ever good there is
, 5d30 .na glan, gl.nihil mundum, 31b28 .ní
tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 .cen na
bec ndo síd without a little of peace, 51a5 .ní gabsat na mmár
30isin tig they did not take up much (space) in the house(?), IT i
137.12 ( LU 10583 ) =ni gabsat na mmor don tig, Eg.Cf.
nicon ḟess na romar | ainm . . ., Fél. Prol. 135 (nach v.l.) ;
`neither known nor very great is the name', Stokes;not known
to any very great extent
(advl. acc.) ? Folld. bygen.pron. :
35 tairchella . . . huili dánu in spirtoetni torban na áe, Wb.
12b33 (`none of them profiteth', Thes. ; Pedersen, Gram. ii 212 ,
takesáeasg s n.=aught thereof,dánbeingmasc.). nní anything,whatever (oft. folld. by partitiveDE) :
na nní bes chossecarthae whatever is consecrated, Ml. 63a6 .
40 na nní robu accubur leu, 54a9 .comallait na nní forcongair
Dia doib, 146a1 .na nní du fochaidib inotgam whatever tribula-
tions we enter on
, 96b5 .slogait na nní do uisciu doda-ic what-
ever water comes to them
, 123d3 .condom-roib . . . na ní ara
ṁbáigiu everything I contend for, Fél. Ep. 360 (nach ní v.l.).
45In later Mid.Ir.nais replaced bynach:ni ros-corb nách n-
anmanda no animal polluted him, PH 1512. ina ndrochfhéi-
chem nach logait nach ni dia fiachaib, 4333 .tabair dom nach
mbec do bíud a little food, 1309 .ní dernai nach n-olc, 2889 .
pl. ná batnachaarm aili let it not be any other arms, Wb.
50 22d14 (n p n.). nachasloglussu .i. nacha side són(gl.nullas
indutias), Ml. 111b19 (a p m.).ho nach mindaib(gl.nullis
insignibus), 35d16 (leg. nacha?).a mhiadamla . . . nad bai in
nacha reduibh ailib in any other things, Ériu ii 106.9 (T.
Bithn.).bail na fil aittreb nach n-anmand, PH 2082.
55Often used inadverbialexpressions such as nachairm(dú,
maigen) wherever ;nach mod howsoever ;nach thain whenever,
at any time, and the like :nach airm ata `homo' isin scriptuir,
Hib. Min. 13.454 .nach mod formberat, Ml. 71c1 .nach thain
( quando), Ml. 32b7 ; ( quando), 39a23 , 47c9 , 122b3 .
60 nach tan dofurgaib int augtur brethir, Hib. Min. 12.410 .
rosesium nach tan cusin fhailte fhorordai some time, PH 8071.
ní imirchói nach géin for any long time, Wb. 7a11 (<cian),
cf. 24d11 (but :noco bia na cein . . . sunn i pein, SR 2043 ).
nach mór(dat.)to any greatextent :ní tárbas a chumachtae
65hisuidiu nach mór, Ml. 65d16 ,cf. 64d13 , Wb. 11d5 and Fél.
Prol. 135 cited above.
Used alone aspron.before a rel. clause :nach adchi gataid
a lám whatever she sees, Ir. Texts i 5.15 ( = nní) : perh.
a mistake.

70 2 nach(nách) neg.adv. not ; used in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir.
instead ofnáwith theimper.mood, or optative
sentences, to infix a pron. obj. ; before a consonant a vowel is
inserted (nachi-Wb.,nacha-Ml.).
1 s. nacham-dermainte forget me not, Ml. 32d5 . nachamail,
75 nachamimderg, FB 35. 2 s. nachat-[t]airbir fond ōssor stoop
, SR 1148. 3 s. m. nachi-nglúasid do not stir him, SC 9 ( LU
3292 ). nacha-n-innill(sc. in carpat), TBC² 1868 ( LU 6382 ) =
nachainnill, TBC 252 3. 3 s. n. cid tol dó airbert biuth inna
túarenachthoimled let him not so partake, Wb. 11b18 .1 pl.
80 nacha-n-tairle adamnae, Hy. i 8 (perh. a final clause). nachar-
lén harm us not, SR 1726. 2 pl. nachib-mided .i. nachib-
berar i smachtu let him not judge you, i.e. be ye not borne, Wb.
27a24 . nachib-erpid-si i bar cumachtu, 22d6 (refl.).

3 nach(nách) rel.particleintroducing neg. sent. ;nách, Wb.
85 6c18 , LU 1992.
(a) in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. takes the place of2 ná,nád
before a vb. with inf. pron. obj. generally to express nomina-
tive relation ; not used withro-forms ; before cons.nacha,
nachi(naichi, Ml. 27d7 , 54d9 ).nách beir for nach n-éle who
does not pass it (judgement) on any other
, Wb. 6c18 (3 s. n.inf.
5 pron., see Thurn. Hdb. 253 ).indínachid-chualatar who heard
it not
, 25d14 .do neuch naichid-fitir that does not know it(sc.
dliged), Ml. 27d7 .tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachid-
áirilli who does not deserve it, 84c13 .ní fil diib mnaí nachit-
charad that loved thee not, SC 6. is he sidhi nachid-farcaib-som
10 that did not abandon him, Hib. Min. 14.462 .don foirind
náchum-facatar, PH 6789. in fairend náchat-carut, 4663 .
coccubus derrit . . . nachus-faillsig sechtair that does not reveal
, 6087 .
In acc. relation :ni fil . . . laithe . . . nachat-rised munter
15 that a community would not come to thee, Fel. Prol. 284. After
a prep. :ní conrobae rann . . . as nacha tucad Dia out of which
God had not brought them
, Ml. 125b7 .
(b) later used without inf. pron., taking the place of2 ná.
Cf. is maith nach cualammar ┐ nach fetammar it is a good we
20have not heard of and do not know
, TBC 8 (where, however, we
should prob. readnach gc. . . . nach bf., the eclipse repre-
senting an inf. pron. ; =nach bfacamair-ne, St.).intí nach fil i
ndéirc, PH 5907. in tíí is dall ┐ is baccach . . . .i. nach fégann . . .
┐ nách immthigend, 4668 .na peccaid nách lessaig tria aíne
25 which he does not amend, 4991 .in nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 .
(c) with copula ; in O.Ir. only in3 s. pres. ind.; later occas.
with other forms.ré nách cían which is not long, FA 6 ( LU 1992 ).
primthrecheng nach duthain, Fél. Nov. 28. dar lim-sa na fail
áth . . . nach lán dá ṅgraigib, CRR 28. (other exx.s.v. is).
30After prep. :don forind fris nach oirfited ar tidecht-ne to
whom our coming is not pleasure
, PH 3397. in tí leis nach áil
maith, 8091 . Withpl. pres.:comtís dee na hai nách-dat dee,
PH 1132.