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níth n m.(orig.neut.?cf. níth nglé, SR 5967 :n. ¤ ṁbras, 3615 ; in
both cases the word might be construed as acc.).g s. in nítho,
Trip. 92.8 .nithe, Laws v 240.11 .nítha(usual form).a p.
níthu, LL 365 m.sup. Rawl. 116a13 .nitha, TBC² 3349. g p.
nanníth , SR 6041.
5(a) fighting,conflict , and in concrete sense (esp. in pl.)afight,
combat:poet. and lit. word.nith .i. guin duine, Corm. Y 967 ,
cf. 973 , Lec. Gl. 26 M , Met. Gl. 26.1 , O'Cl.níth .i. deabhaidh
nō cathughadh, O'Cl.nith, arin conflicht ro lasad na geinti and
(explanation ofn.l.), Laws i 2.11 .ní rubaim níth n-erred n-án,
10 LU 6230 ( TBC² p. 64 n. 5 ).etach fri lith, arm fri nith, Laws i
122.9(t.).comtís nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b25 ( TTr.
186 ).dagaes n-imgona fri fuabairt cach nitha, TBC² 3181.
mac Nesa noithech nitha renowned in battle, TFerbe 850 .ón
áth a bhfuair Neimheadh níoth, Keat. i 172.1 (poem) =níth,
15 BB 25a14 .as nith for naimhdibh(of a hero), TBC 5556 St.pl.
fichnithuNuadu Necht, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 27 § 7 ( = Rawl. 116a13 ).
fer . . . conboing nitha for naimdiu, TBC² 3349. árad fri nime
níthu a ladder to take heaven by storm, ZCP xiii 144.11 =fri
nimib n. ¤ , LL 365 m.sup. =fri nimhe nithiu, FM i 336.5 .Míchol
20na nníth contentious M., SR 6041. ar trommníthaib i críchaib
ilib echtrannaib, TBC 3537. ?cath Glasse Críche ra chlóe |
nithe dia mbae bretha ar báig, LL 44b37 ,cf. 380b44 . In
chevilles:níth ṅglé, SR 5967 ,cf. 3615 .nith im gail, ZCP viii
106.2 .deilm nitha, LL 7a33 =delm ndíotha, Leb. Gab.
25 i 110 y .
(b) spirit,pugnacity,mettle: ní ḟuil indum-sa níth ná nertt,
Acall. 39. huathmar . . . indas na luinde ┐ na barainde ┐ ind
nítha tucsat léo isin chath, TTr.² 927. mo chorpan cen nith,
LB 141a29 . Anecd. ii 49.6 .
30(c) anger,resentment: ba níth mór la Fergus oén do maídim
thechid fri Coinculaind, TBC 1964. rapa níth menman . . .
┐ rapa anforlond aicnid lé, LL 222a16 ( TTr. 378 ).ba nith mór
leó a mbuar do marbhadh, Cog. 210.21 .
Compds. ¤ gal:im nithgalaib, TBC² 3422 ,cf. TBC 5738 ,
35 5511 St. ¤ galach:ro airigh an tṡleigh nithghalaidh`battle-
strong spear
', CF 876. ¤ gonach:Neide n.`of the deadly
wounds
', Met. Dinds. iii 320.25 . ¤ gubach:in Bé n. Néit,
MR 242.1 (i.e. who wails over the fallen on the battle-field).
¤ mass(epithet of Conchobar m. Nessa), IT i 77.21 .

40 níthach adj o, ā. pertaining to combat, martial; of personswarlike,
aggressive. Nia nithach sab, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 = LL 387a27 ,
where it is glossed `cartach' ( =cathach?).dā Enna ui nithaig
(.i. cathaigh) Nuadad, LL 392d21 .mac nithach Nesa, Ériu
i 116 § 5. déccid ferta níthaig Néill`the grave of martial Niall',
45 Met. Dinds. ii 36.1 (see corrigenda v 128 ).niata nitheach fri
naimhdibh, Hugh Roe 226.28 (f. 60b) .o niamchlandaib . . .
nithacha . . . Neill, MR 258.13 . Of things:gleo . . . nithach
neimnech, LL 408a45 ( TTr. 2226 ).for dreich nithaig Neill,
Bruchst. i § 101 (< FM i 470.20 ).o thrath nóna nithaige,
50 TFerbe 191 . Asnpr. f., name of a shield:ind Nithach Loegaire,
Ériu iv 28 § 17.

níthaid v ā. defeats,overpowers,subdues: imp. nith, nesaigh
[mo phectha], Ir. Lit. 8 n. 14 . ?iarna gabail ar écin | is iarom
nosnith, LB 261a50 (of a wicked bishop who lays waste the
55church) =noshith, Arch. iii 318.3 (a reading supported by
the rhyme:clith, and by the comparison with a wolf implied
in preceding stanza).bec nārom nítsat ind fir | ar imad
comlaind oenfir, LU 6228 = TBC² p. 64 n. 5 .gur níthed a
nert, Caithr. Toirdh. 52.5 .Vn. domníthad┐ dom nert-
60fhreagra, MR 302.10 .

níthaigid v g. =níthaid:pass. pf. becc nā ronithaigedin tarb
isin ngleo, PH 7229.

níthó particleof negation used occas. instead ofnáthóin
replying to a question, statement or request.nitho ám sin
65 notso indeed, Aisl. MC 59.12 .`nitho' ol seseom, RC xxiv
198.4 (refusing a request).nitó etir, LB 239a63 ( ACC 104
Comm.).

1 no preverb.
In O.Ir. used only with simple vb. in follg. cases: (a) regu-
70larly in impf. ind., impf. subj. and cond., when they are not
preceded by any particle requiring the conjunct form of the
vb.; this construction continues through Mid.Ir.; in Mod.Ir.
do is used. (b) in 1 and 2 s. and pl. of pres. ind., pres. subj.
and fut. when they are used relatively. (c) with all tenses of
75ind. and subj. to infixrel. n-. (d) with all parts of the vb.,
including the imp., to infix a pron.
Occas. writtennuin O. and Mid.Ir.;nuggabad, Thes. ii
242.7 ( Ardm. 18b1 ); other exx. below.
Generally lenites the initial of the vb. in rel. sentences where
80there is no infixed pron.
(a)no scarinn friu, Wb. 24a4 .no scrutain-se in tan no
mbiinn isnaib fochaidib I used to consider when I was in tribula-
tions
, Ml. 91c1 (with rel.-n-before second vb.).ba ac imradud
chloine no bíth he used to be meditating iniquity, 55c19 .cia nu
85tiastais, 117d3 .no chinged, LU 8912 (cf. no cinged, 9136 ).no
theiged, 9139 .no adratis they used to worship, PH 2512. With
pass.: noleicthe . . .nooircthe, Tur. 110c (pass. impf. s.).no
comallaibthe, Ml. 105b14 (cond. s.).nó edpairtha in t-uan
used to be sacrificed, PH 5071. riasíu no baistide, 6110 .No
is somet. omitted before the impf. ind. in archaic poetry: for
5exx. see Ériu xi 88.
(b)rel.construction:is hed inso no chairigur, Wb. 11d1 .is
hed no adamrugur, 16a3 .inna hí no guidim, Ml. 21b8 .na ní
no gigius whatever I shall pray for, 46b12 .forsani no thechti
for what thou hast, Sg. 148a9 .a mbelra-sa no labraim-si this
10language which I speak
, Ériu ii 102 § 10. do rígrad no molur,
Fél. Prol. 13. mo Liba no rádi of whom thou speakest, Feb. 18.
triasan ngním no maide which thou vauntest, PH 3848. With
3 s. pres.:don foirind . . . no chreit ho iris, 6791 (rectius
creites; form prob. due to its separation from the ante-
15cedent by an intervening clause).teora fidhbhuidi no fhāsat
imon cathraig, Marco P. 95. See ZCP iii 283 , 470 .
(c) withrel. -n-:hóre no cretim, Wb. 1a2 .in tain no-mbíu
oc irbáig when I am glorying, 20a3 .amal no-nda-frecṅdircc-
sa as I am present, 9b4 .a nno-ngeiss cách when thou beseechest,
20 30b4 .a nnu-nda-chocuibsid-siu when thou art conscious, Ml.
58b6 .in tan no labrither when thou sayest, Sg. 159a2 .a nno
nderbid when ye prove, Wb. 22b24 .amal no-nded maicc as ye
are sons
, 27b16 .
(d) with inf. pron.:ma num-gaibi ar charit, gl.si habes me
25socium, Wb. 32a16 .nom-glantar(emungor), Sg. 178b5 .ní tu
no-dn-ai[l] acht is hé no-t-ail, Wb. 5b28 .rolomur nu-ndat-ges
I dare to entreat thee, Ml. 21b5 . With pron.a,no+a>na:
na-gníu I do it, Wb. 3c30 .na-nglanad let him purify himself,
11d8 .na-carid love him, Ml. 68a15 .do neuch no-dn-eirbea
30ind who shall trust in him, 51b10 (refl.).huand uair nu-nda-
bertatar, 82d9 (f.s.).non-moídem-ni, gl.gloriamur, Wb. 2d9 .
nob-guidet .i. nob-bendachat, gl.salutant vos, 7b21 .ma nu-
dub-feil i n-ellug coirp Crist if ye are in the union, 19c20 .is
ecen dam no-nda-ges that I pray for them, Ml. 21b9 .not-
35saerfa, SR 3806. not-soerfaider, 3804 .co nam-diultfa-sa
that thou wilt deny me, PH 3012. no-barn-aitchim I adjure you,
1852 .nos-geogain-seom uli, LU 6269 ( TBC² 1769 ).
(e) in Mid.Ir.nocomes to be employed with compd. vbs.
which are coming to be treated as simple:no thissed, SR
40 1510. no accallad, LU 694. no forcongrad, 2250 .no innisfed,
393 .no thairned, 8768 .dia num-ruca[id]-sa, RC xxiv 56 § 17.
See ZCP ii 491 - 2 .
(f) exceptionally used instead ofrowith the pret.:no
lodadar uadaib, Ériu ii 20 y .no aentaigset, PH 2731 ; pos-
45sibly scribal errors.