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nícon adv.of negation, a strengthened form ofní, used before
80vbs. The second element-conis expld. by Pedersen ( Gram.
ii 209 ) as adv. giving to the neg. the force `not in any way' =
Lat.nunquam, omnino non; by Thurneysen, Hdb. § 851 , as
identical with the conj. = `it is not that . . .'. Used at the
beginning of a main clause with the indic. (or potential or
85optative subj.), folld. by the conjunct form of the vb. In the
Glosses, the particle-conis always written in conjunction
with the vb.,níeither standing as a separate word or joined
to it. The initial consonant of the vb. is lenited (not always
expressed in MSS.).
In Mid.Ir. the formníconsomet. becomesnícobefore a
5consonant, and is early weakened tonoco(noco n-before a
vowel or lenited f); later with lenited c,nocho (n-),nocha (n-),
which prevail in later Mid.Ir.; early Mod.Ir.nocha(generally
eclipsing follg. cons.,nochanbefore a vowel and lenited f),
still persisting in North Ireland and in Scottish Gaelic in the
10neg.cha,chan.
In O.Ir.naconreplacesníconin dependent clauses; this
construction disappears in Mid.Ir.
Nícon(nocon,nochon) expresses a more emphatic denial
thanníalone (in later usage there is not much difference).
15(a)nícon(níco n-): O.Ir.níconchoscram we destroy not, Wb.
2b21 .ni conchechrat they will not love, 30c4 .ni conchloor act
for caínscél may I hear nothing but good of you, 23b41 .ni-
conḟil, Sg. 188a4 (but:ní confil, Wb. 12d5 , Ml. 92a8 ).ní con-
talla obbad fair, Sg. 90a2 .nicontuislifea, gl.nihil . . . elabitur,
20 Ml. 27b18 .ní con bia cumscugud for pianad, 26d12 .ní
conrogab terochraic, 36a32 .ni con ruaccobrus ní, gl.nunquam
concupivi, 136b7 . Before vowel:ni conairigur-sa na imned
I feel no tribulation, Wb. 16a28 .ní conétada, Sg. 188a4 .
Mid.Ir.nícon tora etir, SC 40. niconromolastar, Mon.
25Tall. 10. nícon-ér-sium tria bith sír he will never rise, PH
1860. níco dlegar, Mon. Tall. 51. nico ro troisci, 72 .níco fil
crich fora flaithius, PH 1808 ,cf. 710 , 6614 .nico tarut Í. nach
freccra, 3251 .ráthaigit na minpheccda . . . ┐ ní co ráthaigit na
morphecdai, 3231 .
30(b)noco(n):noco rag-sa ar cuiriud mná, SC 32. noco bia
. . . i pēin, SR 2043. noco laimed nech, 4877 .noco dentar,
PH 5551. nech bud chalmu . . . cosindiu nocon ḟuaross, TBC
3674. nocon uil nech cen imarbus, PH 3181 ( =nocon-ḟuil).
noco díultab-sa ┐ nocon fhuiceb tu, 3009 .nocon cēl-sa I will
35not hide (it
), Arch. iii 296 § 37. noco rogenair . . . duine bad
choimiu, SR 2245. noco rom-saebad I have not been deceived,
PH 1795. nocor ḟer banne not a drop (of rain) fell, LB 65b58
= Lat. Lives 85 z (nocar).
(c)nocho(n),nocha(n):nocho chretiub-sa duitsiu, LU 9224.
40 nochonepér rit insein, SR 1309. nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig
| nach creid . . . dhuid there is no verdure on the rock but trusts
to thee
, Dán Dé xxix 26 .nocha chéal, Content. xxviii 28. dā
bfinnadh . . . nacha dingnadh maith he would not do good, ZCP
vii 301 § 3. nocho ro díultus . . . ar na bochtaib . . . nocho ro
45fhuirgius iat, PH 6031. mo lām nochor leadair duine never
injured any man
, Arch. iii 241 § 3. nochan faidiubh-sa le fer,
TBC 4483 St.nochon ḟidir mac duine, ZCP vii 303 § 9. nuchun
eirg, Ériu iii 198.1 .
(d) with eclipsis of follg. cons., due to confusion ofconwith
50the preverbcon-(com-), Ped. ii 210 , or the conj.co-n, Thurn.
Hdb. § 851 ; only once in Glosses:nícon dét do nach ailiu insin
that applies(téit)to none other, Ml. 53a17 . Occas. in Mid.Ir.:
nico mbia bríg isindi sin that will not matter, Mon. Tall. 66.
níco mbia maith det-siu siu no táll, PH 1812. níco ndeine tú
55fén do ícc thou canst not heal thyself, 3336 .nico ndénat aithrige,
6476 .nocha mbia, Content. xxvii 16.
(e) with inf. pron.; in Glosses only in three cases in Ml.:ni
con-d-robae-som ind rae sin he had not that time, Ml. 41a5 .ni con-
da-bia nem they will not have heaven, 69a8 .ní cos-fuar-sa inna
60furgrad sin I found not those remains, 57d3 (pron. proleptic).
Later fairly common:nochom-tha labra, SR 2088. nuchum-
tha ní radim de I have nothing to say thereof, TBC 800 ,cf.
1483 .noconom tha a samail, LU 7007 ( BDD 66 ,nimtha v.l.),
cf. 8391 ( FB 26 ).nocot-bia airmitiu thou shalt have no rever-
65ence
, SR 847. nichat-léicfider sech láim, LL 47b42 = RC xx
12 § 21 .nochos-tibrea re cétluth will not give her as a mate,
TBC 3502. atchiam cách . . . ┐ nicon n-acci nech no one sees
us
, LU 10865 ( IT i 133.5 ).nichar-fail tlacht we have no rai-
ment
, SR 1560. nocho-for-bia . . . airchra bíid, 4063 .nicos-
70tánic riam ┐ nicos-ticfa dírimm bas choímiu never came to them
and never will come to them
, LL 248b11 ( TBFr. 46 ) =nicus-
tanic . . . noconus-ticfo, ZCP iv 34.4 .
(f) with copula (Mid.Ir., not in Glosses):nocon alaind mar
atai far from lovely is thy appearance, SR 1305. noco choir
75duin, 1545 ;cf. nicon choir etir laisim, Mon. Tall. 15. noco
chath nā tuitt rí, CRR 5. `In béo do thigernae?' `Nocon béo
immorro', BDD 166. noco buidech Dia, PH 8371. nicon ed
not so,by no means (answer to a question), Mon. Tall. 21.
nocon ed namma not only that, SC 31. nicon ḟiu la credal, Fél.
80 Prol. 111 (nocon,nochon v.l.).nochan fhoráil, Dán Dé xxv 6 .
nocha nḟer mar soin Seafraigh S. is not a man of that sort, IGT
Dec. ex. 509. nucu maith rí ac nā bít géill, | noco maith geill
cen geimle, LL 146b35 ( PRIA iii 542 § 17 ).a mbrughaidh
nocha brónaigh, IGT Dec. ex. 782 =nírsat brónuigh`their
85yeomen were not sad
', Ériu iv 116 § 24. noco n-annsa doman-sa
ata mo flaithemnus, PH 2709. nochon do biuc bae dia brig
not little was his strength, ZCP viii 217 § 5. With pret.:
nochorbo choimsech, SR 6091. nocorb éicen, TBC 949.
(g) in O.Ir.conis combined with the conj.ná(occas.nád)
in subord. clauses:connaconbeth leu etir that it should not be
5with him at all
, Ml. 35c2 ,cf. 103d9 .connacon bet acht degni-
mai less, 129a9 .arnaconroib dethiden for neuch, Wb. 15d11 .
connachonroib, Ml. 23d6 .amal slaidred . . . di naconbi moín
from which no treasure is wont to be, 85b7 .nad conbiad íc dō
that there would be no healing for him, 58a9 . For a further
10development ofnacon, seenó co.

nídachus xseeníadachus.

níe? ind manibad airmitiu níe | nip indemain fochlach foe, Corm.
Y 661 s.v. fōi; `unless there is honour of evil not unsafe is a
seated champion
' (?), O'Don. Corm. Tr. 81. Cf. 4 ní.

15 nige f.Mid.Ir.vn.ofnigid.The act ofwashing(in wide sense,
of ablutions, washing clothes,etc.). nighi f., declined like
marbhna, IGT Dec. § 3.7 .ná derntar isin domnach . . . folcad
ná fothrucud ná nige, Ériu ii 202.1 .déna . . . ósaic ┐ nige
th'fir chumtha, LB 65b22 ( Lat. Lives 84.10 ).dolotar . . . don
20tiprait do nigi a llám, Lat. Lives 25.10 .oc nigi a cairach, SR
2936. do nige a chneda ┐ a chrechta, TBC 4209. gan m'arm
do nigi, 4100 .do nige etaig, PH 1877. nocha n-étach glan é
nogo nderntar a nighi, O'Dav. 1176. ag folcadh a bhfolt ┐ ag
nighe a mball, Keat. ii 5118. súile . . . arna níghe le bainne,
25 Canticles v 12 .fernightemías a dish-washer, Ériu v 164.26
(analog.g s.as if fromniged).aran . . . arn-a nighi a huisci
steeped in water, RC xlix 56.9 . In fig. sense:a nighi ó fír Dé
purgation by ordeal, Eg. 88 f. 50d ( O'C. 2597 ).ceannach an
nighei-sin ar nimh | tabhair oram ar éigin`force me to purchase
30my absolution in Heaven
', Dán Dé i 5 (treated as masc.).

nigid vb.In Glosses found only in compds. Mid.Ir.pres. 3 s.
nod-nigh, TBC² 2681. rel. niges, LU 2093. s-subj. impf. 2 s.
maninestá , LL 284b16 . redup.fut. 1 s. not-ninus, TBC² 3625.
redup.pret. 3 s. ronenaigh , Anecd. ii 6.1 .pass. pres. s.
35 negair, TBC 6053. asanegar , LU 9685 ,cf. Corm. Y 296 , 943 .
pl. rel. negtar, LL 276a39 .fut. perf. s. coroenastar , Ériu ii
222.20 =coronaoenastar , Mon. Tall. 67 ;leg. coronenastar
(Bergin, Ériu iii 207 ).pret. s. ronecht , LL 164b14 ( Met. Dinds.
iv 98.93 ),cf. Cog. 124.19 .níroenacht. . . nadroenacht , Ériu
40 ii 224.4 , 5 = ro-aonacht. . .roanacht , Mon. Tall. 67. Cf. 2
necht
, prob. a participial form fromnigid.Vn. nige.
In Mid.Ir. gen. treated as a regular weakvb.;fut. 1 s. rat
nigiub , TBC 6053. 3 s. nomnigfea , LU 9897. pass. pres. s.
nigther, Corm. p. 29 s.v. mát=negar, Corm. Y 943.
45 Washes(in wide sense, of body, clothes,etc.): úaget, negat
in bráthair let the brothers sew and wash, Ériu iii 100 § 26 (Rule
of Ailbe).folic . . . mo chend ┐ nig mo láma! PH 5257. arindi
berrthar [sic leg.] cach and ┐ negar a c[h]end, Corm. Y 296.
ro nigh . . . a gnuis, ZCP vi 25.23 .ro innail S. a lama ┐ ro nigh
50a ghelchorp, Ériu v 158.224 .do nighis cosa an Tighearna
(=tersisti), TSh. 7164. usce asa negar Grip (.i. ech Diarmata),
ZCP iii 214.14 ( LU 9685 ).Loch Riach . . . is ann ro nenaigh
Caoer . . . cetaig Mic in Óig, Anecd. ii 6.1 .mani nestá
th'étach, LL 284b16 .is mōr do ḟodboibh nigius, Fianaig.
55 16.12 (of theMorrígan).nip inmain lá negtar fuidb, LL
276a39 .
To wash a person against his will is regarded as an insult,
hence in threats,etc.,nigid=`drub,thrash': rat-nigiub mar
negair coipp a lundu (.i. lind usci), TBC 6053 ;rot-ṡnigestar
60mar ṡnegair cuip, 3789 (leg. -nigestar,negair);cf. TBC² 3625 ,
2681 .a lestraib gloine rot necht, Cog. 124.19 (poem; a taunt
to Aed Úa Néill for not offering stouter resistance to Brian).
Cf.the Germ. idiom:ich will ihm den Kopf waschen= Fr.
je vais lui laver la tête= `I'll give him a sound rating.'
65 In fig. sense,cleanses,absolves: ticfa in tailcend . . . nom
nigfea domm' ucht, LU 9897 ( PRIA iii 524 § 14 ).an t-olc
munanighe , Dán Dé xviii 1 (2 s. subj. pr.) nídhfi[an fhuil]
é óna phecuidhibh, Mac Aingil 94.15 .ní bhídnightheóna
salchar, Prov. xxx 2 (part.).

70 nihelas n u,m.(learned formation < Lat.nihil) nullity: intan
mbís nihelas do .u. fri .g. when u is rendered null (silent) beside
g
, Sg. 6b11 ; ib. 12 .g s. ar thaidbsin nihelsa far .u. the [metrical]
nullity of u
, 6b5 ,cf. 14a3 .u nihelsa, Auraic. 1385 (of the u
implied in the cons. q) =nialsa , 4442 .

75 nim n venom seeneim.

? nimb n adrop(?cloud): nimb .i. braon,ab eo quod est nimbus,
unde diciturisna Brethaib Nemeth: Ro loisceth a leth fo
nimib nim, Corm. Y 971 =fo nimb`under a cloud of
venom
', O'Dav. 1284 (with gl.:nimb .i. nell no braen).nim
80.i. bráon, O'Cl. (cf. Leb. Gab. i 64 n. 2 ).nim cruinne . . . .i.
bráon do dhrucht,ib. Cf. 4 nin.

? nimghlic adj .i. iomdhaingen very strong(firm ), O'Cl. (=n-
imglic, a misunderstanding?).

? nimmar: ind nimmar mbith ben úadib lía céle on trath-sa co
85alaile, FB 24 ( LU 8333 =nimmar bid, Eg.); a corruption ofní
mór bíd hardly a woman of them is (remains) with her husband?
(prob. to be connected with the preceding words:diammbé-se
báeth fiad etarlu; Emer's beauty makes her dangerous to the
other wives of Ulster).