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níam n ā,f.orig. form prob.ném q.v. níamh, IGT Dec. § 39.18 .
Oft. writtenniabin early texts. Occas. treated asmasc., see
Met. Dinds. iv 340.30 (quoted below) and exx. underníab
65(which may be the same word):d s. doníamh , Keat. Poems
1540 (besidenéimh, 99 );go níamh n-órdha, CRR² 27 ( Todd
Lect. iv 80.15 ).
Lustre,sheen,brilliance ; freq. applied to gold.niam .i.
dath, O'Dav. 1295 (a loose definition).crand airgit ris tatin
70grían | cosmail fri hór a ro-níam, SC 33 ( LU 3701 ).aur-
drochait na ndorus . . . atat fo néim, SR 467 ,cf. 7257 .fo
néib, 419 .atchonnacus dabaich . . . co néim n-óir, RC xiii
74.1 .nat[h]racha . . . cosmaile co nnéim n-óir, Alex. 709.
cathair . . . co néim óir forri, PH 853. sluaighthech . . . niamh
75oir fair, Marco P. 74. seomra co neim n-oir fair, 91 .lóegh co
néimh órdai fair, Cóir Anm. 70 ( IT iii 318.8 ).niamh na n-arm
icá n-imert, Acall. 7590. fo néib gréne, LL 371c15 .níam
theined, Fél. 132.23 (seeném).níab nárḟuilt Néill, Ériu iv 94
§ 13 .cóimhgheal re néimh an aoil, Keat. Poems 99. fid
80lomnan do neimh caemc[h]rann, Ériu iii 145 § 26.
Of persons beautyorsplendourofappearance: álli a níab
níam nime fairer his beauty than the brightness of heaven, Ériu
iv 108.13 .cid cáem grían . . . áille níab na hingine, 104.10 .
dacī naenmur go neim ngloin(of angelic visitors), Arch. iii
85244 § 4 .co hIngcél noísech néime, Met. Dinds. iii 116.95 .
a ghéag as nua-ghlaine niamh! A. Ó Dálaigh xxxiv 4. Fig. ro
techt ro-neib cein ro ma[i]r`great fame', AU 1056 =roi-
neimh, FM ii 870.3 (of Aedh Ua Forréidh,fer léigindof
Armagh).co neim nóis, LL 136b23 .Niam Nera Nuall-
brethaig, Anecd. ii 53.8 (name of some literary quality or
5qualification). Compounded with foregoing noun or adj.:
scothníam, TBC 1515. bánníam Dé, KMMisc. 254 § 6.
nocon é in saebniam sarnua`specious splendour', Met. Dinds.
iv 340.30 .
Asnpr. f.:Níab ingen Cheltchair, Death-tales 26 § 9 (Niam
10 v.l.).Niamh Cinn Óir, Oss. iv 238.9 .d s. Niamh, 262.25 ,
264.6 , 9 .g s. céileNiamh , 260 z ,cf. 266.2 .Cf.thenpr. m.
Níamán, TBC 3085.
Compds. (a) with adj.: ¤ adbal:huí Néill níamadbuil, LL
133a44 .stuaga nimi niamadbli, 235b42 .lile niamhbhán, A.
15Ó Dálaigh xxv 7 . ¤ corach:atchíu chlaind Neill níam-
choraig, LL 48a37 = SG 373.26 .mac . . . Nessa niabdherg,
Death-tales 18.14 . ¤ glan:for dreich niamghlain Néill, Cóir
Anm. 125. ¤ glonnach:Niall Niamhglunnach, Ériu viii
136.32 .mac Neill Niamglonnaig, TBC 4502. ¤ gorm:for
20dreich . . . niamguirm Neill, Bruchst. i § 101 (< FM a. 844 ).
¤ solus:naóidhin níamhṡolas, Ériu v 170.113 (-ṡolaisMS.)
d'ainglib niamṡoillsi, MR 190.19 .
(b) with noun: ¤ brao a shining mill-stone(of a hero), Ält.
Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 3 =niamhbrae (.i. bru), LL 393b2 ,niam-
25braei, BB. ¤ cland:o niamchlandaib . . . Neill, MR 258.13 .
¤ cruth:pl. niamhcrotha Neill, MR 116.19 . ¤ dath, IT iii
41 § 43 = Bruchst. i § 6 . ¤ dubad:árna níamdubad di phicc
┐ di thúis(of ships newly painted), LL 235b29 . ¤ glaine,
LU 2483 = RC iv 256 § 25. Lism.L. 3868 . ¤ glanad:do
30niamhglanadh a n-erreidh, BNnÉ 217 § 100 .agá nighe ┐ agá
niamhglanadh féin, TSh. 4206. ¤ glonn:g p. o teacht Nemidh
na niamglond, BB 13b46 . ¤ land: niamland d'ór, Acall. 957 ,
cf. 3895 .pl. niamlando oir, IT iii 238.103 . ¤ lestar, Met.
Dinds. iii 260.16 . ¤ nós:co hOileach Neid gu niamnós, BB
35 25a16 =go ndeaghnós, Keat. i 172.6 . ¤ sét:im níamṡétaib,
Met. Dinds. iii 340.30 .

níamach adj o, ā. splendid: fertán in laích niamaigh náir illus-
trious(?), Acall. 1078. Seeníabach.

níamaid v ā. brightens,furbishes: ro niamhadh a etach, ZCP
40 xiii 171.4 .ra niamaid ┐ ro nuaglanaid cathbarr[a], TTebe
1272 . Adorns: an dealg ōir . . . níahmas ceard, Mann. and Cust.
iii 168. nī fírḟlaith nad niamat bi bennachtnaib whom the
living do not glorify with blessings
, ZCP xi 97 § 59.
Vn. iarna níamad do ór, Marco P. 49. fuiglech na nār ca
45niamad`the spoils left by the nobles decked the victors', Met.
Dinds. iii 360.72 .tai ac niamad da [ = do] namad fein thou
art decking out thy own enemy
(the body), Arch. iii 238 § 13. ag
glain-níamhadh [sic leg.] a ngonnadh furbishing , Hugh Roe
210.26 (f. 56a-b) . In concrete sense:dā deil dirgi . . . niamad
50nosmar amal corcairglain forru decoration , BB 241b53 .

níamann xseenémann.

níamanda xseenémanda.

níamda adj io, iā. lustrous,brilliant , used in wide sense.niamhda
.i. taitneamhach, O'Cl.dét niamda nemanda, TBC 207. deid-
55ghin níamdo, IT i 119.27 .niamdai a beóil, 69.8 .a ghnúis
niamhdha! A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 1. crand . . . noem niamda, LB
221b47 .aitreb niamdha, BCC 398.23 . Of persons:gasraid
. . . niamda nuagel, Cog. 160.6 .
In sensesplendid,illustrious: cuic bliadna Bresail in beóil |
60niamda isna tressaib, LL 32a50 .teglach . . . niamda gal
splendid in valiant deeds, Bruchst. i § 115 (< FM a. 890 =
niabtha, AU 894 ).Nemed níamda a nás, Ériu iv 130 z
(`pleasant his ways' transl., readinggnás v.l.; readingnás,
perh.glorious his death). So in chevilles:niamda in dál,
65 Ériu v 222.28 .niamda trocha a splendid doom(?), Anecd. i 51
§ 6 .Cf.also:niamthae nath in tri Fothaid, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii
14 § 3 (`ein glänzender Dichterspruch sind die drei F.').

níamdata adj io, iā. adorned,beautified? dom mac neimnech
niamdhata, LL 385c31 .

70 niamnaid n name of aplant,tormentil: tormintilla.i. a[n] niam-
nuid, Arch. i 326.25 .niamnuid, Rosa Angl. 158.9 .

niata adj io, iā. (cf. 1 nia) pugnacious,combative: bē niata, ZCP vi
266 § 2 .slog . . . niatta, PH 8105. na buidne niatae naimdide,
CCath. 5469. niata lé namhait, connalbhaigh lé carait, FM v
751726.7 . Of things:saigti niata nemnecha, Cog. 158.18 .
comhlann niata, CRR² 36 .Adv. adubairt co níata naimdemail,
ZCP vi 288.25 .

níathach xseeníadach.

nícon adv.of negation, a strengthened form ofní, used before
80vbs. The second element-conis expld. by Pedersen ( Gram.
ii 209 ) as adv. giving to the neg. the force `not in any way' =
Lat.nunquam, omnino non; by Thurneysen, Hdb. § 851 , as
identical with the conj. = `it is not that . . .'. Used at the
beginning of a main clause with the indic. (or potential or
85optative subj.), folld. by the conjunct form of the vb. In the
Glosses, the particle-conis always written in conjunction
with the vb.,níeither standing as a separate word or joined
to it. The initial consonant of the vb. is lenited (not always
expressed in MSS.).
In Mid.Ir. the formníconsomet. becomesnícobefore a
5consonant, and is early weakened tonoco(noco n-before a
vowel or lenited f); later with lenited c,nocho (n-),nocha (n-),
which prevail in later Mid.Ir.; early Mod.Ir.nocha(generally
eclipsing follg. cons.,nochanbefore a vowel and lenited f),
still persisting in North Ireland and in Scottish Gaelic in the
10neg.cha,chan.
In O.Ir.naconreplacesníconin dependent clauses; this
construction disappears in Mid.Ir.
Nícon(nocon,nochon) expresses a more emphatic denial
thanníalone (in later usage there is not much difference).
15(a)nícon(níco n-): O.Ir.níconchoscram we destroy not, Wb.
2b21 .ni conchechrat they will not love, 30c4 .ni conchloor act
for caínscél may I hear nothing but good of you, 23b41 .ni-
conḟil, Sg. 188a4 (but:ní confil, Wb. 12d5 , Ml. 92a8 ).ní con-
talla obbad fair, Sg. 90a2 .nicontuislifea, gl.nihil . . . elabitur,
20 Ml. 27b18 .ní con bia cumscugud for pianad, 26d12 .ní
conrogab terochraic, 36a32 .ni con ruaccobrus ní, gl.nunquam
concupivi, 136b7 . Before vowel:ni conairigur-sa na imned
I feel no tribulation, Wb. 16a28 .ní conétada, Sg. 188a4 .
Mid.Ir.nícon tora etir, SC 40. niconromolastar, Mon.
25Tall. 10. nícon-ér-sium tria bith sír he will never rise, PH
1860. níco dlegar, Mon. Tall. 51. nico ro troisci, 72 .níco fil
crich fora flaithius, PH 1808 ,cf. 710 , 6614 .nico tarut Í. nach
freccra, 3251 .ráthaigit na minpheccda . . . ┐ ní co ráthaigit na
morphecdai, 3231 .
30(b)noco(n):noco rag-sa ar cuiriud mná, SC 32. noco bia
. . . i pēin, SR 2043. noco laimed nech, 4877 .noco dentar,
PH 5551. nech bud chalmu . . . cosindiu nocon ḟuaross, TBC
3674. nocon uil nech cen imarbus, PH 3181 ( =nocon-ḟuil).
noco díultab-sa ┐ nocon fhuiceb tu, 3009 .nocon cēl-sa I will
35not hide (it
), Arch. iii 296 § 37. noco rogenair . . . duine bad
choimiu, SR 2245. noco rom-saebad I have not been deceived,
PH 1795. nocor ḟer banne not a drop (of rain) fell, LB 65b58
= Lat. Lives 85 z (nocar).
(c)nocho(n),nocha(n):nocho chretiub-sa duitsiu, LU 9224.
40 nochonepér rit insein, SR 1309. nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig
| nach creid . . . dhuid there is no verdure on the rock but trusts
to thee
, Dán Dé xxix 26 .nocha chéal, Content. xxviii 28. dā
bfinnadh . . . nacha dingnadh maith he would not do good, ZCP
vii 301 § 3. nocho ro díultus . . . ar na bochtaib . . . nocho ro
45fhuirgius iat, PH 6031. mo lām nochor leadair duine never
injured any man
, Arch. iii 241 § 3. nochan faidiubh-sa le fer,
TBC 4483 St.nochon ḟidir mac duine, ZCP vii 303 § 9. nuchun
eirg, Ériu iii 198.1 .
(d) with eclipsis of follg. cons., due to confusion ofconwith
50the preverbcon-(com-), Ped. ii 210 , or the conj.co-n, Thurn.
Hdb. § 851 ; only once in Glosses:nícon dét do nach ailiu insin
that applies(téit)to none other, Ml. 53a17 . Occas. in Mid.Ir.:
nico mbia bríg isindi sin that will not matter, Mon. Tall. 66.
níco mbia maith det-siu siu no táll, PH 1812. níco ndeine tú
55fén do ícc thou canst not heal thyself, 3336 .nico ndénat aithrige,
6476 .nocha mbia, Content. xxvii 16.
(e) with inf. pron.; in Glosses only in three cases in Ml.:ni
con-d-robae-som ind rae sin he had not that time, Ml. 41a5 .ni con-
da-bia nem they will not have heaven, 69a8 .ní cos-fuar-sa inna
60furgrad sin I found not those remains, 57d3 (pron. proleptic).
Later fairly common:nochom-tha labra, SR 2088. nuchum-
tha ní radim de I have nothing to say thereof, TBC 800 ,cf.
1483 .noconom tha a samail, LU 7007 ( BDD 66 ,nimtha v.l.),
cf. 8391 ( FB 26 ).nocot-bia airmitiu thou shalt have no rever-
65ence
, SR 847. nichat-léicfider sech láim, LL 47b42 = RC xx
12 § 21 .nochos-tibrea re cétluth will not give her as a mate,
TBC 3502. atchiam cách . . . ┐ nicon n-acci nech no one sees
us
, LU 10865 ( IT i 133.5 ).nichar-fail tlacht we have no rai-
ment
, SR 1560. nocho-for-bia . . . airchra bíid, 4063 .nicos-
70tánic riam ┐ nicos-ticfa dírimm bas choímiu never came to them
and never will come to them
, LL 248b11 ( TBFr. 46 ) =nicus-
tanic . . . noconus-ticfo, ZCP iv 34.4 .
(f) with copula (Mid.Ir., not in Glosses):nocon alaind mar
atai far from lovely is thy appearance, SR 1305. noco choir
75duin, 1545 ;cf. nicon choir etir laisim, Mon. Tall. 15. noco
chath nā tuitt rí, CRR 5. `In béo do thigernae?' `Nocon béo
immorro', BDD 166. noco buidech Dia, PH 8371. nicon ed
not so,by no means (answer to a question), Mon. Tall. 21.
nocon ed namma not only that, SC 31. nicon ḟiu la credal, Fél.
80 Prol. 111 (nocon,nochon v.l.).nochan fhoráil, Dán Dé xxv 6 .
nocha nḟer mar soin Seafraigh S. is not a man of that sort, IGT
Dec. ex. 509. nucu maith rí ac nā bít géill, | noco maith geill
cen geimle, LL 146b35 ( PRIA iii 542 § 17 ).a mbrughaidh
nocha brónaigh, IGT Dec. ex. 782 =nírsat brónuigh`their
85yeomen were not sad
', Ériu iv 116 § 24. noco n-annsa doman-sa
ata mo flaithemnus, PH 2709. nochon do biuc bae dia brig
not little was his strength, ZCP viii 217 § 5. With pret.:
nochorbo choimsech, SR 6091. nocorb éicen, TBC 949.
(g) in O.Ir.conis combined with the conj.ná(occas.nád)
in subord. clauses:connaconbeth leu etir that it should not be
5with him at all
, Ml. 35c2 ,cf. 103d9 .connacon bet acht degni-
mai less, 129a9 .arnaconroib dethiden for neuch, Wb. 15d11 .
connachonroib, Ml. 23d6 .amal slaidred . . . di naconbi moín
from which no treasure is wont to be, 85b7 .nad conbiad íc dō
that there would be no healing for him, 58a9 . For a further
10development ofnacon, seenó co.