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1 ní indef.pron.,neut.ofnech.n a s. ní(friníi , Wb. 8a4 ).g s.
60 neich.d s. neuch, laterneoch. An older (?)d s. neo,niualso
occurs in O.Ir.:cia e[r]neo , Ml. 101a4 ;ci erniu , 47b1 . In late
Mid. and Mod.Ir.níis often used ind s., see II.
(a) anything,aught , used likenechin indef. or neg. sent. or
question;ní, gl.quippiam, Ml. 23c12b , 27d9 . gl.quicquam,
65 3a10 .cia ar neoch dorrignis?( quid hoc fecisti?), Sg.
217a5 ;cf. cia e[r] neo, gl.quamobrem, Ml. 101a4 .cech duine
shirfess ni fort whoever shall ask aught of thee, PH 462. ní
macc ní none (of the animals mentioned) is a son, Enchir. Aug.
83b ( ZCP vii 484 ).buith cen denum neich, gl.otiosae, Wb.
70 29a4 .ní hecal dó ní he has no cause to fear, CRR 18. ním-raib
may I possess nought, ZCP vii 308 § 1. nir choemnacair in
tene ni doib, PH 4045. ní fuil uiresbaid neich ar bith orra,
Maund. 227.
In sense something (= Lat.aliquid):ní do thabairt do
75neuch(=aliquid proferre), Ml. 98a4 .is mithich dún in tinnsci-
tal ní do dénum to begin to do something, ZCP viii 175.25
(Laon Glosses), whereneichmight be expected.ní damsa !
(give) me something! ZCP iii 212 § 24. eroslaicced [a rusc] ┐
itconnairc ní he saw somewhat(of a blind boy restored to sight),
80 PH 1322. aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti consulting men of
perfect life about some matter
, Mon. Tall. 23. do bid . . . ag
iarraid neich ar Colam, ZCP vii 304 § 14.
(b) commonly folld. byDE(partitive) = any(some)part
(amount,number)of: huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu
85 they had no good works, Ml. 15d9 .nephdenum neich di ulc,
23c20 .ni tabrait ní de dena [= dona] bochtaib they give
nought of it
, Mon. Tall. 57. nipta ni dom deolaidecht ye have
nought of my grace
, SR 1444. cor glanmais . . . ni diar cintaib
some of our sins, 1576 .co rucsat ní dia n-indmas leo, PH 1000.
ni fogní . . . ní di nach ret do denam to do anything whatever,
5 Mon. Tall. 45. conid ní de buadaib Duind Cualnge insin the
above are some of the triumphs of the D.C.
, TBC 1543. ní dhe
nad be leosam de ḟid no tuighe any timber or thatch they have
, Ir. Texts i 19 § 3 (leg. ní nád,etc.).ba headh so ni dia
chrābad .i. fodail bidh ┐ lenna,etc., ZCP xii 291.13 .ar báig
10ni ar ni do drúis for love, not for any lust(?), Ériu iv 106.3 .
ropo ní do dáil decm[a]ing somewhat of a hard test (condition),
108z .Bersibé . . . ina ḟuil ní da n-ecailsib an rígh (leg.aniugh),
Maund. 50. iar milleadh neith dia n-arbhannaibh, FM ii 1068.
13 . Referring to persons:connā terna ni dona .v. gaiscedaib
15dēc so that not one of the fifteen champions escaped, TBC² 556.
Diarmait . . . co ní do Ghallaibh do thiachtain`with a force of
', AU ii 240.17 .
(c) folld. by defining rel. clause; with subj. in indef. sent.:
boí ní ro glante and something to be purified, Wb. 31c18 ,cf.
20 27a16 .arnach n-aurchoissed som fri níi duronad nach aile
anything which any other could do, 8a4 .acht ropa techtae
adlúsat .i. ní argara itid díob enough to quench their thirst,
Mon. Tall. 53.
With indic.:fosodin . . . .i. fo ní fuan-tuic Pól in accordance
25with what P. has applied it to
, Ml. 35a9 ,cf. 35b16 .i nní imme-
forlaing guasacht into what caused danger, 38c10 .do deicsin
neich as tacair doib what is fitting for them, 47d7 .doguilse di
neuch adbaill grief for what perishes, Wb. 16b11 .ar seilg
neich nach maith, Ériu i 70.1 .iar neoch dia ecnuch . . . dol-
30leici tenga caich after the blasphemy of Him which each man's
tongue utters
, ii 118 § 56 .atta ni forsa-taet a ndliged-sa there
is something on which this dictum bears
, Hib. Min. 5.148 .issi
in faithchi techta la Feine, ni rosaig guth cluicc as far as the
sound of a bell reaches
, Laws iv 194.2 .gur marbad ní nach
35etir d'airem dib a number beyond counting, RC xix 366.19 .
Folld. byrel. cop.andcompar.:ce fodailter ni bes miniu
although something less is distributed, Thes. ii 254.14 ( Stowe
Miss. 65b ).táthunn ní as nessa we have something nearer, Fél.
Prol. 217. níptá ní bas dilsiu, 185 .ata ní is messu de, SR
40 1349. nochorb ail dó ní ba mō he desired no more, PH 3315.
Usedadverbially:nā gnáthaig ni as sia do scél any longer, SR
6031. nā tecar da indsaigid ni bad ṡiriu nō bas mó, TBC 1776.
This construction continues in use to form thecompar.(the
force of the indef. pron. being lost sight of) down to the mod.
45period, in which it is gradually replaced by the stereotyped
formsníos,níosa(<ní as), used regardless of té agá
mbiadh do thoicce shaoghalta ní sa mhó ioná a riachtanas,
TSh. 7165 (where the pron. has still some significance).
d'eagla go mbiadh ní sa mheasa, 5316 .go nach beidis ní
50budh faide ag inghreim(=diutius), 5541 .foghail do dhénamh
ni as uille to commit any greater depredation, FM ii 974.5 .ni
sa mhó, Prov. iv 18.
(d) as pred. of cop., somewhat=somethingthat is ofconse-
quence,matters :massu ní imdibe if circumcision is aught, Wb.
55 20b8 .is hé á oenur bes ní(=ut sit Deus omnia in omnibus),
13c3 .is machtnaigthi lim-sa . . . comad ní fíadut-sa in duine
aneolach-sa that this ignorant fellow should be aught in thy
, PH 1759. dia mbad rim contuased rí, | ropad ní a
chland dia éis, LL 149a15 .ní ní, gl.nihil, Enchir. Aug. 70b
60( ZCP vii 480 ).nídat ní(=nihil sunt), Ml. 79b7 .ni ni nach
breth berar nā bidh fri leigend leir leirigther no judgement
that is passed is of effect unless it is,etc.
, Corm. Y 1224.
Cf.further:indiu for lár Dermaigi | aicsiu Fergaili ní ní
(= Fergal is not to be seen), ZCP xii 232 § 41. ní ní acht
65airget a findgrian its fair gravelly bed is nought but silver,
Fianaig. 50.6 .ní ní acht mar do an ar ēneing | an ri is Magh
F. faí the king under whom is Magh F. is of no account save in
the territory to which he has confined himself
(?), Irish Texts
ii 45 § 1 .
70Similarly in phrases:is ní dom é it is amatterof somecon-
sequence for me ;is ní limm é I think itimportant,advisable: nocon
fuair freccra budh ní dhó he got no answer that satisfied him,
Hugh Roe 94.1 (f. 25a) .coná fuairset troid nó tachar robadh
ní dóibh which mattered(i.e. could hinder them), 188.19 (f. 50b) .
75 Cf. ma ueith ní indsaighidh chathrach Mhaoil M. do righaiu
whether it be worth while for kings to attack(?), Anecd. ii 58.18 .
nír bhó ní lais tocht co heisinnill día furtacht he thought it
would be unadvisable
, Hugh Roe 204.26 (f. 54b) .
(e) folld. by a noun-clause in appos.; in O.Ir. after the
80interrog. particle in to emphasize a question =is it afactthat
. . .? inní nad n-imcai does he (really) not consider? Ml. 114a15 .
inní na fochrothai-siu(gl.numquid non tu ista discutis?), 64a4 .
inní bertar ni uaine duib-si? shall anything be taken from us
to you?
RC v 202 § 24. Cf. mani ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co
85dug[n]em(gl.docet . . . non nos errare tamen si in Domino spe
positâ ea quae agenda sunt . . . intente faciemus), Ml. 23c6 , where
Edd. Thes. emend:ma .i. ní nád ndénamni; the sense may
be loosely:(we do not err) unless it is the case that we do not do
(them), but it is that we may do (them earnestly)
Similarly:bid sí do ṡerc-su bas ní | nad mair inti ceta-bui
5 love for thee will be the cause that thy predecessor lives no
longer ( forgotten)
, LL 275a10 ( Mór Muman 265 ).ma
beith ní iarom totim dam-sa if it should turn out that I fall,
288b47 ( RC xiii 440 § 12 ).Cf.the similar use ofrudin Mod. Ir.:
má's (dá mbadh) rud é go bhféadaim (bhféadainn) if I can
(acht) atá ní (chene) (but) there issomething(further), folld.
by a main clause in appos. stating an additional fact or con-
sideration; common in Mid.Ir. as a transitional phrase =
moreover;however: `atá ní' ar F. `ni batecra ind ḟir sin', TBC
15 444. acht atá ní, 543 , 1955 .acht ata ní chena, torchratar tri
cet curad, Fianaig. 92.27 .acht ata ni chena, muidhis for na
hIndecdhaibh, Marco P. 33. Cf.the later construction:dar
léo féin a ccomhfoccus doibh, acht aon-ní dob uidhe trí lá é
however, it was (really) a journey of three days, BNnÉ 71 § 121 .
20 ní hiad naoimh an bheatha bhí | thig díom d'áireamh acht
éin-ní: | gach naomh dar naomhadh ar nimh not (only) the
saints of earth whom I can recount, but actually all the saints
that have been hallowed in heaven
, Dán Dé xxv 73 .
See alsonech III.