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70 2 nes(s) n o,m. (a)a woodenmouldfor shaping asmith's clay
furnaceoroven (consisting perhaps of a cylindrical block or
disk round which the clay was pressed, with a vertical handle
or shaft for lifting, Joyce's Wonders of Ireland p. 238 fg. ), and
by extension (b)theclay furnaceitself. bai crann ina laim . . .
75.i. ness a ainm, is uime dognither ind aurnaisi criadh, Corm.
Y 975 s.v. nesscoit(of the smithGoibniu).Nesnomendon
c[h]rundut prediximus. Ness ainm don aurnaisi chriadh
feisin, amail atbert aroile ben gobend ag denam marbnaide
dia fir ... ba binde no chandais dord | fri derc a niss [neisLB]
80 a dā bolg sweetly his two bellows chanted a refrain against the
hole of the `ness'
,ib.; the allusion is to the hole in the furnace
through which the joint nozzle of the two bellows passed.
neas .i. ainm an chroinn fa ndentar an [sic leg.] urnisi chriadh
isin gceardcha. n. ¤ .i. ainm don urnaisi chriadh bhios isin
85ceardcha, O'Cl.ness.i. aurnisi criadh, H. 3.18.73b ( O'C. 16 ).ness
gobann`a smith's moulding-block', Triads 148 (one of the three
`renovators of the world'; the gl..i. mála cré, p. 39 makes it
refer rather to the furnace).
? Fig.mar chuiris an ghrian a gal | feadh gach tire 'na
timchiol, | cuiridh Eoin teas a thoile | tre o [= a] neas eoil na
5hionmhoine, Arch. Hib. i 99 § 12.

3 nes(s) n alumporswellingon the body caused by ablow,etc.,
awound? ness dano ainm don bēim .i. don c[h]rēcht,ut est
isin t[Ṡ]enchas Mar . . . a dirip cuirp duine, | cidhat ili fuile, |
ro hairdiged ness; Corm. Y 975 s.v. nesscoit=ro hainmiged
10n. ¤ , LB;ro hordaiged n. ¤ , Laud. Acc. to Corm., the smith
Goibniu aimed a blow at every intruder in his forge with his
`ness' or moulding-block, thereby raising a lump (cnoc) on his
victim's body of the shape of the `ness', hence the name; a
fanciful derivation of a word prob. originally different from
15 2 nes(s).nes [neasv.l.] .i. crecht, O'Dav. 1294. neas .i. crecht,
Lec. Gl. 465 =nes, 272 M .neas .i. cnoc. n. ¤ .i. crécht, O'Cl.
Cf. nissi .i. crécht, O'Cl.;neasaim`I wound', O'R., andnes-
.neas .i. ainm ratha, Met. Gl. Ff. 18 may be due to a
misunderstanding of the gl..i. cnoc.

20 4 nes(s) n anisland? ness .i. inis, O'Mulc. 829 ; `prob. borrowed
from O.N.nesor A.S.naes', Stokes.Cf.also: euripus .i.
piscina longa.i. inna nnessae [nnannȧessæ MS.], gl.Euriporum,
Thes. ii 24.33 ( Bcr. 34b8 ); `of the straits', Thes.;euripus`a
narrow channel
' was used esp. of the strait dividing the
25island of Euboea from the mainland.

1 nes(s)a adj.used ascompar.ofocus near ; alsones(s)o,
nes(s)u;superl. nes(s)a,nes(s)am. Nearer , folld. byDO.
(a) of space:is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 .nesso assa nesso
nearer and nearer, 12b34a. inna hí ata nessa(gl.inferiora), Bcr.
30 44a1 .superl.(a)hi telaig ba nessam dind slog, Ml. 55c1 .archaṅ-
geil . . . is nessam do naebaiṅglib next to the holy angels, SR
536 ,cf. 538 , 540 , 542 .nesaim, 534 .imdae as nesam do
Conaire, BDD 128. nem . . . as nessamh duibh the heaven
nearest you
, Ériu ii 108 z .itt é ata nessom d'Uíb Néill(=who
35border on
), ZCP viii 317.5 .na tíre ata nesam duín, TTr.² 125.
bidba na crich ba nessom duit, TBC 9. (b)tri grád as nessu
dochum talman the three ranks(of the Celestial Hierarchy)
nearest earth, SR 662. dorus ind nime as nesu ille the nearest
gate of heaven
, FA 15. ind fuithairbe ba nessu don tig, FB 20.
40(b) of time:bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás dait-siu perhaps
death is no nearer him
, FB 94. cid ni is nesa dún innosa? what
is going to happen to us?
Lat. Lives 101.10 (=dic nobis aliquid
. . . quod citius eveniet) = Lism.L. 3344 .cid as nesu dúin de-
sin? TFerbe 783 .is neasa ar chách comurchra nearer and
45nearer is dissolution
, Ériu iv 158.6 .fán Nodloig-si as nesa
dhún this coming Christmas, Ériu v 54.29 .tanic isin domnach
ba nesa iartain the following Sunday, RC xlvi 230.24 .Cf.
further:truagh nach oirne ní as neasa | doní an Coimdhe an
cairdeas-sa`a pity that He shows not His friendship more
50recently to us
!' (?that He shows not this friendship more closely,
i.e. particularly to me
), Dán Dé xxi 13 .déanam síodh sul tí
tusa; | usa do dhíol ní as neasa`sin is easier to atone for while
yet recent
', vii 16 .
(c) of fig. relations:is nessa do inni lemm I deem it nearer
55the meaning
, Wb. 4b17 ,cf. Ml. 46c18 , 54a11 .cid is nesem dúin
ifesta? what is the next (most necessary) thing for us (to do) ?
Aisl. MC 103.17 .is de athchomarc is nesam duin diar cobhair
the most needful (likely) to help us, Arch. iii 294 § 11 ,cf. Ériu
iv 138.19 .
60Hence in legal phraseologynes(s)am=what isneedful,
indispensable , used as asubst., see Cóic Con. Fug. p. 63.
`lāngilli risin nésam ┐ lethgille risin nemnes[e]am' . . . nesam
sin ric a les duine do caithem fo cetoir ┐ nochan fuil a sechnam
aici . . . ┐ is ed is nemnesam ann .i. ní nā rig a les duine do
65caithem fo cetoir, ib. 33 § 33 (i.e.`nesam' is what a man re-
quires for immediate use and cannot dispense with).nesam
toisgedha(what is needed for immediate compensation), ib.
§ 34 .nesam cina(what is needed to pay immediate compensa-

70 2 nesa adj conspicuous,noted? neasa .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl. (perh.
explanation of a particular instance of1 nesa).

nesacht n f.(nesa) nearness,proximity: o neasacht na grēine
dūinn, ITS xiv 54.20 .

nesaigid v g. wounds,bruises (<3 nes)?imp. nith, nesaigh,
75nemhtaisigh [mo phectha], Ir. Litanies 8 n. 14 .Cf. neasaim
`I wound', O'R.

nesam adj. superl.seenesa.

? nesc: n gabuth nesc .i.gigantes , O'Mulc 604. Stokes takes
gabuthas =gábad danger ; for another suggestion see Ériu
80 xi 125.

1 nescóit n f.(for suffixcf. oróit,purgóit,etc.)animposthumeor
abscess: nescoid, gl.apostema, Ir. Gl. 843. nesscoit .i. ness
cnoc ┐ scoit lind, Corm. Y 975 (i.e. a lump or swelling con-
taining watery matter). Freq. in med. texts, often in con-
85tracted form n̅̅̅̅̅d̅,pl. n̅̅̅̅̅d̅.is inund nescoid tri Gaidlig ┐ opos-
tema tri Laidin, Rosa Ang. 160.4 .nescóid lenna fuair, O'Gr.
Cat. 181.32 .cuis na nescoidi, RC xlix 43.8 . in febribus
abscessus.i. an tan tigidh nescóidi isna fiabrussaibh, 23 K 42,
p. 55.4 .neascóid iona croicionn, Levit. xiii 18. g s. naneas-
cóide , ib. 19 .
5 Fig. ablemish,disgrace (a boil on the face being a traditional
symbol of dishonour):as nescóid ar ghiolla an reachtaire a
breith uadha, RC xxix 220.3 .na trí neascóide neimhneacha,
ML 78.25 (of fortresses built in the enemy's country).