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nert n o,n.andm. n s.(with art.)annert , Ml. 35d14 , Sg. 222b7 .
nert n-irisse, Wb. 11c4 .na neurt, ZCP iii 451.22 .a s. na nert
20n-aile, Ml. 29d5 .g s. neirt, Ml. 48c15 . LU 9141 ( FB 88 ).
Mid.Ir. generallynirt.d s. neurt, Wb. 16c4 , Sg. 1a6 et pass.
niurt, Hy. vii 2 fg . Mid.Ir.neurt,neort,ni(o)rt.n p. innanert ,
Ml. 108c14 .nerta, 73c2 .a p. inna nert, Sg. 105a1 .nerta, Ml.
85a4 . LU 8894 ( FB 68 ).
25 Strength,might,power, in physical and moral sense.Freq.
rendersvirtusin Glosses; alsorobur, Ml. 22d2 ,firmitas, 48c15 ,
vires, 73c2 (inpl.),cf. Sg. 105a1 .nertquasiuirta virtute ,
Corm. Y 976. uisnert, O'Mulc. 152. In general sense of power:
nert Dé, Hy. v 45. iar neurt in spirito noíb, Wb. 29d21 .hi
30niurt athar ┐ aobmaic ┐ aobspirda, ZCP vi 258.14 .nert
Demuin, Fél. Prol. 253. atai-si aniu a nert ┐ cumachta,
Anecd. ii 54.10 =a nirt, ZCP viii 107.11 .focicher don nirt
i ttá from the power in which he is, BNnÉ 307 § 29 .dochuadar
i neart i nÉirinn(of the Norsemen), Keat. iii 2912. In moral
35sense:is ed a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc, Ml. 35d14
(defining `perfecta virtus').ibunt ... de uirtute in uirtutem .i.
raghait ... do nirt for nirt, RC xxv 390 § 4 ,cf. PH 4674 (do
nirt for nert).coic nert deac inna hanmo .i. nert n-iresi, nert
cennsa,etc., ZCP iii 451.18 .nert(one of the seven gifts of the
40Holy Spirit), ZCP v 499 § 4 (so also in later rel. texts, Luc.
Fid. 149.8 , Parrth. Anma 233.7 ).neart, Parrth. Anma 225.8
(one of the four cardinal virtues = Lat.fortitudo).Ofsway
ordominion: noí mbliadna ós Herind a nert(= he reigned
for nine years), LL 129a19 .cethri cóic bliadna ... ro giallad
45do niurt Nathí, 129b41 ( MacCarthy 192 § 4 , 212 § 4 ). Of
physical strength:nert in bulli the force of the blow, LL 160a7 .
ra immir Carpre a nert for Coin Culaind, LL 177a50 ( CRR 51 ).
da mbeind-sea do nirt beith dom chois if I were able (strong
enough) to be afoot
, TBC 5775 ,cf. 5868 .dia mbend-sea for mo
50nirt, ni thóetsaitis in macrad had I been in my strength, 2510 ,cf.
TBC² 1856. i neart slainte[sic leg.]in sound health(oppd. to:
fri bás), Laws iii 34.14 ,cf. 42.30 , 46.21 , 52.1 , ii 344.29 and see
Ériu ix 31. go niort leoman, BNnÉ 77 § 146 .
Power,ability(to do someth.): ní fhuil nert agad gun
55[= gan] techt lium(= you must perforce come with me), ZCP
vi 48.12 .ro raidh ... nach raibhi nert a tidlaicthi aige that he
was not empowered to give it up
, Marco P. 169. Power,control
(over someth.): ata nert agan duine ara chaint nogu leige se
amach hi a man has power over his speech until he utters it,
60 Ériu v 132.1 .
gaibid nert for ... overpowers: do gab [in bás] nert ormm,
PH 7807. ro gab Érnai nert for sil nEbir, ZCP vii 303.13 .do
gabail nerta for Laighnib, RC xviii 274.6 (Tig.). Keat. ii 989.
do breith neirt ara bhidhbhaidh, Duan. Finn. i 86.30 . (with
65obj. gen.) seizesthe power of,subdues: slóigh le Maghnus ... a
Sil Muiredhaigh, gur ghabh a nert ┐ a mbraighde, AU ii 368.20
(a. 1288 ).dochuaidh do ghabháil neirt na Fraingce, Keat. ii
983 ,cf. 1776 .
a (i n-, ó)niurt(with gen.) by strength of,by dint of: ni
70ḟuigbitis uile acht a nirt catha ┐ chomlaind, LB 122b17 .
faidhis C. slúag dia irghabail a nirt chatha, Marco P. 117.
i nirt imghona by dint of fighting, ZCP xiv 246.16 .docuadur
... a nirt a n-imrama, CCath. 2226. ní ó nirt góei nō chlaidim
acht o nirt ernaigthe, PH 8044. tre nert imgona, Ériu ii
75180.17 . In absol. constr.:ro héige in ben nert a cind, SR
3215. cosnaid Temair ... nert bar nduirnd[sic leg.], Cog.
122.14 .
Transf. import,significance,etc.: nert comaccomail the force
of a conjunction
, Sg. 222b9 .nert n-ainmnedo anmmae the
80force of a nominative
, 215a9 .caite deochair eter a cumang ┐
a neart?, Auraic. 965 (of vowels; `cumang' is when they are
sounded alone, `nert' in combination with consonants).
Rarelyin concrete sense aforce,troops: co tanic nert Ulad
fris coro-n-innarbsat é, LL 328b18 .gur thinoil ... sluag-
85neart Saxon, MR 110.10 .Cf. treṡess cona nirt nonbair, LL
108a29 = RC xiv 404.2 (`with its crew of nine').
g s.as attrib.:riginirt a strong kingdom(?), IT i 124.12 .
Hériu ardneirt, Ériu iv 110.2 .is hí sein comairle ba nirt leo-
som which prevailed with them, TBC 2908 ,cf. 4574 , 4598 .
Clann M. ... do denamh imerce neirt ar muintir Ruairc
5 a hostile incursion, FM iv 718.10 .corbat nirt i fus`mighty in
this world
', P.R.I.A. iii 548 § 15 ( LL 147a17 ).do denam
imirgi neirt ar Muintir R., Ann. Conn. 1390 § 6.
Occas. asadj.:ba nert leis a menma his courage was high,
TBC 2496. ar Niall nert, Ériu viii 69.59 . Forming a spurious
10compar.:ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla his courage was
raised by the tidings
, SC 20 ( LU 3435 ).
Inpl.generally in distrib. sense (in Glosses somet. in
imitation of Lat.vires):in tan aracrínat a nerta(gl.defectu
virium), Ml. 73c2 .traithaid nerta lochnamat, FB 68 ( LU
15 8894 ).tancadar a nerta ┐ a mbriga doibh, CCath. 2581. a
serc o ulib nertaib with all (thy) powers, LB 261a3 .ro tarrngid
... a nertaibh damh ┐ assan, CCath. 1763. ro srained in cath
tria nertaib laoch, Ériu viii 178.15 .inis na neart, Keat.
Poems 1157.
20 nerta(= Lat.virtutes, a rank of the Celestial Hierarchy),
SR 693 , PH 6249.
Compds. (a) with subst. inadjectivalsense strong,mighty:
¤ bág:co nertbáig`with strong fight', RC xx 12 § 21. ¤ bla
`mighty fame', Met. Dinds. iii 298.2 . ¤ blad id., Acall. 1264
25(-bhladh). ¤ bríg, LL 27a9 .fo nirtbríg a chumachta, Alex. 74
[sic leg.].a p. neirtbhríga, MR 242.2 . ¤ brised:ag neart-
brisiud`routing', MR 156.14 . ¤ chlann:Colum cádh nert-
chlainni Neill, ZCP x 53.29 . MR 262.19 . ¤ chomairle, Alex.
574. ¤ c[h]ride, ZCP viii 306.11 . ¤ fhlaith, Fél. Ep. 170 (of
30Christ). ¤ gabál:neartghabháil námhad, ML 134.21 . ¤ gal:
le neartghoil céimeann`prowess of battle-deeds', Content. xxx
21 . TSh. 2126. ¤ Goídel:do ṡil noesech nert-Gaedel, LL
4a46 ,cf. Leb. Gab. i 220.8 . ¤ lia f. a largestoneused as a
missile,etc.by warriors: nertlia míled forsa n-indsmatís slega
35... ┐ fria meltís renda ┐ faebra, Aisl. MC 47.16 . TBC 5527 St.
gebis nertlia cloche fria ais, TBC 1569 =liic mair, TBC² 889.
ro léic D. a urchur do nertlic miled, Dinds. 32 ( RC xv 335.6 ).
Fig.of persons:nertlia gaíse, SC 38 ( LU 3849 ).n. fergi,
TFerbe 312 . ¤ maín( ¤ maen):fúair núachar co nertmaín
40 with great treasure, Met. Dinds. iii 298.10 . ¤ saegal:do nert-
saegul, TBC² 1817 (ret.). ? ¤ sluag:re nertmairi nirt sluaig
[? nirtsluaig] adbail Eorpa, LL 236a42 .
(b) with adj. inadverbialsense: ¤ adbal, see Fen. 328.18 .
¤ brethach:la sil Nemid nertbrethaig, LL 8a38 . ¤ buan,
45see ML 82.24 . ¤ calma, MR 296.20 . ¤ cráibtech:toghairm
an naoimh nertcraibhtigh, BNnÉ 265 § 229 . ¤ chrechach,
Fen. 318.14 . ¤ cubrach:inbher ... na habhann nertcubraidhe
foaming, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . ¤ giallach:ós chlaind Nemid
nertgiallaig`seizer of hostages', Met. Dinds. ii 42.12 . ¤ maí-
50nech:mac Niúil nertmaínig, LL 3b11 =nertmaenig`des
Kraftreichen
', ZCP xiii 154 ,nertmaoinigh`of mighty wealth',
Leb. Gab. i 210.7 ;cf. nertmaínabove. ¤ menmnach:comtís
nertmenmnaig fri cach nith, LL 219b24 ,cf. 235a39 ( TTr. 185 ,
1212 ).

55 nertad u,m. vn.ofnertaid.g s. nerta(< *nert'tha), Wb. 31b11 .
g p. nertae, Ml. 34d1 . Somet. by analogy treated asneut., see
ZCP iii 25.25 below;n. ¤ n-óg, BColm. 100.8 (n s.).
Strengthening ; nearly always in fig. or moral sense: gl.
corroboratio, Ml. 66d7 .díar nertad-ni hi fochidib, Wb. 6c31 .
60 asbert in gilla oc nertad Con Culaind encouraging, SC 28. ro
raid na briathra-sa do nertad a apstal, PH 1611. oc nertad
neich ro pri[d]cad dúib-si confirming what has been preached,
Wb. 7b12 .nertath n-irisi, ZCP iii 25.25 do nertad irsi doib,
Mon. Tall. 62. Exhorting,urging , with obj. gen. of thing
65urged: gl.adhortatio, Ml. 79b1 .exhortatio, 53a18 , 34d1 ;cf. Sg.
161b6 .is tualáng a nerta act rachomalnathar(=potens
exhortari [in doctrina]), Wb. 31b11 .nertad den[ma] maith
an exhortation to do good, Ml. 35c11 .in sidh do nertadh to
advise peace
, Aen. 2766. im nertad in catha fair, CCath. 539.
70Rare in physical sense:dobretha F. nertad forsin ṅgabail
exerted all his strength(?), TBC 760.

1 nertaid n i,m. astrengthener:gl.roboratus, Ml. 48d26 (the gloss
like the preceding one refers toDominusof the text).nertai-
dib, gl.exhortatoriis, 115a5 .

75 2 nertaid v ā. denom. fromnert.pret. 2 s. ro nertais, Pcr. 2a2 .
3 s. ru nert, Ml. 130b2 ; with pron. suff.nertsus, BB 45a4 .pass.
fut. s. nertfidir, Wb. 10c9 .part. a s f. nertai, gl.animatam,
Ml. 41b8 .vn. nertad.
(a) strengthens,confirms: is hé no-don-nerta-ni, Wb. 6d11 .
80 corro nertam-ni cách hi foditin fochide amal non-nertar-ni ho
Dia that we may strengthen ... as we are strengthened, 14b13 .
intí is trén, nertad in fand, PH 5825. in spirut noem ...
nos-nertand fri cech súalaig, LB 251b5 .nertad firinni, na-
nertfa let him strengthen justice, it will strengthen him, ZCP xi
8580 § 6 .beim n-aillech nad nertad tuatha`an oath which the
country does not confirm
', Laws i 232.1 .Tadg mac N. nertaid
gail`who strengthens valour', Met. Dinds. ii 72.21 .mairg neartas
leis an díomus`who fosters pride', Content. xiv 65.
(b) exhorts;urges ; gl.cohortari, Ml. 130b2 , 133d6 .exhortari,
Wb. 5d11 . With acc. of pers.:roda nertsat-side do chomollod
5. . .urged him to fulfil, LU 8029 ( BDD App. § 168 ).ro nert
Coirpre um dighail a dhalt[a], ZCP xiii 171.20 .ro nert A.... a
thaisecha con nderntais calma, Aen. 2673. With acc. of thing:
ro nertais damsa co ndernain . . .(gl.huius operis te hortatorem
sortitus), Pcr. 2a2 .issed ro nert combadh Agmemnón no
10gabhtáis advised, TTr.² 1340. ro nert in cath forro, CCath. 622.
guro nertad for in stiurusmann . . . snamh asin luing amach
the steersman was impelled to swim, 791 .Cf. adbertsadar ┐ ro
nertsadar . . . cia bad choir do thabairt for āth, TBC² 2202
(arguedorreiterated?).