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70 neim n O.Ir. ofheteroclitedecl.:g s. indneime , Sg.
112a1 .n p. neimi, 139b6 . Asd-st. (?):cnuicc nemed malignant
, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated asfem.; often
withg s. nime, hencen s. nim.
(a) poison,venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc.
75 597. nem nathrach, gl.venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl.virus, Sg.
112a1 ;aconitum, 139b6 .tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii
323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ).Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11
( Hy. vii 59 ).deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 .do dail na neime
. . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 .urchar . . . do shaigit nemi`a
80poisoned arrow
', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symp-
toms of poisoning
, Rosa Ang. 134.20 .pl. cruth cen cheill . . .
is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib,
LL 120a12 .Ofanimal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél.
Ep. 480 (seenathair).tri neme nathrach, TBC 5539 St. (fig.
85of three warriors).tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard
beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.
(b)infig.sense,bane,malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin
fuirri(of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme
vii 292.35 .cithnélla neme, TBC² 1950 ,cf. co tuitet nemhe
niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC 2922
5(description of the `clann Calatín').bidba troch co tromneim,
Met. Dinds. iii 172.66 .tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 .
neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on
, TBC 1187. (in cheville)marbais, mór ind neim, | a
mbúar uile, Met. Dinds. iv 64.87 ,cf. LL 299a35 . ?g attrib.:
10 isneimedo iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn
baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for
Diarmait`the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89
§ 189 .sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás
`poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 =snechta na neme, Ann.
15Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, Ann. of Boyle 1179
(quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ) =s. na mure`the snow of the destruc-
', AU ii 196.10 .
Virulence,keenness,penetrating force , often in favourable
sense; freq. ing attrib.arneim┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus,
20 Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior).a righ L. is lerdha
nimh ! MR 214.3 .Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 =gus an
neimh, Leb. Gab. i 182.3 .lám co neim, LL 154a18 .betit
curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC 795.
fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear).ilcleasa neme,
25 3932 St.céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 .crithir do neimh na
tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 .cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 .Of
feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 .adéura
[Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharp-
ness,bitterness,causticity: érnais cen neim(of St. Brigit),
30 Hy. v 7 , glossed.i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush,
Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ).uath nime for tengthaib
na filed, O'Mulc. 830c .la neim laidhe(of a satire), Arch. iii
295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh(i.e. quiet but
incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 .sanas nemhe na námod,
35 Ériu iv 212.12 .amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam
náire tré neimh(i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. Finn
i 31 y .
Compds. ¤ dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat.veneficus):
trí druíd nemdenmacha`poison-giving' (?maleficent), Trip.
40 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤ mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in
mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim(i.e.force, intensity?),
O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of wordneimed). ¤ tenga
`poison-tongue'; anevil-tonguedperson, aslanderer: nipsa
nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of
45Bricriu:Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 .la
Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1
173.9 .

1 néim(?néib) nonly ina s.(?d s.) in phrase:léim dar néim
(one of Cuchulaind's feats), TBC 2105 ( =néimh, St.); Ériu
50 iv 30.10 ; LU 10341 ; 9289 (neim);léim dar néib, LU 5971
( =neib, TBC² 1503 YBL); possiblyahurdleorobstacleof
some kind.

? 2 néim adj. fine,splendid(a cogn. ofníam)? mod neim
(: gréin), SR 4417 (chev.).máthair Diarmata . . . curad na
55nOssairgech néim, LL 141a19 = RC xlvii 312.5 ; perh. in both
exx. we should readn-éim. ?asbert C.: Mainech neim naiscid
Nere naidm coir, IT iii 202.1 .equative. ni fuaramar . . .
lilcach badid némithir, RC xxiv 56.19 .Cf. ném.

néime n f.(abstr. ofníam) brightness,splendour: gurab noisicch
60a neimhe (: Ére), Leb. Gab. i 130.14 (from a poem by Tanaidhe
Ua Maoil Chonaire † 1126); glossed:go mba heallomh a

neimed n o,m.orig.s,n.? occas. treated law texts;
cf. coanemthenert, LU 3480 (g s.? `to the protection of the
', ZCP xv 188 § 15 ).g s. indnemid , Trip. 240.19 =in
nemhid , ib. 4 .d s. -nemiud, LL 227a20 .n p. nemid, Laws v
14.12 .a p. nemthiu, LU 9786. neimthiu, Laws i 260.17 .
neimed(o,m.), IGT Dec. § 11. 20 .
IThe orig. sense is prob. that ofaconsecratedplace,
70= Gaulishνεμητον(cf. Αὐγυστο-νέμετονPtolemy's name for mod.
Clermont Ferrand; see Ped. ii 37 , RC xxiii 138 ), which prob.
represents an indigenous word used of sacred groves;cf. de
sacris silvarum quas nimidas vocant , Du Cange s.v. nimida
(< Conc. LiptiniA.D.743 ), which seems to represent an orig.
75 fem.In Irish lit.asanctuary ; in early Christian lit. prob.a
smallchapelororatory(or else the spot on which such stood),
freq. in connexion with `cell'. conid Dún a sen-nemed, LU
754 (of Downpatrick, the burial-place of Colum Cille) = RC
xx 178 § 44 (`senior church') =senneimedh, BCC § 374 ; perh.
80 for sén-n. ¤ auspicious holy spot, i.e. the place of his resurrection.
ní ra cráid chill nā nemed, RC xiii 84 § 98 ( LL 303b39 ).nemed
cille no duin, Laws iv 214.4 (glossed.i. in releg cemetery, ib.
24 ;cf. LU 754 above ).neimhedh naemainglech(of Cluain
Cesáin), Acall. 500. neimedh Sináin, ZCP x 12 § 7 (seems =
85 tempall S.,ib.).can comarci . . . do cill no do nemead, Cog.
152.3 .ro cumdaigedh leis ceallaca dhais Erenn ┐ a neimhedha,
138.21 .nior fhagbhadar Lochlannaigh naomh nó neimheadh
no ceall uasal . . . gan argain, Ériu i 80.12 . Content. vi 196.
cin chadus do chill nā do nemedaib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 16.
?nipsa cell cin chlocc . . . nipsa haí cin imditin, nipsa neimeth
5cin imfochaidh, Anecd. ii 60.5 ;cf. nemeadh cin imfochaid
(sign of degenerate times), ZCP ix 168.22 . pn
Prob. in this sense in place-names:Nemed, Trip. 240.19
(place where there was a `neimed').a Nemud slebe Fúait,
TBC 5355 =o nemiud, TBC² 3298. i nNemiud, Met. Dinds.
10 iv 166.55 (also inSliab Fuait).Cf. termond na fían . . . im
rēid airthir Nemid nāir, LU 4148.
IISecondary meanings, arising prob. from the immunities
or honour attached to a consecrated spot. (a) privilegesor
insignia(belonging to a profession, rank,etc.),status,dignity:
15 nemeth .i. nem iath .i. i n-as dír d'eclais, Corm. Y 962.
nemaith .i. a n-as dir d'ogaib, 963 ( =nemáith, Corm. p. 31 ).
nemuath .i. a n-as dir d'filedaib, 964 : all three exx. are etym.
glosses on `neimed' acc. to its various applications; similarly
O'Mulc. 830 fg. (There may have been a techn. termnemiath;
20 cf. Anecd. ii 74 y :crodh neich nat ba neoit nim [nemv.l.]
iath, from a judgement pronounced by `filid' and `brethemain'
=the property of a person who is not niggardly towards the
?.)ro ordaigset fir Herend a nemthiu and sin .i. cloc
┐ salm do eclais. Gēill do rigaib. Trefoclae techtae do filedaib.
25Aithgabáil do fennethaib, LU 9786 = RC vi 165.9 , Trip.
564.33 (`privileges' in both places).cia nemed as uaisle fil i
talmain? Nemed n-ecalsa. Cia nemed is uaisliu fil a n-ecluis?
Nemed n-espuic: is e espuc as uaisliu dibside easbuc ecalsa
[sic leg.] Petair, H. 3.18,p. 17a ( O'C. 46 ).Colum ar chennsa
30. . . fri neimhedh eccalsa ┐ ealadhan, 2296.26 .
Possibly in this sense in chevilles:for nem noebda niab
nemed , SR 7135 (g p.? orn senseI?).naemdanemedh ,
Anecd. i 61 § 93. métnemed , Ériu iv 106.6 .
(b) closely connected with preceding sense, and not always
35to be distinguished from it, is that ofaperson(or class of
)possessinglegalstatusorprivileges ; acc. to MacNeill,
Law of Status 273 n. 1 , a generic term forevery person having
thefranchiseof theFéini (but the word seems to be sometimes
employed collectively of an entire class); used with much
40latitude of application, somet. (chiefly in the compd.uasaln. ¤ )
of the highest dignitaries, king, bishop, head of the `filid',
somet. (esp. in theUraicecht Beccin Laws v , a late text) of
handicraftsmen or master-workers; see ZCP xv 262 - 3 andcf.
Corm. Y 962 - 964 quoted above.atat do [ = dá] neimhid do-
45cuisin for talmuin, saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saer-
nemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine. Daerneimead
imorro, aes gacha dāna olchena. Is aire ada daernemead aes
cacha dāna, fobith is do shaernemthib fognait. Acht i[s] saer
cid cach creanus a suiri dia dán, Laws v 14.1 fg. ; i.e. the free
50`neimid' comprised churchmen, rulers, `filid' and `féini', the
subject `neimid' handicraftsmen, but the latter could purchase
franchise by their tuath gin tri saorneimthibh samaigter,
eclais, flaith, file, Eg. 88 f. 20b ( O'C. 2272 ).admestar díre
cōir cach graid do ṡoernemthib ┐ doernemthib, ZCP xi 95
55§ 52 ;cf. dire .i. di-errethe do nimt[h]ib ara n-uaisligitaid,
Corm. Y 417 =nemthib, Corm. p. 15 (i.e. `díre' is not paid
by `neimid' on account of their rank).gúala nemid filed`the
coffer of a privileged poet
', Triads 255 .mórad nemed`exalting
privileged persons
', Tec. Corm. § 1.16 .nā ben ra cellaib
60nemid ! LL 141 m. sup. nib dulta duit da thig | ar enech noím
no nemid, LB 277a12 .a chombrāithre naom ┐ neimhedh his
brother saints and churchmen
(?), Anecd. iii 2.4 .cach dán a
nemed, Arch. iii 226 ( Aibidil Cuigni 14 ; expld. `to every art its
', ZCP xvii 49 , but perh. = a).neimheadh gach dán
65da ndernta, Met. Gl. 28 § 43 (wheren.seems equated with
the handicraft,etc.itself),cf. neimheadh .i. gach dán no
gach ealadha, O'Cl.
A law-tract freq. alluded to was theBretha Neimed, which
contained among other things rulings of the `filid' on technical
70points and was included in the curriculum of the `cana' or
poet of the fourth year; see IT iii 36 § 18 (Bretha Nemídh)
and Auraic. 1298. isna Brethaib Nemed, Corm. Y 142 , 143 =
Nemid, Corm. p. 7.
(c)ahalidom; any valuedarticle(property,etc.)? consuitter
75fir ┐ dliged imaille for neimiudh truth (proof) and right are
founded on `neimed'
, Laws v 8.14 ; by Thurneysen, Cóic Con.
Fug. p. 12 , transld.Heiligtumand expld. as someth. sacred;
from the sequel it appears that the `neimed' for judgements
of the church was the Scripture, for those of the `fili' rules of
80law (roscada) and for those of the `flaith' rules, maxims or pre-
cedents and testimonies.Cf. O'Dav. 1175 :lam fo nemiath .i.
. . . lam fora mindib. nach nemedh do gait`the stealing of an
article of little value
' (?of great value), Laws iii 394.13 .in
cintach in neim-neime do gabail de riana nimhe, a neimhe
85riana ferunn, H. 3.17 c. 132 ( O'Don. 160 ), i.e. non-`neimed'
property was to be confiscated before `neimed' property, the
latter before land.cís . . . do chondadh is do nemheadh, BR
222.20 (of the tribute due from `daerchlanda'; transld. `wood';
perh. in sensed).Ofcattle :ro suidiged son la Feine hi com-
dire fria huasalneimthiu cethra, Laws iv 198 z ,cf. 200.3 , 19 .
5 ni gaibhtiur nimhe cethra i n-athgabail, H. 3.17 c. 131 ( O'Don.
159 ).nemeth bó, O'Mulc. 830 e .
(d) in special sense of landed property, esp.glebe-land:
neimheadh .i. neamhiath .i. talamh as dlightheach d'eaglais,
O'Cl.teampall . . . do forbhadh lasan epscop . . . ┐ neimheadh .i.
10talamh ecclusda do órdughadh dhó`glebe-land', FM ii 1082.21 .
?nir dhíon ar an ccaptin . . . neimhedh naoimh nā filed, fiodh
nā foithirghlend, v 1788.12 (transld. `sanctuary').fer médaigthe
neimhedh eccailsi ┐ ealadhan who augmented the property of
church and science
, vi 1908.8 (tr. `an exalter of sanctuaries').ro
15croithset neimheadh an naoimh ┐ an innsi uile`glebe-land',
Hugh Roe 92.2 (f. 24b) , of Tory Isl. blessed by Colum C.gan
indradh no orgain neimheadh eccailsi ná eladhan, 190 z (f. 51a) .
?screpul gach teineadh cin tart | do neimeadh coicidh
Connacht, Lism.L. 4780 (tr. `the chapel'). pn
20 Nemedoccurs as name of the leader of the Fir Bolg in the
Book of Invasions =Nimeth, Gildas Hist. Brit. § 13 ( ZCP x
155 ); alsoN. ¤ mac Sraibchind, see LL 129b14 . Possibly the
same word as the above, see Van Hamel, ZCP x 183.