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75 2 matan (maiten) n ā, f., a fight, battle (in the morning?); prob.
same word as preceding, cf. similar use of fescur; in TBC
4138 : truág in maten maten máirt, both meanings may be
implied. Confined to poetic lang. ba s[i] maten . . . i n-abbad
rí Lagen, ZCP xi 109.10 . mad mattain foraib i mbárach i
80nUrd (sic leg.), Ériu iii 140.181 , cf. 186 . do fích Mucrama
matan (: gan), RC xiii 442.2 = matand, LL 146a24 = ma
tann (: gang), ZCP xii 378.16 . maten Maigi Mucramai . . . hi
toethsat mairb ile, Baile in Scáil § 11 ( ZCP xiii 374 ). cath
Sleibi Cua . . . ocus matan Grophtini, § 56 ( ZCP xii 236 ). is he
85a lecht canair dou | madan i nUachtur Ocha it is foretold he
shall find his grave in the battle of U.O.
, § 62 (p. 238 ). fúair . . .
a ghuin | 'sa maitin ar Muigh Smerthuin, Anecd. i 33.6 .
maten na trēn os Druim C., Fen. 228.28 . dergmaten Cruthni,
Baile in Scáil § 32 ( ZCP xiii 381 ), cf. § 34 . firfid secht catha
Cualgi la deora [= teora] der[c]-maitni Femin, § 10 (p. 374 ).
5 ticfa uair na dergmaitne, LL 48a5 ( SG 372.36 ). mōrmatan
Atha, ZCP xii 237 § 57. mormadan Atha Buidhe, MacCarthy
406.13 .

mátán n o, m., a club or staff? mátan maglorci móri fria ais
amal mol mulind, FB 37. matán matluirge, 38 Eg. cona
10madan . . . in mathan, 40 Eg. mattan lorgan lānremhire
. . . fria gualaind, ZCP xiii 168. 11 . g s. la turcbail a mátan ,
FB 38 ( LU 8524 ). la togbail in matain, 39 Eg.

matanrad n o, m., (orig. n.?) morning-time: ó nóna co maidenrad,
Anecd. ii 3.16 . fri eirge moch matanraid `the early rise of
15morning time
', Ériu vii 4 § 3. as úar gǽth an mhadanraidh,
Buile S. 88.9 , cf. 72.3 .

math n u, m., an archaic word for bear , K. M. Wortk. § 43 ; for
deriv. see RC x 166 , xxvi 198 ; replaced in Mid.Ir. by math-
gamain. g s. bruth matho , FB 52 = mathgaman, Eg. tond
20mairnech mathrúamdae, ib. (compd.?) = athruamda, Eg.
See mathgamain and Mathgein.

1 matha n danger, hazard? m. ¤ .i. cunntabairt, O'Dav. 1278
(` doubt ' Stokes). mathadh .i. cunntabairt ut est: cen matha for
marbu marus .i. cin conntabairt, 1238 . mathfadh .i. conn-
25tabhairt, O'Cl. for médugud matha fo neimh, LL 385c16
(Timna Cathaír Móir).

2 matha, xsee mata.

3 Matha npr. m. name of a mythical druid: m. ¤ mac Umoir . . .
in drai do Loegaire, Laws iii 28.13 . m. ¤ mac U. do Thuathaib
30De Danand no do Fearaib Bolg, ib. 28 Comm. Math mac
Úmóir in drui, LL 9b37 (of the Tuatha De D.) .iii. fāithi fis la
geinti .i. Mathu, Nuada, Goibnend. Matha enim graece .i.
disce interpretatur, unde dicitur: fa math denad fa math
fogles, O'Mulc. 665. Marstrander, RC xxxvi 353 fg., suggests
35that the same word appears in Latinized form in Trip. 317.7
( Ardm. 12b1 ): sed revertam eum in gentilitatem et ad mathoum
`I will turn him back to heathenism and to (the service of)
Mathous
', i.e. occult practices (in Thes. ii 265 emended
` Matho[n]um ' and connected with the words follg.); also in
40compds. mathmarc, etc., and in O'Clery's maitheas .i. draoi-
dheacht.

máthair n r,f. n s. máthir, Sg. 65a6 . d s. sen-mathir , Wb. 29d11 .
g s. máthar, Sg. 31a12 , 61a22 . mathar, Ml. 71c15 . In Mid.Ir.
freq. with guttural st. in pl. máthair (n p. máithre, -acha; g p.
45 máthar, maithr-each, -edh), IGT Dec. § 32. In MSS. usually
contracted.
A mother . mathair, gl. mater, Ir. Gl. 1052. mathair quasi
mater , Corm. Y 852. fria athair ┐ fria mathair, TBC 196.
eter in n-ingin ┐ a mmát[h]air, FB 6. imda mathair boed
50 many a fond mother, AU 777 (poem). siur máthar (gl. mater-
tera), Sg. 61a22 . bás mór máthar Íssu, Fél. Jan. 18. is clann
én-athar ┐ én-máthar sínd .i. Adaim ┐ Eua, PH 7500. pl.
mathri na fātha, SR 7471. dá mac dēc . . . con cethraib
máthrechaib, 3008 . athra sceo mathra, ZCP xi 95 § 49.
55 máthrecha na mac, PH 392. a mbronnaib a maithrech, IT
i 19.38 = Trip. 444.2 . dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib
on their mothers' side, TBC 1740. Of animals: boí in loeg
immalle rá m. ¤ , Lat. Lives 86. cairm hi tat a mmaithre na
lloeg-sa, LU 1753. Fig.: as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n-
60óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . is i in scriptuir diada is m. ¤ dona hulib
iresachaib, LB 251b17 . mathair .i. tosach ut est: máthir
coctha . . . eccuin want of common sense is the mother of war,
O'Dav. 1212. m. ¤ na n-olc an anumhla, PBocht 26.31 . m. ¤
neantóg `the breeding of nettles', Zephaniah ii.9 .
65Compd. máthar-marbthach, gl. matricida, Ir. Gl. 318.

máthardae adj io, iā. maternal: isin mbroin mathardi, Ml. 44a10 .
ar tteanga mátharda, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 2 .

mátharlach n[o, m.] (<máthair; for suff. see Ped. ii 55 ) a womb:
gl. matrix, Sg. 69a7 .

70 mátharnat n f. (dim. of máthair) little mother, mammy: v s. a
mátharnait! FB 44 , 47 .

? mathcosan: n m. ¤ tri feolc[h]ar inso, TBC² 2830 (diagnosis of
a wound); leg. imathchosán (-chomsán) reviling, attack ?

mathfad xsee 1 matha.

75 mathgamain n m. (cf. math) a bear: gl. ursus, Ir. Gl. 418. tír
i fail m. ¤ mall, LL 136a34 . g s. bruth mathgaman , FB 52 Eg. =
matho LU. pl. amal bíti mathgamna etir banbraid, RC xiii
456 § 52. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha léoman, BDD 92. mar
leoman ic techta fo mathgamnaib, TBC 2163 , cf. 5585 and
80 TBC² 1949. i n-earball an mhathghamna, TSh. 7431. math-
ghamhuin, 1 Sam. xvii 34. nuallamuid amhuil mathghamhna,
Isa. lix 11. Often used of a warrior: inmain m. ¤ mórglonnach,
TBC 5354. an dā mathgamain morghlonnacha, CF 874. as
mé an mathgamhain ar menmain, BNnÉ 285 § 273. is math-
85ghamhna meardha . . . a míleadha, Todd Lect. iv 82.21 .
Common as n.pr. m.: Mathgamain mac Cennetigh, AU 966.
m. ¤ mac Cendetig, Cog. 58.25 . dall Mathgamhna M.'s blind
(bard), 96.1 .