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martrae n iā,f., (< Lat.martyrium, influenced by O.Ir.martar,
Ped. i 352 ).n s. martre, Thes. ii 246.30 (Cambr. Hom.), AU
824. a s. martri, Wb. 23c31 , 24d13 .g s. martre, 4b21 , 7b5 .g p.
65 martrae, Fél. Dec. 23.
(a) martyrdom (in strict sense, of violent death inflicted by
enemies of God): gl.martyrium, Ir. Gl. 738. martrae Luciáni,
Fél. Jan. 7. iar céssad hi mmartrai, Nov. 22. co cléir martrae
máre, Dec. 6. na focraici dlegait ón Chomdid ar a mmartra,
70 RC xxv 240 § 11 ( LU 2570 ).martre Blaimhicc o genntib, AU
824. sochaidhe martrai, 919 .Fig.of a place:martra Hérenn
Tulen, Triads 29 (see AU 919 ). Asvn.:na naim domartra ,
RC xix 16.18 .téit martrai suffers martyrdom: cia thiasu-sa
martri(=etsi immolor), Wb. 23c31 .do thecht martre, 7b5 .
75 dul martre, 4b21 .Dublitir sacardd Ard Macha do dhul martra
leu, AU 922. nach macc dochuaid martrai la Hirúath, Fél.
Ep. 267. ZCP iii 21.26 .dochotar martra la hechtrandu, RC
ix 18 z ; but:dochuatar a martrai, Fél.² clxvi (Sept. 22) .
bán- (derg-, glas-)m. ¤ :filus tre chenelæ martre . . . baan-
80martre ocus glas-martre ocus derg-martre, Thes. ii 246.27 (for
definition see p. 247 ).ǽs dergmartra dutrachtaige do Dia,
FA 23. is aire tiagat in doini dercmartrae ┐ glasmartrae ┐
bánmartrai, Ériu vii 152.22 .Cf. ZCP iii 29.18 .ruadhmartra,
ALC i 536.2 (of murder of a priest).
85(b)in wider sense, aviolent death;slaughter;intense suffer-
ing .dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim(of Dooms-
day), SR 8179. fo bās martra roda[s]-smacht(of Elisha
cursing the children), 7155 .bud fórmach do rig-martra,
TBC 2759 =do rigmartaib, TBC² 2058. martra muintir[e]
Vuilt, CCath. 2859. ni deis re Dia derg-martra ar dainib
5 slaughter, MR 172.11 .beatha martra(= a life of self-morti-
fication), Todd Nenn. 188.8 .Mael C. . . . do éc . . . fo buaidh
martra ┐ haithrighi, AU ii 106.21 .go n-erbail . . . iar martra
fhoda, FM ii 926.8 .
(c)coll.relics(of saints or martyrs), somet.burial-placeor
10 tombof asaint ;cf. martyria=martyrum ossa, reliquiae;
martyrum sepulcra, Ducange .m. ¤ Patraic, Trip. 120.20 .forá-
caib martrai sruithi occu, 194.12 (glossed `taisi' in both
passages, Arch. iii 22 , 26 ).airchinning bíte ós inchaib martra
na nǽb, FA 25. co tairchellsatar relic ┐ martra Petair ┐
15Phóil, LL 281a51 .is lais ro tarclamtha in mór-martra nóeb i
n-oenscrín, 370b3 ( Arch. Hib. iv 204 ). Ériu v 120.20 . Wit-
nesses took an oath over relics or at a saint's grave:tri .xx.
fer do martra imon comraiti(i.e.60 men to give witness at a
saint's tomb about the deliberate act), Cóic Conara F. 38 § 52 ,
20see note p. 66 .Cf.further:les martradh, Laws iv 86.19 Comm.
(`probably a churchyard' note);leg. martrae?
(d)rarelymartyr,victim: pāiss ocht cét cáin-martrae, Fél.
Dec. 23. iss e seo lin namartradorocair icon Troi, BB 445a23
(g s.?).

25 martraid v a. (martir) martyrs,inflicts martyrdomon: ar t'aith-
ris a mheic mhaithmhigh | mé id mhartra go martairthir,
Studies 1931, 660.4 .i n-onoir na martirech ro martrad le
n-aithrechaib sim, PH 255. is annsa crich sin do martradh
Tomas apstal, Marco P. 173. vn. martrad.martradh(o,m.),
30 IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 55.14) .martradh na n-apstal, TSh. 5532.
Torturing,maiming: sloigheadh la Gallaibh . . . ┐ martradh
Nuadhat mic S. leo, FM i 464.23 ,cf. 486.12 .

martraigid v i. martyrs: ro martraighedh dā fer .xii., Fél.
52.16 .

35 mas adj.seemass.

1 más n o,m., (a) bottom,fundament: posda, úaitne, m. ¤ `abase,
pillar,undersetter ', Eg. Gl. 365. domna .i. mas, O'Dav. 680.
lethid a mais(of a vessel),ib. ni frith domain isin dabaig .i.
m. ¤ , Fél. 244.23 .
40(b) buttock,posterior: mass, Corm. Y 928. m. ¤ mar leth
mæthail, Corm. p. 36 (s.v. prúll).do ghérr a n-éaduighe . . . go
nuige a mása, 2 Sam. x 4. ós cionn a más, 1 Chron. xix 4.
(c) of places:Mas na Ríghna(name of a hill), RC xiv 258
§ 18 .dichlochad más már-Midi`to clear stones from the Bottoms
45of great M.
', Met. Dinds. ii 6.

2 más n m.(late Romance loan-word) mace(spice): an croicenn
bís ima nutmic issé sin an m. ¤ , Maund. § 159. mas, Rosa Ang.
140.14 .domas , 260.6 .

másach adj o, ā. (1 más) having large buttocks: ben masech(of a
50harlot), Laws v 456.25 Comm. (=maisech?).Eoin Másach
hUa Maethagáin(a nickname), Misc. Celt. Soc. 328.1 .

masal n m. amazer,wooden bowl? a soitheach crainn . . . no a
m. ¤ ,R.I.A.23 P 103,28b23 (med. text).pl. mionnmhasail,
L. Cloinne A. Buidhe 163.35 (valued possessions of a chief).

55 masán n o,m., reproof,blame: mosán,Dinn. nā tabair m. ¤ orm,
O'Gr. Cat. 139.7 ,cf. 147.18 (scribal notes).a bhráthair as
díol m. ¤ `thou contemptible friar', TD 38.7 .ar mhannar masáin
`roughly and scurvily', O'Bruad. i 98.

masclach adj o, ā. mod.mascalach(mascul),`masculine' hence
60 manly,virile, of fine presence and bold bearing;m. ¤ , IGT Dec.
ex. 730 =masglach, Introd. § 99. di muntir masclaig (.i.
mescoclaig) muaid, LL 364 marg. sup. féinid m. ¤ mordelba,
Hy Fiachr. 294.22 .táinte Mhaghnuis mhasclaigh`manly',
Maguires of F. § 97. mascalach` proudandhaughty ', Ó Bruad.
65 iii 162. Used of a fine woman:smuainim an mnaoi masc-
cloicchsi, Ériu iv 55.28 .Déirdre mhascalach mhaordha,
Keat. Poems 62. an maighre . . . mascalach mná, Hackett
xxiii 5.

mascul n o,m., orig.n.(Lat.masculus)themasculine gender;
70masculineform(of a word); as pred.masculine(rarely attrib.).
n s.(with art.)a m. ¤ (gl.masculinum), Sg. 66b16 .in tain bed
femininum . . . in tain bed m. ¤ , 66b14 .m. ¤ ┐ femen ┐ neodar
lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 522. insce m. ¤ , 620 .cach ferrdha .i.
a masgul, Anecd. v 23 n. 12 .don rand is uaisli . . . .i. don m. ¤ ,
75 Laws i 34.7 Comm. a ainmnegud mascail nominative mascu-
line
, 2.21 Comm.

masculda adj o, ā. masculine,male: gné mhasgalta ┐ gne fheme-
anda,R.I.A.23 K 42,335.13 .

masculinda adj io, iā. (hybrid formation from Lat.masculinus)
80 masculine(gramm.): Sg. 66b10 .do anmanaib mascuilindaib ,
190b5 (leg. mascuil?).

masla (maslad) n m.andf. insult,opprobrium,disgrace: fuarus
in m. ¤ ┐ in t-imdergadh sin, ZCP vi 282.18 .nách fuairsid m. ¤ ,
Misc. Celt. Soc. 372.1 .ba mór an masladh [nāirev.l.] leo orra
85féin they deemed it a great affront to themselves, ZCP iv. 406.1 .
dá dtuga do shúil m. ¤ dhuit(=si scandalizat te), TSh. 7255.
Prov. vi 33. adhbhar na masla móire, PBocht 12.30 . ?a
chac ar maslaid! IT iii 88 § 106.