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martrae n iā, f., (< Lat. martyrium, influenced by O.Ir. martar,
Ped. i 352 ). n s. martre, Thes. ii 246.30 (Cambr. Hom.), AU
824. a s. martri, Wb. 23c31 , 24d13 . g s. martre, 4b21 , 7b5 . g p.
65 martrae, Fél. Dec. 23.
(a) martyrdom (in strict sense, of violent death inflicted by
enemies of God): gl. martyrium, Ir. Gl. 738. martrae Luciáni,
Fél. Jan. 7. iar céssad hi mmartrai, Nov. 22. co cléir martrae
máre, Dec. 6. na focraici dlegait ón Chomdid ar a mmartra,
70 RC xxv 240 § 11 ( LU 2570 ). martre Blaimhicc o genntib, AU
824. sochaidhe martrai, 919 . Fig. of a place: martra Hérenn
Tulen, Triads 29 (see AU 919 ). As vn.: na naim do martra ,
RC xix 16.18 . téit martrai suffers martyrdom: cia thiasu-sa
martri (= etsi immolor), Wb. 23c31 . do thecht martre, 7b5 .
75 dul martre, 4b21 . Dublitir sacardd Ard Macha do dhul martra
leu, AU 922. nach macc dochuaid martrai la Hirúath, Fél.
Ep. 267. ZCP iii 21.26 . dochotar martra la hechtrandu, RC
ix 18 z ; but: dochuatar a martrai, Fél.² clxvi (Sept. 22) .
bán- (derg-, glas-) m. ¤ : filus tre chenelæ martre . . . baan-
80martre ocus glas-martre ocus derg-martre, Thes. ii 246.27 (for
definition see p. 247 ). ǽs dergmartra dutrachtaige do Dia,
FA 23. is aire tiagat in doini dercmartrae ┐ glasmartrae ┐
bánmartrai, Ériu vii 152.22 . Cf. ZCP iii 29.18 . ruadhmartra,
ALC i 536.2 (of murder of a priest).
85(b) in wider sense, a violent death; slaughter; intense suffer-
ing . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim (of Dooms-
day), SR 8179. fo bās martra roda[s]-smacht (of Elisha
cursing the children), 7155 . bud fórmach do rig-martra,
TBC 2759 = do rigmartaib, TBC² 2058. martra muintir[e]
Vuilt, CCath. 2859. ni deis re Dia derg-martra ar dainib
5 slaughter, MR 172.11 . beatha martra (= a life of self-morti-
fication), Todd Nenn. 188.8 . Mael C. . . . do éc . . . fo buaidh
martra ┐ haithrighi, AU ii 106.21 . go n-erbail . . . iar martra
fhoda, FM ii 926.8 .
(c) coll. relics (of saints or martyrs), somet. burial-place or
10 tomb of a saint ; cf. martyria = martyrum ossa, reliquiae;
martyrum sepulcra, Ducange . m. ¤ Patraic, Trip. 120.20 . forá-
caib martrai sruithi occu, 194.12 (glossed `taisi' in both
passages, Arch. iii 22 , 26 ). airchinning bíte ós inchaib martra
na nǽb, FA 25. co tairchellsatar relic ┐ martra Petair ┐
15Phóil, LL 281a51 . is lais ro tarclamtha in mór-martra nóeb i
n-oenscrín, 370b3 ( Arch. Hib. iv 204 ). Ériu v 120.20 . Wit-
nesses took an oath over relics or at a saint's grave: tri .xx.
fer do martra imon comraiti (i.e. 60 men to give witness at a
saint's tomb about the deliberate act), Cóic Conara F. 38 § 52 ,
20see note p. 66 . Cf. further: les martradh, Laws iv 86.19 Comm.
(`probably a churchyard' note); leg. martrae?
(d) rarely martyr, victim: pāiss ocht cét cáin-martrae, Fél.
Dec. 23. iss e seo lin na martra dorocair icon Troi, BB 445a23
(g s.?).

25 martraid v a. (martir) martyrs, inflicts martyrdom on: ar t'aith-
ris a mheic mhaithmhigh | mé id mhartra go martairthir,
Studies 1931, 660.4 . i n-onoir na martirech ro martrad le
n-aithrechaib sim, PH 255. is annsa crich sin do martradh
Tomas apstal, Marco P. 173. vn. martrad. martradh (o, m.),
30 IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 55.14) . martradh na n-apstal, TSh. 5532.
Torturing, maiming: sloigheadh la Gallaibh . . . ┐ martradh
Nuadhat mic S. leo, FM i 464.23 , cf. 486.12 .

martraigid v i. martyrs: ro martraighedh dā fer .xii., Fél.
52.16 .

35 mas adj. see mass.

1 más n o, m., (a) bottom, fundament: posda, úaitne, m. ¤ `a base,
pillar, undersetter ', Eg. Gl. 365. domna .i. mas, O'Dav. 680.
lethid a mais (of a vessel), ib. ni frith domain isin dabaig .i.
m. ¤ , Fél. 244.23 .
40(b) buttock, posterior: mass, Corm. Y 928. m. ¤ mar leth
mæthail, Corm. p. 36 (s.v. prúll). do ghérr a n-éaduighe . . . go
nuige a mása, 2 Sam. x 4. ós cionn a más, 1 Chron. xix 4.
(c) of places: Mas na Ríghna (name of a hill), RC xiv 258
§ 18 . dichlochad más már-Midi `to clear stones from the Bottoms
45of great M.
', Met. Dinds. ii 6.

2 más n m. (late Romance loan-word) mace (spice): an croicenn
bís ima nutmic issé sin an m. ¤ , Maund. § 159. mas, Rosa Ang.
140.14 . do mas , 260.6 .

másach adj o, ā. (1 más) having large buttocks: ben masech (of a
50harlot), Laws v 456.25 Comm. (= maisech?). Eoin Másach
hUa Maethagáin (a nickname), Misc. Celt. Soc. 328.1 .

masal n m. a mazer, wooden bowl? a soitheach crainn . . . no a
m. ¤ , R.I.A. 23 P 103, 28b23 (med. text). pl. mionnmhasail,
L. Cloinne A. Buidhe 163.35 (valued possessions of a chief).

55 masán n o, m., reproof, blame: mosán, Dinn. nā tabair m. ¤ orm,
O'Gr. Cat. 139.7 , cf. 147.18 (scribal notes). a bhráthair as
díol m. ¤ `thou contemptible friar', TD 38.7 . ar mhannar masáin
`roughly and scurvily', O'Bruad. i 98.

masclach adj o, ā. mod. mascalach (mascul), `masculine' hence
60 manly, virile, of fine presence and bold bearing; m. ¤ , IGT Dec.
ex. 730 = masglach, Introd. § 99. di muntir masclaig (.i.
mescoclaig) muaid, LL 364 marg. sup. féinid m. ¤ mordelba,
Hy Fiachr. 294.22 . táinte Mhaghnuis mhasclaigh `manly',
Maguires of F. § 97. mascalach ` proud and haughty ', Ó Bruad.
65 iii 162. Used of a fine woman: smuainim an mnaoi masc-
cloicchsi, Ériu iv 55.28 . Déirdre mhascalach mhaordha,
Keat. Poems 62. an maighre . . . mascalach mná, Hackett
xxiii 5.

mascul n o, m., orig. n. (Lat. masculus) the masculine gender;
70masculine form (of a word); as pred. masculine (rarely attrib.).
n s. (with art.) a m. ¤ (gl. masculinum), Sg. 66b16 . in tain bed
femininum . . . in tain bed m. ¤ , 66b14 . m. ¤ ┐ femen ┐ neodar
lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 522. insce m. ¤ , 620 . cach ferrdha .i.
a masgul, Anecd. v 23 n. 12 . don rand is uaisli . . . .i. don m. ¤ ,
75 Laws i 34.7 Comm. a ainmnegud mascail nominative mascu-
line
, 2.21 Comm.

masculda adj o, ā. masculine, male: gné mhasgalta ┐ gne fheme-
anda, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 335.13 .

masculinda adj io, iā. (hybrid formation from Lat. masculinus)
80 masculine (gramm.): Sg. 66b10 . do anmanaib mascuilindaib ,
190b5 (leg. mascuil?).

masla (maslad) n m. and f. insult, opprobrium, disgrace: fuarus
in m. ¤ ┐ in t-imdergadh sin, ZCP vi 282.18 . nách fuairsid m. ¤ ,
Misc. Celt. Soc. 372.1 . ba mór an masladh [nāire v.l.] leo orra
85féin they deemed it a great affront to themselves, ZCP iv. 406.1 .
dá dtuga do shúil m. ¤ dhuit (= si scandalizat te), TSh. 7255.
Prov. vi 33. adhbhar na masla móire, PBocht 12.30 . ? a
chac ar maslaid! IT iii 88 § 106.