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marthain n i, f., later Mid.Ir. vn. of maraid. IGT Dec. § 148.7 .
Remaining (in existence), lasting: is iat ro scribustur . . . da m. ¤
d'feruib Erenn that it might be preserved for the men of Ireland,
70 Laws i 34.23 Introd. Comm. co nach rabi commu(i)s ic duni
. . . cēt-blegon a bó do dīn . . . acht a m. ¤ do mae(i)r but (it had)
to be kept for the maer, Cog. 48.20 . mara mbia maith ar m. ¤ ,
ZCP viii 221 § 49. nocharb'í a maith gan m. ¤ (= it was bounty
that never failed
), 219.8 . dochím an nós so ar m. ¤ ag Gallaibh
75anois still continuing, Keat. i p. 68 . co nach raibhe a bhecc
don fheoil ar m. ¤ there was not a morsel of the flesh remaining,
BNnÉ 74.1 . Esp. of persons remaining alive, living: bráth na
Muimneach a mharthoin (= the Munstermen are doomed
while he lives
), ZCP viii 221 § 46. go haimsir an dara Pádraic
80do mh. ¤ to the time the second P. lived, Keat. i p. 48 . Fercarthain
. . . súil-mall mongach cen m. ¤ ` short-lived ', Met. Dinds. iii 72.
nir thoghaidhe mac nar maith re mórm. ¤ who would not be good
(likely) to live long, LL 386b9 . an trath sin . . . do bháoi
Maodhóg gan m. ¤ M. was no longer alive, BNnÉ 277.6 . do
85bhéara tú orum marthainn thou wilt make me to live, Isa.
xxxviii 16. chum marthana dhóibh do réir Dé that they might
live according to God
, 1 Pet. iv 6. ní m. ¤ dam san mh. ¤ i dtám
the life I lead is no life at all, Hackett xviii 6. ní fearr mo
mhairshion san riocht so, Maguires of F. § 88 (phonetic spell-
ing). m. ¤ do . . . long life to . . . ! (common in salutation, etc.):
5 m. ¤ duit, a Ioraird! ZCP viii 218 § 1 ; 219 § 7 . Ériu i 100.13
(marthainn). m. ¤ duit, a croch an Choimhdhe, viii 91 . narab
m. ¤ duit ill betide thee! Rule of Tall. § 41. m. ¤ lé mac Chonco-
bhair, Misc. Celt. Soc. 328.2 . ? m. ¤ rer gcru Chonaill-ne, Ir.
Texts ii 109 § 47. m. ¤ uaim don fhuirinn-se ` hail ', Studies
10 1928, 453 § 23 .

marthanach adj o, ā. remaining, continuing in existence; perma-
nent, lasting . conid m. ¤ ar lár inn atha fos in cloch, TBC 2994.
co mbad m. ¤ ind echtra sin dó lasting (in remembrance), RC xiv
430 § 57. inis martanach bis ar muir no ima martanach muir
15(i.e. an island surrounded by water at all tides), Laws iv 6.23
Comm. bidat marthanaig isin mórglóir sin co mordail brátha,
FA 6. ba m. ¤ in stoirm go medhon oidhche the storm lasted till
midnight
, Fl. Earls 8.19 . ag comhfhognom do Dhia a ndeig-
bethaidh mharthanaigh persevering in a holy life, 140.33 .
20 marthain i n-eagla Dé, TSh. 6811. an betha m. ¤ ar nach fuil
crich nā foircend everlasting , BCC § 363. briathra na beatha
marrthannuighe, John vi 68. do chumsain gu m. ¤ a sīd na
Romanach, ZCP xiii 184.10 .

marthanacht (-ainecht) n ā, f., remaining (alive), hence
25 sustenance, victuals: d'iarraidh marthaineachta an oidhche
sin, Maguires of F. § 83.

marthanaige n iā, f., permanence, durability: ar a dūre ┐ ar a m. ¤ ,
Thes. ii 316.47 ( Hy. ii 37 Comm. ). ar a marthanaigi (of a
colour), O'Dav. 1197.

30 martir (-ír) n m. (< Lat. martyr) = O.Ir. martar: g p. martar,
Thes. ii 254.9 ( Stowe Miss. 65a ), Fél. July 10 . Mid.Ir. g s.
martir (the LB forms: in martire si, PH 1107 , in martiri-sea,
1477 = in martir , 1479 , may be scribal errors); in pl. treated
both as o- and i-st. g p. martir, Fél. Ep. 249 , LU 1856 (mártir);
35 martíre, PH 1095 , martiri, BColm. 4.14 ; see also mairtirech.
(a) a martyr: cech m. ¤ , cech dithrubach, Hy. i 19. Germán m. ¤ ,
Fél. Feb. 4. croch in m. ¤ Phetair, ib. Jan. 11. hi felib mártir,
RC x 50.6 ( LU 1856 ). Abél . . . in cet-martír, PH 6098. fo
chassaib Stephain noím martír, 1530 . na martíre noemda .i.
40Machábdai, 6524 . ateoch frit huile noebmartire, Ir. Lit. 32.7 .
tri choicait fir-martír, 62.1 . i n-oentaid apstal ┐ martiri,
BColm. 4.14 . a uile naomh-martir! Parrth. an Anma 298.17 .
ar uaidhibh na mairtior, Luc. Fid. 205.6 .
(b) transf. relics of martyrs (rare): tucad and cóic m. ¤ ar tri
45fichtib . . . im reilcib Póil ┐ Petair, Trip. 238.16 . ? boí-sem oc
timchiull martar andsin, LL 248a28 . Cf. commotatio mar-
tirum [= commutatio martyrum] Petir ┐ Phoil, AU 733 (cf.
742 , 775 ) = c. reliquiarum, 784 , 789 .
Compd. Martartech n.l. (see Hog. Onom. ), Trip. 194.13 =
50 Domum Martirum, 330.31 . oc Martarthaig , 250.19 . g s.
Martorthige, Thes. ii 269.34 ( Ardm. 15b2 ). Martarthaige, AU
754.

martírech xsee mairtírech.

? martlaige n[io,n.] compd. of 1 mart `dead body' and laige,
55 lige `lying' = layer (pile) of slain? co farcaib martlaigi dona
collaib ar bélaib na nGréc, TTr.² 953 (`horseloads', Stokes,
reading marclaige). Cf. mortlaid.

martra n(in B. na f.) = martrae? tugan m. ¤ `a martyr's cloak'
(of the shield Dubgilla), Met. Dinds. iv 330 = LL 193b44 .
60 tiug trom m. ¤ miad n-ere | faircde corpda cuirp duine, Oss.
v 260.5 = H. 3.18 p. 650 (another version of same poem).

martrae n iā, f., (< Lat. martyrium, influenced by O.Ir. martar,
Ped. i 352 ). n s. martre, Thes. ii 246.30 (Cambr. Hom.), AU
824. a s. martri, Wb. 23c31 , 24d13 . g s. martre, 4b21 , 7b5 . g p.
65 martrae, Fél. Dec. 23.
(a) martyrdom (in strict sense, of violent death inflicted by
enemies of God): gl. martyrium, Ir. Gl. 738. martrae Luciáni,
Fél. Jan. 7. iar céssad hi mmartrai, Nov. 22. co cléir martrae
máre, Dec. 6. na focraici dlegait ón Chomdid ar a mmartra,
70 RC xxv 240 § 11 ( LU 2570 ). martre Blaimhicc o genntib, AU
824. sochaidhe martrai, 919 . Fig. of a place: martra Hérenn
Tulen, Triads 29 (see AU 919 ). As vn.: na naim do martra ,
RC xix 16.18 . téit martrai suffers martyrdom: cia thiasu-sa
martri (= etsi immolor), Wb. 23c31 . do thecht martre, 7b5 .
75 dul martre, 4b21 . Dublitir sacardd Ard Macha do dhul martra
leu, AU 922. nach macc dochuaid martrai la Hirúath, Fél.
Ep. 267. ZCP iii 21.26 . dochotar martra la hechtrandu, RC
ix 18 z ; but: dochuatar a martrai, Fél.² clxvi (Sept. 22) .
bán- (derg-, glas-) m. ¤ : filus tre chenelæ martre . . . baan-
80martre ocus glas-martre ocus derg-martre, Thes. ii 246.27 (for
definition see p. 247 ). ǽs dergmartra dutrachtaige do Dia,
FA 23. is aire tiagat in doini dercmartrae ┐ glasmartrae ┐
bánmartrai, Ériu vii 152.22 . Cf. ZCP iii 29.18 . ruadhmartra,
ALC i 536.2 (of murder of a priest).
85(b) in wider sense, a violent death; slaughter; intense suffer-
ing . dobērthar in mor-martra ann for sil Adaim (of Dooms-
day), SR 8179. fo bās martra roda[s]-smacht (of Elisha
cursing the children), 7155 . bud fórmach do rig-martra,
TBC 2759 = do rigmartaib, TBC² 2058. martra muintir[e]
Vuilt, CCath. 2859. ni deis re Dia derg-martra ar dainib
5 slaughter, MR 172.11 . beatha martra (= a life of self-morti-
fication), Todd Nenn. 188.8 . Mael C. . . . do éc . . . fo buaidh
martra ┐ haithrighi, AU ii 106.21 . go n-erbail . . . iar martra
fhoda, FM ii 926.8 .
(c) coll. relics (of saints or martyrs), somet. burial-place or
10 tomb of a saint ; cf. martyria = martyrum ossa, reliquiae;
martyrum sepulcra, Ducange . m. ¤ Patraic, Trip. 120.20 . forá-
caib martrai sruithi occu, 194.12 (glossed `taisi' in both
passages, Arch. iii 22 , 26 ). airchinning bíte ós inchaib martra
na nǽb, FA 25. co tairchellsatar relic ┐ martra Petair ┐
15Phóil, LL 281a51 . is lais ro tarclamtha in mór-martra nóeb i
n-oenscrín, 370b3 ( Arch. Hib. iv 204 ). Ériu v 120.20 . Wit-
nesses took an oath over relics or at a saint's grave: tri .xx.
fer do martra imon comraiti (i.e. 60 men to give witness at a
saint's tomb about the deliberate act), Cóic Conara F. 38 § 52 ,
20see note p. 66 . Cf. further: les martradh, Laws iv 86.19 Comm.
(`probably a churchyard' note); leg. martrae?
(d) rarely martyr, victim: pāiss ocht cét cáin-martrae, Fél.
Dec. 23. iss e seo lin na martra dorocair icon Troi, BB 445a23
(g s.?).