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marb adj o, ā. adj. and subst. g s m. máirm, LU 5327 = mairb,
TBC² 851. n p m. moírb, Wb. 11b11 . mairm, LU 3478 ( SC 25 ).
marbh (o, m. subst.), IGT Dec. § 96.
40(a) dead; (subst.) a dead person; in religious lit. often fig. in
sense either mortified, insensible, or spiritually dead . Transl.
Lat. mortuus, Wb. 3b6 , 4a6 , Ml. 49c6 , etc. amal da marb i
n-adnacul two dead persons in a grave, Wb. 20c26 . esseírge
inna n-uile m. ¤ , 13d16 . asreracht Crist hó marbaib, 13b12 . m. ¤
45cen anmain, TBC 1571. duine m. ¤ hi curp beo, PH 8382.
praind do tomailt la m. ¤ hi tig with a dead man in the house,
Mon. Tall. § 65. bit lia ar mairb oldáte ar mbí, FB 5. at
marbu (= marba) anmanda na n-uli doíne, PH 2386. doraga
do mess for bíu ┐ marbu, 3633 . dob'i sidhe cēd-marbh Erenn
50diob the first of them to die in Ireland, Leb. Gab. i 74. lá féile
na marb All Souls' day , FM iv 1084.15 . cisde na marbh a
coffin , Eg. Gl. 116.
(b) used idiomatically with poss. pron.: is mo beo ragas . . .
┐ mo m. ¤ fócebthar icon dún I shall be left behind dead, TBC
55 1224 , cf. 1251 , 1332 . co tabrad a m. ¤ ar(a) beolu a brathar
he was carried dead, TBC² 1637. conid a mm. ¤ tarraid talam
a nónbur (= the nine of them fell dead to earth), FB 84. co
riacht a m. ¤ dochum talman, TTébe 2855 (= co riacht marbh,
Eg.).
60(c) with cop. often as periphrasis for vb. to die: conid i
ngiallnus is m. ¤ Fiachna so that F. died as a hostage, RC xxiv
182.23 (cf. Lat. mortuus est). dochoidh co Ferta . . . conadh
[ann] is marbh, ZCP xiii 173.17 . bid m. ¤ tussa fén anocht
thou shalt die, PH 298. ba m. ¤ Lugaid a chetoir oca descin,
65 died immediately on beholding her, Ériu v 212.2 . conid and
robo m. ¤ , iii 136.37 . cid c'ait bud m. ¤ wherever he might die,
Fen. 136.12 . Cf. similar use of Welsh marw. As pass. of
vb. marbaid: gommo m. ¤ laiss cu Caulaind C.'s hound was
killed by him
, IT i 140.16 . nir ba m. ¤ mac ria athair . . .
70ocaind riam no son was ever killed by his father among us,
Alex. 881 (but prob. we should read with R. riana athair
= no son ever died before his father). innis dó Cú Ch. do beth
marbh d'feraibh Éirenn, Comp. Con. C. 115.22 ( Med. and
Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). With ellipse of cop.: m. ¤ de chumaid a
75oenmic, MacCarthy 144.5 . Gand, Genand, marba de thám,
150 § 2. marba na caírig do brith a n-úan, LL 218b15 ( TTr.
112 ). marbh Cusantin iartain, BNnÉ 303 § 13.
(d) Of inanimate things and fig.: is m. ¤ mo guth exhausted ,
SC 29. an linn mh. ¤ stagnant pool , RC xxiv 375.7 . is dearbh
80gur tír mharbh tír gan tighearna, Maguires of F. § 88. gráin
mharbh ` deadly ', O'Gr. Cat. 532.5. fer na pairilis[e] mairbe
deadly, fatal , RC xii 334 § 25. m. ¤ na pesde the monster's corpse,
BCC § 321.
Compds. (a) with noun, used in various technical legal
85terms (often oppd. to beo-): ¤ bél: fer mar[b]beil (one who
cannot plead for himself), Laws v 252.28 Comm. ¤ coirpdire
` dead-body-fine', fine for a fatal injury (oppd. to beo-c., im-
posed for an injury not causing death), Laws v 434.13 Comm. ;
Cóic Con. Fug. 55 § 124. ¤ crod ` dead stock', property of the
dead , Laws v 430.26 ; ` carcasses of the cattle ', i 300.2 Comm.
5 ¤ dil ` dead chattels' i.e. inanimate possessions (oppd. to beo-d.
`live stock'), Laws ii 288.3 . marbdili ┐ beocethra, 258.5 .
beodil ┐ marbdile, Corm. Y 531. trí bí focherdat marbdili (i.e.
cattle shedding their horns, a wood its leaves, cattle their
fell), Triads 105. ¤ dílse ` dead property ': mairbdilsi .i. ni
10dobeir nech fri hudacht .i. fri bas; no mairbdilsi .i. dilsi do na
hetar fuasnad tre bithu betha, H. 3. 18 p. 392 ( O'C. 871 ), i.e.
either property bequeathed at death, or property perma-
nently alienated in mortmain. im ard [leg. ord] manach
marbdilsi (.i. inni ēm ordaiter do dilsi leisin manach marb),
15 Laws v 498.4 , 16 . ¤ folad ` dead wealth': is cach feistidh fiach
frisgni marbfolta nó is é gnías tagra iman folaid agartar for
in marb, O'Dav. 896 = claims on a dead man's estate?
¤ gabáil f. a death-due , apparently a duty levied on tenants
after their chief's death by his successor in order to pay to
20the church the `cennaithe' of the deceased (Plummer MS. slips).
Laws i 184.5 , 20 fg. m. .i. bai gaibter onn cheili do chomarba
na flatha mairbe, H. 3.18 p. 371a ( O'C. 799 ). Perhaps same as:
togbail marbtha, Laws ii 118 n . ¤ maicne, see maicne. ¤
maín f.: di nach marbmuin ` death-benefits ', Laws ii 272.15
25(glossed: cin maine dō on marb-sin). ¤ manchaine f. see
maicne and manchaine. ¤ riar f. food-dues paid in dead
cattle (Laws Gloss.): ` service due to chief after his death, such
as attending his funeral , etc.' O'Don. Sup. deich mbeori-
ara ┐ secht mairbriara do flaith fo irgiallna: aen mairbriar
30┐ secht mbeoriara do flaith cuitrig, H. 3.17, c. 415 ( O'Don.
510 ).
In other compds. meaning variously dead, pertaining to the
dead, inanimate: ¤ alt ` death-dirge ', Met. Dinds. iii 50.3 .
¤ cích: athgabail dingbala meic dia marbchich a mathar
35 from his dead mother's breast, Laws i 226.33 . ¤ cnaí ` dead
fleece', covering of the dead: im marbchnai n-armaige `for strip-
ping the slain
', Laws i 174.30 , glossed: in cnai bis dar in marb,
176.20 ; a woollen shroud , Loth, RC xliii 407. ¤ cró (crú)
blood of a dead person, gore: o marbcru, Laws i 140.31 Comm.
40 ¤ dúil f. a lifeless thing: aitteoch frit cech beothach . . .
atteoch frit cech marbduil, ZCP viii 232 § 9. bennacht . . . for
a mbéoduil ┐ a marbdhuil, iv 242.25 (leg. -dil for -duil?). na
marbduile cen dliged cen tuicsi, PH 3368. ¤ édáil f. lifeless
booty: mairbedala mora ┐ capaill do thabairt leo, AU ii 456.23 .
45 FM iv 896.18 . ¤ fásc swathings of a corpse , see Eg. Gl. 362.
Dinneen . Frequent in Mod.Ir. imprecation: marbh-ḟáisg ort!
¤ gein (<gein birth, child?): as npr. m. Mairbgein mac Mogha
Ruith, Anecd. ii 77.2 . ¤ lia f. a grave-stone , Met. Dinds. iv
94.36 . ¤ linn f. a standing pool: in mairblind, YBL 83b16 .
50 ¤ nath see marbnad. ¤ uisce stagnant water , Arch. iii 248.10 .
Auraic. 1321.
(b) with adj. formed from noun: ¤ craidech faint-hearted ,
RC xix 122 § 86. marbhlamach having a withered arm , BNnÉ
296.8 .

55 marbach adj o, ā. pertaining to the dead? mainistir . . . uasalmar-
bach Innse (i.e. where noble dead are buried), Caithr. Thoirdh.
30.24 (perh. a coinage).

marbacht n ā, f., deadness, torpidity: dognitís marbhucht tairis-
mech . . . dona srothaibh, CCath. 3928.

60 marbad n u, m., vn. of marbaid. iar barbad , LU 4348. Killing,
slaying: ferr mug m. ¤ better be a slave than be killed (`a living dog
is better than a dead lion
'), Anecd. iii 17. iar m. ¤ mac nUsnig,
TBC 464. m. ¤ na maccraide la Hiruath, PH 2661. hi cinaid
marbtha Eoin Bauptaist, 6419 . marbadh na mbeo ┐ beou-
65ghadh na marb, Laws i 14.16 . indeitheam marbtha intent to
kill
, iii 288.2 . nechtar na dā idan marbtha duine which cause
a man's death
, IT i 122.24 . dofuicfedis . . . rea marbadh nó
réa marthain to take their chance of life or death, ZCP viii 219
§ 9 . marbud no beired uili all suffered death, 115 § 21. Murcadh
70in marbtha malartaigh ar mór-Donnchad `author of the heinous
death inflicted on D.
', Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.37 . With gen. of
instrument: a corp d'fagail can marbadh airm air without
(marks of) slaying by weapons, AU iii 562.18 . m. ¤ na tengadh
killing with the tongue, PH 7490. pl. (concrete) slaughters,
75 massacres: crecha mora ┐ marbtha daine do denum, AU
iii 86.3 . loisgthi as marbhtha is madmanda, IGT Dec. ex.
1145 .
Of religious mortification: a mm. ¤ . . . a mbeogud to mortify
and revive them
, Mon. Tall. § 52. nert marbtha (one of the
80 virtutes animae), ZCP iii 451.19 .

marbaid ā,vb. Fut. stem mairb-, later muirb- (often mair-,
muir- before f of inflection), rarely marb- (mar-): no marfed-
som , TBC 1638 (YBL). pret. 1 s. marbsa (= marbus-sa), IT i
158.10 ( LL 154b6 ).
85(a) kills, slays: nacha-ro-marb-som Dia i ndigail neich
dorigensat, Ml. 23b5 . ro marbsat Saul, 56b6 . nisn-ule-mairbfe
thou wilt not wholly slay them, 77a15 . marbai in rí[g] . . . aingi
in truagh thou slayest the king, thou sparest the pauper, ZCP
vii 269 § 11. indhí . . . marbthai duine those that . . . commit
homicide
, Mon. Tall. § 11. cia marbaid Cain Abíal, SR 1966.
5 acht coro marba in coraid, 5856 . muirfet-sa Gola, 5857 .
marbais cét lǽch díb, TBC 1575. in rí nos-crochand ┐ nos-
marbann, PH 4203. muirbfid [Michael] Ancrist, 7281 . ní
mairfem inn endaic we will not kill an innocent man, Trip.
130.10 . nom-marba mo lam-sa foden, minam marba nech
10n-aile may my own hand slay me if no one else does, Ériu ii 28.5
luigim-sea . . . go muirbiub-sa tusu, v 72.12 . go muirbhfidís
tré dhraoidheacht é, Keat. ii 1305. ro marbhasdar í tré eud,
i p. 158 . ro-marbaind torc, IT i 158.12 = LL 154b8 (impf.).
marbh ┐ ullmuigh feóil! Gen. xliii 16. Of animals: marbais
15in Líath Macha ech Ercoil, FB 70. go muirfitis na leomain e,
Fl. Earls 234.22 . Of things: icait, bethaigait, marbait (of
herbs), SR 7280. co rod-marb galar, MacCarthy 150 § 1.
dobicfa fross tened . . . ┐ nob-muirbfe uli, Ériu ii 196 § 13.
do mharbh bruth na greine an gaeith, Irish Texts ii 71 § 21 .
20With pron. suff.: marbthus Cuchulaind C. kills them, SC § 36 ,
cf. marbthus iat TBC² 1682 ( LU 6166 ). dia nda-tairle mo
lorg-sa mairfidus if my club strikes them it will kill them, LU
1430 ( MU 46.3 ). marbsi Conall C. killed him, ZCP xi 109.2 .
Pass. na marbhtar lett Ulaid! TBC 6012. marbthair dóib in
25mucc, IT i 99.17 . co non-romarbthar-ni uli until all of us are
slain
, BDD 80. not-mairfider immárach, SR 6496. no erálta
for maccaib U. dul i ngabthib . . . ar daig coro mmarbtaís in
order that they might be killed
, IT i 74.19 . co farctais . . .
cloch[a] in lochta no mairfitis occi of those who might be slain,
30 BDD 68. ro marbait sochaide dona Cristaigib, PH 368. ro
marbtha dā mac Cenneitigh ina dighail, AU 1019. muirfer
gan cáirde iad, BNnÉ 147.21 . adubhairt . . . co muirbfidhe le
na escairdib é, BCC § 236. Fig. mortifies; annuls, cancels: ma
marbitir facta carnis , Wb. 4a13 . marbaid cach marb a cinta
35(= a dead man cannot be brought to account for his offences),
Laws ii 270.29 .
(b) legal term, alienates (property) in mortmain, amortises:
marbais Aedh an ferond sin do Dia ┐ do C. gave that land
for ever in mortmain
, BCC § 94. maille re ar marbad d'ḟearainn
40Eaglaisi `together with all dead church-lands', Kilk. Arch. Soc.
J. ii 346.11 (expld. as lands taken from the Church and not
reclaimed afterwards).
(c) exceptionally intrans. dies, is killed: na tri Ferghusa . . .
ro marbhsat i cath Crinda le Lughaidh, le Tadhg, ZCP xi 43
45§ 33 (B. of Lismore).