Print Edition

A B C D1 D2 E F G H I L M N O P R S T U


malart (malairt) n ā, f., malart, IGT Dec. § 12.21 . malairt (g s.
-airte, -arta), § 42.24 . As n-st., g s. na malartan , YBL 152a42 .
? d s. don mortlaid malartuind mir, LL 132b48 (: Calatruim,
leg. malartuinn). Cf. the derivv. malartnach, etc.
70 I In Mid.Ir. damage, injury, destruction: maltreating, injur-
ing . malairt .i. drochordugud, O'Dav. 1236. blad cen malairt
`a fame unfading', Met. Dinds. iii 66. is adart uilc . . . | is
malairt [leg. malart] cuirp ┐ anma, LL 150a18 . dúthracair a
malairt fén for na bráthrib desired his own ruin for the sake of
75the brethren
, PH 1672. regut i mmalairt shuthain everlasting
destruction
, 991 . a oirchindig na malarta! (of Satan), 3927 .
cia hernail malarta doberad for fínemnu in tíre, LB 127a28 .
ica malairt ┐ ica mudhugudh, ZCP iv 383.32 . innile do
mhalairt ┐ do mhí-imirt, FM v 1480. an mídiach malarta
80┐ mí-imberta tuccadh for thigherna Cloinne A., 1676.14 . Pl.
malarta mára, O'Dav. 1236. tosach miarle malarta, Anecd.
iii 16.22 . do dee-siu . . . malarta cech oin iat, PH 714.
II In early Mod.Ir. (a) change, changing: do mhalairt a
chreidimh, Keat. i 58.19 . malairt (= mutatio), TSh. 9872.
85 beidh ar ndéanamh mhalairte dhíobh (= mutabuntur), 9940 ,
cf. 10316 .
(b) exchange, exchanging: ro bhen an trenbhuidhen . . .
malairt áite díobh (i.e. took the positions they had quitted),
FM v 1646.11 . malairt urchair uaim . . . dobhéar ar inneall
th'amais I will send back a shot in return, Content. xvii 10. ná
5tréigidh misi ar mhalairt do not forsake me for another,
KMMisc. 56 § 7. croidhe colna do mhalairt ar chroidhe
chloiche, MacAingil 17.18 . a ttáobh malairte concerning
exchange
, Ruth iv 7 . Often bartering, trafficking: ag cean-
naidheacht ┐ ag malairt a n-earradh re chéile, Keat. ii 777.
10 cett malarta a n-airgitt ┐ a n-erradh, FM vi 2302.2 . dá
bhfaghainn fear mo mhalarta, ris do reacfainn an suairceas if
I could find a purchaser
, O'Bruad. i 132.
(c) hence folld. by gen. or equivalent: an exchange for = a
different, another: malairt na duaine-si a different song from
15this
, O'Bruad. iii 180. a mhalairt do thoradh d'fhaghbháil
any other fruit than that, TSh. 3579. ar an adhbhar nach fuil
a mhalairt do threóraidhe aca because they have no other guide,
Keat. i 152.11 . an t-éag a mhalairt nach geabhadh gan
Diarmaid d'fhagháil Death would take no one else but D., D.
20MacCarrthaigh 67.4 . Common idiom in spoken lang.

malartach adj o, ā, I In Mid. Ir. baneful, destructive; used freq. in
association with marbthach. slog . . . marbthach malurtach
do démnaib, PH 8104. Murcadh in marbtha malartaigh ar
mór-Donnchad `author of the heinous death inflicted on D.',
25 Caithr. Thoirdh. 64.37 . Common in descriptions of Hell (in
pl. the form -aig appears instead of -acha): i nglennaib . . .
malartaig ichtaraig ifirn, FA 30 LB. hi tégdais . . . marbthach
m. ¤ , PH 8298. i clusálaib . . . marbthaig malartaig íchtair
ifirnd, 8246 ; cf. BNnÉ 99.6 ; Lism. L. 3642. In passive sense
30 ruined? gur bhó m. ¤ millte mughaighthe . . . in Cúigedh ` un-
settled ', Ériu viii 134.31 (= II?).
As subst., a spoiler, destructive person: Uga De Laci . . . m. ¤
┐ discailtech neimed ┐ cell Erend, AU ii 208.6 (cf. FM iii 70.
10 ). mughaightheoir na meirlech ┐ na malartach, 272.12 . in
35malortach, ZCP x 47 § 20.
II In Mod.Ir. subject to change; variable; fickle: culaidheacha
malairteacha éduigh changeable suits of apparel, Isa. iii 22. do
bheartaibh an tsaoghail mhalartaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 126. v s f.
a mhalartach fickle one, Keat. Poem. 1384.

40 1 malartaid n i, m.
I One who injures or destroys: in malartaidh [-aigh MS. ]
inna ndula .i. Diabol, Ériu ii 140 § 149.
II One who exchanges or barters, a trafficker (mod.): pl.
malartuighe, Isa. xxiii 8. malairtighe bad acrach um dháil a
45seód, Hackett xviii 11.

2 malartaid ā, vb.
I In O. and Mid.Ir. (a) spoils, ruins, destroys: ata urtrochta
not-malartat, FB 67. duine bithbinech malartas in sochaidi,
PH 4218. teine purgatoire | fir mna meic malartfidh, ZCP
50 viii 207 § 40. malartbaid na mor-rígu, BColm. 12.22 . nā
malartaid bar n-anmanda (= nolite animas vestras occidere),
ZCP xii 368.26 . ros-malairt deinmne ┐ croes, PH 8398.
Niall . . . ro malart a mortriucha who has brought ruin to his
great cantred
(sc. by his death), AU 918 = ro malairt, FM 917.
55 co ro malartsatar Eoroip uili ravaged , Anecd. iii 67.16 . Pass.
malartar int ecraibdech-sa (= moriatur), Lat. Lives 61. is
tria aíne ro malarta sochaide aile, PH 8404.
This seems to be the sense in the follg. early exx.: ni
malartae-siu hua inscribiunt in tituil thou shalt not obliterate
60[the name David ] from the inscription (?), Ml. 74d13 , gl. ne
disperdas Dauid tituli inscriptione; `thou shalt not vary from
the inscription', Thes., but the gloss is further explained: ni
derlega-siu ainm Duaid as in titul. tintud Septin is he fil for
na psalmaib ┐ is hé ro malartad oco. tintúdh [leg. ro m. ¤ ica
65tintúd] asind Ebre isinn Greic isin Laitin · coro certaigh
Cirine which was corrupted in being translated . . . till Jerome
corrected it
(?), Hib. Min. 10.334 .
(b) loses? gerba mor sloigh ro malart though [Caesar ] had
lost many troops
, CCath. 2469 = gerbho hiat a sloga ro
70marbadh, F. Cf. malartfaither, PH 6063 = perdetur, Job
xx 7. ro malartsom , gl. amisimus, Rawl. B 502 (? 512) fo. 67c
(quoted CCath. index ).
II In later lang. (a) changes: na malairt punc! Luc. Fid.
275.13 .
75(b) exchanges, barters: ní reacfuid é ┐ ní mhalartfuid, Ezek.
xlviii 14. ro mairnedh ┐ ro malartadh sinn we have been be-
trayed and sold
, ZCP vi 47.32 .

malartaigid v i. denom. I Ruins, destroys: not-malartaigend,
FB 67 Eg. élnigther ┐ malartaigther in popul uli tria imarbus
80in aen-duine, PH 4219.
II Later use: (a) changes: vn. ag malartugha na pēine moire
. . . a bpein mbig, Luc. Fid. 231.4 . doghéana tú iad do
mhalairtiughadh (= mutabis eos), TSh. 9939.
(b) exchanges: is truagh . . . an scéal so malartuigheadh linn
85 this news that has been exchanged between us, Hackett x 1.

malartchae n[iā, f.] (malartach) abuse (of property), destructive-
ness, wastefulness (?) tossach miarli malartcha, LL 345b37 =
malarta, Anecd. iii 16. malairtc[h]i ┐ caithmidi (leg. caith-
mige), ZCP iii 450.9 .