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maidid v i. s-subj. and fut., redupl. pret. Forms.Imp. 3 s.
maided, Wb. 7c4 .Pres. 3 s. maidid, LU 3720 ( SC 33 ).muidid,
LB 127a8 .fors[a]-maid, Ml. 115d12 .forsa-moith, 110d10 .
resa-maid, TBC² 3575. nimáith , Corm. Y 419. (perfective)
30 rumaith, Ml. 51c9 .rel.)maides, TBC 4689. With pron. aff.:
maiti, LU 4925 (=maithi, TBC² 440 ).maitti, LU 5201 , 6666
( TBC² 723 , 2127 ).maidi,maidti, Ériu iii 141.202 , 203 .muitti,
LU 1582 ( IT ii2212.3 ), 6212 ( TBC² 1722 ).mutti, 1523 ( MU
52 ), 5940 ( TBC² 1474 ).3 pl. maidit, IT i 105.13 .madit,
35 Ériu ii 122.4 .muidit, iii 138.100 .
Subj. pres. 3 s. máis, LL 238b38 , 239a15 ( TTr. 1625 , 1647 ).
manimá , LU 7121 ( BDD 80 ). Corm. Y 70. monamæ , TBC
4754 ,cf. 4979 , 5579 (for fut.).nímai , Anecd. ii 31.4 .
Subj. impf. 3 s. nomaidsed , TBC 830 , 840 (for cond.;leg.
40 maidfed?)3 pl. con-roimsitis, TBC² 3618.
Fut. 3 s. memais, Trip. 138.7 . SR 4705. mebais, 8320 .co
mmema , LU 6099. nímema , Ml. 89c11 .maniroima (for
subj.),ib. 2 pl. con-memsam-ne, TBC² 3578. mebusmet, IT
ii2247.6 .3 pl. comensat (leg. memsat), LU 6097 =comem-
45sad , TBC² 1626. commebsat , LU 6092 =combebsat , TBC²
1620. rel.)memsite, TBC² 3087.
Cond. 3 s. con-mebsad(forsubj.), TBC 5881. 3 pl. meb-
saitis, TBC² 3547.
Pret. 3 s. memaid, SR 4765. Trip. 194.15 .commemaid ,
50 TBC² 578 =commebaid , LU 5066. ro-m-memaid, Ml. 127d6 .
Mon. Tall. § 72. romebaid , SR 6913 , 6953 .corróemid , LU
7946 ( BDD 157 ) =curroímid , BDD² ( Med. and Mod.Ir.
Ser. viii ).coroimidh , AU 946. coráemid , LU 9605 ( ZCP iii
206.18 ).corraimid , IT i 76.5 .corommid , Trip. 8.17 .co
55 remid , AU 920 (p. 442.11) , 1016 .coremaidh , 995 , 998 , 1003 .
coreimidh , FM v 1536.9 .gorimheadh , ii 808.3 .goraoimhidh ,
ii 580.14 .goraeimeadh , vi 2040.10 .3 pl. memdaitir, LU 5316
( TBC² 839 ).memdatar, Corm. Y 950. romebdatar , SR 2522.
romebatar , Alex. 31 , and so in late texts:cormebhadar ,
60 CCath. 2031 , 2125 .romhebhatar , Lism. L. 2972. coroim-
detar, Ériu ii 30.16 .con-róemtatar, Anecd. iii 61.9 .
Pass. pres. maidter, TBC² 3573. subj. pr. má[n]amater ,
TTr.² 85.
1in Mid.Ir. the3 s. fut. mebaisis occasionally used as a
65pret.,e.g. LU 3791 ( SC 36 ), Lism. L. 4051 , RC xiii 8.3 , and
gives rise to a spurious conjugation with stemmeb-:Pres. 3 s.
rel.)mheabhas, Content. vi 68. Impf. 3 pl. nomheabtaís , Buile
S. 36.28 .Subj. pr. 3 s. diameba , Ériu v 236.80 .3 pl. mebat,
Lat. Lives 106.4 .Fut. 3 s. mebaidh, Cog. 90.9 (=mébaidh?),
70 cf. 144.7 .himeabhai , BNnÉ 16.23 .Pret. 3 pl. romebsat ,
Lat. Lives 106.8 .meabhsattar, BNnÉ 84.7 .Pass. pret. rom-
hebadh, Lism. L. 1550 , 1553 .— mébas, Alex. 212 ;— mébad,
LB 129b32 seem intended for3 s. rel.)fut.andcond.respectively.
2thepres.stemmaid-(muid-,moid-) is used in Mid.Ir. to
75form subj., fut. and pret.:Subj. 3 s. manamaidi , TBC² 3577.
dāmuidhi , Fian. 84.14 .Fut. 3 s. maidfid, SR 6492. (rel.))
muidhfes, Aen. 2451. muigfis, 2454 .3 pl. maidfit, LU 9615
(wronglymáid-, ZCP iii 208 § 8 ).Cond. 3 s. nomaidfed , SR
5036. Pret. 3 s. maidhis, AU i 532.5 , ii 72.3 .moidis, Lat.
80Lives 71.13 .romaid , TBC² 774. diar'maid , SR 5582. ro
muidh , AU 1022 , 1024 .corromoigh , Anecd. iii 37.6 .3 pl.
romaidset , TBC 3824. romuidhset , ZCP xi 62.4 .romoigsed ,
xii 292.21 .domhuigheadar , ML 96.2 .Pass. fut. muidfer, RC
x 184.8 .pret. romuided , ZCP viii 561.12 .nar'maedhed ,
85 Gorm. Dec. 8. The stemmuid-occas. becomesmaoidh-in late
texts.
vn. maidm.
In lit. sense breaks,bursts , intrans. but in3 s. pres.occas.
used with affixed reflex. pron. ma.i. briseadh, O'Cl. (3 s. subj.
pr.). maidhis.i. brisis,ib. Eg. Gl. 458.
5 IUsed like `brissid' in the idiom:maidid (in cath,etc.)re
(ria) AforB(the battle)breaks beforeA on B = AdefeatsB.
(a) with subj. expressed:nach comland i mbeithi, memais
foraib ye shall be routed, Trip. 138.17 .co roemid in cath . . . for
slog Filistín, SR 5891. cor mebaid in cath ria Concobar for
10Eochaid C. won the battle over E., Ériu ii 180.13 .muidit secht
catha re nOsseirge for na Déise, iii 138.100 .mad romaib
muigfis in cath-sa for Tuirnn, Aen. 2454. ní mai cath . . .
riana gnúis may he never win battle, Anecd. ii 3 § 2 .ni ḟitir cia
fora mébad in cath who would be defeated, LB 129b32 =cia
15fors-maidfid, SR 6492. memaith for Dál nA. in cath sin, ZCP
viii 314.13 . Similarly withmaidmas subj.:ro muid sruth-
maidm . . . forro they were driven helter-skelter, ZCP xiii 238.14 .
ceithri tuathao . . . fora roémsat tri madmand who were thrice
routed
, 4.11 . viii 115.3 .
20(b) with omission of subj.:in tan ro mmemaid re nAbracham
forsna coíc riga, Ml. 127d6 ,cf. 89c11 .ria n-aṅgliu . . . mebais
for demnu the angels will defeat the demons, SR 8320 ,cf. 5582 .
memaiss for Aed re nAed(a prophecy), ZCP xii 232 § 43. tic
Labraid . . . ┐ mebais riam forsna slógu he defeated, SC 36.
25 mad romut máis . . . mad fort maides, LL 332c57 , 60 .maidhis
for Gallu, AU 1014. dirsan flaith forsa-roemid, RC xxxvi 262
§ 10 .dursan rī forsar-maig, Cog. 32.24 =fors-rœmidh, FM i
508.17 .Galam ar nar raimhidh ríamh who was never worsted,
Leb. Gab. i 238.18 . With advbl. phrase denoting direction,
30the notion of flight being implicit:maidti forru sair co
hAndobor they are routed, Ériu iii 141.203 .muiti riasna buaib
fors[n]a linni she is driven before (by) the cattle to the pools(?),
TBC² 1722. ro memaid ria maccaib Cathail as Indiu co
lLuachair, LL 275b1 .ro mebaid forsna Troiándu docum a
35cathrach, TTr.² 1567. Fig.:go ro mheabhaidh for a ghlór till
his voice gave way
, FM vi 2288.1 .meabhaidh ar mo ghuth ón
ghol, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.40 .da muidhi hi cond céilli`if
they be worsted in sense and reason
', Fian. 84.14 .
(c) occas. withLAor other prep. of victor:brister immairecc
40fairsometmaided fair lib let him be routed by you, Wb. 7c4 .
for Oilill . . . meabais la Dal nAraidhi O. will be defeated by D.,
MacCarthy 396.27 .meabaidh lais a lochtaidhe`his guilt was
vanquished by him
', Leb. Gab. i 36.12 .con-róemtatar dā
chath huad forru, Anecd. iii 61.9 .ro mebatar ilchatha fria
45Pilip, Alex. 31 , wherefriaprob. =riaof l. 30 representing
the prep.ria,re`before'.
(d)maidid de (do)x =x isrouted,put to flight, and in
wider sense,flees, (or without notion of flight)rushes: maidid
día muntir-seom for teched, TBC² 1476. mutti dont slóg immi
50di cach leith the host rushes about him(of an ambush), 1474 .
go ro memaid do graigib Gaedel the horses of the G. broke loose,
TBC 3823 ,cf. 3826 , 6065 .ro mebaid do na Págánda the
pagans were routed
, PH 7266. gur mhúigh do na Gallaib
d'iarraidh a long, Ériu i 87.11 . With subj. expressed:cor
55memaid roscbéim rígdaide díb triasin cath(=they made a
brilliant charge
), CRR 34. do mhuigh bloiscbhém bodhba do
na cathoibh cechtardha a ccenn a chéle, ITS v 184.25 .
meabhaidh maidhmh díobh gus na scoraibh, Hugh Roe fo. 39a .
IIIn personal construction: (a)in physical sensebreaks
60(=is broken),bursts,gives way: mani má in talam fúe, BDD
80 ,cf. TBC 4754 , TBC² 3577. maidid cridi cech duni dia
seirc, SC 33. ni máith cridhe cē chīe, Corm. Y 419 = Bruchst.
i § 96.6 .madit a shuili inna cinn, Ériu ii 122.4 .co mmemaidh
a chenn frisinn ailich, Lat. Lives 53. ro memaid coss ind ríg
65i ndó, Mon. Tall. § 72. co mbeba do ser fout, IT ii 247.8 .
notgēb-sa im ladair co mbebsat [mmebsatLU]t'asnai, TBC²
1620. maitti immi-seom in dabach, LU 5201 =maiti . . .
dabaich, TBC² 991. in bail . . . hi meabhai [a mbeabhv.l.]
iris bhar tteighi liubair, BNnÉ 16 § 26. mebais ind roth
70ramhuch(a prophecy), ZCP x 343.26 .co raimdetar úammand
a cholcthech the seams . . . burst, TBC 109. na craobha no
mheabhtaís fó a chosaibh, Buile S. 36.28 .mani má do á unless
thy car break
, Corm. Y 70 (cf. Ériu xi 43 ).memdaitir a carpait
leu oc comroc, TBC² 839. meabhsattar na tri glais the three
75bolts burst
, BNnÉ 84.7 .corro moigh bernn ind a gap was
broken
, Anecd. iii 37.6 .
(b)of persons, isrouted,flees;rushes,makes a dash: maidti
munter Fhergusa hi teiched, maidti Ailill i n-a ndiaidh F.'s
people take to flight, A. gives them chase
, IT ii2210.66 (LL =
80 maitte, Eg.).[ni]con-memsam-ne de sund we will not flee from
this spot
, TBC² 3578. maidit na sluaig for na dorsi . . . maidit
immach assind liss, IT i 105.13 , 16 .muidig [= muidid] N.
futha-san mar luas [fh]aindile, ZCP xiii 213.2 .memaid saithe
. . . siardess co Mondornd, viii 308.14 . Leb. Gab. i 278.20 .
85 mebdatar a n-noí díib they (Síl Cuinn) fled in a ship(?), ZCP
viii 313.35 , a confusion with the constructionI (d).
(c)of things,bursts forth,gushes,springs up,arises: ro
mebdatar [sruamma] tria thalmain, SR 2522. co rommid
topar usque ass, Trip. 8.17 = Lat. Lives 44. mebais trethan
dar cach tír the sea will break over every country, RC xxvi 48
5§ 251 .ro meabatar na da loch, Leb. Gab. i 74.10 .i n-aimsir
N. ro mhuidhsiod na locha so, Keat. i p. 176 .ro mhuidhset
teora tipraite . . . assin talmain, Fl. Earls 210.3 .ro mebaid
loim cráo dar a bél, CRR 12. co roimidh salchur a chinn dar
a chluasaib immach, Cáin Ad. § 14. is aíble tened moidit trem
10chroicenn, Lat. Lives 84. co maiged a duibdiad ┐ a lasra a
huamaib in tshlebi amach, Aen. 142. ro mebutar .xiiii.
[diasa do chruithnecht] a muigib na Bethile sprang up, LB
133a5 .ro mheabhaidh na bairilledha in n-áen breó lasrach
burst into flame, exploded, FM vi 2012.8 .
15Further extensions:mebais a fháitbiud gáire for Fergus
F. burst out laughing, CRR 18. gur mhaoidh orruinn gean
gáire, Oss. vi 8.19 .ro maidh a cai for in n-apach the corpse
began to wail
, CCath. 4218. gor muidh a déra tar a gruadaibh,
4219 .S. Franciscus forar mhuidhset coic crechta(of the
20stigmata), Fl. Earls. 162.18 .Cf.also:mebais din boilgg
innocht`it will burst from the boil' (?the boil will burstordis-
appear
,cf. I (d)), Ériu iv 32.4 .
(d) rarely in late texts, withFOR(AR), breaks,vanquishes:
scél fár mheabhuigh sé ar an síth`with which he shattered the
25peace
', Ériu iv 214.3 .a ghrasaigh ghloin do mhuidh ar
mhídhúilibh, O'Bruad. i 24 § 9.
IIITrans. breaks,defeats,shatters (in physical andfig.
sense); an uncommon use chiefly in pass., perh. due to the
formmaitti(=maidid -i) being taken aspret. pass. maidter
30rempi fo thri, TBC² 3573. xxx. cath ro mhebadh roime, Lism.
L. 1550. maoidhtear rompa, Keat. i 204.5 .la Machair nar
maedhed (.i. ó Diabhal), Gorm. Dec. 8. ó rom-maidh an scél
(`the calamity having shattered me', O'Gr. ), Acall. 862. ?athga-
bail fir muides muilend`who breaks the rule respecting the mill',
35 Laws i 194.27 .don fir isa soc ro mebadh`whose ploughshare
was broken
', 200.6 Comm. clann nar mhuidh móid who broke
not covenant
, Content. iv 36. a mheic Máire nach muidh
mionn, Ir. Monthly 1928, 39.44 . ?nā maidid [maidigh, maigid
MSS.]in t-echt noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil`let him not do
40the deed until he has three times kept his breath
', Mer. Uil. 134 ,
cf. 137 ; perh. intrans. =II (c)above, if this vb.;leg. maíded
=moíded?