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maeth (moeth) adj o, ā. O.Ir. moíth. Soft, tender, yielding (of
substance or texture, also in fig. sense): gl. tener, Ml. 87b11 ,
lēvem, 87b13b . compar. moithiu, gl. molliorem, Sg. 16a3 . maeth,
gl. tener, Ir. Gl. 394. maoth .i. mō is mēth, Corm. Y 926.
65 [m]aeth .i. bocc no tlaith no binn, O'Dav. 1205. In physical
sense: inna ingnea mmoitha, gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 .
do chriss duillech mæth, TBC 4072. folt mæth, Ériu iii 152
§ 5 . in cháer comraig nār lanmaeth (of a projectile), ZCP v
504 y . meas maeth soft ripe fruit, viii 202.14 . tarb mæth
70` sleek ', Met. Dinds. iv 338. Of sound: muiti .i. mifothai no
maitha soft , Auraic. 467. Cf. O'Dav. 1205 above. Of persons,
tender, delicate , often denoting immaturity or youth: minores
.i. inn aes moith ┐ anfoirbthe, Ml. 45b17 . is ro-mǽth maccaem
a ṡamla sain, TBC 2084. a maccáin maeith! LL 34a6 . go
75bhfuilid na leinimh maoth, Gen. xxxiii 13. druim fri mna
mætha mine, ZCP vi 264 § 9. In fig. sense: is moíth a forcital
(i.e. suited for unripe or weak understandings), Wb. 19c1 .
inna forcital moitha, gl. rudimenta, Ml. 47d12 . bá-sa maéth
fri maíthi compliant, yielding (?), LU 9334 , cf. Tec. Corm.
80 § 30.9 . superl. gurab é an croidhe colnaidhe is maotha ┐ is
sochma, TSh. 10506. In depreciatory sense, physical and
moral, flaccid, weak, nerveless: in Fraech . . . nachar moeth
arm a n-imgoin `his weapon was not feeble in the fray', Met.
Dinds. iii 356. maeth mo chreasa-sa feeble my loins, Buile S.
85 94.22 . ar ngleó . . . nir maeth, Cog. 64.3 . don Chriosdaidhe
óg bhíos maoth beig-nertmhar, O'Hussey TC 195.
As subst. of that which is soft: co raemdetar . . . moet[h]a
a sron cartilage (?), BB 393a12 . mæth bo-shaille `tender
corned-beef
', Aisl. MC 61.28 . rasiacht Medb mæth n-araig bar
Fer ndiad im chomlond, TBC 3163 , cf. 3166 , 3236 , 3239 ; `den
5sanften (Zwang) einer Bindung
', Wind.; a friendly compact?
perh. a technical term.
Freq. in compds. (a) with subst.: maothainder a tender
woman
, Buile S. 48.14 . ben mæthainech soft-featured , TBC²
2789. ¤ celt a soft mantle ; as npr. m.: mac Móethcelt, LL
10 352d36 = Meucelt, BB 223a21 ; see KM Wortk. § 16. ¤ ceo:
tréig do mhaoithchiaig `quit thy dejected melancholy', O'Gr.
Cat. 457.9. ¤ cleth: condlig a chomarba . . . miach moeth-
chleithe la muic find, LL 199b45 ( young osiers ? or some kind
of esculent plant ?). ¤ cride: maothchroidhe na maighdine
15 soft heart, tenderness , PBocht 77 § 38. lá ar ndaorthaine . . . ní
ham maothchroidhe (= repentance ), Ir. Monthly 1930, 515.21 .
¤ cuilén a young whelp ; of a boy: imbert moithchulióin, LU
5701 = moithchuiliun, TBC² 1227. ¤ glith ` soft ore (?)',
O'Dav. 800. ¤ greth: trés na maige moithgretho ` gentle-
20voiced ', Im. Brain § 8 (maethgnatha v.l.). ¤ íchtar: fri
moethichtur a medoin (i.e. soft part of the abdomen), TBC
2566. dar mæthichtar a mæthimlenn, TBC² 2336. ¤ imliu
navel or abdomen , see preceding. ¤ lám: (as adj.) duthracht
fir maíthláim meirb soft-handed , LL 146b12 ( R.I.A. Proc. iii
25540 § 6 ). ¤ maccaem: TBC 1249. comrama máethmacaím,
LU 10277. ¤ óclach a youth: moíthócclach, Trip. 52.27 .
móethóclach, BDD 99. SC 23. mǽthóclǽch, TBC² 1464.
dias mæthóclách, TBC 5368. oclach ┐ moethoclach ┐ senoir
man, youth and greybeard (of the three Magi), PH 7113.
30 ¤ óclachas youths (coll.), BLism. 110ra9 . ¤ ruided: co mbai
a maethruidead tria hagaid delicate flush, YBL 164a10 . ¤ slat
a tender twig or sapling: pl. muíthṡlatta , LL 34b2 . maethṡlat
a stripling , MR 294.13 . ¤ slucad bech ` soft swallowing of bees '
(a trespass committed by hens), Laws iv 116.10 Comm.
35 ¤ sról(l): inar maithsroill, Acall. 5374 , 7415 . hi B. na meir-
gedh maothsróil, BNnÉ 284.10 . ¤ tráth: co m. eirgi the
genial morn
, TFerbe 392 .
(b) with adj. forming dwanda-compds., or with adj. derived
from subst. ¤ álaind: meic míni maethalli, LL 225a5 ( TTr.
40 568 ). do bláthaib maoth-áille, TSh. 4207. ¤ bog-gel: Bebinn
an chneis maothbuiggil, ZCP xiii 19.4 . ¤ buide: folt maeth-
buidhi, BB 427a46 . ¤ cnesach soft-skinned , Auraic. 3090.
¤ cóir soft and straight , of arms, BDD 2. ¤ corcra: laoch
maothc. fresh-complexioned (?), ZCP x 279.12 . ¤ gel: batar
45moethgelu a dha gúaluinn, IT i 120.2 . BDD 1. ¤ gorm: do
mhioll mhaothghurm (of a bruise or swelling), FM v 1678.13 .
¤ mas(s): tlacht mín m., Anecd. i 68 § 162. ¤ slemon: muc
mín maethṡlemun mara sleek and slippery , LL 235b12 ( TTr.
1373 ).

50 maethal n ā, f., (maeth) beestings, clotted milk or curds, cheese ; acc.
to O'Curry M. and C. iii Gloss. `food consisting of nut-meal
and milk, oatmeal and milk, cheese, etc.' In pl. of messes of
above food or of round cheeses. maothal .i. maoth ┐ fuil,
Corm. Y 927. a más mar leth-mæthail, Corm. p. 36 s.v. prúll.
55 for maethla matha (.i. mess ┐ torud), RC xxvi 28 § 114 , copied
by O'Cl. s.v. maothla. fodluidh doib-sium biadh amar
mhæthla, RC xiv 46 § 54. maethla ┐ im ┐ saill, Moling § 14.
a p. moethlu, § 17 . do moethail buic mellaig, Aisl. MC 67.27 .
g s. mæthla, 93.9 . g p. moethal, 85.20 ; maíthul, 119.38 . ni do
60mhoethail no do chaisse `biestings', Rule of Céli Dé § 4.
Transf. of soft substances resembling curds: do maithlaib uilc
inchinne, LL 198a22 = do braínib a n-imchinde, Met. Dinds.
iii 82. In n.l. of soft or boggy soil, see Hog. Onom. s.v.
maothail.

65 maethán n o, m., (maeth) (a) gristle, cartilage: ind alt fil iter in
imda ┐ in maothán, Corm. Y 447 (= a maethán, Corm. p. 17
s.v. deach). co hathgabail maothain na himdæ, ib. bi amail
maethán nó co cruadhaigheann a ngné cnámha, O'Gr. Cat.
230.5. na cnama ┐ na maothain, Rosa Angl. 72.6 . cluas lomm
70cen maethan fuirri, Lec. 406a36 . ar mháothán cluaisi deise
Aáron tip of the right ear, Exod. xxix 20.
(b) a tender shoot, twig, etc.: [mae]thain [drisse] dealgnaigi,
Acall. 730. tug [slat Aáron] máotháin ┐ blátha, Numb. xvii 8.
maothan ferdrisi, R.I.A. C IV 2, 33ra19 . maothan conaire
75 raspberry bush, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 415.5 ; Hog. Luibh. máotháin
`a springing, sprigs ', Eg. Gl. 466.

maethid v(maeth) softens; soothes: moíthfe sognáiss cach síde
`he will delight the company of every fairy-knoll', Im. Brain § 52.

maethigid (maethaigid), v g. (maeth) softens, mitigates: ro
80moithigh Ciaran aní sin fair mitigated (the cold) for him, BNnÉ
109 § 41. Of breaking up and fertilizing soil: ro maethigdis sin
comdis feranna fosta firmaithe, Ériu viii 8.20 . maothuighim í
léum sheile I moisten, Parrth. Anma 373.14 . (fig.) maothaigh
cruaidh mo chridhe! PBocht 15 § 16. part. co mba tir-
85maigthe ┐ co mba moethaigthe cluim (of a fleece), LB 127a4 .
vn. sruth . . . do moethugadh ┐ do bocgugudh Parrdu[i]s to
moisten , BB 16a35 . dot mhaothughadh to supple thee, Ezek.
xvi 4.