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maer n o, m., (Lat. maior) maor, IGT Dec. § 96.6 .
(a) a steward of a king or prince, whose chief duty seems to
have been to collect imposts; often coupled with `rechtaire'.
m. ¤ .i. brethemh, O'Dav. 1275 (a definition not supported by
75literature). araid mǽir saír . . . i n-iarthur in taige (of the
Tech Midchuarta), LL 29b13 = moer, YBL 149b1 . masa aen
m. ¤ ro huirdnedh acun righ, leth-eniclann in rig do, Laws v
74.24 Comm. maoir no rechtaire in ri iat-sidhe, ii 94.4 Comm.
a maír ┐ a fhedmannaig oc crechad chaich (of a `tigerna
80tuaithe'), PH 7531. bó cach liss i Muman . . . ┐ mær dia
tobach, Aisl. MC 57.12 . do ordaich rigu ┐ taisechu, maeru ┐
reachtairedu (of Imar the Danish leader), Cog. 48.12 . a maeir
┐ a rectairedha, 84.13 . maor í Dhomhnaill, FM iii 178. Gilla
Crist . . . m. ¤ Muman, AU 1072 ; 1073 (moer). ardmaer Oa
85Neill in deiscirt, 923 . ardmaer oca mbiat ill-tuatha, O'Dav.
1275. ardmhaor sluaigh `chief officer', FM vi 2024.1 . The
steward or collector of dues attached to a monastery (or the col-
lective monasteries of the same foundation): Feidilmidh
abbas Cille M. et moer Breg o Phatraic (i.e. collector of P.'s
dues in Bregia), AU 813. m. ¤ muinteri Patraicc, 887 , cf. 893 .
5 muna íocait . . . fri maoraibh Máodog, BNnÉ 248.10 . dobert-
sat na Gaoidhil toirbearta . . . da maoraibh [sc. mainistre na
Croiche naoimhe] ┐ da manchoibh, FM vi 2148.14 . (fig.)
maor Dé, Ir. Monthly 1930, 516.28 (of St. Michael, common
in relig. poetry). maor tobhaigh an Tighiorna, 514.7 . m. ¤ na
10meidhe, 1929, 213.31 (see med).
(b) title given to the hereditary guardians of certain relics , see
Plummer Vitae SS. Hib. i p. cxxix . Solamh hUa Mellan m. ¤
Cluig in Udhacht[a] keeper of the Bell of the Testament, AU ii
502.15 (cf. FM iv 864 and see Trip. 120.11 fg.). ro beanadh an
15Chathach Coluim Cille . . . ┐ do marbadh a maér, iii 420.19 .
muintir Mochain Chille hAthracht .i. maoir na Croisi Athracht,
Hy Fiach. 40. mær na bachla cochlaige, BColm. 96.22 .
(c) of officials of antiquity: tria guth challaire no mair, PH
2608. ar Troe murnigh na mær, BB 52b21 . ro ordaigsett
20[Romáin] mair ┐ airrig for cendadachaib in domain do
tabac[h] a cisa, CCath. 3225. at[h]arruch consul ┐ maer ┐
airrigh, 3214 . See méra and mórmaer.

maerach n m. (g s. -aigh, n p. -aighi), IGT Dec. § 55. Cf. maorach
` shell-fish ', O'R. , Dinneen (fem. acc. to latter); see murach.

25 maeraigecht n ā, f., the office of a `maer': dorat [Cormac m. Airt]
ard-mæraidhecht Erenn d'Find Ua Baiscne `grand-steward-
ship
', IT iii 199.9 . a cíos is a maoraigheacht (of an eccles.
office), BNnÉ 176.16 . a maoruigheacht sguir ` stewardship ' (of
a tract of land), Kilk. Arch. Soc. J. ii 344.13 .

30 ? maeraigid v i, exercises the office of a steward? in wider sense:
ro múineadh ┐ ro maoruigheadh `he was instructed and guided',
ITS x 76.44 = ro mearadh, Eachtra Macaoimh an Iolair 2.15 .

maerda adj io, iā. (cf. maer) stately, of noble or imposing presence;
generally of persons. sluag morsolusda . . . mærda (of the
35heavenly host), YBL 163b15 . ar chlód na fer máerda mass,
Met. Dinds. iii 166. gilla m. ¤ corpnār, BB 61b42 . mōr . . .
d'ingenaibh maordha míne . . . do maccaomaibh maerda
morghlana, Cog. 42.15 , 17 . Ultán móerda, Gorm. Nov. 22.
Deirdre mhaordha, Keat. Poems 62. a Éire mhaordha! 660 .
40Of things: Colaim o Neill . . . robo maorda a reim, ZCP vii 303
§ 5 . minna moerda, Gorm. June 9. mionna maordha móir-
fhertacha, BNnÉ 265 § 229.

maerdacht n ā, f., abstr. of maerda: boc-m. ¤ banamail `soft
womanly
dignity ', BDD 2. do bhí san bhflaith . . . maordhacht
45go míorbhail, Hackett xxxix 128.

maerdaide adj io, iā. = maerda? frecra mīngar moerdaide, LL
149b7 . d'éis chimchídhe mhaordhaídhe do mheór lag mbras,
Hard. i 179.8 . a mhaithmeach mhaordhaidhe! (of the Virgin
Mary), Studies 1929, 429.14 .

50 maes n m. I Name of a disease, diarrhoea? tri bithgalair . . . .i.
cumga chlēbh ┐ mæs brond ┐ taithighidh amach, TBC p. 305
n. 6 = bronngalar, LL. Cf. máos (más v.l.), IGT Dec. § 38.10
(g s. maois, maosa); maothas (maos) ` softness, moistness ',
Dinneen .
55 II Name of a defect in prosody (or style?): máos, IGT Introd.
§ 2.

maescán n o, m., dry branches or twigs (coll.)? tuc leis cual do
mhaescán `a bundle of green twigs', MR 276.3 . go bhfuil [an
crann] `na mhaosgán mhór gan bhláith gan toradh, Celt.
60Rev. x 136.

maeth (moeth) adj o, ā. O.Ir. moíth. Soft, tender, yielding (of
substance or texture, also in fig. sense): gl. tener, Ml. 87b11 ,
lēvem, 87b13b . compar. moithiu, gl. molliorem, Sg. 16a3 . maeth,
gl. tener, Ir. Gl. 394. maoth .i. mō is mēth, Corm. Y 926.
65 [m]aeth .i. bocc no tlaith no binn, O'Dav. 1205. In physical
sense: inna ingnea mmoitha, gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 .
do chriss duillech mæth, TBC 4072. folt mæth, Ériu iii 152
§ 5 . in cháer comraig nār lanmaeth (of a projectile), ZCP v
504 y . meas maeth soft ripe fruit, viii 202.14 . tarb mæth
70` sleek ', Met. Dinds. iv 338. Of sound: muiti .i. mifothai no
maitha soft , Auraic. 467. Cf. O'Dav. 1205 above. Of persons,
tender, delicate , often denoting immaturity or youth: minores
.i. inn aes moith ┐ anfoirbthe, Ml. 45b17 . is ro-mǽth maccaem
a ṡamla sain, TBC 2084. a maccáin maeith! LL 34a6 . go
75bhfuilid na leinimh maoth, Gen. xxxiii 13. druim fri mna
mætha mine, ZCP vi 264 § 9. In fig. sense: is moíth a forcital
(i.e. suited for unripe or weak understandings), Wb. 19c1 .
inna forcital moitha, gl. rudimenta, Ml. 47d12 . bá-sa maéth
fri maíthi compliant, yielding (?), LU 9334 , cf. Tec. Corm.
80 § 30.9 . superl. gurab é an croidhe colnaidhe is maotha ┐ is
sochma, TSh. 10506. In depreciatory sense, physical and
moral, flaccid, weak, nerveless: in Fraech . . . nachar moeth
arm a n-imgoin `his weapon was not feeble in the fray', Met.
Dinds. iii 356. maeth mo chreasa-sa feeble my loins, Buile S.
85 94.22 . ar ngleó . . . nir maeth, Cog. 64.3 . don Chriosdaidhe
óg bhíos maoth beig-nertmhar, O'Hussey TC 195.
As subst. of that which is soft: co raemdetar . . . moet[h]a
a sron cartilage (?), BB 393a12 . mæth bo-shaille `tender
corned-beef
', Aisl. MC 61.28 . rasiacht Medb mæth n-araig bar
Fer ndiad im chomlond, TBC 3163 , cf. 3166 , 3236 , 3239 ; `den
5sanften (Zwang) einer Bindung
', Wind.; a friendly compact?
perh. a technical term.
Freq. in compds. (a) with subst.: maothainder a tender
woman
, Buile S. 48.14 . ben mæthainech soft-featured , TBC²
2789. ¤ celt a soft mantle ; as npr. m.: mac Móethcelt, LL
10 352d36 = Meucelt, BB 223a21 ; see KM Wortk. § 16. ¤ ceo:
tréig do mhaoithchiaig `quit thy dejected melancholy', O'Gr.
Cat. 457.9. ¤ cleth: condlig a chomarba . . . miach moeth-
chleithe la muic find, LL 199b45 ( young osiers ? or some kind
of esculent plant ?). ¤ cride: maothchroidhe na maighdine
15 soft heart, tenderness , PBocht 77 § 38. lá ar ndaorthaine . . . ní
ham maothchroidhe (= repentance ), Ir. Monthly 1930, 515.21 .
¤ cuilén a young whelp ; of a boy: imbert moithchulióin, LU
5701 = moithchuiliun, TBC² 1227. ¤ glith ` soft ore (?)',
O'Dav. 800. ¤ greth: trés na maige moithgretho ` gentle-
20voiced ', Im. Brain § 8 (maethgnatha v.l.). ¤ íchtar: fri
moethichtur a medoin (i.e. soft part of the abdomen), TBC
2566. dar mæthichtar a mæthimlenn, TBC² 2336. ¤ imliu
navel or abdomen , see preceding. ¤ lám: (as adj.) duthracht
fir maíthláim meirb soft-handed , LL 146b12 ( R.I.A. Proc. iii
25540 § 6 ). ¤ maccaem: TBC 1249. comrama máethmacaím,
LU 10277. ¤ óclach a youth: moíthócclach, Trip. 52.27 .
móethóclach, BDD 99. SC 23. mǽthóclǽch, TBC² 1464.
dias mæthóclách, TBC 5368. oclach ┐ moethoclach ┐ senoir
man, youth and greybeard (of the three Magi), PH 7113.
30 ¤ óclachas youths (coll.), BLism. 110ra9 . ¤ ruided: co mbai
a maethruidead tria hagaid delicate flush, YBL 164a10 . ¤ slat
a tender twig or sapling: pl. muíthṡlatta , LL 34b2 . maethṡlat
a stripling , MR 294.13 . ¤ slucad bech ` soft swallowing of bees '
(a trespass committed by hens), Laws iv 116.10 Comm.
35 ¤ sról(l): inar maithsroill, Acall. 5374 , 7415 . hi B. na meir-
gedh maothsróil, BNnÉ 284.10 . ¤ tráth: co m. eirgi the
genial morn
, TFerbe 392 .
(b) with adj. forming dwanda-compds., or with adj. derived
from subst. ¤ álaind: meic míni maethalli, LL 225a5 ( TTr.
40 568 ). do bláthaib maoth-áille, TSh. 4207. ¤ bog-gel: Bebinn
an chneis maothbuiggil, ZCP xiii 19.4 . ¤ buide: folt maeth-
buidhi, BB 427a46 . ¤ cnesach soft-skinned , Auraic. 3090.
¤ cóir soft and straight , of arms, BDD 2. ¤ corcra: laoch
maothc. fresh-complexioned (?), ZCP x 279.12 . ¤ gel: batar
45moethgelu a dha gúaluinn, IT i 120.2 . BDD 1. ¤ gorm: do
mhioll mhaothghurm (of a bruise or swelling), FM v 1678.13 .
¤ mas(s): tlacht mín m., Anecd. i 68 § 162. ¤ slemon: muc
mín maethṡlemun mara sleek and slippery , LL 235b12 ( TTr.
1373 ).